Tonkin Ministry (Western Australia)

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The Tonkin Ministry was the 25th Ministry of the Government of Western Australia, led by Labor Premier John Tonkin and deputy Herb Graham (Don Taylor replaced Graham following his resignation on 30 May 1973). It commenced on 3 March 1971, eleven days after the Brand–Nalder Ministry, led by Premier David Brand of the Liberal Party, was defeated at the 1971 election. The ministry was followed by the Court–McPharlin Ministry on 8 April 1974 after the Labor Party lost government at the state election held on 31 March.

Government of Western Australia state government of Western Australia

The Government of Western Australia, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government of Western Australia, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Western Australia. It is also commonly referred to as the WA Government or the Western Australian Government. The Government of Western Australia, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1890 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Western Australia has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Western Australia ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.

Australian Labor Party (Western Australian Branch) Western Australian state branch of the Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party , commonly known as WA Labor, is the Western Australian branch of the Australian Labor Party. It is the current governing party of Western Australia since winning the 2017 election under Mark McGowan.

John Tonkin politician

John Trezise Tonkin AC, popularly known as "Honest John", was an Australian politician. A member of the Labor Party, he served as a Member of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly for a record 44 years from 1933 to 1977, and was the 20th Premier of Western Australia, serving from the 1971 election, where his party defeated the ruling Liberal–Country coalition led by David Brand, to the 1974 election, where the Labor Party was defeated by the Liberal–Country coalition led by Charles Court. A number of landmarks were later named or renamed after him, including the Tonkin Highway and John Tonkin College in Mandurah.

Contents

As was the norm for Labor ministries, the caucus consisting of all parliamentary members elected the ministers, and the Premier then allocated portfolios.

First Ministry

On 3 March 1971, the Governor, Major-General Sir Douglas Kendrew, constituted the Ministry. He designated 12 principal executive offices of the Government and appointed the following ministers to their positions, who served until a reshuffle on 30 May 1973. [1] [2] Four reshuffles took place—on 12 October 1971, following the resignation of Ron Bertram (due to ill health); [3] [4] a minor reshuffle amongst existing ministers on 6 July 1972; [5] on 7 February 1973 following the resignation of William Willesee (also due to ill health); [6] and on 30 May 1973 following the resignation of Deputy Premier Herb Graham to chair the Licensing Board. [7]

Major General Sir Douglas Anthony Kendrew,, often known as Joe Kendrew especially during his rugby career, was an officer of the British Army who served in Second World War and the Korean War, international rugby player and Governor of Western Australia from 1963 to 1974.

Ronald Edward "Ron" Bertram was an Australian lawyer and politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1968 to 1989. He briefly served as a minister in the government of John Tonkin.

Herbert Ernst Graham was an Australian politician.

The list below is ordered by decreasing seniority within the Cabinet, as indicated by the Government Gazette and the Hansard index. The members of the Ministry were:

OfficeMinister

Premier
Treasurer (from 12 October 1971)
Minister for Education (until 12 October 1971)
Minister for Environmental Protection (until 12 October 1971)
Minister for Cultural Affairs

John Tonkin, Dip.Tchg., FAIA, MLA

Deputy Premier
Minister for Industrial Development and Decentralisation
Minister for Town Planning (until 6 July 1972)
Minister for the North-West (from 12 October 1971)

Herb Graham, MLA

(until 12 October 1971:)

Treasurer
Minister for Forests
Minister for Tourism

(from 12 October 1971:)

Minister for Education
Attorney-General
Assistant to the Treasurer

Minister for Recreation (from 6 July 1972)

Tom Evans, LL.B., MLA

Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council
Minister for Community Welfare

William Willesee, Dip.Acctg., MLC
(until 7 February 1973)

Minister for Police
Minister for Transport
Minister for Railways (from 12 October 1971)
Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council (from 7 February 1973)

Jerry Dolan, MLC

Minister for Mines
Minister for the North-West (until 12 October 1971)
Minister for Electricity (from 12 October 1971)
Minister for Fuel (from 6 July 1972)

Donald May, MLA

Minister for Works
Minister for Water Supplies
Minister for Electricity (until 12 October 1971)
Minister for Traffic Safety (from 6 July 1972)

Colin Jamieson, MLA

Minister for Lands
Minister for Agriculture
Minister for Immigration (until 7 February 1973)
Minister for Forests (from 12 October 1971)

David Evans, BA, MLA

Minister for Health
Minister for Environmental Protection (from 12 October 1971)
Minister for Fisheries and Fauna (until 6 July 1972)
Minister for Town Planning (from 6 July 1972)

(until 12 October 1971:)

Minister for Prices Control
Minister for Consumer Protection
Ron Davies, MLA

Minister for Labour
Minister for Housing (until 12 October 1971)
Minister for Immigration (from 7 February 1973)

(from 12 October 1971:)

Minister for Prices Control
Minister for Consumer Protection
Minister for Tourism
Don Taylor, BA, DipEd, MLA

Attorney-General
Minister for Railways

Ron Bertram, LL.B., Dip.Acctg., AASA, MLA
(until 1 October 1971) [3]

Chief Secretary
Minister for Local Government

Claude Stubbs, MLC

Minister for Housing
Minister for Fuel (until 6 July 1972)
Minister for Fisheries and Fauna (from 6 July 1972)

Arthur Bickerton, MLA
(from 12 October 1971)

Minister for Community Welfare

Ron Thompson, MLC
(from 7 February 1973)

Second Ministry

Following the resignation of Deputy Premier Herb Graham, a major reshuffle took place on 30 May 1973. These 12 ministers served until the end of the Tonkin Ministry on 8 April 1974.

