|Toorale National Park|
New South Wales
|Nearest town or city||Bourke|
|Established||26 November 2010|
|Area||308.66 km2 (119.2 sq mi)|
|Website||Toorale National Park|
|See also|| Protected areas of|
New South Wales
The Toorale National Park is a protected national park that is located in the Far West region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 30,866-hectare (76,270-acre) national park is located approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) southwest of Bourke, at the junction of the Darling and Warrego rivers. The national park is located adjacent to both the Darling River and the Gundabooka National Park, located to the south-east of the park, and the Toorale State Conservation Area, located to the north-west of the park. The park is jointly managed by the NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service and the local indigenous Kurnu-Baakandji people.
The Toorale National Park consists of land that was previously part of Toorale Station, used for irrigated cropping and grazing.Toorale has a broadly flat landscape with extensive floodplains, and smaller areas of low ridges, riparian strips, and two notable peaks. Small ephemeral lakes (gilgais) occur in depressions and swamps., whilst historic water management practices have created a vast wetland ecosystem on the park.
Toorale has diverse vegetation with 27 vegetation communities described and mapped. Of these inland floodplain shrublands are the dominant community, consisting of lignum shrublands, confined swamps dominated by cane grass, eurah shrublands, riverine chenopod shrublands and low chenopod shrublands.Low chenopod shrubland is the most extensive vegetation community on Toorale, covering over 40 per cent of the park and is a highly variable community.
The banks and internal river bends of the Darling River are lined by a tall open forest of river red gum.Outer bends of the Darling and Warrego rivers and tributaries are lined by Coolibah open woodland, which extends onto the surrounding alluvial floodplains. Floodplain woodlands also include those characterised by black box.
Areas associated with semi-permanent water support shallow freshwater sedgelands.Bimble box grows in periodically flooded depressions on sandplains and alluvial plains. On dryland areas there are extensive woodlands of belah, black oak, western rosewood and leopardwood. A relatively large expanse of Whitewood – Western Rosewood low woodland occurs on the stony tablelands. There are small patches of supplejack dominated woodland and Western Peneplain woodlands dominated by coolibah and beefwood or ironwood. Gidgee and occasionally Whitewood tall shrublands, mulga (Acacia spp.) communities and Aeolian dunefields comprising patches of gum coolibah woodland also occur.
Within the combined area of Toorale NP and the Toorale State Conservation Area, at least 28 species of mammal have been recorded.The terrestrial species include the red kangaroo, western grey kangaroo and eastern grey kangaroo, as well as the common dunnart and short-beaked echidna. Several bat species have been recorded, including Gould's wattled bat, the lesser long-eared bat, Western broad-nosed bat, little broad-nosed bat, yellow-bellied sheath-tailed bat and little pied bat.
Several introduced pest species occur, including the European fox, European rabbit, brown hare, feral cat, feral goat, feral pig, European cow and House mouse.
At least 57 species of reptile have been recorded within the combined area of Toorale NP and the Toorale State Conservation Area.These include the Murray River turtle, Interior blind snake, Leopard Ctenotus, Ringed brown snake, Sand goanna, Bynoe's gecko and Central bearded dragon.
17 species of amphibian have also been recorded, including the Broad-palmed frog, Desert froglet and Rough frog.
The Culgoa National Park is a protected national park that is located in the north-west region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 35,239-hectare (87,080-acre) national park is located approximately 660 kilometres (410 mi) northwest of Sydney. The nearest town is Brewarrina, 120 kilometres (75 mi) away. The park's northern boundary is defined by part of the state border between New South Wales and Queensland.
Georges River National Park is a protected Australian National Park, under the management of the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. The park falls in the regions of the Sutherland Shire Council and Bankstown City Council. Located in the city of Sydney, 25 km south-west of the CBD, surrounded by neighbouring suburbs of Lugano, Illawong, Alfords Point, Padstow Heights, Revesby Heights, Picnic Point and Sandy Point. The primary use of the park is to service for recreational activities such as; bush walking, picnics, barbeques, boating, fishing, and water/jet skiing. The park is Segmented into 15 sectors along the riverbanks of the Georges River, encompassing 514 hectares (1,270-acres), housing many native aquatic and terrestrial Australian flora and fauna. The traditional custodians are the Dharug people located on the north side of the river, and Dharawal people located on the south of the river.
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The Forrest's mouse, or desert short-tailed mouse, is a small species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is a widespread but sparsely distributed species found across arid and semi-arid inland Australia, commonly found in tussock grassland, chenopod shrubland, and mulga or savannah woodlands.
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The Paroo-Darling National Park is a protected national park that is located in the Far West region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 178,053-hectare (439,980-acre) national park spans two distinct regions in the outback area. This region covers the arid catchments of the Paroo River and the Paroo-Darling confluence to the south.
The Barmah National Park, formerly Barmah State Park, is a national park located in the Hume region of the Australian state of Victoria. The park is located adjacent to the Murray River near the town of Barmah, approximately 225 kilometres (140 mi) north of Melbourne. The park consists of river red gum floodplain forest, interspersed with treeless freshwater marshes. The area is subject to seasonal flooding from natural and irrigation water flows.
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The Yathong Nature Reserve is a protected nature reserve that is also a nationally and internationally recognized biosphere situated in the central-western region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 107,240-hectare (265,000-acre) reserve was listed by UNESCO in 1977 as a Biosphere Reserve under the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB). The reserve is significant for its biodiversity in both native plant and animal species. Cultural heritage and historical grazing activities add to the significance of this site as a conservation area.
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The Kangaroo River Nature Reserve, part of the Kangaroo Valley Group of Nature Reserves, is a protected nature reserve that is located on the floor of the Kangaroo Valley in the Southern Highlands and South Coast regions of New South Wales in eastern Australia. The reserve is situated approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) south of Sydney, 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of Wollongong and 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) northwest of Nowra. The reserve has a protective covenant placed upon it with purpose to ensure the protection of the natural heritage of this area. National parks in the area include the Morton National Park and the Budderoo National Park. Other nature reserves in the area include the Barren Grounds Nature Reserve, and the Cambewarra Range, Barrengarry and Rodway nature reserves – the latter three part of the Kangaroo Valley Group of Nature Reserves.
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The Murrumbidgee Valley National Park is a protected national park that is located in the Riverina region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 47,703-hectare (117,880-acre) national park is located approximately 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east of Hay, and approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) west of Narrandera. The park protects part of what is now the largest continuous tract of river red gum forest in the world.
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The Toorale State Conservation Area is a 54,385-hectare (134,390-acre) protected conservation area located in the Far West region of New South Wales, approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) southwest of Bourke. The park consists of land that was previously part of Toorale Station, and is jointly managed by the NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service and the local indigenous Kurnu-Baakandji people.
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