Tongjiang, Heilongjiang

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Tongjiang

同江市
ChinaJiamusiTongjiang.png
Location of Tongjiang in Jiamusi
China Heilongjiang location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tongjiang
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 47°39′N132°30′E / 47.650°N 132.500°E / 47.650; 132.500 Coordinates: 47°39′N132°30′E / 47.650°N 132.500°E / 47.650; 132.500
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Prefecture-level city Jiamusi
Area
  Total6,164 km2 (2,380 sq mi)
Population
  Total211,609
  Density34/km2 (89/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Climate Dwb
Website tongjiang.gov.cn

Tongjiang (Chinese :同江; pinyin :Tóngjiāng) is a city of 160,000 in eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, located at the confluence and on the right banks of the Songhua and Amur Rivers, the latter which marks the border with Russia. Administratively it is a county-level city of Jiamusi.

Contents

History

Tongjiang (labelled as T'ung-chiang (Lahasusu) Tong Jiang 
) (1956) Txu-oclc-6614368-nl53-1.jpg
Tongjiang (labelled as T'ung-chiang (Lahasusu) 同江) (1956)

Early medieval history

From 698 to 936, the kingdom of Balhae occupied northern Korea and parts of Manchuria and Primorsky Krai, consisting of the Nanai, the Udege, and the Evenks and descendants of the Tungus-speaking people and the people of the recently fallen Goguryeo kingdom of Korea. The vicinity of Tongjiang was settled at this moment by Heishui Mohe tribes (Hangul : 흑수말갈 Hanja/Hanzi : 黑水靺鞨 pinyin : Hēishuǐ Mòhé). These tribes were submitted to Balhae Kingdom under King Seon's reign (818-830).

King Seon administrated their territories by creating a prefecture in the neighbourhood : The Hoiwon Prefecture (Hangul : 회원부 Hanja : 懷遠府) with Dalju (Hangul : 달주 Hanja :達州) present-day Tongjiang (Hanzi :同江 pinyin :Tóngjiāng), as its administrative centre.

20th century

In 1929 during Sino-Soviet conflict soviet Amur Military Flotilla completely destroyed Chinese Sungary Military Flotilia at Battle near Lahasusu.

Tongjiang-Nizhneleninskoye railway bridge

The Tongjiang-Nizhneleninskoye railway bridge was proposed in 2007 by Valery Solomonovich Gurevich, the vice-chairman of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast in Russia. The railway bridge over the Amur River will connect Tongjiang with Nizhneleninskoye, a village in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast. [1]

The Chinese portion of the bridge was finished in July 2016. [2] Work began on the longer Russian section of the bridge in December 2016. Completion of structural link between the two sides of the bridge was completed in March 2019. [3] [4] Opening to rail traffic has been repeatedly delayed, with the December 2019 estimate being "the end of 2020", [5] and then 3rd quarter of 2021. [6]

Transportation

See also

Related Research Articles

Amur Major river in eastern Russia and northeastern China

The Amur, or Heilong Jiang, is the world's tenth longest river, forming the border between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China. The Amur proper is 2,824 kilometres (1,755 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 1,855,000 square kilometres (716,000 sq mi). Including its source river Argun, it is 4,440 km (2,760 mi) long. The largest fish species in the Amur is the kaluga, attaining a length as great as 5.6 metres (18 ft). The river basin is home to a variety of large predatory fish such as northern snakehead, Amur pike, taimen, Amur catfish, predatory carp and yellowcheek, as well as the northernmost populations of the Amur softshell turtle and Indian lotus.

Heilongjiang Province of China

Heilongjiang is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast of the country. It is the northernmost and easternmost province of the country. The province is bordered by Jilin to the south and Inner Mongolia to the west. It also shares a border with Russia to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin. Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous.

