Last updated

Korean transcription(s)
  Revised RomanizationTongyeong-si
Top: Hallyeo National Marine Park; middle left: Hallyeo Waterway Observation Cable Car; middle center: Turtle ship replica; middle right: Dongpirang Village; bottom left: Chungmusa shrineJungang; bottom right Live Fish Market.
Tongyeong logo.png
Emblem of Tongyeong
South Gyeongsang-Tongyeong.svg
Location in South Korea
CountryFlag of South Korea.svg  South Korea
Region Yeongnam
Administrative divisions 1 eup, 6 myeon, 11 dong
  Total236.5 km2 (91.3 sq mi)
  Density566.9/km2 (1,468/sq mi)

Tongyeong (Korean pronunciation:  [tʰoŋ.jʌŋ] ) is a coastal city in South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. [1] In 2010, it had an area of 238.81 km2 (92.21 sq mi) and a population of 139,869 people. It is divided into 1 eup (town), 6 myeon (township) and 11 dong (neighborhood). Chungmu city and Tongyeong county were reunited in 1995, creating Tongyeong City as it is known today. It consists of Goseong Peninsula, Hansan Island, Mireuk Island  [ ko ], Yokji Island  [ ko ] and other islets. [2] It was formerly known as Chungmu, after the posthumous name of Admiral Yi Sun-sin. The name Tongyeong means "command post" and is itself associated with Admiral Yi, as it refers to his principal base that was located on nearby Hansan Island.


Famous people

Famous people associated with the city include Yi Sun-sin, whose headquarters were located there, and Yun Isang, a noted 20th-century composer.

Chungmu Halmae, or "Chungmu Grandmother", is a mythical old woman from Chungmu who gave her name to Chungmu Halmae Kimbap, a common Korean snack food.[ citation needed ] Chungmu Halmae, though mythical, is one of the most recognized personages from the area. The decision to group together a number of entities and incorporate them into the city of “Tongyong” erased the name Chungmu from the map of Korea and removed the home of the mythical grandmother from the peninsula. [3]

Park Kyung-ni was a famous novelist, who wrote the well-known novel, Toji (토지, The Land) consisting of 16-volume story, in Korea.

Shin Suk-ja is a political prisoner held in Yodok political prison camp in North Korea. In August 2011 human rights activists from her hometown started the “Daughter of Tongyeong Rescue Campaign” [4] to rescue her and her children.

Song Hyeong-jun is a member of South Korean boyband Cravity. He was also a former member of South Korean boyband X1 (band). He is best known for competing in survival show Produce X 101 and ranking 4th in the finale.

The football player Kim Min-jae was born in Tongyeong and played football for Tongyeong Elementary School football club. He plays as a centre-back for Beijing Guoan and the South Korea national football team.


Tongyeong was the site of the first race of 2009 in the International Triathlon Union-sponsored ITU World Championship Series, which encompasses "international-distance" triathlon events in cities around the world. On May 3, 2009, Bevan Docherty of New Zealand won the men's race in a thrilling photo finish as he crossed the line almost simultaneously with Brad Kahlefeldt of Australia. [5]


In 2007, the total number of medical institutions was 106, including 4 hospitals, 63 clinics, one long-term care hospital, 22 dental hospitals, 16 Korean traditional medicine clinics. There are also 23 medical institutions related to Tongyeong Health Center affiliated to the Tongyeong City government. [6]


There are several famous food in Tongyeong. Chungmu gimbab ko:충무김밥 and Ggulbbang ko:통영꿀빵, a honey bread dessert. [7] Chungmu gimbab is Korean sushi made of seaweed and rice. Also, there is spicy sauce made with baby octopus. Chungmu gimbab is the original(traditional) food in Tongyeong, used call Chungmu. [7]

Ppattegi gruel is a porridge made of dried sweet potatoes. It tastes sweet and full.

