Tongji Bridge and the Shunjiang Building in 1930s
|Locale||Yuyao, Zhejiang, China|
|Height||6 m (20 ft)|
|Longest span||14.2 m (47 ft)|
|No. of spans||3|
|Construction start|| Song Dynasty (wooden) |
Yuan Dynasty (stone)
Qing Dynasty (repair)
|Construction end||1048 |
The Tongji Bridge (traditional Chinese: 通濟橋, simplified Chinese: 通济桥, pinyin: Tōng Jì Qiáo), is a famous stone arch bridge located in Yuyao, Ningbo, Zhejiang Province. "Tongji Bridge" ("Tong" means transport/transportantion, "Ji" means aid or cross a river) is a very common name for bridges in ancient China.
The bridge has a very long history. It is the first large-sized arch bridge in the Eastern Zhejiang region, so it's also called the First Bridge of Eastern Zhe (traditional Chinese: 浙東第一橋, simplified Chinese: 浙东第一桥, pinyin: Zhè Dōng Dì Yī Qiáo, "Zhe" is the short name for Zhejiang Province).
The construction of the bridge started first during the Qingli (traditional Chinese: 慶曆, simplified Chinese: 庆历, pinyin: Qìng Lì) Era (1041–1048) of the Northern Song Dynasty, and it was wooden structure. Its original name was Dehui Bridge (traditional Chinese: 德惠橋, simplified Chinese: 德惠桥, pinyin: Dé Huì Qiáo). And its name later was changed to Hong Bridge (traditional: 虹橋, simplified Chinese: 虹桥, pinyin: Hóng Qiáo, "Hong" means rainbow). It was destroyed in wars and reconstructed for several times.
In Yuan Dynasty, a Buddhism monk named Huixing (traditional Chinese: 惠興, simplified Chinese: 惠兴, pinyin: Huì Xìng) started rebuilding the bridge using rocks, but he died when the construction was half-finished. Then a Taoist named LI Daoning (traditional Chinese: 李道寧, simplified Chinese: 李道宁, pinyin: Lǐ Dào Níng, his surname was Li) continued his unfinished work. In the third year (year 1332) of the Zhishun (tradition Chinese: 至順, simplified Chinese: 至顺, pinyin: Zhì Shùn) Era of the Yuan Dynasty, the bridge was finally finished, and was renamed as "Tongji Bridge". There was a stone tablet aside the bridge, and there were eight characters on the stele - Hai Bo Guo er Feng Fan bu Xie (traditional Chinese:, simplified Chinese: 海舶过而风帆不解, pinyin: Hǎi Bó Guò ér Fēng Fān bú Jiě ), which means ships can go through the bridge's arch without any obstacles.
From the seventh to the ninth year (1729–1731) of the Yongzheng Era in Qing Dynasty, the local government repaired and rebuilt most part of the bridge again, and that's the bridge nowadays looks like.
The bridge nowadays is still in use and has busy traffic everyday. The bridge has three spans, with the central/main span the largest one, and the rest two are equal. The main span is 14.2 meter. The total length of the bridge is about 50 meters. It has 106 steps.
In front of the bridge, it was the old city gate of Yuyao, which is also an ancient structure which is named Shunjiang Building (traditional Chinese: 舜江樓, simplified Chinese: 舜江楼, pinyin: Shùn Jiāng lóu). The bridge and the old city gate together now are the key cultural relic under the city's protection.
Yuyao is a county-level city in the northeast of Zhejiang province, China. It is under the jurisdiction of the sub-provincial city of Ningbo.
The Anji Bridge is the world's oldest open-spandrel segmental arch bridge of stone construction. Credited to the design of a craftsman named Li Chun, the bridge was constructed in the years 595–605 during the Sui dynasty (581–618). Located in the southern part of Hebei Province, it is the oldest standing bridge in China.
Tongji may refer to:
Hongqiao District is a district in the city of Tianjin, China. The name of the district derives from the name of a bridge - Dahong Bridge - on the Ziya River, a tributary of Hai River.
The Tongji Bridge in Wucheng District, Jinhua, Zhejiang, China, is a large stone arch bridge.
The Yongji Bridge of Chengyang, also called the Chengyang Wind and Rain Bridge, is a bridge in Sanjiang County, of Guangxi, China.
The Guyue Bridge is an arch bridge located in Yiwu, Zhejiang province, China.
Anping Bridge is a Song dynasty stone beam bridge in Fujian province. It is 2,070 metres (1.29 mi) long. The bridge is also known as the Wuli Bridge because its length is about 5 li, where a li is about 500 meters or 0.3 miles. It is a nationally protected historic site registered with the National Cultural Heritage Administration.
Tongji Bridge can refer to:
Guangji Bridge could be:
The Eastern Zhejiang Canal is located in Zhejiang province, China. Its west end is in Xixing Street, Binjiang District, Hangzhou City, crossing Cao'e River and Shaoxing City to its east end, the Yong River estuary in Ningbo City. The canal is 239 kilometres (149 mi) long. Early canal construction took place in the Shanyin old canal in Shaoxing City, in the Spring and Autumn period. In the third century AD, an official named He Xun supervised the construction of Xixing Canal, establishing the complete Eastern Zhejiang Canal.
The Bazi Bridge is a stone arch bridge in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, China. The bridge is named for its shape like the Chinese character "八" ("eight").
The Guanyin Bridge is a historic stone arch bridge in Nanxun, Huzhou, Zhejiang, China. It is the largest bridge in the town of Nanxun.
The Hongji Bridge is a historic stone arch bridge over the Dongshi River in Nanxun, Huzhou, Zhejiang, China.
The Guanghui Bridge is a historic stone arch bridge over the Nanshi River in Nanxun, Huzhou, Zhejiang, China. In is backed by the Taoist temple Guanghui Palace.
Dazhu Bridge, formerly known as "Zhu Bridge", "Shangzhu Bridge" or "Wannian Bridge", is a historic stone arch bridge in Zhuantang Subdistrict, Xihu District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. It is 28-metre (92 ft) long and 6-metre (20 ft) wide.
Sanguantang Bridge is a historic stone arch bridge in Luoxing Subdistrict, Jiashan County, Zhejiang, China.
Sima Gao Bridge is a historic stone arch bridge in the town of Chongfu, Tongxiang, Zhejiang, China.
Sunny Optical Technology (Group) Company Limited, known as Sunny Optical or just Sunny is a Chinese civilian-run enterprise and listed company that produces optical lenses.
Qinghua Rainbow Bridge was a large stone beam bridge in the town of Qinghua, Wuyuan County, Jiangxi, China. The bridge went across the Le'an River. The bridge was 140 m (459 ft) long and had 3.1 m (10 ft) wide, with 4 piers and 5 bridge openings.