Tongling

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Tongling

铜陵市
Tongling Urban Landscape.jpg
Location of Tongling Prefecture within Anhui (China).png
Location of Tongling City jurisdiction in Anhui
Coordinates(Tongling municipal government): 30°56′42″N117°48′40″E / 30.945°N 117.811°E / 30.945; 117.811 Coordinates: 30°56′42″N117°48′40″E / 30.945°N 117.811°E / 30.945; 117.811
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 3 districts
1 county
Municipal seat Tongguan District
Government
  CPC SecretaryLi Meng (李猛)
   Mayor Hu Qisheng (胡启生)
Area
  Total3,008 km2 (1,161 sq mi)
Population
 (2017 [1] )
  Total1,700,000
  Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s) 0562
ISO 3166 code CN-AH-07
GDP ¥115 billion [2]
GDP per capita¥67,647
License plate prefix 皖G
Website tl.gov.cn (in Chinese)

Tongling (simplified Chinese : 铜陵 ; traditional Chinese : 銅陵 ; pinyin :Tónglíng; Wade–Giles :T'ung-ling; lit. 'Copper Hillock'; former names: Tunglinghsien, Tungkwanshan) is a prefecture-level city in southern Anhui province. A river port along the Yangtze River, Tongling borders Wuhu to the east, Chizhou to the southwest and Anqing to the west.

Contents

The asteroid 12418 Tongling was named after the city.

Geography

Tongling is located in southern Anhui on the southern (right) bank of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, with latitude ranging from 30° 45' 12" to 31° 07' 56" N and longitude ranging from 117° 42' 00" to 118° 10' 06" E; the maximal north–south extent is 42.5 kilometres (26.4 mi), and the greatest east–west width is 40.6 km (25.2 mi). [3] It borders Fanchang County to the southeast, Qingyang County and Nanling County to the south, Guichi District of Chizhou to the southwest, and, northwest across the Yangtze, Wuwei County and Zongyang County.

Climate data for Tongling (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)7.3
(45.1)
9.8
(49.6)
14.5
(58.1)
21.2
(70.2)
26.6
(79.9)
29.3
(84.7)
32.8
(91.0)
32.2
(90.0)
27.9
(82.2)
22.7
(72.9)
16.4
(61.5)
10.1
(50.2)
20.9
(69.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)3.6
(38.5)
5.9
(42.6)
10.1
(50.2)
16.4
(61.5)
21.8
(71.2)
25.2
(77.4)
28.6
(83.5)
27.9
(82.2)
23.6
(74.5)
18.1
(64.6)
11.9
(53.4)
6.0
(42.8)
16.6
(61.9)
Average low °C (°F)0.9
(33.6)
2.9
(37.2)
6.8
(44.2)
12.7
(54.9)
18.0
(64.4)
21.8
(71.2)
25.4
(77.7)
24.7
(76.5)
20.3
(68.5)
14.7
(58.5)
8.4
(47.1)
3.0
(37.4)
13.3
(55.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)67.9
(2.67)
75.8
(2.98)
127.7
(5.03)
136.3
(5.37)
155.3
(6.11)
251.5
(9.90)
174.0
(6.85)
129.1
(5.08)
85.3
(3.36)
73.5
(2.89)
73.5
(2.89)
42.6
(1.68)
1,392.5
(54.81)
Average relative humidity (%)77767574747978808077767377
Source: China Meteorological Administration [4]

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Tongling administers 4 county-level divisions, including 3 districts and 1 county.

In 2012, the provincial government made plans to cede Zongyang County from Anqing City to Tongling City, in order to grant the latter land across the Yangtze. [5]

Map
Defunct divisions

History

Tongling has been famous as a beautiful mountain city since its origins in the Han dynasty over 1500 years ago. Owing to its copper and tin deposits, it was an important center in the past for bronze production. The scale of industrial activity gradually increased through the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, the Japanese occupation of 1938–45, and especially under the Communist government since 1949.

