Tony Gardiner

Last updated

Tony Gardiner
Born1947 (age 7374)
NationalityFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Alma mater University of Warwick
Scientific career
Fields Mathematics
Institutions University of Birmingham

Tony Gardiner (born 1947) is a British mathematician who until recently held the position of Reader in Mathematics and Mathematics Education at the University of Birmingham. He was responsible for the foundation of the United Kingdom Mathematics Trust in 1996, one of the UK's largest mathematics enrichment programs, initiating the Intermediate and Junior Mathematical Challenges, creating the Problem Solving Journal for secondary school students and organising numerous masterclasses, summer schools and educational conferences. Gardiner has contributed to many educational articles [1] [2] and internationally circulated educational pamphlets. As well as his involvement with mathematics education, Gardiner has also made contributions to the areas of infinite groups, finite groups, graph theory, and algebraic combinatorics.

Contents

In the year 1994–1995, he received the Paul Erdős Award for his contributions to UK and international mathematical challenges and olympiads. [3] In 2011, Gardiner was elected Education Secretary of the London Mathematical Society. [4] In 2016 he received the Excellence in Mathematics Education Award from Texas A&M University. [5]

UK national mathematics competitions

The first national mathematics competition was the National Mathematics Contest, established in 1961 by F. R. Watson. [6] This was run by the Mathematical Association from 1975 until its adoption by the United Kingdom Mathematics Trust (UKMT) in 1996 and has in recent years been known as the Senior Mathematical Challenge. In early years, problems for this were taken from the American Annual High School Mathematics Examination, with papers subsequently formed from those used in other countries until 1988, when the first entirely local paper was produced. [7] In 1987, Gardiner founded the Junior and Intermediate Mathematical Challenges under the name of the United Kingdom Mathematics Foundation, [8] [9] to expand the national mathematics competitions to a wider age range of students. Gardiner worked hard to publicise all of the national mathematics competitions from 1987 to 1995 and UKMT yearbooks state that their enormous increase in popularity was "without doubt due to the drive, energy and leadership of Tony Gardiner". [10] The Junior and Intermediate Challenges continued to be run by Gardiner personally until the foundation of the UKMT, with numbers of entrants reaching 105,000 and 115,000 respectively in the year 1994–1995. [11] Between 1988 and 1997, participation in the Senior Mathematical Challenge increased from around 8,000 entries from 340 schools to 40,000 from nearly 900 schools. [12]

Gardiner also played an important role in establishing the first Primary Mathematics Challenge (PMC) in 1998. Run by the Mathematical Association, in 2010 it received more than 84,000 participants in 2,361 schools. [13]

United Kingdom Mathematics Trust

The United Kingdom Mathematics Trust was founded in 1996 to support the large pyramid of national mathematics competitions that had become well established in the UK. In 1995, Gardiner realised that, due to the enormous popularity increase that had taken place, the national mathematics competitions had become too large an enterprise to be sustained in their current form. [14] Consequently, he advertised for the formation of a committee and a host institution to establish an organisation (the UKMT) that would be able to collectively run the competitions. This received a response from the Royal Institution and Alan Slomson of the University of Leeds, resulting in the formation of a committee of five: Gardiner, Peter M. Neumann, Alan Slomson, Roger Bray, and Peter Thomas. The establishment of the desired organisation followed.

Gardiner has continued to contribute to the activities run by the UKMT, acting as leader of the IMO team in the years 1991, 1992, 1994, and 1995. [15] He was also responsible for establishing the national mathematics summer schools. [16]

Secondary school problems booklets

In 2003, Gardiner created the Problem Solving Journal, a termly problems booklet for secondary school students, aimed at providing stimulating problems, to stretch students and encourage them to develop formal logical arguments and proofs. Each issue contains "easy" and "hard" type problems, separated into three different age ranges, plus solutions to the previous issue and an interlude, which is a short extract from a mathematical text. Students are encouraged to send their solutions to Gardiner, whence he will comment on them and publish those of particular interest as model solutions in the next issue, as well as printing the names of those students who answered the majority of the questions.

The Problem Solving Journal continues to be run independently by Gardiner, with the number of participants now in excess of 5,500. [17]

An earlier version of this was produced by Gardiner between 1980 and 1995. The Birmingham University Mid-term Mathematical Puzzles were a take-home competition for 11- to 15-year-olds and 16- to 18-year-olds, reaching figures of 3,500 and 1,200 participants respectively.