Sweet potatoe s on Yokji Island in Tongyeong, South Gyeongsang Province, are famous. The sweet potato field here consists of more than 70 percent of the slopes, so it is good to drain water. The amount of sunlight is so abundant that it has an optimal environment for sweet potato cultivation. It is said that the sea raised sweet potatoes, so it is called "Sweet potatoes grown under the sea breeze." [8]


A view of Jeseungdang shrine, the predecessor of Unjudang in charge of military education of the Joseon navy Korea-Tongyeong-Hansan Island-Jeseungdang-01.jpg
A view of Jeseungdang shrine, the predecessor of Unjudang in charge of military education of the Joseon navy

Tongyeong has several representative traditional educational institutions such as Unjudang (운주당), Baegun Seojae (백운서재), Tongyeong Hyanggyo (통영향교). Unjudang established on Hansan Island in 1592, took charge of military education of the Joseon navy. It was later reconstructed with the changed name as "Jeseungdang" (제승당). Baegun Seojae was a seodang , a private village school providing elementary education. Go Si-wan, a Silhak (practical learning) scholar founded it in 1805, the fifth year of King Sunjo's reign. [9] Baegun Seojae is currently situated in the neighborhood of Docheon-dong and designated as the ninth Cultural Material of South Gyeongsang province. Tongyeong Hyanggyo was a state-sponsored provincial school ( hyanggyo ) and was built in the site of the old Goseong Hyanggyo, which consists of 6 buildings; Daeseongjeon, Dongmu, Seomu, Myeongnyundang, Seojae, and Punghwaru. In the Daeseongjeon shrine, memorial tablets of five prominent scholars and Confucius are instituted. [6]

Modern educational institutions started to be established in the city as Jinnam Commons School, the predecessor of Tongyeong Elementary School was opened in 1908. The educational system of Tongyeong is the same as elsewhere in the country. Schooling begins with preschools, of which there are 34 in the city. This is followed by 6 years in elementary schools, of which Tongyeong has 32 including 14 branch schools. Subsequently, students pass through 3 years of middle school. There are 11 middle schools in Tongyeong. High-school education, which lasts for three years, is not compulsory, but the most students do attend and graduate from high school. Tongyeong is home to 5 high schools. [6] The College of Marine Science at Gyeongsang National University (GNU) is a branch campus in Tongyeong, specializing in marine-related studies. [10] Its predecessor was Tongyeong Marine College, the successor of Gyeongnam Susan Jeonseupso (경남수산전습소) founded in 1917. The college was integrated into Gyeongsang National University in 1994. [6]


Aerial photo of Tongyeong. Tongyeong-city-from-air.jpg
Aerial photo of Tongyeong.

Tongyeong is situated in the southern tip of Goseong peninsula and its three sides are surrounded by the sea. It consists of 41 inhabited and 110 uninhabited islands. Tongyeong Port, the east gate of Hallyeo Marine National Park, is referred to as the most beautiful port in South Korea. [11]

The geography consists of low mountains crossing over the south to the north on the Goseong peninsula. The mountain range stretches out from Byeokbang mountain (650 m) on the boundary of northern Goseong county (Goseong-gun) to the south, encompassing Cheongae mountain (525 m), Baral mountain (261 m), Jeseokbong peak (279 m) and Yongha mountain (461 m) on Mireukdo island. [12]

As Tongyeong is influenced by East Korea Warm Current, it has a mild oceanic climate during the whole year. The city is the warmest region in South Gyeongsang province, with the average annual temperature at 14.7 °C (58 °F). The coldest month is January, with an average temperature of 2.5 °C while the hottest month is August, with the average temperature of 25.7 °C. The average range of temperature is narrow. Plants growing in the city show characters of the warm temperate zone such as Cryptomeria , Chamaecyparis obtusa , Pinus thunbergii , Paulownia coreana , Pitch Pine, bamboo, camellia, and palm trees. [11] [12]

The average annual rainfall is 1,397 millimeters, so Tongyeong is classified as one of places in South Korea that have a lot of rain. [12]


Tongyeong has a humid subtropical climate.

Climate data for Tongyeong (1981–2010, extremes 1967–present)
Record high °C (°F)18.4
Average high °C (°F)8.1
Daily mean °C (°F)3.1
Average low °C (°F)−0.8
Record low °C (°F)−11.2
Average precipitation mm (inches)29.8
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)
Average snowy days1.
Average relative humidity (%)53.454.658.464.972.478.984.880.674.366.861.955.067.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 198.8192.3201.4205.9217.0174.4147.2189.5170.2211.0196.1206.62,310.4
Percent possible sunshine 63.462.354.352.650.140.233.445.545.760.163.067.651.9
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration [13] [14] [15] (percent sunshine and snowy days) [16]

Twin towns – sister cities

Tongyeong is twinned with: [17]

See also

Related Research Articles

Jeonju Specific city in North Jeolla, South Korea

Jeonju is the 16th largest city in South Korea and the capital of North Jeolla Province. It is both urban and rural due to the closeness of Wanju County which almost entirely surrounds Jeonju. The name Jeonju literally means "Perfect Region". It is an important tourist center famous for Korean food, historic buildings, sports activities, and innovative festivals.