Economy

Today the city's industrial base still revolves around the several nearby copper mines and copper processing operations. The local mineral resources also include : iron, coal, gold, silver, tin, Iron sulfide, plus more than twenty other rare minerals associated with them such as nickel, cadmium, gallium, molybdenum, germanium and selenium. Other important industries include chemical works, textiles, building materials, electronics, machinery and food processing. Long a hub of water transportation, in 1995 Tongling became the site of Anhui Province's first highway bridge spanning the Yangtze River.

Although Tongling City is mostly mountainous, the surrounding flatlands are rich agricultural regions producing rice, wheat, cotton, beans, garlic, herbal medicines and ginger. Large amounts of fish are also harvested in the region.

Tongling is the center for conservation efforts to preserve the last remaining Yangtze freshwater dolphins. Two semi-natural reserves have been established in the Tongling area, in the Tongling and Shishou oxbow lakes, but as yet no dolphins have been successfully captured and moved from the river into the lakes.

Tongling has developed at a rapid speed in the past 5 years, i.e. 2003 to 2007.The average GDP per capita has reached ¥44,870 in 2008 which is the second in Anhui province. And the increasing rate is 13%, far more than the average increasing rate of the whole province which is 12.8%.And it aims to achieve $10000 GDP per capita in 2012.

As of 2016, Tongling City, administered 3 districts and 1 county, the total population of 1.7185 million people. GDP of 95.73 billion yuan. By industry, the added value of the primary industry was 4.89 billion yuan, the added value of the secondary industry was 56.96 billion yuan, and the added value of the tertiary industry was 33.87 billion yuan. The three industrial structures are 5.1: 59.5: 35.4. According to the resident population, the annual per capita GDP is 59,960 yuan.

Transport

As of November 2017, Tongling has two bridges across the Yangtze River.

Rail

Tongling is served by the Nanjing–Tongling, Tongling–Jiujiang, Lujiang-Tongling Railways, Nanjing–Anqing Intercity Railway and Hefei-Fuzhou High-Speed Railway.

Culture

The famous poet of Tang Dynasty, Li Bai (c.700–762, also known as Li Po) praised the beauty and richness of Tongling. The Tongling Sports Centre Stadium is located in the city. The football stadium has a capacity of 30,000 and it opened in 2018.

Local specialties

Tongling ginger

Tongling ginger is one of the "eight treasures" of Tongling. It is a perennial herb and an annual cultivated crop. Tongling ginger is scientifically identified by the Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences Horticulture and belongs to the type of white ginger. The fresh ginger skin is white and slightly yellow, the ginger is bergamot-shaped, and the petals are thick and thick.

Tongling dried tofu

Tongling dried tofu which began production in the Ming Dynasty and has a history of more than 400 years. Because Datong Town is the only way to the Buddhist shrine Jiuhua Mountain, pilgrims worshipping Buddhas from all over the country and Korea, India and other countries must purchase Tongling dried tofu for vegetarian food.

International relations

Statue of Schiller located at Tongling Tianjinghu park Statue of Schiller in Tianjinghu scenery park.jpg
Statue of Schiller located at Tongling Tianjinghu park

The contract of town-twinning with the city of Marbach am Neckar in Baden-Württemberg, Germany was established in 1990 and was among the first Sino-German town-twinnings, or sister city relationships. One lady citizen of Marbach am Neckar has been awarded honorary citizenship of Tongling City in 2005, recognizing her relentless effort to keep up the town-twinning. Marbach is the birthplace of the famous German poet Friedrich Schiller (1759–1805), as a symbol of friendship a statue was erected in local Tianjinhu-Lake-Park.[ citation needed ]

Tongling has been twinned with the Borough of Halton in England since 1997. A Chinese friendship garden was created in the grounds of Runcorn Town Hall in 2006, including a bronze statue gifted by the twin city of Tongling. [6]

Related Research Articles

Anhui Province of China

Anhui is a landlocked province of the People's Republic of China, part of the East China region. Its provincial capital and largest city is Hefei. The province is located across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huai River, bordering Jiangsu to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, Jiangxi to the south, Hubei to the southwest, Henan to the northwest, and Shandong for a short section in the north.

