Tondidarou

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Tondidarou
Town
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Tondidarou
Location in Mali
Coordinates: 16°0′43″N4°06′52″W / 16.01194°N 4.11444°W / 16.01194; -4.11444 Coordinates: 16°0′43″N4°06′52″W / 16.01194°N 4.11444°W / 16.01194; -4.11444
CountryFlag of Mali.svg  Mali
Region Tombouctou Region
Cercle Niafunké
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Tondidarou is a small town and megalithic archaeological site in Niafunké Cercle, Timbuktu Region, Mali, northwest of Niafunké, about 150 kilometres south-west of Timbuktu. [1] The site, located on the eastern bank of Lac Tagadji, was discovered by Jules Brévié in 1904 and is said to be "defined by three groups of stone megaliths", monoliths which are a "remarkable collection of phalliform stone monuments." [2] [3] Ancient Egypt in Africa refers to the site as "Diop's 'Egypt-influenced' phalliform stone circle of Tondidarou". [4] Eugene Maes was the first to seriously document the stones at Tondidarou in 1924. [5] It was extensively excavated in around 1980. [6] The site is dated to 670 - 790 AD.

Niafunké Cercle Cercle in Tombouctou Region, Mali

Niafunké Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Tombouctou Region of Mali. The administrative center (chef-lieu) is the town of Niafunké. In the 2009 census the cercle had a population of 184,285. The Niger River runs for 100 km through the cercle.

Mali republic in West Africa

Mali, officially the Republic of Mali, is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1,240,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi). The population of Mali is 18 million. Its capital is Bamako. The sovereign state of Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara Desert, while the country's southern part, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. The country's economy centers on agriculture and mining. Some of Mali's prominent natural resources include gold, being the third largest producer of gold in the African continent, and salt.

Timbuktu City in Tombouctou Region, Mali

Timbuktu is an ancient city in Mali, situated 20 km (12 mi) north of the Niger River. The town is the capital of the Timbuktu Region, one of the eight administrative regions of Mali. It had a population of 54,453 in the 2009 census.

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References

  1. Mokhtar, G. (1981). General History of Africa: Ancient civilizations of Africa. UNESCO. p. 523. ISBN   978-92-3-101708-7 . Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  2. Sottas, Beat (1997). Forum suisse des africanistes. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 69. ISBN   978-3-8258-3506-4 . Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  3. Ki-Zerbo, Joseph (1981). General History of Africa: Methodology and African prehistory. UNESCO. p. 630. ISBN   978-92-3-101707-0 . Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  4. O'Connor, David; Reid, Andrew (August 2003). Ancient Egypt in Africa. Cavendish Publishing. p. 104. ISBN   978-1-84314-758-9 . Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  5. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries. National Museum of African Art Branch (1989). The arts of Africa: an annotated bibliography. African Studies Association. p. 128. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  6. Fage, J. D. (1 February 1979). The Cambridge History of Africa: From c. 500 B.C. to A.D. 1050. Cambridge University Press. p. 341. ISBN   978-0-521-21592-3 . Retrieved 12 July 2012.

Further reading