Top 14

Last updated

Top 14
Current season, competition or edition:
Rugby football current event.svg 2019–20 Top 14 season
Logo Top14 2012.png
Sport Rugby union
Founded1892
No. of teams14
CountryFlag of France.svg  France
Most recent
champion(s)
Toulouse (20th title)
(2018–19)
Most titles Toulouse (20 titles) [1]
Relegation to Rugby Pro D2
Official website www.top14-rugby.com

The Top 14 (French pronunciation:  [tɔp katɔʀz] ) is a professional rugby union club competition that is played in France. Created in 1892, the Top 14 is at the top of the national league system operated by the French National Rugby League, also known by its French initialism of LNR. There is promotion and relegation between the Top 14 and the next level down, the Rugby Pro D2. The fourteen best rugby teams in France participate in the competition, hence the name Top 14. The competition was previously known as the Top 16.

Contents

The league is one of the three major professional leagues in Europe (along with the English Premiership and the Pro14, which brings together top clubs from Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Italy and South Africa), the most successful European teams from which go forward to compete in the European Rugby Champions Cup, the pan-European championship which replaced the Heineken Cup after the 2013–14 season.

The first ever final took place in 1892, between two Paris-based sides, Stade Français and Racing Club de France, which were the only teams playing the competition that year, with the latter becoming the inaugural champions. The competition has been held on an annual basis since, except from 1915 to 1919—because of World War I—and from 1940 to 1942—because of World War II. Toulouse is the most successful club in the competition with 20 titles.

History

Early years

The first competition was held in 1892, as a one-off championship game between the Racing Club de France and Stade Français. The Racing Club defeated Stade Français four points to three to win the first ever title, though the stadistes got their revenge the following year in a repeat of the final. The match official for that first final was Pierre de Coubertin. Stade Français would go on to win a number of titles thereafter. The 1897 and 1898 series were awarded on a points system after a round-robin. Although the competition was called the French championship, entry was confined to Parisian clubs. The 1899 season was the first to include clubs from outside of Paris, and led to Stade Bordelais (from Bordeaux) winning the final that season, which was also played outside of Paris, in Le Bouscat (a suburb of the city of Bordeaux).

For the following decade the championship game would usually end up being contested by the Racing Club, Stade Français and Stade Bordelais, with Stade Bordelais actually winning five titles during this period. During this time the final was usually held in various stadia around Paris with the exception of 1903 and 1909, when it was held in Toulouse, as SOE Toulouse and Stade Toulousain were finalists respectively. The competition was then won by a number of different clubs before World War I, with teams like FC Lyon, Stade Toulousain, Aviron Bayonnais and USA Perpignan claiming their first titles.

Between the wars

Due to the war, operations were suspended for a number of years. In its place, a competition known as the Coupe de l'Espérance was held, which involved mostly young boys who had not yet been drafted. The competition was held four times, but is not normally considered a full championship. The normal competition returned for the 1920 season, and Stadoceste Tarbais became the first post-war champions, defeating the Racing Club de France in the final. During the 1920s Stade Toulousain would create its now famous rugby history, winning five championships during the decade (Stade's very first feat took place in 1912 when they were crowned champions without losing a single game in the whole season: the team was nicknamed "la Vierge Rouge" — the Red Virgin). USA Perpignan would also win two championships (their 1925 final victory was actually a second match, as a previous final had ended in a nil-all draw).

During the 1930s the championship game was held only in Bordeaux and Toulouse. The 1930 championship game, won by Agen over US Quillan, was the first final to go into extra time. It would also see Toulon and Lyon OU win their first championship games. During the latter part of the decade, RC Narbonne, CS Vienne and Perpignan all won titles, and Biarritz Olympique were champions in both 1935 and 1939.

Postwar

After the war the championship final returned to Paris, and was played at Parc des Princes for the next four seasons. The competition during the 1940s was won by a number of different teams, though Castres won in 1949, and then again in 1950. FC Lourdes would become a dominant club during the 1950s, winning five championships, and another in 1960.