Balhae Ancient kingdom in Manchuria, northern Korean peninsula and the Russian Far East (698–926)

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History of Manchuria

Manchuria is a region in East Asia. Depending on the definition of its extent, "Manchuria" can refer either to a region falling entirely within present-day China, or to a larger region today divided between Northeast China and the Russian Far East. To differentiate between the two parts following the latter definition, the Russian part is also known as Outer Manchuria, while the Chinese part is known as Inner Manchuria.

Outer Manchuria

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The Mohe, Malgal, or Mogher, maybe a mispronunciation of the word Mojie, were an East Asian Tungusic people who lived primarily in the modern geographical region of Northeast Asia. The two most powerful Mohe groups were known as the Heishui Mohe, located along the Amur River, and the Sumo Mohe, named after the Songhua River.

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Hejiang Province

Hokiang, was a province in Northeast China, which was established in 1945. It was c.52,300 sq mi (135,500 km²) in size and the provincial capital was Jiamusi.

Dae Jung-sang (?-698?), also known as Geolgeol Jungsang, was a key contributor to the founding of Balhae, and the father of Dae Jo-yeong, the founder of Balhae. Though much of the credit for the founding of Balhae went to his son, many historians still give credit to Dae Jung-sang as the main supporter and leader in the founding of Balhae.

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The Heishui Mohe, also known as the Heuksu Malgal, rendered in English as Blackriver Mohe or Blackwater Mohe, were a tribe of Mohe people in Outer Manchuria along the Amur River in what is now Russia's Khabarovsk Krai, Amur Oblast, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, and Heilongjiang in China.

Valery Solomonovich Gurevich, a Russian politician, is the vice-governor of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.

Tongjiang-Nizhneleninskoye railway bridge is an international Sino-Russian railroad bridge.The bridge will link Nizhneleninskoye in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast with Tongjiang in Heilongjiang Province.

Nizhneleninskoye Selo in Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Russia

Nizhneleninskoye is a rural locality in Leninsky District of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast. Located on the Amur River, Nizhneleninskoye is the location for the Tongjiang-Nizhneleninskoye railway bridge which will cross over the river to China. Nizhneleninskoye will be joined by a railway bridge to Tongjiang in Heilongjiang Province.

Mohe City County-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Suibin County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Suibin County is a county of eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, bordering Russia's Jewish Autonomous Oblast to the north across the Amur River. It is the easternmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Hegang.

The Jiansanjiang–Heixiazi Island Expressway (Chinese: 建三江-黑瞎子岛高速公路), commonly referred to as the Jianhei Expressway (Chinese: 建黑高速公路) and designated G1012, is an expressway linking the town of Jiansanjiang with Hexiazi Island, entirely in the prefectural-level city of Jiamusi in the Chinese province of Heilongjiang. It is 217 kilometres (135 mi) in length and opened on 13 August 2017. Prior to the national-level G designation, the highway was designated S14 by the province.

The Balhae controversies are disputes between the three main parties conducting the study of this state Korea, China and Russia whose position is fully supported by Japanese historians, over the history of the Balhae/Bohai kingdom. Due to its origins as the successor state of Goguryeo, Korean scholars consider Balhae as part of the North–South States Period of Korean history, while Chinese scholars argue Bohai is a part of Chinese history. In traditional Russian historiography, this state is recognized as the first highly organized independent state formation of the Tungus-Manchurian peoples.

References

  1. Proposed bridge to boost bilateral trade, China Daily, June 19, 2007.
  2. Andrew Higgins (July 16, 2016). "An Unfinished Bridge, and Partnership, Between Russia and China". The New York Times. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  3. "Russia Completes Construction of First-Ever Rail Bridge to China", The Moscow Times , March 21, 2019, retrieved November 16, 2020
  4. Россия и Китай соединили железнодорожный мост через Амур [Russia and China connected a railway bridge across the Amur] (in Russian), RBK Group, March 21, 2019, retrieved November 16, 2020
  5. "Railway bridge over Amur river to China will be built by end of 2020, envoy says". TASS. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  6. https://www.dvnovosti.ru/eao/2020/02/17/110702/