Tomopisthes

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Tomopisthes
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Anyphaenidae
Genus: Tomopisthes
Simon, 1884 [1]
Type species
T. horrendus
(Nicolet, 1849)
Species

5, see text

Synonyms [1]
  • Heterommides [2]

Tomopisthes is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1884. [3]

Species

As of April 2019 it contains five species: [1]

Related Research Articles

Anyphaenidae

Anyphaenidae is a family of araneomorph spiders, sometimes called anyphaenid sac spiders. They are distinguished from the sac spiders of the family Clubionidae and other spiders by having the abdominal spiracle placed one third to one half of the way anterior to the spinnerets toward the epigastric furrow on the underside of the abdomen. In most spiders the spiracle is just anterior to the spinnerets. Like clubionids, anyphaenids have eight eyes arranged in two rows, conical anterior spinnerets and are wandering predators that build silken retreats, or sacs, usually on plant terminals, between leaves, under bark or under rocks. There are more than 500 species in over 50 genera worldwide.

Mecysmaucheniidae Family of spiders

Mecysmaucheniidae is a family of araneomorph spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1895. Most genera occur in South America, with two genera endemic to New Zealand.

Monapia is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1897.

Sanogasta is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders first described by Cândido Firmino de Mello-Leitão in 1941.

<i>Acanthogonatus</i> Genus of spiders

Acanthogonatus is a genus of South American araneomorph spiders in the family Pycnothelidae. It was first described by Ferdinand Anton Franz Karsch in 1880. Originally placed with the brushed trapdoor spiders, it was transferred to the funnel-web trapdoor spiders in 1985, then to the Pycnothelidae in 2020.

Acanthoceto is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders first described by Cândido Firmino de Mello-Leitão in 1944.

<i>Axyracrus</i> Genus of spiders

Axyracrus is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders containing the single species, Axyracrus elegans. It was first described by Eugène Simon in 1884, and has only been found in Chile and Argentina. It is a senior synonym of "Schiapellia"

Coptoprepes is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1884.

Negayan is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders first described by M. J. Ramírez in 2003.

Oxysoma is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders first described by H. Nicolet in 1849.

Philisca is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1884.

Selknamia is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders containing the single species, Selknamia minima. It was first described by M. J. Ramírez in 2003, and has only been found in Chile and Argentina.

Olbus is a genus of South American corinnid sac spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1880 as a huntsman spider. It was moved to the sac spider family in 1988, then to the Corinnidae in 2001.

<i>Gnolus</i> Genus of spiders

Gnolus is a genus of South American orb-weaver spiders that was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1879. Originally placed with the orb-weaving spiders, it was transferred to the pirate spiders in 1993, but moved back to orb-weaver family in 2012.

Diphya is a genus of long-jawed orb-weavers that was first described by H. Nicolet in 1849. D. tanasevitchi and D. albulum were transferred from Lophomma in 2007.

Petrichus is a genus of South American running crab spiders that was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1886.

Allende is a genus of South American long-jawed orb-weavers that was first described by F. Álvarez-Padilla in 2007.

Macerio is a genus of araneomorph spiders in the family Cheiracanthiidae, first described by Eugène Simon in 1897.

Selkirkiella is a genus of South American comb-footed spiders that was first described by Lucien Berland in 1924. Originally placed with the Araneidae, it was transferred to the comb-footed spiders in 1972.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Gen. Tomopisthes Simon, 1884". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-05-10.
  2. Ramírez, M. J. (2003). "The spider subfamily Amaurobioidinae (Araneae, Anyphaenidae): a phylogenetic revision at the generic level". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 277: 193. doi:10.1206/0003-0090(2003)277<0001:TSSAAA>2.0.CO;2.
  3. Simon, E. (1884). "Arachnides recueillis par la Mission du Cap Horn en 1882-1883". Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France. 9: 117–144.