Tonnerre River (Minganie)

Last updated
Au Tonnerre River
Rivière au Tonnerre
Chute Grand Sault Riviere au Tonnerre.jpg
Waterfall "Grand Sault" on "Tonnerre River"
Canada Quebec relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Native nameU`suk `Sipo  (Montagnais)
Location
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Region Côte-Nord
RCM Minganie
Physical characteristics
SourceUnidentified Lake
  locationMRC Minganie Regional County Municipality, Côte-Nord, Quebec
  coordinates 49°26′13″N74°03′34″W / 49.43694°N 74.05944°W / 49.43694; -74.05944
  elevation484 m (1,588 ft)
Mouth Gulf of Saint Lawrence
  location
Rivière-au-Tonnerre, Quebec, MRC Minganie Regional County Municipality, Côte-Nord, Quebec
  coordinates
50°16′25″N64°46′46″W / 50.27361°N 64.77944°W / 50.27361; -64.77944 Coordinates: 50°16′25″N64°46′46″W / 50.27361°N 64.77944°W / 50.27361; -64.77944
  elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length85 km (53 mi) [1]
Basin features
Tributaries 
  leftOutlet of "lac Queue-de-Chat" and the "Lacs aux Erratiques".

The rivière au Tonnerre (English: Thunder River) is a watercourse that runs through the municipality of Rivière-au-Tonnerre, Quebec in the Minganie Regional County Municipality (RCM), in the Côte-Nord administrative region, in Quebec, in Canada. The course of the river crosses the township of Margane, then constitutes the boundary between the townships of Margane and Touzel until the confluence of the river with the North shore of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.

Rivière-au-Tonnerre, Quebec Municipality in Quebec, Canada

Rivière-au-Tonnerre is a municipality in the Côte-Nord region of the province of Quebec in Canada.

Minganie Regional County Municipality Regional county municipality in Quebec, Canada

Minganie is a regional county municipality in the Côte-Nord region of Quebec, Canada. It includes Anticosti Island. Its seat is Havre-Saint-Pierre.

Côte-Nord Region in Quebec, Canada

Côte-Nord is the second largest administrative region by land area in Quebec, Canada, after Nord-du-Québec. It covers much of the northern shore of the Saint Lawrence River estuary and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence past Tadoussac.

Contents

Location

The river flows south for 85 kilometres (53 mi) from a mountainous area 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) west of Lake Magpie. It has many rapids in its headwaters. The 30 metres (98 ft) Chute au Tonnerre (Thunder Falls) is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) upstream from the mouth. [2] The mouth of the river is located in the municipality of Rivière-au-Tonnerre in the Minganie Regional County Municipality. [3] The widening at the mouth, which is halfway between Sept-Îles and Havre-Saint-Pierre, forms a natural harbor for small craft that is accessed from the sea through a narrow channel. [2] The community of Rivière-au-Tonnerre is on both sides of the river mouth, which is crossed by Quebec Route 138. [3]

Lake Magpie lake in Quebec, Canada

Lake Magpie is a lake in the Côte-Nord region of the province of Quebec, Canada. It forms the middle part of the Magpie River.

Quebec Route 138 highway in Quebec

Route 138 is a major highway in the Canadian province of Quebec, following the entire north shore of the Saint Lawrence River past Montreal to the temporary eastern terminus in Kegashka on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. The western terminus is in Elgin, at the border with New York State south-west of Montreal. Part of this highway is known as the Chemin du Roy, or King's Highway, which is one of the oldest highways in Canada.

The southern portion of the "Tonnerre River" hydrographic slope is served by Route 138 along the north shore of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. The R0902 forest road (going north-west) serves the western part of this slope. The surface of the "Thunder River" is usually frozen from early November to the end of April, however, safe ice circulation is generally from late November to mid-April.

Gulf of Saint Lawrence The outlet of the North American Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean

The Gulf of Saint Lawrence is the outlet of the North American Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean. The gulf is a semi-enclosed sea, covering an area of about 226,000 square kilometres (87,000 sq mi) and containing about 34,500 cubic kilometres (8,300 cu mi) of water, which results in an average depth of 152 metres (499 ft).

