Tonk, India

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Nawabi Nagari
India Rajasthan location map.svg
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India location map.svg
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Coordinates: 26°10′N75°47′E / 26.17°N 75.78°E / 26.17; 75.78 Coordinates: 26°10′N75°47′E / 26.17°N 75.78°E / 26.17; 75.78
Country India
State Rajasthan
District Tonk
  Body Nagar Parishad
289 m (948 ft)
  Official Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 code RJ-IN
Vehicle registration RJ-26

Tonk is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The town is situated 95 km (60 mi) by road south from Jaipur, near the right bank of the Banas River. It is the administrative headquarters of Tonk District. Tonk was also the capital of the eponymous princely state of British India from 1817 to 1947.



In the 2011 Indian census, [1] Tonk had a population of 165,294, with 48% being female. 14% of the population is age six and under. Tonk has an average literacy rate of 68.62%: 77.68% in males, and 59.18% in females.


The founder of the state and its first ruler was Pindari Muhammad Amir Khan (1769–1834), a dacoit and militant leader of Pashtun descent from Afghanistan. In 1806, Khan grabbed the area, taking it from a retreating regime Yashwant Rao Holkar. The British government captured it in turn. Khan then received the state of Tonk from the British Government who returned it. [2] In 1817, after the Third Anglo-Maratha War, Amir Khan submitted to the British British East India Company and kept his territory of Tonk while receiving the title of Nawab. [3] Tonk was founded one year later after Khan was granted land by the ruler of Indore.

During the regime of Nawabs, the natives were invited to an Islamic function of Milad-un-nabi without regard to caste, color or creed. It was organised by the ruling Nawabs for a period of seven days in the month of Rabi al-awwal.

Tonk was known as Samwad Lakshya in the Mahabharat period. In the Mauryan regime, it was under the Mouryas and then it was merged into Malvas. Most of the period was under Harsh Vardhan. According to Huen Tsang, visitor to China, it was under Bairath State. In the regime of the Rajputs, this state was under, Solankis of Toda and later Kachvahs took over when Man Singh defeated the Rao of Toda. Later, it was under the regime of Holkar and Sindhia.

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  1. "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  2. Lethbridge, Sir Roper (2005). The Golden Book of India: A Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the Ruling Princes, Chiefs, Nobles, and Other Personages, Titled or Decorated of the Indian Empire. ISBN   9788187879541.
  3. Princely States of India