National Mathematics Teachers' Summer School

Established by Gardiner under the name of the United Kingdom Mathematics Foundation, the National Mathematics Teachers' Summer School ran for three years, from 2007 to 2009. These were intensive six-day events for 60–90 teachers, with the first aimed at more experienced teachers with the intention that they would pass the skills to others at their schools, and later courses aimed at newer teachers at the beginning of their careers. [18] The first summer school was sponsored by the National Centre for Excellence in the Teaching of Mathematics with additional sponsorship from Trinity College, Cambridge, the TDA and the Nuffield Foundation, and was held at Robinson College, Cambridge. Speakers included Simon Singh, Robin Wilson (mathematician), Colin Wright, and Rob Eastaway.

Publications

Gardiner has authored or coauthored 15 books on mathematics education:

Gardiner has also contributed to School Mathematics Project writing groups since 1978. [19]

Related Research Articles

Andrew Wiles British mathematician who proved Fermats Last Theorem

Sir Andrew John Wiles is an English mathematician and a Royal Society Research Professor at the University of Oxford, specializing in number theory. He is best known for proving Fermat's Last Theorem, for which he was awarded the 2016 Abel Prize and the 2017 Copley Medal by the Royal Society. He was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2000, and in 2018 was appointed as the first Regius Professor of Mathematics at Oxford. Wiles is also a 1997 MacArthur Fellow.

Mathematics education Mathematics teaching, learning and scholarly research

In contemporary education, mathematics education is the practice of teaching and learning mathematics, along with the associated scholarly research

The United Kingdom Mathematics Trust (UKMT) is a charity founded in 1996 to help with the education of children in mathematics within the UK.

Soviet Student Olympiad was an annual set of contests for students in USSR. There were two separate multi-round competitions every year: for higher education (universities) and general education. Both competitions had several rounds, and winners from lower rounds would go to the next round. Not only individual members, but teams were awarded too. The main difference between two Olympiads was that the school one had separate threads for every grade, while the university one was for all students.

Canadian Mathematical Society

The Canadian Mathematical Society (CMS) is an association of professional mathematicians dedicated to the interests of mathematical research, outreach, and scholarship and education in Canada. It serves the national community through the publication of academic journals, community bulletins, and the administration of mathematical competitions.

The Perse School Public school in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England

The Perse School is a co-educational independent day school in Cambridge, England. Founded in 1615 by Stephen Perse, its motto is Qui facit per alium facit per se, taken to mean 'He who does things for others does them for himself'. The School began accepting girls at 11 and 13+ in September 2010 and was fully co-educational by September 2012. 'Perse' is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference, an association of the leading UK independent schools.

The Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing (CEMC) is Canada's largest and most recognized outreach organization for promoting and creating activities and materials in mathematics and computer science housed within the Faculty of Mathematics at the University of Waterloo. It was founded in 1995 with origins dating back to the 1960s. Its mission is to increase interest, enjoyment, confidence, and ability in mathematics and computer science among learners and educators in Canada and internationally.

Mathematical Kangaroo International mathematics competition

Mathematical Kangaroo is an international mathematics competition in over 77 countries. There are six levels of participation, ranging from grade 1 to grade 12. The competition is held annually on the third Thursday of March. The challenge consists of problems in multiple-choice form that are not standard notebook problems and come from a variety of topics. Besides basic computational skills, they require inspiring ideas, perseverance, creativity and imagination, logical thinking, and other problem-solving strategies. Often there are small stories, intriguing problems, and surprising results, which encourage discussions with friends and family.

Mathematical Tripos

The Mathematical Tripos is the mathematics course that is taught in the Faculty of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge. It is the oldest Tripos examined at the University.

Paul Andrew Geroski was a leading economist in the United Kingdom. Although born in Pleasantville, New York, United States, Geroski studied and spent most of his career in Britain, where he settled permanently in 1975.

The British Mathematical Olympiad (BMO) forms part of the selection process for the UK International Mathematical Olympiad team and for other international maths competitions, including the European Girls' Mathematical Olympiad, the Romanian Master of Mathematics and Sciences, and the Balkan Mathematical Olympiad. It is organised by the British Mathematical Olympiad Subtrust, which is part of the United Kingdom Mathematics Trust. There are two rounds, the BMO1 and the BMO2.