SU Agen would go on to win three titles during the 1960s as well. Lourdes were also the champions of the 1968 season, but due to the May 1968 events, the finale was played three weeks behind normal schedule. At the end of regulation time the score was tied at 6–6, and then 9–9 after extra-time. Lourdes were declared champions because they had scored two tries to Toulon's none and also because it was impossible to reschedule a third final so late, as the French national team were to leave on a tour to New Zealand and South Africa.

Although Béziers won their first championship in the 1961 season, it would be the 1970s which would see a golden era for the club, as they would win ten championships between 1971 and 1984, as well as being runners-up in 1976. Also in the mid 1970s, after being held in Toulouse, Lyon and Bordeaux in recent years, the championship final was taken to Parc des Princes, Paris, on a permanent basis. During the rest of the 1980s, Toulouse were the dominant team, winning the championship in 1985, 1986 and 1989. Toulon won in 1987 (and were runners-up in 1985 and 1989), and Agen won in 1988 (and were runners-up in 1984 and 1986).

Into the professional era

The first match of the 1990s went into extra time, as the Racing Club de France defeated Agen, winning their first championship since 1959. Bègles, Toulon, Castres and Toulouse would win the following finals. The 1990s also saw the game of rugby union go professional following the 1995 Rugby World Cup in South Africa. This also led to the establishment of the European Heineken Cup. Including their 1994 victory, Toulouse won four championships in succession. For the 1998 season, the final was moved to the newly constructed Stade de France, the new national stadium. The final, played in front of 78,000, saw Stade Français win their first championship since 1908.

Rising popularity

Top 14 logo used through the 2011-12 season. Top 14 Logo.png
Top 14 logo used through the 2011–12 season.

The competition saw an enormous rise in popularity in 2005–06, with attendance rising to an average of 9,600, up by 25% from 2004–05, and numerous sellouts. On 15 October 2005, Stade Français drew a crowd of 79,502 at Stade de France for their home match against Toulouse; this broke the previous French attendance record for a regular-season league match in any sport (including football) by over 20,000. That record was broken on 4 March 2006, when Stade Français drew 79,604 to a rematch of the 2004–05 final against Biarritz at Stade de France. It was broken again on 14 October 2006 with 79,619 as the same two opponents met, and a fourth time on 27 January 2007, with 79,741 for another Stade Français-Toulouse match. [2] During the regular season 2010–2011, the average attendance per match reached 14,184. [3]

In 2011, Canal+ indicated that evening matches were being watched by 800,000–850,000 viewers while afternoon matches were watched by around 700,000 viewers. [4]

In recent years, numerous foreign players have joined Top 14 teams.

Changes afoot

In August 2016, LNR released a strategic plan outlining its vision for French rugby through the 2023 Rugby World Cup. The plan includes significant changes to the top levels of the league system, although the changes were more dramatic for Pro D2 than for the Top 14. Changes affecting the Top 14 are: [5]

On 13 March 2017, the Top 14 was rocked by the announcement that Racing 92 and Stade Français planned to merge into a single club effective with the 2017–18 season. [6] Stade Français players soon voted almost unanimously to go on strike over the proposed merger, [7] and within days LNR held an emergency meeting to discuss the Paris clubs' plans. [8] The clubs announced on 19 March that the planned merger had collapsed. [9]

Controversy

The 1993 French Rugby Union Championship was won by Castres who beat Grenoble 14-11 in the final, in a match decided by an irregular try accorded by the referee. [10]

A try of Olivier Brouzet is denied to Grenoble [11] and the decisive try by Gary Whetton was awarded by the referee, Daniel Salles, when in fact the defender Franck Hueber from Grenoble touched down the ball first in his try zone. This error gave the title to Castres.

Daniel Salles admitted the error 13 years later. [12]

Jacques Fouroux conflict with the Federation cry out conspiracy. [13]

