|First Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia|
22 January 2016 –15 June 2016
|Prime Minister||Tihomir Orešković|
|Preceded by||Vesna Pusić|
|Succeeded by||Davor Ivo Stier|
|Leader of the Opposition|
21 May 2012 –22 January 2016
|Prime Minister||Zoran Milanović|
|Preceded by||Jadranka Kosor|
|Succeeded by||Zoran Milanović|
|Minister of the Interior|
10 October 2008 –23 December 2011
|Prime Minister|| Ivo Sanader |
|Preceded by||Berislav Rončević|
|Succeeded by||Ranko Ostojić|
|Member of the Croatian Parliament for the 3rd electoral district|
22 December 2011 –22 January 2016
|President of the Croatian Democratic Union|
21 May 2012 –21 June 2016
|Deputy|| Drago Prgomet |
|Preceded by||Jadranka Kosor|
|Succeeded by||Andrej Plenković|
|Born||25 May 1959|
Zadar, PR Croatia, FPR Yugoslavia
|Political party||Croatian Democratic Union (1989–present)|
|Patriotic Coalition (2015)|
|Alma mater||University of Zagreb|
Tomislav Karamarko (pronounced [tǒmislaʋ karamǎːrko] ; born 25 May 1959) is a Croatian politician who served as First Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia from January to June 2016. He served in the Cabinet of Jadranka Kosor as Minister of the Interior from 2008 to 2011.
Karamarko joined the Croatian Democratic Union in 1989 and in June 1991 he was named Chief of Cabinet of Josip Manolić, Prime Minister of Croatia. He continued to serve as Chief of Cabinet for Manolić's successor, Franjo Gregurić until September 1992 when he became Chief of Cabinet of the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament, Stjepan Mesić. A year later he became Director of the Zagreb Police Administration and in 1996 he was named Assistant Interior Minister. In 1998 he also became secretary of the Croatian Automobile Club.
During the 2000 presidential election he headed Stjepan Mesić's election campaign. Mesić won the election and later named Karamarko as his national security advisor and head of the National Security Office. In 2002 Karamarko was appointed director of the Counterintelligence Agency (POA) and in 2006 he was named director of the Security and Intelligence Agency (SOA).
In October 2008 Prime Minister Ivo Sanader named him Minister of the Interior and he remained in that post until December 2011 when HDZ was defeated in the 2011 general election. He acted as an independent minister until September 2011, when he joined HDZ for the second time.[ clarification needed ] In May 2012 he won the party election and became the fourth president of HDZ, succeeding former Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor.
Karamarko was born in Zadar, People's Republic of Croatia, Yugoslavia. When he was five, he moved with his family to Zagreb. He attended elementary school at Kruševo near Obrovac, and high school in Zagreb.
During his education in high school, Karamarko played guitar and performed in Students' Home, where other popular bands also held concerts, among which Azra, Film, Idoli and others. As a youngster, Karamarko played basketball, and he almost started to join some basketball clubs; however, he chose education instead of sports.
In 1979 he enrolled at the University of Zagreb's Faculty of Law, but later dropped out and eventually switched to studying history at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences in 1982, before graduating in 1985.
According to Josip Manolić, to whom he was a chief of cabinet when Manolić become the Prime Minister, Karamarko worked for the State Security Administration (UDBA), the secret police of Yugoslavia. Manolić said that Karamarko worked for UDBA because he was blackmailed for involvement in petty criminal activities.Karamarko sued Manolić for libel regarding Manolić's interview to Nacional, but Manolić was acquitted in 2018 after testimonies by, among others, Krunislav Olujić, who confirmed that President Franjo Tuđman indicated that Vladimir Šeks and Karamarko worked for the secret police before democratization.
During his university days Karamarko was known as a shy student who only mingled with students hailing from Dalmatia or Herzegovina. As a twenty-year-old, Karamarko joined the Croatian Catholic Assembly Mi (We). In 1982, Karamarko visited Vatican City with a group of his friends where they waved the Croatian flag.[ citation needed ] As a result, he was reportedly deprived of a passport by Yugoslavia's authorities. A journalist, Željko Peratović, later disputed that Karamarko was a Catholic dissident, claiming that UDBA had helped him obtain a job in the Croatian State Archives and finish his studies. In the 1980s Karamarko met his future wife, Enisa Muftić, daughter of Osman Muftić, who later briefly served as minister of science in the Cabinet of Stjepan Mesić in 1990.
