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Tongji (Chinese :童乩; pinyin :tóngjī; Wade–Giles :t'ung-chi; lit. : 'youth diviner'; Tâi-lô: tâng-ki) or Jitong (Chinese :乩童; pinyin :jītóng; Wade–Giles :chi-t'ung; lit. : 'divining youth') is a Chinese folk religious practitioner, usually translated as a "spirit medium", "oracle", or "shaman".
This word compounds tong 童 "child; youth; boy servant" and ji 乩 "to divine" (cf. fuji 扶乩 "divination; planchette writing"). Regional variants include Hokkien tâng-ki童乩 and Cantonese gei-tung乩童 or san-daa神打.
A tongji or jitong is a person believed to have been chosen by a particular shen 神 "god; spirit" as the earthly vehicle for divine expression. The Chinese differentiate a wu 巫 "shaman; healer; spirit medium" who gains control of forces in the spirit world versus a tongji who appears to be entirely under the control of forces in the spirit world.
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Deng is an East Asian surname of Chinese origin. It is a transcription of 邓 or 鄧 (traditional). It is transliterated as Dèng in pinyin and Teng, or Then, in Wade-Giles. In Cantonese, it is Dahng in Yale and Dang6 in Jyutping. In Minnan or Taiwanese, it is Tēng in Pe̍h-ōe-jī. The surname originating from the same Chinese character in Vietnamese is Đặng and it is one of the top ten surnames in Vietnam. The name is transliterated as Deung in Korean but is very rare in Korea. Deng is one of the surnames of the Nanyang, Henan ancestral hall (南陽堂).
Bank of Communications Limited, founded in 1908, is the fifth-largest bank in mainland China.
He or Ho is the romanised transliteration of several Chinese family names. Of these family names, 何 is the most common at 17th In 2019 Hé was again the 17th most common surname in Mainland China.
Teng is a Chinese surname derived from State of Teng in the Western Zhou Dynasty. It is the 73rd name on the Hundred Family Surnames poem. It is T'eng in Wade-Giles, Tàhng in Cantonese and is usually Romanized as "Tang" in Hong Kong. It is Têng in Hokkien and Teochew.It is "ddàng"in Wenzhou.
Kuang is a Chinese surname originated from central China. Although Kuang is not amongst the 100 most common Chinese surnames, it is common amongst the Chinese diaspora in Hong Kong, Macau, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Philippines, United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Fiji, Thailand, Peru, Cuba, Burma, Indonesia and Reunion Island.
The Xiao Erya was an early Chinese dictionary that supplements the Erya. It was supposedly compiled in the early Han Dynasty by Kong Fu, a descendant of Confucius. However, the received Xiao Erya text was included in a Confucianist collection of debates, the Kongcongzi, which contains fabrications that its first editor Wang Su added to win his arguments with Zheng Xuan. The Qing Dynasty scholar Hu Chenggong, who wrote the Xiao Erya yizheng, accepted Kong Fu as the author. Liu (2005) concludes the Xiao Erya reliably dates from the Western Han Dynasty and suggests its compiler was from the southern state of Chu.
Kwun Tong Maryknoll College is a Catholic boys' secondary school in Hong Kong. It was founded in 1971. It was established by the Maryknoll Fathers, a society of Catholic priest and brothers which was founded in the United States in 1911. The college's anniversary day is the first Friday in May.
Chinese spiritual world concepts are cultural practices or methods found in Chinese culture. Some fit in the realms of a particular religion, others do not. In general these concepts were uniquely evolved from the Chinese values of filial piety, tacit acknowledgment of the co-existence of the living and the deceased, and the belief in causality and reincarnation, with or without religious overtones.
Fuji is a method of "planchette writing", or "spirit writing", that uses a suspended sieve or tray to guide a stick which writes Chinese characters in sand or incense ashes.
Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils is a 1982 Hong Kong's TVB television series adapted from Louis Cha's novel Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils. The 50-episode-long series is divided into two parts, with their Chinese titles as 天龍八部之六脈神劍 for 30 episodes and 天龍八部之虛竹傳奇 for 20 episodes respectively.
Wu is a Chinese term translating to "shaman" or "sorcerer", originally the practitioners of Chinese shamanism or "Wuism".
Sikong Shu or Ssü-k'ung Shu was a Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty. Three of his poems were included in the popular anthology Three Hundred Tang Poems. Sikong was known as one of the "Ten Poets of Talent of the Dali period" (766-779), which was Emperor Daizong of Tang's third and final regnal period.
In Between, also known as Conjugal Affairs and The New Age of Living Together, is a 1994 romantic anthology film. It consists of three stories, by three directors from Hong Kong and Taiwan. The three segments are, in the following order:
Chinese ritual mastery traditions, also referred to as ritual teachings, or Folk Taoism, or also Red Taoism, constitute a large group of Chinese orders of ritual officers who operate within the Chinese folk religion but outside the institutions of official Taoism. The "masters of rites", the fashi (法師), are also known in east China as hongtou daoshi (紅頭道士), meaning "redhead" or "redhat" daoshi, contrasting with the wutou daoshi (烏頭道士), "blackhead" or "blackhat" priests, of Zhengyi Taoism who were historically ordained by the Celestial Master.
Bi is a Chinese surname. It is listed 76th in the Song dynasty classic text, the Hundred Family Surnames.
Chinese shamanism, alternatively called Wuism, refers to the shamanic religious tradition of China. Its features are especially connected to the ancient Neolithic cultures such as the Hongshan culture. Chinese shamanic traditions are intrinsic to Chinese folk religion.
The associations of good-doing are organised groups of the indigenous religion of Hebei province, or the "Pear Area" of China. The Congregation of the Dragon's Name is one of these movements of good-doers.
Kimmy Tong Fei is a Chinese actress best known in film for portraying A Cai in From Vegas to Macau film series.
The roles of women in Taoism have differed from the traditional patriarchy over women in ancient and imperial China. Chinese women had special importance in some Taoist schools that recognized their transcendental abilities to communicate with deities, who frequently granted women with revealed texts and scriptures. Women first came to prominence in the Highest Clarity School, which was founded in the 4th century by a woman, Wei Huacun. The Tang dynasty (618-907) was a highpoint for the importance of Daoist women, when one-third of the Shangqing clergy were women, including many aristocratic Daoist nuns. The number of Daoist women decreased until the 12th century when the Complete Perfection School, which ordained Sun Bu'er as the only woman among its original disciples, put women in positions of power. In the 18th and 19th centuries, women Daoists practiced and discussed nüdan, involving gender-specific practices of breath meditation and visualization. Furthermore, Daoist divinities and cults have long traditions in China, for example, the Queen Mother of the West, the patron of xian immortality, He Xiangu, one of the Eight Immortals, and Mazu, the protectress of sailors and fishermen.