Tong-Kwang Light House Presbyterian Church (Chinese :同光同志長老教會; pinyin :Tóngguāng Tóngzhì Zhǎnglǎo Jiàohuì) is the first Christian Church for Homosexuals in Chinese society. It is located in Taipei, Taiwan, and does not believe homosexuality to be a sin. It was established on 5 May 1996.
Although the church has a system of Presbyterianism, it is independent from the Presbyterian Church in Taiwan.
The church also works with Taiwan Tongzhi Hotline Association, and attends Taiwan Pride.
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Homosexuality in China has been documented in China since ancient times. According to one study, for some time after the fall of the Han Dynasty homosexuality was widely accepted in China. However, this has been disputed. Several early Chinese emperors are speculated to have had homosexual relationships accompanied by heterosexual ones. Opposition to homosexuality, according to the study by Hinsch, did not become firmly established in China until the 19th and 20th centuries, through the Westernization efforts of the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China. On the other hand, Gulik's study argued that the Mongol Yuan dynasty introduced a more ascetic attitude to sexuality in general.
Taiwan Tongzhi Hotline Association is an organization that provides the LGBT community with peer counseling, support networks, and a community resource center. It is the first LGBT non-governmental organization (NGO) registered in Taiwan.
Transgender is an overarching term to describe persons whose gender identity/expression differs from what is typically associated with the gender they were assigned at birth. Since "transgender studies" were institutionalized as an academic discipline in the 1990s, it is difficult to apply transgender to Chinese culture in a historical context. There were no transgender groups or communities in Hong Kong until after the turn of the century. Today they are still known as a "sexual minority" in China.
Taiwan Pride is the annual LGBTQ pride parade in Taiwan. The parade was first held in 2003. Although joined by groups from all over the country, the primary location has always been the capital city of Taipei. The parade held in October 2019 attracted more than 200,000 participants, making it the largest gay pride event in East Asia. As of 2019, it is the largest in Asia ahead of Tel Aviv Pride in Israel, which is the largest in the Middle East. Taiwan LGBT Pride Community, the organizer of Taiwan LGBTQ Pride Parade, holds the parade on the last Saturday of October.
Taiwan TG Butterfly Garden, established in 2000, is the first formal transgender support group in Taiwan. Many members are transsexual; others identify as crossdressers, and others might be described as questioning or transgressive.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) affirming religious groups are religious groups that welcome LGBT members do not consider homosexuality to be a sin. They include entire religious denominations, as well as individual churches and synagogues. Some are composed mainly of non-LGBT members and also have specific programs to welcome LGBT people, while others are composed mainly of LGBT members.
Attitudes in Presbyterianism toward homosexuality vary, ranging from outright condemnation to complete acceptance.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people in the People's Republic of China face legal and social challenges that are not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Same-sex sexual activity has been legal in China since 1997. Same-sex couples are unable to marry or adopt, and households headed by such couples are ineligible for the same legal protections available to heterosexual couples.
Tongzhi is the Chinese word for "comrade". It has taken on various meanings in various contexts since the 20th century.
Although Lesbian, gay, bisexual (LGB) rights in Taiwan are regarded by some as one of the most progressive in Asia, transgender rights (T) are more conservative in comparison to countries such as Pakistan. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity are legal, and same-sex marriage was legalized on 24 May 2019, following a Constitutional Court ruling in May 2017. However, it's illegal for same-sex couples to jointly adopt a child, although they may adopt stepchildren.
The relationship between religion and LGBT people can vary greatly across time and place, within and between different religions and sects, and regarding different forms of homosexuality, bisexuality, and transgender identity.
Tongqi (同妻) is a Chinese language neologism for women who have married gay men. Similarly, tongfu (同夫) is another neologism for men who have married lesbian women. Liu Dalin, among the first sexologists in Mainland China, estimates that 90% of gay Chinese men marry a heterosexual woman, while in the United States, only 15-20% of gay men do so. Sexologist and sociologist Li Yinhe (李银河) believes there are 20 million male homosexuals in China, 80% of whom marry a woman. Gay Chinese men are under social pressure to marry and produce a male heir to continue the family line, as Confucianism places a strong emphasis on this.
Solidarity for LGBT Human Rights of Korea is a comprehensive LGBT human rights and counselling group created on September 9, 1997, Seoul, South Korea. Current representative is Kwak Yi-kyong and former representatives were Jeong Yol and Chang Byongkeon.
The major religions in Taiwan are Buddhism and Taoism. In these religions, the Holy Books present no arguable issues about LGBTQ people. There are no laws about punishing sodomy, which means a sexual relationship between males is not considered an abomination, unlike in many western and abrahamic religions. However, it was long considered a taboo issue. When human rights issues were discussed in political arenas, the concept of “Tongzhi” became a key term among the politicians in Taiwan. When it emerged in political forums, Taiwanese people began to become familiar with the idea that “Tongzhi" people being a part of their culture. Yet still, LGBTQ people were not mentioned in Taiwanese law. Punishment for being part of the LGBTQ community did not exist, yet there was also not any welfare or protection for LGBTQ people.
Events from the year 1996 in Taiwan, Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 85 according to the official Republic of China calendar.
Despite the history of colonisation and the resulting process of Westernisation since 1842, Hong Kong still embodies many aspects of Chinese traditional values towards sexuality. It is traditionally believed that heterosexuality is the nature, coherent, and privileged sexuality. Popular media marginalises and discriminates against LGBT members of Hong Kong in an attempt to maintain "traditional lifestyles".
The Hong Kong Lesbian & Gay Film Festival (HKLGFF), is an annual LGBT film festival held each September in Hong Kong. It is reputedly the oldest LGBT film festival in Asia, having been founded in 1989.