Tommy Crawshaw

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Tommy Crawshaw
Tommy Crawshaw.jpg
Tommy Crawshaw aged 22, pictured in his England kit after his first international in 1895
Personal information
Full nameThomas Henry Crawshaw
Date of birth(1872-12-27)27 December 1872
Place of birth Sheffield, England
Date of death 25 November 1960(1960-11-25) (aged 87)
Place of death Sheffield, England
Height 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
Playing position Centre-half
Youth career
18??–1891 Park Grange
1891–1893 Attercliffe
1893–1894 Heywood Central
Senior career*
1894–1908 Sheffield Wednesday 418 (25)
1908–1909 Chesterfield 25 (0)
1910–1911 Castleford
National team
1895–1904 England 10 (1)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Thomas Henry Crawshaw (27 December 1872 – 25 November 1960) was a professional footballer who played almost his entire League career with Sheffield Wednesday. Crawshaw was a centre-half whose career lasted from 1894 to 1909 during which time he played a total of 492 games in all competitions, scoring 27 goals. Crawshaw has gone down in the annals of Sheffield Wednesday as one of the key figures in the early history of the club. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries he appeared in The Wednesday side which lifted the FA Cup on two occasions and won the Football League First Division title twice. He is the only Sheffield Wednesday player to win two FA Cup winners medals with the club. He appeared for the England national football team on ten occasions. [1]

Association football Team field sport played between two teams of eleven players with spherical ball

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Sheffield Wednesday F.C. Association football club

Sheffield Wednesday Football Club is a professional association football club based in Sheffield, England. The team competes in the Championship, the second tier of the English football league system. Formed in 1867 as an offshoot of The Wednesday Cricket Club, they went by the name of the Wednesday Football Club until changing to their current name in 1929.

In the sport of association football, a defender is an outfield player whose primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals.


Playing career

Tommy was born on in Sheffield and was brought up in the Park Hill area of the town along with his brothers Percy and George. Both of his brothers played football with Percy appearing nine times for Wednesday while George played for Worksop Town for many years. Tommy Crawshaw's early football was played with local clubs Park Grange and Attercliffe, in 1893 he moved to play for Heywood Central in the newly formed Manchester Football League and his good form attracted the attention of Sheffield Wednesday. Crawshaw signed for Wednesday on 24 April 1894 as a replacement for the long serving Billy Betts.

Worksop Town F.C. association football club

Worksop Town Football Club is an English football club based in Worksop, Nottinghamshire. They play in the Premier Division of the Northern Counties East League at level 9 of the English football league system. They are nicknamed the Tigers, and usually sport an amber and black home kit.

Heywood, Greater Manchester town in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England

Heywood is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England. Historically part of Lancashire, it had a population of 28,205 at the 2011 Census. The town lies on the south bank of the River Roch, 2.4 miles (3.9 km) east of Bury, 3.7 miles (6.0 km) west-southwest of Rochdale, and 7.4 miles (11.9 km) north of Manchester. Middleton lies to the south, whilst to the north is the Cheesden Valley, open moorland, and the Pennines. Heywood's nickname, Monkey Town, is known to date back to 1857.

The Manchester Football League is a football league in England, affiliated with Lancashire FA, covering a 30-mile radius from Manchester Town Hall. It was formed in 1893, although play ceased between 1912 and 1920. Currently it consists of five divisions, with the Premier division being at level 11 of the English football league system.

Sheffield Wednesday

Crawshaw made his Wednesday debut on 1 September 1894, the opening day of the 1894–95 season, in a 1–3 away defeat at Everton. He made an immediate impact in the side missing only two matches that season and was called up for the England side before the season was out. In the following campaign Crawshaw was part of the Wednesday side which won the FA Cup, he played in all six ties, scoring in the 3–1 semi-final replay victory over Bolton Wanderers. However he did make an uncharacteristic mistake in the final against Wolves when an error allowed David Black to equalise before Wednesday went on to win 2–1 through two Fred Spiksley goals.

The 1894–95 season was the 24th season of competitive football in England.

Everton F.C. Association football club

Everton Football Club is an English professional football club based in Walton, Liverpool, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football. The club has competed in the top division for a record 116 seasons, missing the top division only four times since The Football League was created in 1888. The club has won the League Championship nine times, the FA Cup five times, and the UEFA Cup Winners Cup once.

Bolton Wanderers F.C. Football club in England

Bolton Wanderers Football Club is a professional football club in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England, which competes in EFL League One, the third tier of English football.

The 1896 publication Famous Footballers described Crawshaw as "A thorough worker always …he plays a good game from first to last and is unselfish to a degree. A good tackler he uses his head cleverly as well." [2] In the 1899–1900 season Crawshaw led Wednesday to promotion from the Second Division in their first season at their new home at Owlerton. Back in the top flight of English football Crawshaw formed an imposing line of defence with Bob Ferrier and Harry Ruddlesdin.