OfficeMinister

Premier
Treasurer
Minister for Cultural Affairs

John Tonkin, Dip.Tchg., FAIA, MLA

Deputy Premier
Minister for Development and Decentralisation

Don Taylor, BA, DipEd, MLA

Attorney-General
Assistant to the Treasurer
Minister for Recreation

Tom Evans, LL.B., MLA

Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council
Minister for Education
Minister for Transport
Minister for Railways

Jerry Dolan, MLC

Minister for Mines
Minister for Electricity
Minister for Fuel

Donald May, MLA

Minister for Works
Minister for Water Supplies
Minister for Traffic Safety

Colin Jamieson, MLA

Minister for Lands
Minister for Agriculture
Minister for Forests

David Evans, BA, MLA

Minister for Environmental Protection
Minister for Health
Minister for Town Planning

Ron Davies, MLA

Chief Secretary
Minister for Local Government

Claude Stubbs, MLC

Minister for Housing
Minister for Fisheries and Fauna
Minister for the North-West

Arthur Bickerton, MLA

Minister for Police
Minister for Community Welfare
Minister for Tourism

Ron Thompson, MLC

Minister for Labour
Minister for Immigration
Minister for Prices Control
Minister for Consumer Protection

John Harman, MLA

Shadow Ministry

While serving no formal status, the Tonkin shadow ministry was a Shadow Cabinet led by the Opposition Leader and leader of the Labor Party, John Tonkin, in the Parliament of Western Australia. It lasted from March 1974 until 15 April 1976, when Tonkin stepped down at the age of 74. The Tonkin shadow ministry was the first of its kind in Western Australia.

The Tonkin shadow ministry was a Shadow Cabinet led by the Opposition Leader and leader of the Labor Party, John Tonkin, in the Parliament of Western Australia. While serving no formal status—only the Leader and Deputy Leader received remuneration for their role over and above that of a Member of Parliament—it was intended to improve the effectiveness of the Opposition by providing an alternative Ministry to voters, consisting of shadow ministers who could ask role-specific questions in parliament, provide comment to the media and offer alternative policies to the government in their areas of responsibility.

Western Australia State in Australia

Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, and the Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east, and South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,529,875 square kilometres, and the second-largest country subdivision in the world, surpassed only by Russia's Sakha Republic. The state has about 2.6 million inhabitants – around 11 percent of the national total – of whom the vast majority live in the south-west corner, 79 per cent of the population living in the Perth area, leaving the remainder of the state sparsely populated.

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The Court–McPharlin Ministry was the 26th Ministry of the Government of Western Australia, and was led by Liberal Premier Sir Charles Court and his deputy, National Country Party leader Ray McPharlin. It succeeded the Tonkin ministry on 8 April 1974, following the defeat of the Labor government at the 1974 election nine days earlier. The Ministry collapsed when McPharlin led the National Country Party out of the Coalition on 20 May 1975, and was reconstituted on 5 June 1975 as the Court Ministry.

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Donald George May was an Australian politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1962 to 1965 and again from 1968 to 1977. He was a minister in the government of John Tonkin.

Jeffrey Phillip Carr is a former Australian politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1974 to 1991, representing the seat of Geraldton. He served as a minister in the governments of Brian Burke, Peter Dowding, and Carmen Lawrence.

John Joseph Harman AM was an Australian politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1968 to 1986, representing the seat of Maylands. He served as Speaker of the Legislative Assembly from 1983 to 1986.

Alexander Donald "Don" Taylor AM is a former Australian politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1968 to 1984, representing the seat of Cockburn. He served as a minister in the government of John Tonkin, including as deputy premier from 1973 to 1974. Taylor later served as Administrator of Christmas Island from 1986 to 1990.

Hywel David Evans AM is a former Australian politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1968 to 1989, representing the seat of Warren. He was a deputy leader of the party on two occasions, and was a minister in the governments of John Tonkin and Brian Burke.

Thomas Daniel "Tom" Evans was an Australian politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1956 to 1980, representing the seat of Kalgoorlie. He served as a minister in the government of John Tonkin, including as treasurer and attorney-general.

Ronald "Ron" Thompson was an Australian trade unionist and politician who was a member of the Legislative Council of Western Australia from 1959 to 1980. He served as a minister in the government of John Tonkin.

A by-election for the seat of Balcatta in the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia was held on 28 July 1973. It was triggered by the resignation of Herb Graham, the deputy premier in the Labor government of John Tonkin, on 30 May 1973.

References

  1. "Premier's Department". Western Australia Government Gazette. 3 March 1971. p. 1971:671-672.
  2. Hansard Index for 1971–1973, "Legislature of Western Australia"
  3. 1 2 "Premier's Department". Western Australia Government Gazette. 1 October 1971. p. 1971:3947. Tom Evans became acting Attorney-General on this date, while Donald May became the acting Minister for Railways.
  4. "Premier's Department". Western Australia Government Gazette. 12 October 1971. p. 1971:4014-4015.
  5. "Premier's Department". Western Australia Government Gazette. 6 July 1972. p. 1972:2312.
  6. "No.12 (Special)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 7 February 1973. p. 1973:339-340.
  7. "No.39 (Special)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 30 May 1973. p. 1973:1783-1784.
Preceded by
Brand–Nalder Ministry
Tonkin Ministry
1971-1974
Succeeded by
Court–McPharlin Ministry