Toothy splayfoot salamander

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Toothy splayfoot salamander
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Chiropterotriton
Species:
C. multidentatus
Binomial name
Chiropterotriton multidentatus
(Taylor, 1939)
Synonyms
  • Oedipus multidentatusTaylor, 1939 "1938" [2]

The toothy splayfoot salamander (Chiropterotriton multidentatus), also known as the toothy salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Mexico and known from southeastern Hidalgo, Tlaxcala, and south-central San Luis Potosí, at elevations of 1,070–2,440 m (3,510–8,010 ft) asl. [3]

Its natural habitats are pine and pine-oak forests. It is an arboreal species living in bromeliads, and also in crevices. The species is declining, and can no longer be found at its type locality in San Luis Potosí. Reasons for the decline are unknown, but habitat loss is likely involved. [1]

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The northern banana salamander, also known as common dwarf salamander or rufescent salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is found in the Atlantic slopes of Meso-America from San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, and northern Chiapas in Mexico continuing on to the southern part of Guatemala, Belize, and northern Honduras. However, its range south of Mexico is uncertain because the records may refer to other species.

The arboreal splayfoot salamander or arboreal flat-footed salamander is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Mexico where it is only found near its type locality near Tianguistengo in the Hidalgo state. Its natural habitats are humid pine-oak and cloud forests at elevations of 1,900–2,100 m (6,200–6,900 ft) above sea level. It lives in bromeliads. It is threatened by habitat loss.

<i>Chiropterotriton</i>

Chiropterotriton, also known as splayfoot salamanders or flat-footed salamanders, is a genus of salamanders in the family Plethodontidae. The genus is endemic to Mexico.

The common splayfoot salamander or common flat-footed salamander is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to the Huatusco–Xalapa region of Veracruz, Mexico. Several unnamed species might exist under this name.

The gristle-headed splayfoot salamander is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Mexico.

The graceful splayfoot salamander, also known as the graceful flat-footed salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to the Tamaulipas state in northeastern Mexico. Its type locality is near Gómez Farías, Tamaulipas.

The dwarf splayfoot salamander, also known as the dwarf flat-footed salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to southern Hidalgo, Mexico.

The pygmy splayfoot salamander, also known as the pygmy flat-footed salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to the central-western Veracruz state, Mexico. Its natural habitats are pine-oak and cloud forests at about 1,200 m (3,900 ft) altitude. It lives in bromeliads. It is threatened by severe habitat loss caused by logging and mining.

Bigfoot splayfoot salamander

The bigfoot splayfoot salamander, also known as the big-footed salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Mexico and only known from north-eastern Queretaro, at elevations of 1,300–1,810 m (4,270–5,940 ft) asl.

The cave splayfoot salamander is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Mexico, specifically in the Sierra Madre Occidental pine/oak forests of the northern region of Hidalgo, Mexico. The species was thought to be extinct for over 70 years since its first observation and a study of five salamanders executed by Robert Livingston and Harold T. Woodall in 1937. In 2010, this species was spotted for the first time since its 1941 description by Dr. Sean Rovito who identified two individuals during his search for other lost amphibian species.

The Chignahuapan splayfoot salamander, also known as Cope's flat-footed salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Mexico and known from the southern and eastern margins of the Mexican Plateau between northern Morelos and northern Puebla. It was removed from the synonymy of Chiropterotriton chiropterus in 1994; unnamed species may also exist in this species complex.

Primeval splayfoot salamander

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Terrestrial splayfoot salamander

The terrestrial splayfoot salamander, also known as the terrestrial flat-footed salamander is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to eastern Hidalgo state, Mexico. Its natural habitats are humid pine-oak and cloud forests. It is threatened by habitat loss (deforestation).

Dendrotriton megarhinus, also known as the longnose bromeliad salamander or long-nosed bromeliad salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to southwestern Chiapas, Mexico, where it is only known from the Cerro Tres Picos, the type locality.

Pseudoeurycea altamontana, commonly known as the Morelos salamander or Morelos false brook salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to central Mexico and known from its type locality, Lake Zempoala and from the west slope of Popocatépetl, in the state of Morelos, the extreme east of Mexico State, and southern Mexico City.

<i>Aquiloeurycea scandens</i>

Aquiloeurycea scandens, commonly known as the Tamaulipas false brook salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Mexico and known from the El Cielo Biosphere in southern Tamaulipas. There are also reports from San Luis Potosí and Coahuila, but these may well refer to other, as yet unnamed species.

Pseudoeurycea unguidentis is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to northern Oaxaca, Mexico, where it is known from its type locality, Cerro San Felipe, and some other mountains, although the identity of animals from these other locations is uncertain. Its common names are claw-toothed salamander, clawtooth false brook salamander, and clawtoed false brook salamander.

Thorius pulmonaris, commonly known as the lower cerro pigmy salamander or Cerro San Felipe salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Oaxaca, Mexico.

Thorius troglodytes, commonly known as Taylor's pigmy salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae that is endemic to Mexico. It is found only in mountains near the village of Acultzingo (Veracruz) at elevations of 2,380–3,000 m (7,810–9,840 ft) asl.

References

  1. 1 2 Parra Olea, G. & Wake, D. (2008). "Chiropterotriton multidentatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2008. Retrieved 23 August 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. Taylor, E. H. (1938). "Concerning Mexican salamanders". University of Kansas Science Bulletin. 25: 259–313. doi:10.5962/bhl.part.1703.
  3. Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Chiropterotriton multidentatus (Taylor, 1939)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 23 August 2015.