Current teams

2019–20 season

ClubEstablishedCity (department)StadiumCapacityPrevious season
Sporting Union Agen 1908 Agen (Lot-et-Garonne) Stade Armandie 14,00012th
Aviron Bayonnais 1904 Bayonne (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Stade Jean Dauger 16,934Promoted from Pro D2 (champions)
Union Bordeaux Bègles 2006 Bordeaux (Gironde) Stade Chaban-Delmas [a 1] 34,69410th
Club Athlétique Brive 1910 Brive-la-Gaillarde (Corrèze) Stade Amédée-Domenech 16,000Promoted from Pro D2 (play-off)
Castres Olympique 1906 Castres (Tarn) Stade Pierre-Fabre 12,5007th
ASM Clermont Auvergne 1911 Clermont-Ferrand (Puy-de-Dôme) Parc des Sports Marcel Michelin 19,022Runners up (2nd in league)
Stade Rochelais 1898 La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime) Stade Marcel-Deflandre 16,000Semi-finals (5th in league)
Lyon Olympique Universitaire 1896 Lyon (Métropole de Lyon) Matmut Stadium de Gerland 25,000Semi-finals (3rd in league)
Montpellier Hérault Rugby 1986 Montpellier (Hérault) Altrad Stadium 15,697Quarter-finals (6th in league)
Section Paloise 1902 Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Stade du Hameau 18,32411th
Racing 92 1890 Nanterre (Hauts-de-Seine) Paris La Défense Arena 30,681Quarter-finals (4th in league)
Stade Français 1883 Paris, 16th arrondissement Stade Jean-Bouin 20,0008th
RC Toulonnais 1908 Toulon (Var) Stade Mayol [a 2] 18,2009th
Stade Toulousain 1907 Toulouse (Haute-Garonne) Stade Ernest-Wallon [a 3] 19,500Champions (1st in league)

    Economic strength of the clubs

    Over recent years, the Top 14 has seen the economic strength of its clubs rise significantly. Helped by high attendance, large television rights contracts, [14] public subsidies and the rise of the euro exchange rate, [15] Top 14 clubs have seen their overall spending budget increase significantly. In 2011–2012, 4 clubs had a budget over 20 million euros: Toulouse (33), Clermont (24), Racing Métro [now Racing 92] (22), Stade Francais (21). [16] The average salary of players in the Top 14 was estimated to have risen, in 2010, to $153,700 (compared to $123,000 in the English Premiership). [17] The wealth of the Top 14 clubs has led them to attract a large number of international players, [18] and to build teams with more strength in depth (in 2011, Top 14 clubs could have as many as 45 players, compared to 33 for Leicester Tigers, 2010 Premiership winner). [19]

    Two recent changes in regulation may somewhat limit this economic growth. First, the French government repealed the law known as DIC (Droit à l'Image Collectif) on 1 July 2010. This law had allowed all member clubs in French professional sports organisations to treat 30% of each player's salary as image rights. This portion of player salaries was thus exempt from France's high payroll and social insurance taxes. [20]

    Second, to control the growth of club spending, the LNR introduced a salary cap in the Top 14 in the 2010–11 season. Under the provisions of the cap, team payrolls were limited to €8 million. [21] This is in addition to an existing requirement that wage bills be no more than 50% of a team's turnover. [22] However, the €8 million cap was 5% greater than the highest official wage bill in the 2009–10 Top 14, and translated to £7.1 million at the time the cap was announced, well above the English Premiership's then-current £4 million cap. For the 2011–2012 season, the LNR raised the salary cap to €8.7 million. [23] Since then, the cap has risen still further, to €10 million starting in 2013–14 and continuing through 2015–16. Additionally, the cap now excludes youth players whose salaries are no more than €50,000. [24]

    At the same time as LNR announced the salary cap, it also announced new rules requiring a minimum percentage of French players on club rosters. Players qualifying under these rules, referred to in French as JIFF (joueurs issus des filières de formation, loosely translated as "academy-trained players"), must have been registered with the FFR for at least five years before turning 23, or have spent three seasons in an FFR-approved training centre before turning 21. [25] [21] Original plans were to require 50% JIFFs in 2010–11, but protests from leading clubs led to a reduction to 40% for that season. Initially, the 50% quota was to be met in 2011–12, and 60% in 2012–13, but a compromise with the clubs saw no change to the limit until 2013–14, at which time it increased to 55%. Additionally, effective in 2015–16, LNR was allowed to fine clubs that did not have a minimum of 12 JIFFs in their matchday squads. [25] These regulations, however, do not consider eligibility to play for the French national team. For example, although the Armitage brothers (Delon, Steffon and Guy) all represented England internationally, they qualified as JIFF because of their tenure in Nice's youth setup. On the other hand, recent France international Jérôme Thion, despite being a native and lifelong resident of France, did not qualify because he switched from basketball to rugby too late in his youth. [26]

