Tomi Mäkelä (born 1964 in Lahti, Finland), Finnish musicologist and pianist, professor at the Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg in Germany. He studied music and musicology in Lahti, Vienna, Berlin (West) and Helsinki. As a pianist he studied with Rauno Jussila and Noel Flores. He got his doctoral degree 1988 in Berlin under the guidance of Carl Dahlhaus. He has published widely on the music of the nineteenth and twentieth century.His German book on Sibelius Poesie in der Luft (Breitkopf & Härtel 2007) got the award Geisteswissenschaft international 2008 and was published in English translation by Steven Lindberg as Jean Sibelius (2011).
Fredrik Pacius was a German Finnish composer and conductor who lived most of his life in Finland. He has been called the "Father of Finnish music".
The Tristan chord is a chord made up of the notes F, B, D♯, and G♯:
Johannes Wolfgang Zender was a German conductor and composer. He was the chief conductor of several opera houses, and his compositions, many of them vocal music, have been performed at international festivals.
Voces intimae, Op. 56, is a five-movement string quartet written in 1909 by the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius. He composed the work in D minor. It is the only major work for string quartet of his mature period.
Oma maa, Op. 92, is a cantata by Jean Sibelius. He composed the work on a Finnish text, a poem by Kallio which he chose himself, for mixed chorus and orchestra, to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the National Chorus. Sibelius completed the cantata on 18 March 1918. Armas Maasalo conducted the first performance.
Cassazione, Op. 6, is an orchestral composition by Jean Sibelius, composed in 1904 for the program introducing his Violin Concerto. Its title refers to the cassation, a genre similar to serenade, which was popular in the late 18th century. Sibelius structured the work in five "episodes". Although his opus numbers were already in the forties, he assigned the unused number Op. 6 to this work, implying an earlier composition date.
Scaramouche, Op. 71, is incidental music by Jean Sibelius for a tragic pantomime by Poul Knudsen (1889–1974). Sibelius composed the work in 1913. It was first performed at Det Kongelige Teater in Copenhagen on 12 May 1922, conducted by Georg Høeberg, choreographed by Emilie Walbom.
Vapautettu kuningatar, Op. 48, is a composition for mixed chorus and orchestra by Jean Sibelius. He completed the work on a text by Paavo Cajander in 1906.
In Memoriam, Op. 59, is a funeral march for orchestra by Jean Sibelius. It was written in memory of Eugen Schauman. Sibelius composed a first version in 1909 and completed a final version in 1910. He conducted the first performance in Oslo on 8 October 1910. The piece was performed at his own funeral.
Islossningen i Uleå älv, Op. 30, is a composition by Jean Sibelius, an "improvisation for narrator, men's chorus and orchestra". Sibelius composed it in 1899 on a poem by Zachris Topelius, a Swedish-language Finnish poet, who had dedicated it to Tsar Alexander II of Russia, thus escaping censorship. The piece was an "explicit protest composition" against a Russia restricting the autonomy of the Grand Duchy of Finland. Sibelius wrote it for a lottery of the Savonian-Karelian Students' Association, where he conducted the first performance on 21 October 1899.
Swanwhite, JS 189, is incidental music for orchestra by Jean Sibelius for a play of that name by August Strindberg. It consists of a horn call and thirteen movements. Sibelius completed it in 1908 and conducted the first performance at Helsinki's Swedish Theatre on 8 April 1908. Sibelius drew from it a suite in seven movements, Op. 54.
Kuolema, JS 113, is incidental music for orchestra by Jean Sibelius for a play of that name by Arvid Järnefelt, structured in six movements, originally scored for a string orchestra, bass drum and a bell. He conducted the first performance at Helsinki's National Theatre on 2 December 1903. He drew individual works from the score and revised them under two opus numbers:
Pan and Echo, Op. 53a, is a dance intermezzo by Jean Sibelius. He completed it in 1906 and conducted the first performance in Helsinki on 24 March 1906 with the Orchestra of Helsinki Philharmonic Society. He arranged it for piano in 1907.
The Dryad, Op. 45 No. 1, is a tone poem by Jean Sibelius. He completed it in early 1910 between skiing trips. He conducted the first performance in Kristiania, Norway, on 8 October 1910, together with the premiere of In Memoriam. He arranged it for piano in 1910. The piece has been regarded as one of the composer's "shortest and most original orchestral works", as an "impressionist miniature", proceeding from fragments to a "dance-like theme".
Silke Leopold is a German musicologist and university lecturer.
Albrecht Riethmüller is a German musicologist.
Hermann Danuser is a Swiss-German musicologist.
Siegfried Schmalzriedt was a German musicologist, University lecturer and vice-rector of the Hochschule für Musik Karlsruhe.
Ute Jung-Kaiser, néeJung is a German musicologist.
Ludwig Holtmeier is a German music theorist and pianist.