Tonawanda Wildlife Management Area

Last updated
Tonawanda Wildlife Management Area
USA New York location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Tonawanda Wildlife Management Area in New York
Location New York, United States
Coordinates 43°06′58″N78°28′26″W / 43.11611°N 78.47389°W / 43.11611; -78.47389 Coordinates: 43°06′58″N78°28′26″W / 43.11611°N 78.47389°W / 43.11611; -78.47389
Area5,600 acres (23 km2)

The Tonawanda Wildlife Management Area is a 5,600-acre (23 km2) wildlife management area (WMA) located in western New York State. [1] It is located primarily within Niagara County and Genesee County, with a small portion within Orleans County. It is managed by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Contents

Along with the adjacent Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge to the east and the Oak Orchard Wildlife Management Area farther to the east, Tonawanda WMA contributes to a continuous 19,000-acre (77 km2) region dedicated to conservation and wildlife management [1] known as the Alabama Swamp Complex. Approximately 100,000 migratory birds pass through the area each year.

History

The wildlife management area is located in a swampy area that has historically been a stopping point for migratory wildfowl. The area was hunted by Native Americans and early settlers.

The land was purchased by New York State to protect the wildlife from over-hunting using funds from duck stamps and taxes on firearms and ammunition. The stated objectives of the WMA are increased waterfowl production, waterfowl protection, and flood control. [1]

Geography

Tonawanda WMA lies about halfway between Buffalo and Rochester. It lies halfway between the Village of Akron to the south and the Village of Middleport to the north.

The Tonawanda WMA consists of 5,600 acres (23 km2), consisting primarily of wetlands. [1] The WMA is on a floodplain of the Tonawanda Creek. Water retention is facilitated by impoundments, which increase wetland area and control flooding in nearby inhabited areas.

NY Route 77, Lewiston Road, passes through the north part of the WMA. The south boundary of part of Tonawanda WMA is the Tonawanda Indian Reservation.

The WMA is located adjacent to the Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge and the Oak Orchard Wildlife Management Area, both located east of the Tonawanda WMA. Located several miles north is the 401-acre (162 ha) Hartland Swamp Wildlife Management Area in the Town of Hartland. [2] The former John White Memorial Game Farm, located south of the community of Alabama on NY-77 at the junction with NY-63, is also available for public use.

Public use

Hunting, fishing, hiking, bird watching and snowshoeing is permitted at Tonawanda WMA. Trapping is also allowed via permits assigned by lottery. Prohibited activities include the use of motorized vehicles (except in parking areas), and the use of motorized boats. Camping is available only to groups with a permit. [1]

Except for Bartel Road and Meadville Road, both of which pass through the WMA, all other roads are unpaved and reserved for official use. Pedestrian traffic in the WMA uses these roads and other paths along the dikes, which divides the WMA into separate marshes. Two observation areas with ample parking and public information are located along Lewiston Road.

See also

Related Research Articles

Alabama, New York Town in New York, United States

Alabama is a town in Genesee County, New York, United States. The town is in the northwest part of the county. New York State Route 63 and New York State Route 77 intersect in the town. The population was 1,869 at the 2010 census. The town is named after the state of Alabama.

Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge

The Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge is a 15,022 acres (60.79 km2) (2014) wildlife refuge located in White County, Arkansas about two miles south of the town of Bald Knob. The refuge is managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The refuge features large numbers of migratory waterfowl and bald eagles during the winter months.

Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge

The Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife refuge in Genesee and Orleans counties in western New York. The refuge is located between the cities of Buffalo and Rochester and is operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

Oak Orchard Creek river in the United States of America

Oak Orchard Creek is a tributary of Lake Ontario in Orleans County, New York in the United States.

Cherry Plain State Park

Cherry Plain State Park is a 175-acre (0.71 km2) state park located in Rensselaer County, New York in the United States. The park is located in Cherry Plain at the southwest part of the Town of Berlin, near the Massachusetts border. Outdoor recreational opportunities are also available within the Capital District Wildlife Management Area, a 4,153-acre (16.81 km2) conservation area that nearly surrounds the park.

Tosohatchee Wildlife Management Area

Tosohatchee Wildlife Management Area is located along the St. Johns River east of Orlando in Christmas on Taylor Creek Road, off SR 50.

Oak Orchard Wildlife Management Area located along Oak Orchard Creek

The Oak Orchard Wildlife Management Area is an approximately 2,500-acre (10 km2) wildlife management area (WMA) located in western New York, United States. Most of this conservation area is in the northwest part of Genesee County, with a small northern portion in Orleans County.

