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Tonekabon (Persian : تنكابن, also Romanized as Tonekābon; formerly known as Shahsavar (Persian: شَهسَوار), also Romanized as Shahsavār and Shahsawār) is a city and capital of Tonekabon County, Mazandaran Province, northern Iran.
At the 2006 census, its population was 43,128, in 13,087 families. The languages of Tonekabon are Mazandarani.
Shahsavar is located on the coast of the southern Caspian Sea, 257 kilometres (160 mi) north of Tehran, between Ramsar and Chalus.
The town of Shahsavar is nearby along the Caspian Sea, and Tonekabon County has common borders with Qazvin Province to the south.
In its northern regions it has a moderate and humid climate and in the southern portions cold weather prevails. Cheshmeh Kileh River is located in this city.
The territory of Shahsavar was originally part of Gilan. Numerous evidences discovered in various parts of the region, indicate that it was a flourishing city in the past. The ancient Tonekabon came under the realm of the Royan territory, also called Rostamdar. The Padusbanan held the power of this vicinity till the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid I. Thereafter until the year 1209 CE. which was the beginning of the reign of Aqa Mohammad Khan Qajar and the Qajar dynasty, the city was known as Feiz.
After downfall of the Qajar dynasty, the city was renamed Shahsavar. After the 1979 Revolution the name was returned to its original historic one, Tonekabon. Most present-day people of the city still use the "Shahsavar" name.
A famous variety of orange, Shahsavari Orange, is grown in the city and bears its former name. The other products of Shahsavar are kiwi fruit, rice, and tea. Shahsavar has a semi tropical climate. The temperature is mild all the year.
The "Ghalegardan high lands" and "Dohezar Valley" are famous resort areas in the Alborz (Elburz) mountain range, southwest of Shahsavar. There are also dense forests in Dohezar and the Sehezar Road areas of the Alborz.
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