Tonga at the 2012 Summer Paralympics

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Tonga at the
2012 Summer Paralympics
Flag of Tonga.svg
IPC code TGA
NPC Tonga National Paralympic Committee
in London
Competitors1 in 1 sport
Flag bearer ʻAloʻalo Liku
Medals
Gold
0
Silver
0
Bronze
0
Total
0
Officials2
Summer Paralympics appearances
An interview with the chef de mission of the Tonga Paralympic delegation at the London Paralympics

Tonga participated in the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, United Kingdom, from August 29 to September 9, 2012. Their participation marked their fourth consecutive Summer Paralympics appearance since their début at the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney. Tonga was represented by the Tonga National Paralympic Committee, and was one of the 45 participating countries that sent only a single athlete. Tonga has always sent only a single athlete from Sydney 2000 to London 2012. Tonga National Paralympic Committee sent a delegation of three people, including one athlete. The sole athlete to represent the nation was ʻAloʻalo Liku, who participated in javelin and discus throw. Liku was the country's flag-bearer during the Games' opening ceremony. Tonga did not win a medal at these Games, however Liku finished with seasonal bests in both the events.

Tonga country in Oceania

Tonga, officially named the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. The total surface area is about 750 square kilometres (290 sq mi) scattered over 700,000 square kilometres (270,000 sq mi) of the southern Pacific Ocean. The state has a population of 100,651 people, of whom 70% reside on the main island of Tongatapu.

2012 Summer Paralympics sportive event

The 2012 Summer Paralympics, the 14th Summer Paralympic Games, and also more generally known as the London 2012 Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), that took place in London, United Kingdom from 29 August to 9 September 2012. These Paralympics were one of the largest multi-sport events ever held in the United Kingdom after the 2012 Summer Olympics, and until the date the largest Paralympics ever: 4,302 athletes from 164 National Paralympic Committees participated, with fourteen countries appearing in the Paralympics for the first time ever.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

Contents

Background

President of the Tonga National Paralympic Committee and chef de mission of Tonga for the 2012 Summer Paralympics Viliami Tufui. Viliami Tufui, Tonga Chef de Mission for the 2012 London Paralympics (cropped).jpg
President of the Tonga National Paralympic Committee and chef de mission of Tonga for the 2012 Summer Paralympics Viliami Tufui.

Tonga's début in the Paralympics was in Sydney during the 2000 Summer Olympics, and it has participated in every Summer Paralympics between then and the London Paralympics in 2012–numbering four in total. [1] [2] In all the editions of the Games, Tonga has sent only one athlete. In Sydney 2000 and in Athens 2004, Alailupe Tualau participated on Tonga's behalf. [3] Mounga Okusitino represented Tonga in the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing. [4]

2004 Summer Paralympics

The 2004 Summer Paralympics, the 12th Summer Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee, held in Athens, Greece from 17 September to 28 September 2004. 3,806 athletes from 136 National Paralympic Committees competed. 519 medal events were held in 19 sports.

In 2012 Summer Paralympics, Tonga was one of the 45 participating countries that sent only a single athlete. [5] The Tongan delegation for the 2012 Summer Paralympics consisted of three men. ʻAloʻalo Liku, was the only athlete and competed in the two events of athletics— javelin throw and discus throw. President of the National Paralympic Committee of Tonga, Tonga National Paralympic Committee, Viliami Tufui accompanied as a chef de mission of nation for the Games. [1] The final member of the delegation was Tevita Vake, who joined the delegation as coach of Liku. [6] [7] ʻAloʻalo Liku was the nation's flag bearer at the opening ceremony. [8]

Athletics at the 2012 Summer Paralympics

Athletics events at the 2012 Summer Paralympics were held in the Olympic Stadium and in The Mall in London, United Kingdom, from 31 August to 9 September 2012.

National Paralympic Committee

A National Paralympic Committee (NPC) is a national constituent of the worldwide Paralympic movement. Subject to the controls of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), NPCs are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the Paralympic Games.

Athletics

ʻAloʻalo Liku represented Tonga in the men's discus F44 and the men's javelin F44. [9] F44 is a disability sport classification which encompasses field athletes who are afflicted with a disability that affects their arms or legs, and it also includes amputees. [10] Factory worker Liku started participating in athletics just two years before the Games. [11] Since Liku was Tonga's only participant, he was also the opening ceremonies flag bearer. [12]

Disability sports classification is a system that allows for fair competition between people with different types of disabilities.

Javelin throw F44 event, in which ten athletes participated, was scheduled on September 2 at the London Olympic Stadium. Liku's best throw of 34.61 m came in his second attempt, and his third and final attempt was of 31.07 m. He finished tenth with a seasonal best, behind Cape Verde's Marcio Fernandes, whose best throw was 46.04 m—a regional record. [13]

Cape Verde at the 2012 Summer Paralympics

Cape Verde competed at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, United Kingdom from August 29 to September 9, 2012.

On September 6, Liku competed in discus throw F44. On his sixth and last attempt, Liku threw a discus seasonal best of 32.73 m and with this finished at eighth spot in the final standings. In this event, Jeremy Campbell of United States set a new Paralympic record with a throw of 60.05 m. [14]

Jeremy Campbell is a Paralympic athlete from the United States competing mainly in category P44 pentathlon events.

United States at the 2012 Summer Paralympics

The United States competed at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, United Kingdom, from August 29 to September 9, 2012.

Men’s Field Events
AthleteEventFinal
DistanceRank
ʻAloʻalo Liku Discus Throw F44 32.738
Javelin Throw F44 34.6110

See also

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References

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  2. "Tonga Profile". paralympic.org. International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
  3. "Sione Manu reigns at Fiji Games". sportingpulse.com. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
  4. "Back to Beijing". athletics-oceania.com. Oceania Athletics. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
  5. Burn-Murdoch, John (August 30, 2012). "London 2012 Paralympics: every team in numbers". The Guardian . Retrieved September 8, 2012.
  6. "Tonga athlete for 2012 Paralympic Games in London". matangitonga.to. Matangi Tonga Online. August 21, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  7. "Introducing our Oceania Teams" (PDF). oceaniaparalympic.org. Oceania Paralympic Committee. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  8. Theonomi, Bradford (26 August 2012). "Hellen to carry our flag". Solomon Star. Archived from the original on 16 December 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  9. "Athletes – Aloalo Ki Eneio Liku". llondon2012.com. London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
  10. "Athletics – Classification". llondon2012.com. London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
  11. "Athletes – Biographies – LIKU Aloalo Ki Eneio". paralympic.org. International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
  12. "List of Opening Ceremony flag bearers". Paralympic.org. August 29, 2012. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  13. "Men's Javelin Throw – F44". llondon2012.com. London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  14. "Men's Discus Throw – F44". llondon2012.com. London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Retrieved September 9, 2012.