Tongi–Bhairab–Akhaura line

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Tongi–Bhairab–Akhaura line
Overview
StatusOperational
Owner Bangladesh Railway
Locale Bangladesh
Termini Tongi
Akhaura
Stations19
Service
Operator(s) Bangladesh Railway
History
Opened1910–14
ClosedOperating
Technical
Number of tracks2
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge
Operating speedBooked at 72 KM/PH

The Tongi–Bhairab–Akhaura line (Bengali : টঙ্গী-ভৈরব-আখাউড়া রেলপথ) is a railway line connecting Tongi and Akhaura, via Bhairab Bazar in Bangladesh. There is a branch line from Bhairab Bazar to Mymensingh via Gouripur. These tracks are under the jurisdiction of Bangladesh Railway.

Contents

History

In response to the demand of the Assam tea planters for a railway link to Chittagong port, Assam Bengal Railway started construction of a railway track on the eastern side of Bengal in 1891. A 150-kilometre long (93 mi) track between Chittagong and Comilla was opened to traffic in 1895. The Comilla–Akhaura–Kulaura–Badarpur section was opened in 1896–98 and finally extended to Lumding in 1903. In an effort to link this line running on the eastern bank of the Meghna with the rail system on the western bank of the Meghna, the Tongi–Akhaura line came up between 1910 and 1914. However, there was no bridge across the Meghna at that time. [1] [2] [3]

Bhairab railway bridge

Meghna Railway Bridge Japan-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge4.jpg
Meghna Railway Bridge

The bridge over the Meghna River, popularly known as the Bhairab railway bridge, was opened on 6 December 1937, enabling passage between Dhaka and Chittagong. [1] [4]

In November 2011, the Bangladesh Railway signed an agreement with two Indian private companies for the feasibility study, detail design and preparation of tender documents for the construction of the second Bhairab rail bridge across the Meghna and second rail bridge across the Titas River. [5]

The 1.2-kilometre long (0.75 mi) Bangladesh–UK Friendship Bridge, completed in 2002, carries the Dhaka-Sylhet Highway across the Meghna between Bhairab Bazar and Ashuganj. [6]

Developments

Bangladesh Railway signed a deal with a Chinese firm in July 2011 for doubling the 64-kilometre (40 mi) single-line Tongi–Bhairab Bazar track. It has been completed by Jan. 2016. Doubling of the 71-kilometre (44 mi) Akhaura–Laksam section was initiated in 2007. [7]

Bhairab Bazar–Kishoreganj–Gouripur–Mymensingh line

While the Narayanganj–Bahadurabad Ghat line runs along the southern bank of the old channel of the Brahmaputra River, the Bhairab Bazar–Kishoreganj–Gouripur–Mymensingh line covers the northern bank of the river.

The Mymensingh–Bhairab Bazar Railway Company constructed this line between 1912 and 1918. It was acquired by the government in 1948–49 and the Assam Bengal Railway Company was in charge of the management of the line. [1]

There are two lines branching out of this line – a short Shyamganj-Jaria Janjail Line and a long Gouripur-Netrokona-Mohanganj Line. [1]

Related Research Articles

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Meghna River River in Bangladesh

The Meghna River is one of the major and holiest rivers in Bangladesh, one of the three that form the Ganges Delta, the largest delta on earth, which fans out to the Bay of Bengal. A part of the Surma-Meghna River System, Meghna is formed inside Bangladesh in Kishoreganj District above the town of Bhairab Bazar by the joining of the Surma and the Kushiyara, both of which originate in the hilly regions of eastern India as the Barak River. The Meghna meets its major tributary, the Padma, in Chandpur District. Other major tributaries of the Meghna include the Dhaleshwari, the Gumti, and the Feni. The Meghna empties into the Bay of Bengal in Bhola District via four principal mouths, named Tetulia (Ilsha), Shahbazpur, Hatia, and Bamni.

Mymensingh District District in Mymensingh Division, Bangladesh

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Narayanganj–Bahadurabad Ghat line

The Narayanganj–Bahadurabad Ghat line is a 250 kilometres (160 mi) long railway line connecting Narayanganj and Bahadurabad Ghat in Bangladesh. There are branch lines to Jagannathganj Ghat and Netrakona-Mohanganj. This track is under the jurisdiction of Bangladesh Railway

Akhaura–Kulaura–Chhatak line

The Akhaura–Kulaura–Chhatak line is a railway line connecting Akhaura and Chhatak, via Kulaura in Bangladesh. This line is under the jurisdiction of Bangladesh Railway.

Mahisasan railway station

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The Akhaura–Laksam–Chittagong line is a railway line connecting Akhaura and Chittagong, via Laksam in Bangladesh. There are branch lines from Laksam to Chandpur and Noakhali. This line is under the jurisdiction of Bangladesh Railway.

New Bongaigaon–Guwahati section

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Barauni–Guwahati line Railway section in India

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Assam Bengal Railway

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Guwahati–Lumding section Railway section in India

The Guwahati–Lumding section is a broad-gauge railway line connecting Guwahati and Lumding Junction. The 179-kilometre (111 mi) long railway line operates in the Indian state of Assam. It is under the jurisdiction of Northeast Frontier Railway zone.

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Laksam Junction railway station Junction station in Comilla District, Bangladesh

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Sylhet railway station Railway station in Sylhet District, Bangladesh

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Akhaura Junction railway station

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Fida, Quazi Abul (2012). "Railway". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. "Report on the administration of North East India (1921–22)". p. 46. 1984. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  3. Singh, S.N.; Narain, Amarendra; Kumar, Purnendu (2006). Socio Economic and Political Problems of Tea Garden Workers: A Study of Assam. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. p. 105. ISBN   81-8324-098-4.
  4. "Bridges of Bangladesh – Bhairab Rail Bridge" . Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  5. "Deal on 2nd Bhairab, Titas rail bridges construction signed". Pakistan Defence. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  6. "Bhairab Bridge, Bangladesh". Halcrow. Archived from the original on 6 November 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  7. "Tongi-Bhairab Double Tracks: Railway signs deal with Chinese firm". The Daily Star, 28 July 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.