Tongrim County

Last updated
Tongrim County

동림군
Korean transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl
   Hancha
   McCune-Reischauer Tongrim-kun
   Revised Romanization Dongrim-gun
DPRK Pyongbuk-Dongrim.PNG
Country North Korea
Province North P'yŏngan
Administrative divisions 1 ŭp, 2 workers' districts, 20 ri
Area
  Total415.3 km2 (160.3 sq mi)
Population
(2008)
  Total104,614 [1]

Tongrim County is a kun, or county, in coastal southwestern North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It borders P'ihyŏn and Ch'ŏnma to the north, Sŏnch'ŏn to the east, Ch'ŏlsan to the southwest and Yŏmju to the west. To the south, it looks out on the Yellow Sea.

Administrative divisions of North Korea

The administrative divisions of North Korea are organized into three hierarchical levels. These divisions were discovered in 2002. Many of the units have equivalents in the system of South Korea. At the highest level are nine provinces, two directly governed cities, and three special administrative divisions. The second-level divisions are cities, counties, wards, and districts. These are further subdivided into third-level entities: towns, neighborhoods, villages, and workers' districts.

North Pyongan Province Province in Kwansŏ, North Korea

North Pyongan Province, written before 1925 in English as Yeng Byen) is a western province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former P'yŏng'an Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Sinŭiju. In 2002, Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region—near the city of Sinuiju—was established as a separately governed Special Administrative Region.

Pihyon County County in North Pyŏngan, North Korea

Phihyŏn County is a kun, or county, in northwestern North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It is bounded to the north by Ŭiju, to the east by Chŏnma, to the south by Yŏmju and Tongrim, and to the west by Ryongchŏn and the large city of Sinŭiju. It was established as a separate county in 1952, and was subsequently reorganized in 1954, 1958, 1961, 1963, 1967 and 1978.

Contents

Geography

The landscape is dominated by low, rolling hills and basins. The highest point is Munsusan, rising to 736 m on the northern border. Tongrim is drained by the Ch'ŏngch'ŏn River and its tributaries, including the Maryŏng River and the Kokch'ŏn stream. Some 60% of the county is covered by forestland; only 26% of the area is cultivated.[ citation needed ]

The Ch'ŏngch'ŏn is a river of North Korea having its source in the Rangrim Mountains of Chagang Province and emptying into the Yellow Sea at Sinanju. The river flows past Myohyang-san and through the city of Anju, South P'yŏngan Province. Its total length is 217 km (135 mi), and it drains a basin of 9,553 km2.

Administrative divisions

Tongrim county is divided into 1 ŭp (town), 2 rodongjagu (workers' districts) and 20 ri (villages):

  • Tongrim-ŭp (동림읍/東林邑)
  • Obong-rodongjagu (오봉로동자구/梧峰勞動者區)
  • Singong-rodongjagu (신곡로동자구/新谷勞動者區)
  • Ansal-li (안산리/雁山里)
  • Changbong-ri (잠봉리/蠶峰里)
  • Ch'ŏnggang-ri (청강리/淸江里)
  • Ch'ŏngsong-ri (청송리/靑松里)
  • Indo-ri (인두리/仁豆里)
  • Inp'ung-ri (인풍리/仁豊里)
  • Kogon'yŏng-ri (고군영리/古軍營里)
  • Masŏng-ri (마성리/磨星里)
  • Namsal-li (남삼리/南三里)
  • Posŏng-ri (보성리/保聖里)
  • Puhwang-ri (부황리/付皇里)
  • P'ungch'ŏl-li (풍천리/豊川里)
  • Ryongsal-li (룡산리/龍山里)
  • Ryong'yŏl-li (룡연리/龍淵里)
  • Samsŏng-ri (삼성리/三成里)
  • Sangsu-ri (상수리/上水里)
  • Sansŏng-ri (산성리/山城里)
  • Ŭnbong-ri (은봉리/殷峰里)
  • Wŏl'al-li (월안리/月安里)
  • Wŏlgong-ri (월곡리/月谷里)

Climate

The year-round average temperature is 8.8 °C; the January mean is -8.7 °C, while the August average is 24 °C. Annual rainfall averages 1000 mm.[ citation needed ]

Economy

The cultivated land is irrigated, with crops including rice, maize, soybeans, wheat, barley, and tobacco. Aquaculture is also practiced. There are various mines and factories producing machinery including pumps.[ citation needed ]

Aquaculture Farming of aquatic organisms

Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. Mariculture refers to aquaculture practiced in marine environments and in underwater habitats.

Transportation

The P'yŏngŭi Line of the Korean State Railway passes through Tongrim county on its way between Sinŭiju and P'yŏngyang.[ citation needed ]

Pyongui Line The railway which connects Pyongyang, North Korea and Dandong, China

The P'yŏngŭi Line is an electrified main trunk line of the Korean State Railway of North Korea, running from P'yŏngyang to Sinŭiju on the border with China. It is the main corridor for overland traffic between North Korea and China, and is one of the country's most important rail lines. A bridge over the Yalu River connects Sinŭiju to the Chinese city of Dandong and the Shendan Line of the China Railway to Shenyang and Chinese points beyond.

Korean State Railway

The Korean State Railway is the operating arm of the Ministry of Railways of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and has its headquarters at P'yŏngyang. The current Minister of Railways is Jang Hyuk, who has held the position since 2015.

Sinuiju Municipal City in North Pyŏngan, North Korea

Sinŭiju ; Sinŭiju-si, known before 1925 in English as Yeng Byen City) is a city in North Korea which faces Dandong, China across the international border of the Yalu River. It is the capital of North P'yŏngan province. Part of the city is included in the Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region, which was established in 2002 to experiment with introducing a market economy.

Places of interest

Noted landmarks include Tongrim Falls, a 10-meter waterfall, and the Tongrim Manchurian Ash, which is North Korean natural monument No. 11.[ citation needed ]

See also

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References

  1. 조선중앙통계국,2008년 인구 조사,2009년.