Tonyrefail

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Tonyrefail
Waunrhydd Road. Tonyrefail - geograph.org.uk - 414586.jpg
Rhondda Cynon Taf UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tonyrefail
Location within Rhondda Cynon Taf
Population12,301 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference ST009882
Community
  • Tonyrefail
Principal area
Ceremonial county
  • Mid Glamorgan
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Porth
Postcode district CF39
Dialling code 01443
Police South Wales
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Rhondda Cynon Taf
51°35′02″N3°25′50″W / 51.583973°N 3.430554°W / 51.583973; -3.430554 Coordinates: 51°35′02″N3°25′50″W / 51.583973°N 3.430554°W / 51.583973; -3.430554

Tonyrefail is a village and community in the Rhondda Cynon Taf County Borough, Wales. It is situated at the head of the River Ely; 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Llantrisant, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from Trebanog and about 2 miles (3.2 km) from Williamstown. During the second half of the 19th century, when coal and steel became synonymous with the South Wales Valleys, Tonyrefail evolved from being a rural hamlet to an industrial village. The population at the 2001 census was 11,035. [2]

Contents

Toponymy

Tonyrefail derives from the Welsh Ton yr Efail meaning the forge on the meadow (lea). From ton, meaning lea or grassland and efail meaning forge.

History

Tonyrefail was a dairy farming and livestock raising area, and many early farmhouses still exist today. [3] This was in stark contrast to the nearby valleys, that were forced to adopt arable and sheep farming activities due to their hilly geography. Early industrialisation began in the late 18th century around a corn mill and woollen factory, but it wasn't until deep coal mining began that employment grew on a large scale. At its peak Coedely Colliery employed nearly 1,800 men which not only changed the face of Tonyrefail, but also created the establishment of nearby colliery settlements such as Coedely and Bryngolau. [4] It was once a busy town in its own right as well as serving the communities of Coedely, Trebanog and Gilfach Goch.

It is widely believed that King Edward II was captured by forces loyal to Queen Isabella near Tonyrefail in 1326.

Buildings of note

One of the most notable buildings in Tonyrefail is Collenna House, a three-story mansion originally built in 1093, which overlooks the village. The house is believed to have been built by the Welsh noble, Einion ap Collwyn who after a dispute with Iestyn ab Gwrgant, married Iestyn's only daughter, Nest. The two are said to have set up home at Collenna House and it was around this time that they founded the old church of St. John. [5] Collenna House would eventually become home to the Prichard family, who trace their line back to the house's original Norman occupants. One of the more notable members of the Prichard family, who would eventually die at Collenna house, was Reverend Richard Prichard, Vicar of Llandaff. [5] His son, John Prichard was a renowned Welsh architect who was responsible for restoration work at Llandaff Cathedral and many other local churches. To the southwest is Mynydd Maendy, a hill top which contains a wind farm; the admin offices are situated in Tonyrefail. During May 2013 the listed Savoy Theatre, situated on Collenna Road, received permission from Rhondda Cynon Taff County Borough Council's Development Control Committee to re-open, having been closed for some 10 years before. [6]

Notable people

Bibliography

Related Research Articles

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Beddau Human settlement in Wales

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Treherbert Human settlement in Wales

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Trebanog Human settlement in Wales

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Llantwit Fardre Human settlement in Wales

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Gilfach Goch Human settlement in Wales

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Church Village Human settlement in Wales

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Pentre Human settlement in Wales

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Mynydd Maendy

Mynydd Maendy is a hilltop and moorland, near Gilfach Goch, in the County Borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf in south Wales, to the southwest of Tonyrefail. As with the Maindee district of Newport, the name derives from the Welsh maen dy meaning "stone house".

References

  1. "Community population 2011" . Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  2. Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Rhondda Cynon Taf Retrieved 9 January 2010
  3. The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. John Davies, Nigel Jenkins, Menna Baines and Peredur Lynch (2008) pg874 ISBN   978-0-7083-1953-6
  4. Lewis (1971), pg 4.
  5. 1 2 Lewis (1971), pg 9.
  6. http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/local-news/true-passion-play-couples-dream-3182677