Topór coat of arms

Last updated
Topór
POL COA Topor.svg
Battle cry Szarża
Alternative name(s)Bipenna, Bipennis, Szarża, Wścieklica
Earliest mention1282 (seal), 1401 (record)
Families
640 names
A

Abakiewicz, Aleksandrowski, Andulski, Aszkiełowicz.

Contents

B

Bachmiński, Balicki, Bałchacki, Baratyński, Barluniński, Bąkiewicz, Bełchacki, Bełechacki, Bendkowski, Bętkowski, Białośliwski, Białowiejski, Bielecki, Bielicki, Biesicki, Biesiecki, Biesiekierski, Biesierski, Bije, Birkowski, Biskowski, Bogdanowicz, Bogucki, Boguski, Boguskowski, Bogusz, Bokiewicz, Boksa, Boksza, Bokszański, Boniatowski, Boratyński, Borkowski, Borsuk, Broniewski, Broniowski, Bruniewski, Bruniowski, Brzeski, Brzezieński, Brzeziński, Brzozowski, Budgin, Budrewicz, Budrym, Butrym, Butrymowicz, Butrymowski, Byczkowski, Bykowski.

C

Caliński, Charmęski, Charmieski, Chłusewicz, Chłusiewicz, Chocieszewski, Chociszewski, Chociszowski, Chroberski, Chrycewicz, Chrystowski, Chrzelowski, Cielużyński, Cierznicki, Ciesielski, Cikowski, Czaplicki, Czayański, Czelużyński, Czerśnicki, Czerżnicki, Cześnicki, Częstuniewski, Czodliński, Czyżewski, Czyżowski.

D

Damaborski, Danaborski, Dąbrowski, Decius, Deciusz, Dimski, Długoborski, Dragatt, Drąsejko, Dronsejko, Dukielski, Dulowski, Dusejko, Dusieyko, Dycz, Dyminicz, Dymski, Dzianajewicz, Dzienajewicz, Dzierkowski, Dzierzbicki, Dzierzkowski, Dzierżbicki, Dzierżkowski, Dziewczopolski, Dziwulski.

F

Faranowski, Farnowski, Felczyński, Fergis.

G

Gajnowski, Garlicki, Gaufman, Giegocki, Giergielewicz, Giżelewski, Golanczewski, Gołkowski, Goryniecki, Gorzeński, Gorzkowski, Gotart, Goźlicki, Górecki, Grabowski, Gramatski, Grillewicz, Grocholski, Grochowiecki, Grodzicki, Grudziński, Grycewicz, Grylewski, Grzegorzewski, Grzegorzowski, Gutowski.

H

Halko, Hałko, Hauffmann, Hinek, Hinko, Hoffman, Houfman, Hrycewicz, Hynek.

I

Ibiański.

J

Jabłoński, Jabłowski, Jachimowski, Jachnowicz, Jackiewicz, Jagintowicz, Jakubiński, Jakubowicz, Jakubowski, Jakubski, Jakutowicz, Janikowicz, Janiszewski, Jankiewicz, Jankowski, Janowski, Jaranowski, Jarantowski, Jarnowski, Jaronowski, Jaroński, Jasieński, Jasiński, Jesiński, Jewłaszewski, Jezierski, Jukubowski, Jurczycki.

K

Kaleński, Kalinowski, Kaliński, Kamedulski, Kamieński, Kamiński, Kaniszewski, Kapliński, Kapustyński, Kardamowicz, Kempski, Kępski, Kibort, Kieński, Kiergielewicz, Kierglewicz, Kisielnicki, Kleszczowski, Klikowicz, Klimontowski, Klimuntowski, Kloński, Kluński, Kłobuczyński, Kłoński, Kłuński, Kniepowicz, Knopf, Koczarski, Koczorski, Koiszewski, Koiszowski, Kojrowicz, Kolczewski, Kolesiński, Kolęcki, Kolibski, Kolszewski, Kołczek, Konarski, Kondrat, Kopytyński, Kornacki, Kornecki, Korycieński, Koryciński, Korzenicki, Korzeniecki, Kosielski, Kownacki, Kozielski, Krakowczyk, Krasieński, Krasnopolski, Krasznicki, Kraśnica, Krężnicki, Królewiecki, Krupowicz, Krupowies, Krynicki, Krzetowski, Krzętowski, Krzucki, Krzyski, Krzywczycki, Krzywczyński, Krzywosąd, Krzywozycki, Księski, Kuliński, Kułak, Kunaszewski, Kunaszowski, Kunat, Kunato, Kunejko, Kuneyko, Kunowski, Kunszewski, Kurowski, Kurzewski.

