Guerra in Pennabilli in 2011
16 March 1920
|Died||21 March 2012 92) (aged|
Santarcangelo di Romagna, Italy
|Occupation||Writer, Poet, Screenwriter|
Antonio "Tonino" Guerra(16 March 1920 – 21 March 2012) was an Italian poet, writer and screenwriter who collaborated with some of the most prominent film directors in the world.
Guerra was born in Santarcangelo di Romagna.
According to his obituary in The Guardian , Guerra first started writing poetry when interned in a prison camp in Germany, after being rounded up at the age of 22 with other antifascists from Santarcangelo.
To pass the time he told his companions stories: when he came home in 1945 he found a publisher for a book of them, I Scarabocc (Cockroaches, but also "scribblings").
At 30 he moved to Rome and worked as a schoolteacher.During this time he met Elio Petri, the future director of Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion (1970), who worked as assistant to Giuseppe De Santis. Guerra was able to get his first screenwriting credit after he and Petri went to the Abruzzi mountains to find out about wolf-hunting; "Though they discovered that wolf hunters no longer existed, De Santis went ahead anyway with the film, Uomini e Lupi (Men and Wolves, 1957)".
Although a follower of Cesare Zavattini,[ citation needed ] who essentially defined the style and morals of Italian neorealism, Guerra deviated from his mentor: while Zavattini brought the directors with whom he collaborated over to his own social and moral speculation, Guerra went to the filmmakers and helped them advance their own concept. He worked with such filmmakers as Michelangelo Antonioni, in L'avventura , La notte , L'Eclisse , The Red Desert , Blowup , Zabriskie Point and Identification of a Woman ; Federico Fellini, in Amarcord ; Theo Angelopoulos, in Landscapes in the Mist , Eternity and a Day and Trilogy: The Weeping Meadow ; Andrei Tarkovsky, in Nostalghia ; and Francesco Rosi, in The Mattei Affair , Lucky Luciano and Exquisite Corpses .
In 1990 Guerra in collaboration with Giovanni Urbinati to create the exhibition “La Cattedrale dove va a dormire il mare/The Cathedral where the sea goes to sleep”at the deconsecrated church in Budrio near Bologna.
In 1995 he was awarded with an Honorable Diploma at the 19th Moscow International Film Festival.
He was an atheist.
Michelangelo Antonioni was an Italian film director, screenwriter, editor, painter, and short story author. He is best known for his "trilogy on modernity and its discontents" — L'Avventura (1960), La Notte (1961), and L'Eclisse (1962) — as well as the English-language films Blowup (1966) and The Passenger (1975). His films have been described as "enigmatic and intricate mood pieces" that feature elusive plots, striking visual composition, and a preoccupation with modern landscapes. His work would substantially influence subsequent art cinema.
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