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Tommy Coleman (1899 — 11 February 1988) was an Irish Volunteer.
A founder of the Clontuskert Company, Irish Republican Army, Coleman was sworn into the Irish Republican Army in June 1917 by Liam Mellows at Crossconnell along with "Eugene and Alfie Curley, Tommy Murray, Tom Shiel, Pat Joe Kelly, Jimmy and Michael Coen, P.J. Parker, N.T., Willie Cormican, Berney Fallon and Paddy Barry … Clontuskert Company was attached to the 3rd Battalion of the 1st Brigade I.R.A., the headquarters of which was at Ballinasloe."
Coleman maintained law and order as a member of the Sinn Féin police. He was frequently hunted by Black and Tans. He participated on the attack on Woodford Royal Irish Constabulary barracks with the local Flying Column. All members returned quickly, with Coleman in bed at home same night.
The following morning soldiers called. His mother told them he was out ploughing. They found him there, with two hours work completed, so it appeared he couldn't have been in the attack. He was Questioned, the house ransacked, but nothing found and family left alone.
Coleman received the Black & Tan medal with bar, and the Golden Jubilee medal to mark the 50th anniversary of the Truce in 1971. He received a military funeral.
The Black and Tans were constables recruited into the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) as reinforcements during the Irish War of Independence. Recruitment began in Great Britain in January 1920 and about 10,000 men enlisted during the conflict. The vast majority were unemployed former soldiers from Britain who fought in the First World War, although some were from Ireland.
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary paramilitary organisation. The ancestor of many groups also known as the Irish Republican Army, and distinguished from them as the Old IRA, it was descended from the Irish Volunteers, an organisation established on 25 November 1913 that staged the Easter Rising in April 1916. In 1919, the Irish Republic that had been proclaimed during the Easter Rising was formally established by an elected assembly, and the Irish Volunteers were recognised by Dáil Éireann as its legitimate army. Thereafter, the IRA waged a guerrilla campaign against the British occupation of Ireland in the 1919–21 Irish War of Independence.
The Irish War of Independence or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought in Ireland from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army and British forces: the British Army, along with the quasi-military Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) and its paramilitary forces the Auxiliaries and Ulster Special Constabulary (USC). It was an escalation of the Irish revolutionary period into warfare.
The Auxiliary Division of the Royal Irish Constabulary (ADRIC), generally known as the Auxiliaries or Auxies, was a paramilitary unit of the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) during the Irish War of Independence. It was set up in July 1920 and made up of former British Army officers, most of whom came from Great Britain. Its role was to conduct counter-insurgency operations against the Irish Republican Army (IRA). The Auxiliaries became infamous for their reprisals on civilians and civilian property in revenge for IRA actions, the best known example of which was the burning of Cork city in December 1920.
Events from the year 1988 in Ireland.
Events from the year 1920 in Ireland.
"Come Out, Ye Black and Tans" is an Irish rebel song referring to the Black and Tans, the British paramilitary police auxiliary force in Ireland during the 1920s. The song was written by Dominic Behan as a tribute to his father Stephen, although authorship of the song is often attributed to Stephen. The melody was adapted from an old air, "Rosc Catha na Mumhan" by Piaras Mac Gearailt, which is also used for the loyalist song, "The Boyne Water," as well as several other songs in English and Irish.
Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Hugh Tudor, KCB, CMG was a British soldier who fought as a junior officer in the Second Boer War (1899–1902), and as a senior officer in the First World War (1914–18), but is now remembered chiefly for his part in the Irish War of Independence (1919–21) and the Palestine Police.
British Army corporals Derek Wood and David Howes were killed by the Provisional IRA on 19 March 1988 in Belfast, Northern Ireland, in what became known as the corporals killings. The undercover soldiers—wearing civilian clothes, both armed with Browning Hi power pistols and in a civilian car—drove into the funeral procession of an IRA member. Three days before, loyalist Michael Stone had attacked an IRA funeral and killed three people. Believing the soldiers were loyalists intent on repeating Stone's attack, dozens of people surrounded and attacked their car. During this, Corporal Wood drew his service pistol and fired a shot in the air. The soldiers were then dragged from the car and taken to a nearby sports ground where they were beaten, stripped and searched. They were then driven to a nearby waste ground where they were shot dead.
This is a timeline of the Irish War of Independence of 1919-21. The Irish War of Independence was a guerrilla conflict and most of the fighting was conducted on a small scale by the standards of conventional warfare.
The Selton Hill Ambush took place on 11 March 1921, during the Irish War of Independence. An Irish Republican Army (IRA) flying column was ambushed by members of the RIC Auxiliary Division at Selton Hill, County Leitrim. Six IRA officers of the Leitrim Brigade were killed.
The Sheemore ambush was an ambush carried out by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 4 March 1921, during the Irish War of Independence. It took place at Sheemore near Carrick-on-Shannon, County Leitrim.
The Dawning is a 1988 British film, based on Jennifer Johnston's novel, The Old Jest which depicts the Irish War of Independence through the eyes of the Anglo-Irish landlord class. It starred Anthony Hopkins, Hugh Grant, Jean Simmons, Trevor Howard, and Rebecca Pidgeon, and was produced by Sarah Lawson, through her company Lawson Productions.
Michael Kilroy was an Irish politician and guerrilla leader. He was an Irish Republican Army (IRA) officer in his native County Mayo during the Irish War of Independence and Irish Civil War. Subsequently, he was a Sinn Féin and later Fianna Fáil Teachta Dála (TD) for Mayo South.
The Burning of Cork by British forces took place on the night of 11–12 December 1920, during the Irish War of Independence. It followed an Irish Republican Army (IRA) ambush of a British Auxiliary patrol in the city, which wounded twelve Auxiliaries, one fatally. In retaliation, the Auxiliaries, Black and Tans and British soldiers looted and burnt numerous buildings in Cork city centre. Many civilians reported being beaten, shot at, and robbed by British forces. Firefighters testified that British forces hindered their attempts to tackle the blazes through intimidation, cutting their hoses and shooting at them.
John Joseph Sheehy was an Irish political/military activist and sportsperson. He participated in the Irish War of Independence and Irish Civil War in the Irish Republican Army, where he was a senior figure in County Kerry. He also gained fame as a successful Gaelic Footballer for Kerry.
Louis Darcy was a member of the Irish Republican Army. He was executed by the Black and Tans on 24 March 1921.
The Kilbrittain Barracks attack refers to an attempt made by 28 members of the Third West Cork Brigade of the Irish Republican Army to destroy the barracks of the Black and Tans in Kilbrittain, County Cork during the Irish War of Independence.
Tom Ruane was Captain of the Second Western Division of the Irish Republican Army, from 1916-1920.