Hefei Prefecture-level city in Anhui, Peoples Republic of China

Hefei is the capital and largest city of Anhui Province, People's Republic of China. A prefecture-level city, it is the political, economic, and cultural center of Anhui. Its population was 7,965,300 as of 2017 sampling and its built-up area made up of 5 urban districts plus Feidong and Changfeng counties being urbanized, was home to 6,173,000 inhabitants. Located in the central portion of the province, it borders Huainan to the north, Chuzhou to the northeast, Wuhu to the southeast, Tongling to the south, Anqing to the southwest and Lu'an to the west. A natural hub of communications, Hefei is situated to the north of Chao Lake and stands on a low saddle crossing the northeastern extension of the Dabie Mountains, which forms the divide between the Huai and Yangtze rivers.

Maanshan Prefecture-level city in Anhui, Peoples Republic of China

Ma'anshan, also colloquially written as Maanshan, is a prefecture-level city in the eastern part of Anhui province in Eastern China. An industrial city stretching across the Yangtze River, Ma'anshan borders Hefei to the west, Wuhu to the southwest, and Nanjing to the east. It is a satellite city of the Nanjing metropolitan area and is also a city in the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone.

Jingzhou Prefecture-level city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Jingzhou is a prefecture-level city in southern Hubei province, China, located on the banks of the Yangtze River. Based on the 2010 census, its total population was 5,691,707, 1,154,086 of whom resided in the built-up area comprising two urban districts.

Changshu County-level city in Jiangsu, Peoples Republic of China

Changshu is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, and is part of the Yangtze River Delta. It borders the prefecture-level city of Nantong to the northeast across the Yangtze River. Due to the mild climate and terrain there, it has enjoyed a high level of agriculture civilization since ancient times, and is named after this, for the first character of its name (常) means "always, often", while the second (熟) means "ripe". The name of the adjacent county-level city of Taicang means "great granary".

Yangtze Delta Megalopolis

The Yangtze Delta or Yangtze River Delta is a triangle-shaped megalopolis generally comprising the Wu Chinese-speaking areas of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province. The area lies in the heart of the Jiangnan region, where Yangtze River drains into the East China Sea. Having a fertile soil, the Yangtze Delta abundantly produces grain, cotton, hemp and tea. In 2018, the Yangtze Delta had a GDP of approximately US$2.2 trillion, about the same size as Italy.

Anqing Prefecture-level city in Anhui, Peoples Republic of China

Anqing is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Anhui province, People's Republic of China. Its population was 5,311,579 at the 2010 census, with 780,514 living in the built-up area.

Wuhu Prefecture-level city in Anhui, Peoples Republic of China

Wuhu is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Anhui province, China. Sitting on the southeast bank of the Yangtze River, Wuhu borders Xuancheng to the southeast, Chizhou and Tongling to the southwest, Hefei city to the northwest, Ma'anshan city to the northeast, Jiangsu Province to the east, and is approximately 90 km (56 mi) southwest of Nanjing. As of 2017, the city had a population of approximately 3,696,000 officially registered inhabitants.

Huangshan City Prefecture-level city in Anhui, Peoples Republic of China

Huangshan, is a prefecture-level city in Southern Anhui Province, People's Republic of China. Huangshan means Yellow Mountain in Chinese and the city is named after the famously scenic Yellow Mountains which cover much of the city's vast geographic expanse. The prefectural city of Huangshan includes three urban districts and four counties. The urban center of Huangshan was originally the city of Tunxi and is now called Tunxi District. Locals still call the city Tunxi to distinguish urban core from other parts of Huangshan.