Chungju Municipal City in Hoseo, South Korea

Chungju (충주시) is a city in North Chungcheong province, South Korea. Uamsan is a mountain located within the outskirts of the city.

Jecheon Municipal City in Hoseo, South Korea

Jecheon is a city in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea. The city is a major railway junction or a transportation mecca, served by the Jungang, Chungbuk and Taebaek Lines. Jecheon has scenic surroundings and several tourist spots like the Uirimji Reservoir, Cheongpung Lake and Cheongpung Cultural Properties complex. It is also the home of Semyung University.

Donghae City Municipal city in Gwandong, South Korea

Donghae is a city in Gangwon Province, South Korea. There are two major ports: Donghae Harbor and Mukho Harbor. The city is located on the Yeongdong Line railroad and the Donghae Expressway. Numerous caverns are found in the city, as in neighboring Samcheok. Hanzhong University was located here.

Wonju Municipal City in Gwandong, South Korea

Wonju is the most populous city in Gangwon province, South Korea. The city is located approximately 140 kilometres (87 mi) east of Seoul. Wonju was the site of three crucial battles during the Korean War.

Cheorwon County County in South Korea

Cheorwon County, also spelled Chorwon, is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. It is located right next to the border with North Korea.

Wando County County in South Jeolla, South Korea

Wando County (Wando-gun) is a county in South Jeolla Province, South Korea. It takes its name from the island of Wando, which is the largest island within the county and serves as the county seat. Wando island is perhaps most famous for Cheonghaejin, the former headquarters of Jang Bogo, a 9th-century Korean historical figure whose private fleet and army dominated the sea routes in the Yellow Sea. Wando's most famous native in modern times is champion golfer K.J. Choi.

Jeongeup Municipal City in Honam, South Korea

Jeongeup, also known as Jeongeup-si, is a city in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. The city limits include Naejang-san National Park, a popular destination particularly in autumn due to its foliage. Jeongeup is on the Honam Expressway and Honam Line, with the Seohaean Expressway also within easy reach, providing links to Seoul and Mokpo.

Namwon Municipal City in Honam, South Korea

Namwon is a city in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. Namwon is about 50 minutes from the provincial capital of Jeonju, which is almost three hours away from Seoul. The official city flower is Royal Azalea (철쭉) while the city tree is the crape-myrtle (배롱나무) and the city bird is the swallow (제비). Namwon is a small city located just outside Jirisan National Park, which has the largest set of mountains on the South Korean Mainland. It also borders the Seomjin River, one of South Korea's more prominent rivers. It is 3 hours and 15 minutes from the Seoul Central City Bus Terminal and about one hour from both the U-Square Bus Terminal in Gwangju and the Jeonju Inter City Bus Terminal. It is called "the City of Love" because of the famous Korean love story of Chunhyang. Gwanghallu Garden is a shrine to this love story.

Imsil County County in Honam, South Korea

Imsil County (Imsil-gun) is a county in North Jeolla Province, South Korea.

Chuncheon Municipal City in Gangwon, South Korea

Chuncheon is the capital of Gangwon Province in South Korea. The city lies in the north of the county, located in a basin formed by the Soyang River and Han River. There are some large lakes around the city, most notably Lake Soyang and Lake Uiam. The area is renowned for its small river islands, such as Sangjungdo, Ha-Jungdo, Bungeodo and Wido.

Yangpyeong County County in Sudogwon, South Korea

Yangpyeong County (Yangpyeong-gun) is a county in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea.

Seosan Municipal City in Chungcheong, South Korea

Seosan is a city in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea, with a population of roughly 175,000 according to the 2017 census. Located at the northwestern end of South Chungcheong Province, it is bounded by Dangjin City, Naepo New Town, Yesan-gun and Hongseong-gun on the east and by Taean-gun and the Yellow Sea on the west, and is 125 km (78 mi) south of Seoul, 159 km (99 mi) northwest of Daejeon and 34 km (21 mi) northwest of Naepo New Town. Seosan is the hub of transportation of the west coast where the Seohaean Expressway, Daejeon-Dangjin Expressway, National Highways No. 29, 32, 38 and 45 intersect. This city has great traffic conditions towards the metropolitan area and major cities.