A math circle is a social structure where participants engage in the depths and intricacies of mathematical thinking, propagate the culture of doing mathematics, and create knowledge. To reach these goals, participants partake in problem-solving, mathematical modeling, the practice of art, and philosophical discourse. Some circles involve competition, others do not; all promote camaraderie.

Titu Andreescu is an associate professor of mathematics at the University of Texas at Dallas. He is firmly involved in mathematics contests and olympiads, having been the Director of American Mathematics Competitions, Director of the Mathematical Olympiad Program, Head Coach of the United States International Mathematical Olympiad Team, and Chairman of the United States of America Mathematical Olympiad. He has also authored a large number of books on the topic of problem solving and olympiad style mathematics.

This article describes the selection process, by country, for entrance into the International Mathematical Olympiad.

Castletroy College is a Community School in Newtown, Castletroy, County Limerick, Ireland. It was founded in 2000. It has over 1,200 students.

Frances Kirwan British mathematician

Dame Frances Clare Kirwan, is a British mathematician, currently Savilian Professor of Geometry at the University of Oxford. Her fields of specialisation are algebraic and symplectic geometry.

Cargilfield Preparatory School is a private co-educational prep school in Edinburgh, Scotland. It was founded in 1873. It is a day and boarding school for boys and girls aged 3–13 and caters for approximately 300 pupils. It prepares pupils mainly for Common Entrance Examinations or Academic Scholarships required for entry to public schools.

MathWorks Math Modeling (M3) Challenge is a mathematical modeling competition open to high school students across the United States. It is sponsored by MathWorks based in Boston and organized by the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) based in Philadelphia.

The British Mathematical Olympiad Subtrust (BMOS) is a section of the United Kingdom Mathematics Trust which currently runs the British Mathematical Olympiad as well as the UK Mathematical Olympiad for Girls, several training camps throughout the year such as a winter camp in Hungary, an Easter camp at Trinity College, Cambridge, and other training and selection of the International Mathematical Olympiad team. Since 1999, it also organizes the UK National Mathematics Summer Schools. It was established alongside the British Mathematical Olympiad Committee (BMOC) in 1991 with the support of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society, Institute of Mathematics and its Applications, the London Mathematical Society, and the Mathematical Association, each nominated two members. The BMOS replaced some of the Mathematical Association's activities.

References

  1. Gardiner, Tony (10 September 2003). "Maths has to be hard to be interesting". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 28 May 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. Sharman, Andy (18 September 2008). "Dr Tony Gardiner: 'The Fast Forward Maths programme is 'crazy'". The Independent. London. Retrieved 28 May 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 April 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. http://www.lms.ac.uk/content/lms-election-results-2011
  5. Texas A&M University (5 April 2016). "Dr. Anthony Gardiner Receives Excellence in Mathematics Education Award" . Retrieved 11 December 2016.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. Gardiner, Anthony (2002), Senior Mathematical Challenge: The UK National Mathematics Contest 1988–1996, Cambridge University Press, pp. 3–4
  7. Gardiner, Anthony (2002), Senior Mathematical Challenge: The UK National Mathematics Contest 1988–1996, Cambridge University Press, pp. 3–4
  8. http://www.bmoc.maths.org/home/history.shtml
  9. UK Mathematics Trust Yearbook 2009–2010, The United Kingdom Mathematics Trust, 2010, p. 1
  10. UK Mathematics Trust Yearbook 2009–2010, The United Kingdom Mathematics Trust, 2010, p. 1
  11. Report compiled for the establishment of the UKMT, March 1996
  12. Gardiner, Anthony (2002), Senior Mathematical Challenge: The UK National Mathematics Contest 1988–1996, Cambridge University Press, p. 4
  13. "Primary Mathematics Challenge" . Retrieved 27 May 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. http://www.bmoc.maths.org/home/history.shtml
  15. "IMO register".
  16. http://www.bmoc.maths.org/home/school.shtml
  17. Problem Solving Journal, Issue 015, June 2008, p. 1
  18. "NCETM page".
  19. "For the Love of Maths". TES. Retrieved 27 May 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
Preceded by
Peter Man-Kit Shiu
UK International Mathematical Olympiad Team Leader
1991–1992
Succeeded by
Adam McBride
Preceded by
Adam McBride
UK International Mathematical Olympiad Team Leader
1994–1995
Succeeded by
Adam McBride