The Hartland Swamp Wildlife Management Area is a 401-acre (1.62 km2) wildlife management area (WMA) located in western New York, USA. Hartland Swamp WMA is located northeast of Lockport in the Town of Hartland in northeastern Niagara County. It is managed by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Tillman Road Wildlife Management Area is a 235-acre (0.95 km2) conservation area located within the Town of Clarence in Erie County, western New York. It is managed by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Great Baehre Swamp is a New York state wetland located inside the Town of Amherst in Erie County, New York, United States. The area is characterized as a silver maple-ash swamp of 270 acres (1.1 km2), much of which is protected by conservation areas owned by the town and New York State.

Reinstein Woods Nature Preserve

Reinstein Woods Nature Preserve is located near the city of Buffalo in the Town of Cheektowaga in Erie County, New York, USA. Reinstein Woods Nature Preserve is a 292-acre (118 ha) forested complex that also includes wetlands and ponds, located within a developed suburban area. The nature preserve also features an environmental education center.

James River Wildlife Management Area

James River Wildlife Management Area is a 1,213-acre (4.91 km2) Wildlife Management Area (WMA) in Nelson County, Virginia, near the town of Wingina. It consists of hilly woodland and relatively level bottomland along slightly more than one mile (1.6 km) of the James River. Elevations at the area range from 350 to 500 feet above sea level.

Princess Anne Wildlife Management Area

Princess Anne Wildlife Management Area is a 1,546-acre (6.26 km2) Wildlife Management Area (WMA) in Virginia Beach, Virginia. The area comprises four tracts; the Beasely, Trojan, and Whitehurst tracts are located on the western shore of Back Bay, separated from the Atlantic Ocean by False Cape, while the Pocahontas Tract, consisting of a number of marshy islands, is at the south end of the bay. A variety of natural communities may be found on all tracts, and water levels are manipulated to help promote the growth of food for waterfowl that migrate and overwinter in the area.

New York State Wildlife Management Areas

New York State Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) are conservation areas managed by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) primarily for the benefit of wildlife, and used extensively by the public for hunting, fishing, and trapping. As of 2016, the NYSDEC owns and maintains 113 WMAs, with a total area of approximately 197,000 acres. The Wildlife Management Areas program is administered by the Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources of the NYSDEC.

New York State Forests

New York State Forests are administered by the Division of Lands and Forests of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC). New York State Forests include reforestation, multiple use, and unique areas; and state nature and historic preserves, with approximately 600,000 acres (2,400 km2) classified as reforestation areas and approximately 9,000 acres (36 km2) classified as multiple use lands. Land within the Adirondack Park or the Catskill Park is not included as part of the State Forest system.

Plum Orchard Lake Wildlife Management Area

Plum Orchard Lake Wildlife Management Area, is located near Pax, West Virginia in Fayette county. Located on 3,201 acres (1,295 ha) land that varies from wetlands to steeply forested woodlands, the Pleasant Creek WMA rises to an elevation of 1,600 feet (490 m).

Woodrum Lake Wildlife Management Area

Woodrum Lake Wildlife Management Area, is located about 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Romance, West Virginia in Jackson County. Woodrum Lake WMA is located on 1,696 acres (686 ha) of hilly oak-hickory hardwood lots mixed with abandoned farmland.

Maurepas Swamp Wildlife Management Area

Maurepas Swamp Wildlife Management Area is a 122,098 acre tract of protected area located in parts of Ascension, Livingston, St. John the Baptist, St. James and Tangipahoa Parishes, Louisiana encircling three sides of Lake Maurepas.

Joyce Wildlife Management Area

Joyce Wildlife Management Area is a 34,520 acres (13,970 ha) protected area in Tangipahoa, Parish, Louisiana, owned by the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. It is located 10 miles (16 km) south of Hammond, Louisiana and features a boardwalk leading into the swamps on the northwest corner.

Charles E. Wheeler Wildlife Management Area

Charles E. Wheeler Wildlife Management Area is a 625-acre (253 ha) brackish tidal marsh, nature preserve and hunting area owned by the state of Connecticut located in Devon (village), Milford, New Haven County, Connecticut.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Oak Orchard and Tonawanda Wildlife Management Areas". NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
  2. "Hartland Swamp Wildlife Management Area". NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved May 3, 2016.