In 1989, Karamarko was one of the founders of the Croatian Democratic Union in Zagreb. To join the HDZ, he was assigned by Ivan Bobetko to unload the party's official newspaper Glasnik HDZ-a from a truck with his friends.Before Franjo Tuđman was elected president, Karamarko supported presidency of Marko Veselica or Vlado Veselica. Soon, Karamarko met an influential HDZ member, Vice Vukojević who involved him in organization of the first HDZ's assembly. Karamarko's connections with HDZ helped him re-establish contact with people from his hometown, where he brought arms bought by Croatian expatriates. In 1991, after a shorter fight with the Army of Serb Krajina, Karamarko prepared housing for Croatian refugees, which increased his reputation among people from the Zadar area.
On the recommendation of Vukojević, who was at the time the assistant to Interior Minister and Josip Perković, assistant Defence Minister, on 17 June 1991, Karamarko was named chief of cabinet of Prime Minister Josip Manolić. Karamarko became friends with Stjepan Mesić. Manolić's successor, Franjo Gregurić, left Karamarko as his chief of cabinet.
On 10 September 1992, when the Second Assembly of the Croatian Parliament was formed, Mesić, at the time Speaker of Parliament, named him chief of his cabinet. Karamarko remained Mesić's cabinet chief until 15 June 1993, when he was named chief of police in Zagreb. That year, he married Enisa Muftić.
From 1993 until 1996, Karamarko served as director of Zagreb Police Administration, and from 1996 to 1998 served as Assistant Minister of Internal Affairs. After he ended his career as assistant minister, he became secretary of the Croatian Automobile Club.
During the 2000 presidential election Karamarko was chief of Mesić's election campaign.Mesić, at the time member of the Croatian People's Party, won the election with 56% of votes in the second round against Dražen Budiša of the Croatian Social Liberal Party. After Mesić had won the election, Karamarko was named as his advisor for national security.
He also served as the head of National Security Office (UNS) from 2000 to 2002,as the head of Counterintelligence Agency (POA) from 2004 to 2006, and as the head of Security and Intelligence Agency (SOA) from 2006 to 2008.
In May 2015. Karamarko gave the interview to Croatian weekly Globus, after which Croatian media dubbed his new program "The Anti-communist Manifesto" . In it Karamarko advocated for "comprehensive change of general public climate, complete system of values, abolishment of communist indoctrination and abolishment of wrong and degenerate interpretation of contemporary history".He criticized his main rivals Social Democratic Party of Croatia, claiming that: "they, as a successor of League of Communists of Croatia, never renounced nor condemned its own totalitarianism." and urged them to: "renounce Josip Broz Tito, totalitarianism and to condemn Tito's crimes."
In January 2018., while commenting recent political events in Croatia on Facebook, Karamarko wrote that his: "political thought is very close to that of Viktor Orban's Christmas message".
In May 2012., Karamarko was elected president of Croatian Democratic Union, main center-right political party in Croatia.After the election, Karamarko radicalised his party's politics and eventually became one of the most unpopular politicians in the country Such situation forced his party to enter a coalition with a new party in Croatia, Bridge of Independent Lists (Most), in the aftermath of parliamentary elections, 2015. The coalition was formed because Most surprisingly won 19 seats in the parliament and thus became "a kingmaker" for forming the next government, having to decide between a conservative or a social democratic government. After the negotiations between HDZ and Most, on January 22, 2016, both parties agreed to elect non-partisan Tihomir Orešković as new prime minister of Croatia, while Karamarko became the First Deputy Prime Minister.
On May 18, 2016, Social Democratic Party (SDP) begun motion of no confidence against Karamarko, after Nacional weekly published secret contracts on business cooperation of his wife Ana Šarić and Josip Petrović, special adviser and lobbyist of the MOL Group, a Hungarian oil corporation that gained control of Croatia's national oil company INA through a corruption scandal involving former Prime Minister Ivo Sanader. According to contracts, Šarić, a marketing expert, advised Petrović on the energy business and was paid for that at least 60,000 euros.Contracts are controversial since Croatia and MOL are currently in the arbitration proceeding which was started by MOL for Croatia's alleged violation of certain obligations and procedures in connection with MOL's investment in Croatia. In addition, contracts were examined by the Croatian Committee on Conflict of Interest which determined that Karamarko was indeed in conflict of interest when he publicly shared his views and suggested that Croatia should pull out of the arbitration proceedings. The vote was supposed to take place by June 18, 2016, and it had support of 80 MP's, including those of his coalition partners Most, with 76 needed. On June 15, 2016, Karamarko resigned as First Deputy Prime Minister.