Chizhou Prefecture-level city in Anhui, Peoples Republic of China

Chizhou is a prefecture-level city in the south of Anhui province, China. It borders Anqing to the northwest, Tongling and Wuhu to the northeast, Xuancheng to the east, Huangshan to the southeast, and the province of Jiangxi to the southwest.

Zongyang County County in Anhui, Peoples Republic of China

Zongyang County, is a county in southern Anhui province, located mostly on the northern (left) bank of the Yangtze River. It is under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Tongling. It has a population of 960,000 and an area of 1,808 square kilometres (698 sq mi). The government of Zongyang County is located in Zongyang Town (枞阳镇). On 13 October 2015, Zongyang County jurisdiction was transferred from Anqing to Tongling.

Jiaozhou City County-level city in Shandong, Peoples Republic of China

Jiaozhou, formerly Jiaoxian or Jiao County, is a county-level city of Qingdao sub-provincial city, Shandong Province, China. It gained its current county-level city designation in 1987. It has an area of 1,313 km2 (507 sq mi) and a population at the 2000 Census of 783,478.

Jiaoqu is a district of Tongling, Anhui province, China. As of 2012, it has a population of 50,000 residing in an area of 154 km2 (59 sq mi).

Yi'an District, formerly Tongling County, is a district of the city of Tongling, in the south of Anhui province, lying on the southern and eastern (right) bank of the Yangtze River. The total area is 1,113 km2 (430 sq mi). The population is 716,300.

Tongshan District District in Jiangsu, Peoples Republic of China

Tongshan District, formerly Tongshan County is one of six districts of Xuzhou, Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China, bordering Anhui and Shandong provinces.

Nanjing–Tongling railway

Nanjing–Tongling railway or Ningtong railway, is a single-track railroad in eastern China between Nanjing in Jiangsu Province and Tongling in Anhui Province. The line is 208 km (129 mi) long. Major towns along route include Nanjing, Maanshan, Wuhu and Tongling. With the opening of the parallel Nanjing–Anqing intercity railway in 2015, the line is mostly used for freight traffic.

The Tongling–Jiujiang railway or Tongjiu railway, is a single-track railroad in eastern China between Tongling in Anhui Province and Jiujiang in Jiangxi Province. The line is 251 km (156 mi) long and follows the south bank of the Yangtze River. Major cities and towns along route include Tongling, Chizhou, Dongzhi County, Pengze, Hukou County and Jiujiang.

The Nanjing–Anqing intercity railway is a high-speed rail, passenger-dedicated line between cities of Nanjing, Jiangsu Province and Anqing, Anhui Province, in China. Construction of the 258-kilometre (160 mi) railway began in January 2010, and the line was opened on 6 December 2015.

Anqing Yangtze River Bridge

Anqing Yangtze River Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge spanning 1,040 metres (3,410 ft) over the Yangtze River at Anqing, Anhui Province in eastern China. The bridge is 31.2 metres (102 ft) wide and carries four lanes of traffic on the G50 Shanghai–Chongqing Expressway between Anqing north of the river and Dongzhi County in Chizhou prefecture to the south. The bridge opened on December 27, 2004 and was the 35th bridge across the Yangtze River between Yibin and Shanghai. The bridge required investment of ¥1.3174 billion.

Laozhou Township is a township in Yi'an District of Tongling, Anhui, China. As of the 2017 census it had a population of 8,146 and an area of 42-square-kilometre (16 sq mi). The township is bordered to the east by Wusong Town and to the west by Wuwei County and Zongyang County.

References

  1. 铜陵市情. Tongling People's Government.
  2. 铜陵市情. Tongling People's Government.
  3. 铜陵城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
  4. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  5. 我省出台方案落实中部崛起新政 细化83项重点工程. Tongling People's Government. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
  6. "Friendship garden is full of Eastern promise". Cheshire Live. Reach plc. 22 June 2006. Retrieved 2 November 2020.

"China Tongling". Tongling People's Government. Retrieved 22 March 2013.

"Tongline News". Tongling News. Retrieved 22 March 2013.