The 1899–1900 season was the 29th season of competitive football in England.

The Football League Second Division was the second level division in the English football league system between 1892 and 1992. Following the foundation of the FA Premier League, it became the third level division. Following the creation of the Football League Championship in 2004–05 it was re-branded as Football League One.

Bob Ferrier was a Scottish professional footballer.

Crawshaw made his England international debut on 9 March 1895 in a 9–0 win over Ireland at the County Ground, Derby. Crawshaw's international career spanned nine years in which time he only made 10 appearances, all these were in the British Home Championship. His England career included a four-year absence from the team between March 1897 and March 1901, although only 10 matches were played in this time. He marked his return to the England team by scoring one of the goals in a 3–0 victory over Ireland on 9 March 1901. This one match return was followed by a three-year break out of the team before returning to play two matches in 1904 with his final appearance being against Ireland in Belfast on 12 March 1904. [3]

Ireland national football team (1882–1950) earlier mens national association football team representing the whole of Ireland from 1882 to 1921

The Ireland national football team represented Ireland in association football from 1882 until 1950. It was organised by the Irish Football Association (IFA), and is the fourth oldest international team in the world. It mainly played in the British Home Championship against England, Scotland and Wales. Though often vying with Wales to avoid the wooden spoon, Ireland did win the Championship in 1914, and shared it with England and Scotland in 1903.

County Cricket Ground, Derby football stadium

The Pattonair County Cricket Ground is a cricket ground in Derby, England. It has been the home of Derbyshire County Cricket Club since 1871. The ground was first used by South Derbyshire Cricket Club in 1863 and was initially located within Derby Racecourse, although racing ceased after 1939. The ground has staged two One-Day Internationals: New Zealand against Sri Lanka during the 1983 World Cup and New Zealand against Pakistan during the 1999 World Cup. It was one of the venues for the 2017 Women's Cricket World Cup.

Derby City and Unitary authority area

Derby is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England. It lies on the banks of the River Derwent in the south of Derbyshire, of which it was traditionally the county town. At the 2011 census, the population was 248,700. Derby gained city status in 1977.

When Wednesday lifted back to back First Division championships in 1902–03 and 1903–04 Crawshaw only missed three League matches over the two seasons as captain of the side. By 1905 Crawshaw was 32 years old, however he was still an automatic choice for Wednesday, playing in 71 consecutive matches between March 1905 and December 1906. [4] In 1906–07 he played in all eight FA Cup matches as Wednesday won the cup again, beating Everton 2–1. The cup winning season was his last as a regular member of the side although he did play in 14 League matches in 1907–08 with his final game for the club being on 7 March 1908 in the Steel City derby with Wednesday triumphing 2–0 over United. In April 1908, the 35-year-old Crawshaw was granted a free transfer by Wednesday in recognition of his sterling service for the club. [5]

The Football League First Division is a former division of the Football League and from 1888 to 1992, it was the top tier division in the English football league system. Following the creation of the Premier League, it became the second tier division. It was rebranded as the Football League Championship in 2004 and in 2016 adopted its current name of the EFL Championship.

The 1902–03 season was the 32nd season of competitive football in England.

The 1903–04 season was the 33rd season of competitive football in England.

Latter career

Several clubs were interested in signing Crawshaw, he eventually opted for Chesterfield, playing 25 League matches in 1908–09 as the team struggled in Division Two and failed to be re-elected at the end of the season. In January 1910 he joined non-League Castleford for a short time before taking a job as Secretary of Glossop until the outbreak of World War I. After the war he opened a newsagents in Bramall Lane, Sheffield. In the 1920s he became the landlord of the Sportsmans Group public house in Owlerton, near to the Wednesday ground. He later took a pub in the centre of Sheffield, running The Yorkshireman's Arms on Burgess Street for many years. Crawshaw died on 25 November 1960, aged 87. [6] [7]

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  1. Gives statistics for career.
  2. "Sheffield Wednesday 1867–1967", Nick Johnson, ISBN   0-7524-2720-2 Page 24 Gives the quote from Famous Footballers.
  3. Gives details of England career.
  4. SWFC Archive. Record of consecutive appearances for Wednesday.
  5. Stuart Jackson's SWFC Archive. Gives details of Sheffield Wednesday career.
  6. "The Wednesday Boys", Jason Dickinson & John Brodie, ISBN   0-9547264-9-9 Page 75 Gives biographical information.
  7. "The Men Who Made Sheffield Wednesday Football Club", Tony Matthews, ISBN   978-0-7524-4156-6 Gives details of Sheffield Wednesday career and biographical information.