Tommaso Raggio

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Tommaso Raggio
Born1531
Forlì, Papal States (modern-day Italy)
Died1599
Other namesRadius, Raggius [1]
OccupationJesuit missionary, Papal diplomat

Tommaso Raggio (Latin : Thomas Razzius) (1531—1599) was a 16th century Jesuit missionary.

Raggio joined Jesuit order in 1557 in Loreto. [2]

Raggio was Catholic missionary in Kotor in 1574—75. [3] Raggio was a poliglot who knew six foreign languages, including Croatian. [4] According to Miroslav Vanino, Raggio learned Croatian language in Kotor so he later worked for the benefit of Croats and other Balkan people. [5] Raggio emphasized that Jesuit presence in Kotor is very important because Kotor was very near Serbia while Kotor Bay goes deep into the territory populated with Orthodox people. [6]

In 1577 Raggio was one of two Jesuit envoys sent by Pope to Maronite patriarch. [7] In 1582 Raggio became a rector of Illyrian College in Loreto. [8] Between 1584 and 1587 Raggio accompanied Tommaso Pelessa at his missionary journeys into Ottoman held territories. [9] At the beginning of 1594 Raggio and Aleksandar Komulović, as apostolic visitors, [10] began their diplomatic mission aimed to forge an anti-Ottoman coalition in support of the West during the Long Turkish War, principally in the Balkans and among the Slavs. [11]

In 1595, the two missionaries visited Albania. Prior to their mission in this region, they translated and publicized the first catechism in Albanian. During his stay, Raggio handed 500 copies of the work over to the locals. [12] Later in the same year, Raggio left the mission and returned to Italy. [13]

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References

  1. Orientalia Christiana Analecta. Pont. institutum studiorum orientalium. 1965. p. 82. On Tommaso Raggio (Radius, Raggius) ...
  2. ( Pagano 2008 , p. 324): "Tommaso Raggio (1531-1599), nativo di Forlì, entrato fra i Gesuiti a Loreto nel 1557, fu ordinato sacerdote nel 1582,"
  3. Hrvatski isusovački misionari i pokušaji unije s pravoslavnima od 16. do. 19. stoljeća, Mijo Korade, Hrvatski studiji Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, 2015, p. 41
  4. Kolo Matice hrvatske. Matica hrvatska. 2007. p. 353. U tome mu je mogao biti uzor i talijanski isusovac poliglot Toma Raggio (latinski Thomas Razzius, 1531-1599). On je znao šest stranih jezika, među njima i hrvatski, pa je od 1574. tri puta bio u Kotoru i jednom u Zadru.
  5. ( Vanino 1986 , p. 139): "...u Kotoru naučio je hrvatski pa zato kasnije na više načina djeluje za Hrvate i druge narode s Balkanskog poluotoka."
  6. Hrvatski isusovački misionari i pokušaji unije s pravoslavnima od 16. do. 19. stoljeća, Mijo Korade, Hrvatski studiji Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, 2015, p. 41
  7. ( Frazee 2006 , p. 137)
  8. ( Pagano 2008 , p. 324): "Tommaso Raggio (1531-1599),...fu ordinato sacerdote nel 1582, e fu quindi rettore del Collegio degli Illirici nella medesima citta; viaggio in compagnia di Tommaso Pelessa fra il 1584 e il 1587."
  9. ( Pagano 2008 , p. 324): "Tommaso Raggio (1531-1599),.... viaggio in compagnia di Tommaso Pelessa fra il 1584 e il 1587."
  10. Antrobus, Frederick Ignatius (1930). The History of the Popes from the Close of the Middle Ages. K. Paul, Trench, Tru bner & Company. p. 485. At the beginning of 1584 Gregory XIII. sent Alessandro Komulowic, a canon of Zara, and the Jesuit Tommaso Raggio,
  11. Stanojević, Gligor (1973). Senjski uskoci. Vojnoizdavački zavod. p. 147. Krajem januara 1593. hvarski biskup Petar Čedolini uputio je papi pismenu poruku kojom ga poziva u borbu protiv Turaka i uvjerava da je Turska slaba i da ne može odoljeti jednom hrišćanskom savezu.12' Iste godine sličan predlog je uputio papi i sveštenik Aleksandar Komulović
  12. Murzaku 2017, p. 90.
  13. Zlatar, Zdenko (1 January 1992). Our Kingdom Come: The Counter-Reformation, the Republic of Dubrovnik, and the Liberation of the Balkan Slavs. East European Monographs. p. 206. ISBN   978-0-88033-239-2. While Raggio returned after a year, Komulovic stayed in the Balkans for three years....

Sources