L

Lacza, Laskowiecki, Laskownicki, Laskowski, Lgocki, Ligęza, Lipnicki, Lowinicki, Lownicki.

Ł

Łabiszyński, Łabyszcki, Łabyszczki, Łącki, Łekieński, Łękawski, Łobżenicki, Łobżeński, Łotoczek, Łotoczko, Łowieniecki, Łukowski.

M

Maciejewski, Maciejowski, Malc, Małomiącki, Małoniecki, Małżyński, Manasterski, Manastyrski, Marcinkowski, Marcinowski, Marciszewski, Margiewicz, Martyszewski, Masłomiącki, Masłomięcki, Masłowski, Matuszewski, Matuszowski, Matyszewski, Melsztyński, Miastowski, Miedzwiecki, Miedzwiedzki, Miedzychowski, Miedźwiecki, Miedźwiedzki, Międzygórski, Milkowicz, Miniszewski, Miniszowski, Misiewicz, Missiewicz, Młodziejewski, Młodziejowski, Młodzowski, Modliszewski, Mołochowiec, Montułt, Morawicki, Morawiński, Morski, Mosiej, Mosiewicz, Moszgawski, Moszyński, Mozgawski.

N

Narbut, Narbutt, Narutowicz, Naschian, Nasion, Nasyan, Naszyon, Nawoj, Nawoy, Nekanda, Nekanda-Trepka, Neorza, Nieborski, Niedroski, Niedrowski, Niedzielski, Niedźwiecki, Niedźwiedzki, Niekrasz, Niekraszewicz, Niekraś, Niemira, Niemirowicz, Niemiryc, Niemirycz, Niemirzyc, Nierwid, Nieznański, Norwid, Nos, Nosewicz, Nosowicz, Nossewicz.

O

Obakiewicz, Obidziński, Obiedziński, Obodyński, Obodzieński, Obodziński, Oborzyński, Obricht, Obrycht, Obydziński, Ochabowicz, Oczechowski, Odalkowski, Odolikowski, Odolkowski, Okołow, Okołowicz, Okołów, Okulicz, Olbrich, Olbricht, Oryński, Orzechowski, Osaliński, Osoliński, Ossoliński, Ostrowicki, Ostrowidzki, Ostrowiecki, Ostrowski, Ostrzyński, Otrowski, Otta, Owca.

P

Pacyński, Paczołtowski, Paczyński, Padlewicz, Pałuka, Panigrodzki, Patrycki, Patrzycki, Pełka, Pemperski, Pernaszewicz, Pianowski, Piekarski, Pielecki, Pierszycki, Pietkiewicz, Pijanowski, Pilcicki, Pilczycki, Pilecki, Piotrkowski, Pisarzewski, Plaga, Plagga, Plaska, Plaskowski, Pląskowski, Plechowski, Pleszewski, Pleszowski, Płajski, Płaska, Płaski, Płaskowski, Płaza, Płocki, Płotnicki, Poborski, Poburski, Połnos, Prusinowski, Przespolewski, Przybytniowski.

R

Rabsztyński, Raczyński, Radliński, Rajterowski, Rakowiecki, Rakowski, Rapczyński, Rapsztyński, Rąbczyński, Rąmbczyński, Regulski, Repnik, Robaczyński, Rogulski, Rokowski, Rosławowicz, Rosperski, Rospierski, Roth, Rucki, Rykowski, Rykrski, Ryszkowski, Rytarowski, Ryterski, Rzancki, Rzeczkowski, Rzepliński, Rzeszowski.