Description

The Dictionnaire des rivières et lacs de la province de Québec (1914) describes the river as,

Situated on the north coast of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, at 376 miles from Quebec. It is navigable by canoe to almost 40 miles from the first falls, which constitute a hydraulic power of a certain importance. At 34 miles from its mouth, according to the surveyor T. Simard (1890) there is a lake about 53 miles long. [lower-alpha 1] The lake, which is deep, much resembles, with its capes and mountains, the Saguenay River; it is full of pike. The river itself is excellent for salmon and trout. The land is almost everywhere sandy. The La Boutillier house, of Paspébiac, has founded a great fishing establishment here beside the river. [4]

Paspébiac City in Quebec, Canada

Paspébiac is a city on Baie des Chaleurs in the Gaspésie region of eastern Quebec, Canada. The population was 3,198 as of the Canada 2011 Census. The town is noted for the Banc de Pêche de Paspébiac, a large sandbar jutting out into the bay which has been designated a National Historic Site of Canada.

Name

The Innu call the river U`suk `Sipo, meaning red-breasted merganser (Mergus serrator), a common bird species on the North Shore. This is spelled "Ouchigouchipi" in the maps by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1744) and Robert de Vaugondy (1755). In his 1776 map Captain Carver writes the name as "Ouchigoush-ipi". The spelling "Uhukuhîpu" has also been used by anthropologists. The name "Thunder R." appears on the 1853 map by Bouchette fils, and as "R. au Tonnere" on the maps by Taché (1870 and 1880). [2]

Innu First Nation in North America

The Innu are the Indigenous inhabitants of an area in Canada they refer to as Nitassinan, which comprises most of the northeastern portion of the present-day province of Quebec and some eastern portions of Labrador.

Red-breasted merganser species of bird

The red-breasted merganser is a diving duck, one of the sawbills. The genus name is a Latin word used by Pliny and other Roman authors to refer to an unspecified waterbird, and serrator is a sawyer from Latin serra, "saw".

Jacques-Nicolas Bellin French hydrographer, geographer and member of the philosophes

Jacques Nicolas Bellin was a French hydrographer, geographer, and member of the French intellectual group called the philosophes.

Basin

The river basin covers 692 square kilometres (267 sq mi). It lies between the basins of the Sheldrake to the west and the Jupitagon to the east. [5] Part of the basin is in the unorganized territory of Lac-Jérôme and part in the municipality of Rivière-au-Tonnerre. [6] A map of the ecological regions of Quebec shows the river basin is in sub-regions 6j-S, 6j-T and 6m-T of the east spruce/moss subdomain. [7]

Sheldrake River river in the United States of America

The Sheldrake River is a freshwater stream located in Southern Westchester County, New York. The river forms in White Plains and flows six miles (9.7 km) south until it joins the Mamaroneck River. Approximately 1.58 miles (2.54 km) of the Sheldrake River flow through Scarsdale, 2.13 miles (3.43 km) through New Rochelle and two miles (3.2 km) through the Town of Mamaroneck.

Jupitagon River watercourse in Canada

The Jupitagon River is a salmon river in the Côte-Nord region of Quebec, Canada. It flows south through boreal forests from the Canadian Shield to the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. In 2018 salmon fishing was banned on the river due to critically low stocks.

Lac-Jérôme, Quebec Unorganized territory in Quebec, Canada

Lac-Jérôme is an unorganized territory in the Côte-Nord region of Quebec, Canada, part of the Minganie Regional County Municipality.

See also

Notes

  1. Presumably Simard is referring to Lake Magpie on the Magpie River, not far from the headwaters of the Au Tonnerre.

Citations

  1. "Atlas of Canada". atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2018-02-16.
  2. 1 2 3 Rivière au Tonnerre, Commission.
  3. 1 2 Rivière au Tonnerre, Natural Resources.
  4. Rouillard 1914, pp. 176–177.
  5. Portrait préliminaire de la zone ... OBVD, p. 20.
  6. Portrait préliminaire de la zone ... OBVD, p. 64.
  7. Saucier et al. 2011.

Sources

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