Seogwipo Administrative city in Jeju, South Korea

Seogwipo is the second-largest city on Jeju Island, settled on a rocky volcanic coastline in the southern part of Jeju Province, South Korea. In July 2006, Seogwipo's boundaries were expanded to include the entire southern half of Jeju island. A UNESCO World Heritage site and 2002 FIFA World Cup host, it had a population of 155,691 as of December 31, 2011.

Andong Municipal City in North Gyeongsang, South Korea

Andong is a city in South Korea, and the capital of North Gyeongsang Province. It is the largest city in the northern part of the province with a population of 167,821 as of October 2010. The Nakdong River flows through the city. Andong is a market centre for the surrounding agricultural areas.

Ganghwa Island Island in the Yellow Sea, South Korea

Ganghwa Island, also known by its native name Ganghwado, is a South Korean island in the estuary of the Han River. It is in the Yellow Sea, off Korea's west coast. The island is separated from Gimpo by a narrow channel spanned by two bridges, and from Kaesong (Gaeseong) in North Korea by the main channel of the Han River.

Baengnyeongdo Island of South Korea

Baengnyeong Island is a 45.8-square-kilometre (17.7 sq mi), 8.45-kilometre (5.25 mi) long and 12.56-kilometre (7.80 mi) wide island in Ongjin County, Incheon, South Korea, located near the Northern Limit Line. The 1953 Korean Armistice Agreement which ended the Korean War specified that the five islands including Baengnyeong Island would remain under United Nations Command and South Korean control. This agreement was signed by both North Korea and the United Nations Command. Since then, it has served as a maritime demarcation between North and South Korea in the Yellow Sea. It has a population of approximately 4,329.

Heuksando Place in South Korea

Heuksando is an island in the Yellow Sea located off 97.2 km from the southwest coast of Mokpo, Jeollanam-do, South Korea. It covers an area of 19.7㎢ and consists of several peaks: Munamsan, Gitdaebong, Seonyubong, Sangnasan. It is within the administrative boundaries of Sinan County, Jeollanam-do, South Korea since 1969. The island's 19.7 km² are home to about 3,133 people.

Chupungnyeong is a mountain pass between Yeongdong-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do and Gimcheon-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do in South Korea.

Daegwallyeong-myeon Township in Gangwon-do, South Korea

Daegwallyeong-myeon is a myeon (township) in the county of Pyeongchang in the province of Gangwon-do, South Korea. It is located in the northeastern part of the county. The total area of Daegwallyeong-myeon is 221.63 square kilometers (85.57 sq mi), and, as of 2008, the population was 6,162 people. The myeon was named Doam-myeon until 2007. Daegwallyeong-myeon is named after the important mountain pass of Daegwallyeong. It has the coldest average temperature in South Korea.


  1. "Tongyeong". Somewhere Street. Japan. 2013. NHK World. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  2. 통영시 (統營市) [Tongyeong] (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2009-07-16. Nate / Britannica
  3. "Chungmu Gimbap". GN Culture Tour. Archived from the original on January 25, 2013. Retrieved February 6, 2006.
  4. "A City Waiting for Its Daughter Back". Daily NK, September 9, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  5. Inside Triathlon Docherty Wins Tongyeong Dextro Energy Triathlon - ITU World Championship Series In Sprint Finish [ permanent dead link ]. Inside Triathlon May 3, 2009. Accessed on May 9, 2009
  6. 1 2 3 4 통영시 교육·문화 [Education and culture of Tongyeong] (in Korean). Nate / Britannica. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  7. 1 2 "Chungmu Kimbab(Rice with Laver) | TongYeong City". Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  8. 동정, 허 (2019-08-22). "통영과 산청 고구마 '맛 배틀' 누가 이길까". 시사저널.
  9. 백운서재 白雲書齋 [Baegun Seojae] (in Korean). Nate / Cultural Heritage Administration. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  10. 경상대학교 해양과학대학에 '해양생물교육연구센터' 건립한다 (in Korean). News Wire. 2006-01-06. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  11. 1 2 통영시의 자연환경 [Environment of Tongyeong] (in Korean). Nate / Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  12. 1 2 3 통영시 자연환경 [Environment of Tongyeong] (in Korean). Nate / Britannica. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  13. 평년값자료(1981–2010) 통영(162) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  14. 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 통영(162) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  15. 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 통영(162) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  16. "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  17. "About Tongyeong -> Sister Cities". Tongyeong. Retrieved 2020-04-13.

Coordinates: 34°50′N128°25′E / 34.833°N 128.417°E / 34.833; 128.417