S

Safarewicz[ citation needed ], Sarna, Sarnowski, Schaaf, Sczawiński, Sieciech, Sieciechowski, Siekierzecki, Siekierzycki, Sinicki, Skąpski, Skidziński, Skirgajło, Skorobohaty, Skrodzki, Skrzelowski, Skrzetuski, Skwarczyński, Sladowski, Sleżowski, Sławianowski, Sławiec, Sławnik, Słupowski, Słupski, Smogulecki, Smoszewski, Smoszowski, Smuszewski, Sokołowski, Solajski, Sośnicki, Sośniecki, Staręski, Starołęski, Starski, Starzeński, Starzewski, Starzon, Starzyski, Starża, Starżon, Stobiecki, Straszkiewicz, Straszkowski, Strażoń, Strzetuski, Subiński, Sulisławski, Supiński, Surgewski, Suszczewicz, Szabecki, Szalowski, Szałacki, Szałajski, Szarbski, Szarna, Szarniewski, Szczawiński, Szczerbiński, Szewczycki, Szołajski, Szotajski, Szylański, Szyłański, Szymanowski.

Ś

Śladowski, Ślezanowski, Ślezański.

T

Tarło[ citation needed ], Tarnawiecki, Tarnowiecki, Tarnowski, Tarulewicz, Tenczyn, Tenczyński, Terlieczki, Tęczyna-Marcinkowski, Tęczyński, Tilkowski, Tochołowski, Tomiszewski, Toniszewski, Toporski, Towgin, Towginowicz, Towtko, Towtkowicz, Trambczyński, Trąbczyński, Trąmbczyński, Trąmpczyński zw (Niedźwiadek), Trąpczyński, Trelęski, Trepka, Trlęski, Trojan, Trylski, Trzciński, Tuchołowski, Tułkowicz, Tułkowiecki, Tułkowski, Tuskiewicz, Twierbutt, Twirbut, Tylkowski, Tynkhaus.

U

Uniewski, Uzłowski.

W

Wahl, Waldowski, Walentynowicz, Wałdowski, Wąsowski, Werbusz, Więckiewicz, Więckowicz, Wilamowski, Wilcki, Wilkowicki, Wilkowiecki, Witort, Wiziński, Włosto, Włostowski, Włościborski, Włościbowski, Wojnowski, Wolski, Wrona, Wroniewski, Wronowski, Wrzebski, Wrzępski, Wrzosowski, Wścieklica.

Z

Zabieła, Zabiełło, Zabuski, Zagorzański, Zajączkowski, Zaklicki, Zaklika, Zakliko, Zakrzewski, Zaleski, Zalęski, Zaliwaka, Zaliwako, Załuski, Zawisza, Zbyluta, Zbyszewski, Zemła, Zemło, Zęczyn, Zieniuch, Złotek, Złotkowski, Złyński, Zmorski, Zręcki, Zrzęcki, Zula, Zwierowicz, Zwierz, Zwierzański, Zwierzyński, Zwirewicz, Zwirzewicz, Zwolski.

Ż

Żebrowski, Żegota, Żelski, Żołtański.

Cities Opole Lubelskie, Rymanów, Stawiski, Chyrów, Toporów
Divisions Gmina Klimontów, Gmina Końskowola, Gmina Zaklików (former city), Gmina Żegocina

Topór (Polish for "axe") is a Polish coat of arms. It was used by several szlachta (noble) families in medieval Poland and under the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. [1]

History

The topór coat of arms is said[ according to whom? ] to be one of the oldest Polish szlachta emblems, if not the oldest. Its use dates back to at least as far as a seal of the late 13th century. Before the Union of Horodło (1413) approximately 220 Polish szlachta families - mostly in and around Kraków, Lublin and Sandomierz - used this symbol.

Under the Union the coat of arms was represented by Maciej z Wąsocza, the Voivod of Kraków, and by Jan Butrym, a Lithuanian boyar who represented Lithuanian noble families. After the union another 150 families in Lithuania adopted the topór coat of arms. Due to its antiquity it was sometimes referred to as "Starża", an Old-Polish word denoting great age.

Blazon

Gules, axe argent. The crest is in the form of an axe embedded in the helm, argent.

In Latin: (Topor). Thopor siue Bipennis alba in campo rubeo (...) [2]

Notable bearers

Notable bearers of this coat of arms have included:

Aristocratic variations

Standard variations

Coat of arms of cities and gminas

Coat of arms with the topór symbol

Paintings with the coat of arms topór

Other

See also

Bibliography

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References

  1. Alfred Znamierowski: Herbarz rodowy. Warszawa: Świat Książki, 2004, s. 171. ISBN   83-7391-166-9.
  2. Jan Długosz: Insignia seu clenodia incliti Regni Poloniae
  3. https://polishgenealogy1.blogspot.com/2017/03/szoajski.html