After Karamarko's resignation from the place of First Deputy Prime Minister, HDZ decided to run a revenge motion of no confidence against prime minister OreškovićThe vote took place on 16 June 2016 and it was successful with 125 MPs in favor, 15 against and 2 abstentions, which caused the government to collapse. HDZ then tried to form a new majority in the parliament with no success, despite party members claiming that they have the support of sufficient number MPs. Croatian President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarević, therefore decided to schedule the new parliamentary elections for September 2016. As a consequence of failing to form a new majority in the parliament, Karamarko decided to resign from his position of president of Croatian Democratic Union on 21 June 2016. One month later, Andrej Plenković was elected as Karamarko's successor on head of HDZ.
After resignation, Karamarko spent some time traveling around the world and in May 2017. announced that he decided to establish a think-tank organisation - Institute for Security and Prosperity of Croatia.The move which was later mocked by some of his former party members.
The prime minister of Croatia, officially the president of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, is Croatia's head of government, and is de facto the most powerful and influential state officeholder in the Croatian system of government. Following the first-time establishment of the office in 1945, the 1990–2000 semi-presidential period is the only exception where the president of Croatia held de facto authority. In the formal Croatian order of precedence, however, the position of prime minister is the third highest state office, after the president of the Republic and the speaker of the Parliament.
Stjepan "Stipe" Mesić is a Croatian lawyer and politician who served as President of Croatia from 2000 to 2010. Before serving two five-year terms as president, he was Prime Minister of SR Croatia (1990) after the first multi-party elections, the last President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia (1991) and consequently Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement (1991), as well as Speaker of the Croatian Parliament (1992–1994), a judge in Našice and mayor of his hometown of Orahovica.
The Croatian Democratic Union is the major conservative, centre-right political party in Croatia. It is one of the two major contemporary political parties in Croatia, along with the centre-left Social Democratic Party (SDP). It is currently the largest party in the Sabor with 61 seats. The HDZ ruled Croatia from 1990 before the country gained independence from Yugoslavia until 2000 and, in coalition with junior partners, from 2003 to 2011, and since 2016. The party is a member of the European People's Party (EPP). The HDZ's leader, Andrej Plenković, is the current Prime Minister of Croatia, having taken office following the 2016 parliamentary election.
Jadranka Kosor is a Croatian politician and former journalist who served as Prime Minister of Croatia from 2009 to 2011, having taken office following the sudden resignation of her predecessor Ivo Sanader. Kosor was the first and so far only woman to become prime minister of Croatia since independence.
Josip "Joža" Manolić is a Croatian former politician and communist revolutionary during World War II in Yugoslavia. He served as the high-ranking official of the Yugoslav State Security Administration, and later as Prime Minister of Croatia from 24 August 1990 to 17 July 1991. Croatia formally declared independence during his term, on 25 June 1991. Following his brief term as Prime Minister, he served as the first Speaker of the Chamber of Counties, the upper house of the Croatian Parliament, from 1993 until 1994.
Radimir Čačić is a Croatian politician and businessman, best known as a leader of the Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats (HNS) and a government minister.
The Eleventh Government of the Republic of Croatia was the Croatian Government cabinet led by Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor. It was announced on 6 July 2009 and its term ended on 23 December 2011. The cabinet came into existence after Prime Minister Ivo Sanader abruptly resigned on 1 July 2009, designating Kosor as his successor and making her the first woman to serve as Prime Minister since Croatia gained independence in 1991. It was succeeded by the Cabinet of Zoran Milanović following the centre-left Kukuriku coalition's success in the 2011 parliamentary elections.
