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Topčidersko Brdo (Serbian Cyrillic : Топчидерско Брдо; pronounced [tǒp.tʃi.der.skoː br̩̂.do] ) is an urban neighborhood and former municipality of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Savski Venac.
Topčidersko Brdo (from Turkish and Persian, topčider meaning "cannonier's valley") is located 4 kilometers south-east of downtown Belgrade to which it is directly connected through the Kneza Miloša street. The central street of Topčidersko Brdo is the Boulevard of Vojvoda Putnik with a roundabout of Topčiderska zvezda ("Topčider star"). On the western slope of the hill, which sharply ends above the Sava river, the neighborhood of Senjak is located, while east of the Boulevard of Vojvoda Putnik is the neighborhood of Dedinje. Northern slope, in the valley of the former creek of Mokroluški potok (now conducted underground) was occupied by the former neighborhood of Jatagan Mala which was demolished to make way for the new interchange on a highway, Mostarska Petlja and a new railway station of Prokop. Hyde Park, named after the famous Hyde Park in London, is also on the northern slope of the hill. To the south, the neighborhood extends into the valley of the Topčiderka and the park of Topčider itself.
Topčidersko Brdo was an unurbanized, distant city's periphery, separate from the rest of the city by the gully. The area was rich in grapevines, pine and black locust groves.The hill was on the route of the Topčider Road, which connected downtown Belgrade to the forests of Košutnjak and Topčider. The road section on the northern slope, between Senjak and western part of Točidersko Brdo, is today named Bulevar Vojvode Putnika. This section of the street was embellished with the quadruple chestnut avenue in the late 19th century.
In what will become the eastern section of the neighborhood (today also considered western section of Dedinje), urbanization began in the late 19th century. Members of the affluent families began to build villas along the Kragujevac Road, modern Bulevar Oslobođenja, trying to avoid the busy life in downtown. Construction gained momentum after World War I, and in the 1920s, splendid mansions with arranged gardens were built by the bankers, rich merchants, higher clerks and rentiers.
The hill is today mostly a wooded area. This is the result of the 1923 Belgrade's general plan. One of the main projects regarding the green areas was forestation of the hill, formation of the new park and establishment of the continuous green area with the Topčider Park. Project started in 1926 while the Hyde Park was finished in the 1930s. Today, the continuous Topčider-Košutnjak parks and forests make the largest "green massif" in the immediate vicinity of Belgrade's urban tissue.
Total forest area of Topčidersko Brdo covers 21.22 ha (52.4 acres).
The Topčiderska Zvezda water reservoir is located in the neighborhood. It hosts about 5% of Belgrade waterworks storage space. The facility was built in 2008–2010, but became operational only in March 2019.
The municipality of Topčidersko Brdo was formed after the previous division of Belgrade into districts (rejon, 1945–52) abolished. It comprised the two wealthiest neighborhoods of Belgrade, Senjak and Dedinje. Following the new administrative reorganization, Topčidersko Brdo merged with the municipality of Zapadni Vračar to create new, still existing municipality of Savski Venac. After the abolition of the municipality, Topčidersko Brdo remains mostly a geographical rather than administrative term even though it makes one local community within Belgrade with Senjak (Topčidersko Brdo-Senjak) with a population of 7,249 in 2002.
Savski Venac is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 39,122 inhabitants.
Zvezdara is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. The municipality is geographically hilly and with many forests. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 148,014 inhabitants.
Rakovica is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has 108,641 inhabitants.
Čukarica is a municipality of the city of Belgrade.
Senjak is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital city of Serbia. Located in Savski Venac, one of the three municipalities that constitute the very center of the city, it is an affluent neighborhood containing embassies, diplomatic residences, and mansions. Senjak is generally considered one of the wealthiest parts of Belgrade.
Dedinje is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Savski Venac. Dedinje is generally considered the wealthiest part of Belgrade, and is the site of numerous villas and mansions owned by the members of the city's plutocracy, as well as many diplomatic residences.
Košutnjak is a park-forest and urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is divided between in the municipalities of Čukarica and Rakovica. With the adjoining Topčider, it is colloquially styled "Belgrade's oxygen factory". The 1923 Belgrade's general plan, in which one of the main projects regarding the green areas was forestation of the area between Topčider and the city, envisioned a continuous green area Senjak – Topčidersko Brdo – Hajd Park – Topčider – Košutnjak, which was formed by the 1930s. This continual forested area makes the largest "green massif" in the immediate vicinity of Belgrade's urban tissue.
Topčider is a forest park and an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is divided between the municipalities of Čukarica, Rakovica and Savski Venac. Being close to downtown, it is one of the major locations for relaxation, picnics and fresh air for the citizens of Belgrade.
West Vračar or Zapadni Vračar, is a former urban neighborhood and municipality of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It was located in Belgrade's municipality of Savski Venac to which northern section it generally corresponds today.
Banjica is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is divided between the Belgrade's municipalities of Savski Venac and Voždovac.
Mostar interchange or colloquially Mostar is a major interchange and a surrounding urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Savski Venac.
Careva Ćuprija is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Čukarica.
Stadion is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Savski Venac.
Jatagan Mala is the former urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It existed from 1919 to 1961 and was located in the modern municipality of Savski Venac. Forgotten and unknown to the younger generations, Jatagan Mala became a point of media interest in 2017 with the broadcast of TV serial Shadows over Balkan, which was partially located in Jatagan Mala during the Interbellum.
Lisičji Potok is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Savski Venac.
Topčiderska River, or colloquially Topčiderka, or Topčiderski Creek, is a river in north-central Serbia, a 30 km-long right tributary to the Sava river to which it flows in the urban section of Belgrade. It is one of the 40 rivers, streams and creeks that flow or used to flow through Belgrade.
Hyde park is a park in suburban Belgrade, Serbia. It is situated in the municipality of Savski Venac, on the northern slopes of Topčider Hill. It consists of two parts: woodland with tracks for running, and another with appliances for fitness and recreation. The park is triangular in shape. Hyde Park was built in the 1930s. Nearby are Partizan Stadium, House of Flowers and Prokop station.
Kneza Miloša Street is a street in downtown Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It was the main city's korzo (promenade) and today is one of the major traffic arteries of the city, location of some of the most important national institutions and a street with the largest number of embassies in Belgrade. It stretches through the territory of three municipalities: Stari Grad, Vračar and Savski Venac. Previously known as Topčider Road, it was later named after prince Miloš Obrenović, the first ruler of modern Serbia.
Park Gavrilo Princip is a park in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. Originating from 1836, it is one of the oldest parks in the city and in 1864 it was declared the first public park in Belgrade. Named Financial Park until 2017, it is located in the municipality of Savski Venac.
Stari Košutnjak is a neighborhood located in Rakovica, municipality of the city of Belgrade. It is bordered by the neighborhoods of Rakovica municipality Kanarevo brdo and Miljakovac, and municipalities of Čukarica, Savski venac and Voždovac.
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