Tongxiao Shrine

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Coordinates: 24°29′32.6″N120°40′58.3″E / 24.492389°N 120.682861°E / 24.492389; 120.682861

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Tongxiao Shrine
通霄神社
Tong Xiao Shen She 20130724.JPG
General information
TypeShrine
Location Tongxiao, Miaoli County, Taiwan
Completed1937

The Tongxiao Shrine (Chinese :通霄神社; pinyin :Tōngxiāo Shénshè) is a shrine in Tongxiao Township, Miaoli County, Taiwan.

Chinese language family of languages

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the Han majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

Miaoli County County in western Taiwan, Republic of China

Miaoli County is a county in western Taiwan. Miaoli is adjacent with Hsinchu County and Hsinchu City to the north, Taichung to the south, and borders the Taiwan Strait to the west. The Council for Economic Planning and Development of Taiwan classifies Miaoli as a county of Central Taiwan, while the Taiwan Central Weather Bureau classifies Miaoli as a county of the North. Miaoli City is the capital of the county, and is also known as "Mountain Town", owing to the number of mountains nearby, making it a destination for hiking.

History

The shrine was built in 1937 during the Japanese rule of Taiwan. After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China, the main hall of the shrine was renovated by Tongxiao Mayor into the Tongxiao Zhonglie Shrine in 1947 for people to honor the fallen Republic of China Armed Forces in World War II. The shrine was damaged by the Jiji earthquake in 1999. In 2002, the government designated the shrine as historical monument and restored it. [1]

Taiwan under Japanese rule Period of Taiwanese history

Taiwan was under Japanese rule between 1895 and 1945 in which the island of Taiwan was a dependency of the Empire of Japan, after Qing dynasty of China lost the First Sino-Japanese War to Japan and ceded Taiwan Province in the Treaty of Shimonoseki. The short-lived Republic of Formosa resistance movement ended to no avail when it was suppressed by Japanese troops. The fall of Tainan ended organized resistance to Japanese occupation, and inaugurated five decades of Japanese rule.

Retrocession Day day marking the anniversary of the end of Japanese rule over Taiwan on 25 October 1945

Taiwan Retrocession Day is an annual observance and unofficial holiday in the Republic of China to commemorate the end of 50 years of Japanese rule of Taiwan and Penghu, and their claimed handover to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945. However, the idea of "Taiwan retrocession" is in dispute.

Republic of China (1912–1949) 1912–1949 country in Asia, when the Republic of China governed mainland China

The Republic of China (ROC), was a state in East Asia which controlled the Chinese mainland between 1912 and 1949. The state was established in January 1912 after the Xinhai Revolution, which overthrew the Qing dynasty, the last imperial dynasty of China. Its government fled to Taipei in 1949 due to the Kuomintang's defeat in the Chinese Civil War. The Republic of China's first president, Sun Yat-sen, served only briefly before handing over the position to Yuan Shikai, leader of the Beiyang Army. His party, then led by Song Jiaoren won the parliamentary election held in December 1912. Song Jiaoren was assassinated shortly after and the Beiyang Army led by Yuan Shikai maintained full control of the Beiyang government. Between late 1915 and early 1916, Yuan Shikai tried to reinstate the monarchy before abdicating due to popular unrest. After Yuan Shikai's death in 1916, members of cliques in the Beiyang Army claimed their autonomy and clashed with each other. During this period, the authority of the Beiyang government was weakened by a restoration of the Qing dynasty.

Transportation

The shrine is accessible within walking distance north east of Tongxiao Station of Taiwan Railways Administration.

Taiwan Railways Administration Railway operator in Taiwan

Taiwan Railways Administration, abbreviated as TRA, is a railway operator in Taiwan. It is an agency of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications, responsible for managing, maintaining, and running passenger and freight rail services on 1097 km of track in Taiwan..

See also

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References

  1. "Tongxiao Shrine". Round Taiwan Round. Retrieved 19 December 2016.