Tony Schwartz (sound archivist)

Last updated
Tony Schwartz
Born(1923-08-19)August 19, 1923
DiedJune 15, 2008(2008-06-15) (aged 84)
Website tonyschwartz.org

Anthony Schwartz (August 19, 1923 – June 15, 2008) was an American sound archivist, sound designer, pioneering media theorist, and advertising creator. Known as the "wizard of sound," he is perhaps best known for his role in creating the controversial Daisy television ad for the 1964 Lyndon Johnson campaign.

Contents

Life and career

Considered a guru of the newly emerging "electronic media" by Marshall McLuhan, Schwartz ushered in a new age of media study in the 1970s. His works anticipated the end of the print-based media age and pointed to a new electronic age of mass media.

Born in Manhattan, Schwartz was raised there briefly before his family moved to Peekskill, New York. At 16, he went blind for about six months. He had previously been interested in ham radio, and the incident focused him more on sound as did his lifelong agoraphobia.

He earned a degree in graphic design from the Pratt Institute and worked as a civilian artist for the United States Navy during World War II. He later earned honorary degrees from John Jay College, Emerson College, and Stonehill College.

Schwartz began recording ambient sounds, spoken word, and folk music, [1] releasing many albums on Folkways Records and Columbia Records. [2] [3] One of his albums, New York Taxi Driver, was among the first 100 recordings inducted into the National Recording Registry. [4] From 1945 to 1976, Schwartz produced and hosted "Around New York" on WNYC.

He transitioned into advertising work in 1958 when approached by Johnson and Johnson about creating ads for the company's baby powder products based on his previous work recording children. [5] His resulting work is often credited as the first use of children's real voices in radio commercials as specially trained adults had always done such voice work in the past. [6]

Briefly specializing in advertising using children, he soon broadened into general advertising, creating ads for such clients as Coca-Cola, American Airlines, Chrysler, American Cancer Society, and Kodak. [7]

Schwartz subsequently shifted his advertising work toward political campaigns. While continuing to create product ads, he created thousands of political ads for such candidates as Lyndon Johnson, Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, Ted Kennedy, Hubert Humphrey, George McGovern, and Daniel Patrick Moynihan.

He also worked on the soundtrack for the 1973 Oscar-winning animated short Frank Film . [8] [9]

In a final transition in his career, he turned his energies toward social-awareness advertising which he was familiar with having created the first anti-smoking commercials for radio and television early in his career. [6] [10]

In the 1980s, he resumed these efforts, creating many anti-smoking commercials as well as media work for such causes as fire prevention, AIDS awareness, educational funding, and nuclear disarmament.

In 2007, Schwartz’s entire body of work from 1947 to 1999, including field recordings and commercials, was acquired by the Library of Congress. [11]

Schwartz's wife, Reenah Lurie Schwartz, often worked closely with him on scriptwriting. They were married in 1959 and had two children: Michaela Schwartz-Burridge and jazz saxophonist, Anton Schwartz.

Tony Schwartz is famous for saying, "The best thing about radio is that people were born without earlids. You can't close your ears to it." [6]

Schwartz was inducted into the Political Consultants Hall of Fame at the American Association of Political Consultants (AAPC) in the year 2000. Former Schwartz student Joe Slade White produced the tribute video. [12]

Discography

Bibliography


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References

  1. Freeman, Ira Henry (September 2, 1953). About New York; Collectors: of City Sounds, Magicians' Props, Dolls of Stars, Antique Apothecary Jars. New York Times
  2. Briggs, John (February 15, 1953). Sidewalks of N. Y.; West-Side Kids at Play Heard in Own Songs. New York Times
  3. Shelton, Robert (April 12, 1959). New York on Tape; A young New Yorker with a recorder limns the city in its variety of sound. New York Times
  4. "The National Recording Registry 2003". The Library of Congress. 2006-10-25. Retrieved 2008-08-25.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. Geerhart, Bill (2007-09-07). "Daisy: The Complete History of an Infamous and Iconic Ad (part two)". Conelrad. Retrieved 2008-08-25.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. 1 2 3 Sullivan, Patricia (2008-06-17). "Tony Schwartz; His Ads Targeted Viewer Emotions". The Washington Post. p. B07. Retrieved 2010-05-25.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. Weyland, Paul (2008-07-26). "The Broadcast Genius You Probably Never Heard Of". Radio Business Report. Retrieved 2008-08-25.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. Frank Mouris, Producer Academy Awards Acceptance Speech
  9. Frank Film, by Frank Mouris (1973) – via YouTube
  10. "The Schwartz Collection". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2008-08-25.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. Fox, Margalit (June 17, 2008). Tony Schwartz, Father of ‘Daisy Ad’ for the Johnson Campaign, Dies at 84 New York Times
  12. "Tony Schwartz Hall of Fame Video by Joe Slade White". American Association of Political Consultants.