Parliamentary elections were held in Croatia on 8 November 2015. All 151 seats in the Parliament were up for election. This parliamentary election was the 8th since the first multi-party election in 1990 and the first since Croatia joined the European Union in 2013. The ruling center-left Croatia is Growing coalition, led by Prime Minister Zoran Milanović, was challenged by the center-right Patriotic Coalition led by the HDZ and headed by its party chairman Tomislav Karamarko, and also faced several new political coalitions.
Andrej Plenković is a Croatian politician who has been Prime Minister of Croatia and President of the Croatian Democratic Union since 2016. He was previously one of eleven Croatian members of the European Parliament, serving from Croatia's accession to the European Union in 2013 until his resignation as MEP when he took office as prime minister.
Presidential elections were held in Croatia on 28 December 2014 and 11 January 2015, the sixth such elections since independence in 1991. Only four candidates contested the elections, the lowest number since 1997. Incumbent President Ivo Josipović, who had been elected as the candidate of the Social Democratic Party in 2009–2010 but ran as an independent, was eligible to seek reelection for a second and final five-year term. As no candidate received 50% of the vote in the first round in December 2014, a run-off took place in January 2015 between the two candidates with the most votes; Josipović and Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović. Grabar-Kitarović went on to win the elections by a slim margin of 32,509 votes or 1.48%, making her Croatia's first female president.
Presidential elections were held in Croatia on 22 December 2019. As no candidate received a majority of all votes, a second round took place on 5 January 2020 between the two candidates with the highest number of votes in the first round. They were the seventh presidential elections since the first direct ones were held in 1992.
The Bridge of Independent Lists is a political party in Croatia founded in 2012. The party is led by Božo Petrov, its founder and the former Mayor of Metković and Speaker of the Croatian Parliament from 14 October 2016 to 5 May 2017.
Božo Petrov is a Croatian politician and psychiatrist who served as the 11th Speaker of the Croatian Parliament since independence and the 21st Speaker overall, from 2016 to 2017. He previously served as mayor of Metković from 2013 to 2016, and Deputy Prime Minister in the Cabinet of Tihomir Orešković from January until his election as the Speaker in October 2016. Since 2012 he has been leader of the Bridge of Independent Lists party. Petrov resigned his position as the Speaker on 4 May 2017, amidst a government and parliamentary crisis. Having held the office for a little over six months, Petrov is to date the shortest serving Speaker of the Parliament since 1991.
Drago Prgomet is a Croatian physician, university professor and politician serving as president of the Zagreb Assembly since 2019, as well as a head of Department of Ear, Nose, Throat, and Head and Neck Surgery at the University Hospital Centre Zagreb, and head of Department of Otorhinolaryngology with Audiology and Phoniatry of the Zagreb School of Medicine.
Tihomir "Tim" Orešković is a Croatian Canadian businessman who was Prime Minister of Croatia from January to October 2016.
The Thirteenth Government of the Republic of Croatia was the Croatian Government cabinet led by Prime Minister Tihomir Orešković. It was the government cabinet of Croatia between 22 January until 19 October 2016. It was formed following the 2015 election. The negotiation process leading to its formation was the longest in Croatian history, totaling at a record 76 days. On 16 June 2016, Orešković's government lost a motion of no confidence in the Parliament with 125 MPs voting for, 15 against and 2 abstaining. As a result, the Orešković cabinet served in an acting capacity until a new government took office after the 2016 election.
Zlatko Hasanbegović is a Croatian far-right politician and historian who has served as a member of the Croatian Parliament since 2016. He served as Minister of Culture in the Cabinet of Tihomir Orešković from 22 January to 19 October 2016. Hasanbegović is also a member of the Zagreb Assembly and one of the founders of the Independents for Croatia party.
Zdravko Marić is a Croatian economist who has been serving as Minister of Finance since 22 January 2016. He also serves as Deputy Prime Minister since 19 July 2019; he is the first non-partisan holder of the office in Croatia's post-independent history.
The Fourteenth Government of the Republic of Croatia was the Croatian Government cabinet formed on 19 October 2016, following the 2016 election. It was led by Prime Minister Andrej Plenković. The cabinet was dissolved on 23 July 2020 and was succeeded by a new government presided over by Plenković.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tomislav Karamarko .|
| Minister of Interior |
| Leader of the Opposition |
| First Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia |
Davor Ivo Stier
|Party political offices|
| President of the Croatian Democratic Union |