    While the most visible critics of the change in policy were wealthy club owners such as Mourad Boudjellal of Toulon and Max Guazzini of Stade Français, concern had been growing in French rugby circles that some smaller clubs might fold completely. Bourgoin only avoided a bankruptcy filing in 2009 by players agreeing to large wage cuts, and Brive, whose 2009–10 wage bill was €7.2 million, announced that they would cut their budget by 40% for the 2010–11 season. [20] Following the 2009–10 season, Bourgoin were denied a professional licence by LNR due to their ongoing financial issues, but the French Rugby Federation (FFR) reversed this decision on Bourgoin's appeal. [27] Montauban were relegated at the end of the same season after filing for bankruptcy. [28]

    By the 2012–13 season, the internationalization of the Top 14 had reached such a state that Irish rugby journalist Ian Moriarty, who has had considerable experience covering the French game, asked the rhetorical question, "Has there ever been such a large disconnect between France's club teams and the international side they are supposed to serve?" He cited the following statistics from that season to make his point: [29]

    While the JIFF policy worked on one level—the number of foreign players recruited into the Top 14 went from 61 for 2011–12 to 34 for 2014–15—clubs quickly found a way around the rules. Many clubs dispatched scouts to identify top teenage prospects in other countries, and then enrolled them in their academies to start the JIFF qualification process. For example, the 59 players in the 2015–16 Clermont youth squad included 17 from nine countries outside of France. [25] A more fundamental problem was identified in 2015 by Laurent Labit, at the time backs coach of the club now known as Racing 92. In an interview with British rugby journalist Gavin Mortimer, Labit pointed out that France has no organized team sport in its educational system at the primary level—children must join an outside club in order to play sports. Only at age 15 do youths have the opportunity to attend special sporting schools, but places in such institutions are limited. In turn, this means that most young French players are technically well behind their counterparts in many other countries, most notably Commonwealth members and Ireland. [30]

    Format and structure

    Final ASM vs Stade Francais Final top 14 2007-1.jpg
    Final ASM vs Stade Français

    The Top 14 is contested by fourteen professional rugby union clubs throughout France. The domestic season runs from August through to June. Every club contests 26 games during the regular season – over 26 rounds of competition. For many years, the season was split into two-halves for scheduling purposes, with both halves scheduled in the same order, with the team at home in the first half of the season on the road in the second. However, this strict order has since been abandoned, although the season is still loosely divided into halves. Throughout the August–June competition there are breaks during the season, as there are also European club fixtures (from 2014–15, Champions Cup and Challenge Cup) that are played during the rugby season, as well as the Six Nations Championship, in which many top French players are involved, as well as a few players from the other European powers. The schedule may be adjusted somewhat in World Cup years; this was especially true in the 2007–08 season, which ran up against the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France. That season, the Top 14 played on all of the Six Nations weekends and on some of the Heineken Cup weekends.

    The Top 14 is organized by the Ligue Nationale de Rugby (LNR), which runs the professional rugby leagues within France (Top 14 and Rugby Pro D2). There is a promotion and relegation system between the Top 14 and Pro D2. Starting with the 2017-18 season, only the lowest-placed club in the table after the regular season is automatically relegated to Pro D2. The playoff champion of Pro D2 is automatically promoted, while the next-to-last Top 14 club and the playoff runner-up of Pro D2 play each other to determine which club will be in Top 14, and which will be in Pro D2 the following season. Starting with the 2009–10 season, the Top 14 knock-out stages consist of three rounds. The teams finishing third through to sixth in the table play quarter-finals, hosted by the No. 3 and No. 4 teams. The winners then face the top two seeds in the semi-finals, whose winners then meet in the final at the Stade de France (although the 2016 final was instead held at the Camp Nou in Barcelona, Spain due to a scheduling conflict with France's hosting of UEFA Euro 2016). In previous seasons, only the top four teams qualified for semi-finals. Unlike many other major rugby competitions (such as the Aviva Premiership, Mitre 10 Cup, Currie Cup, and from 2009–10 the Celtic League/Pro12), the Top 14 has traditionally held its semi-finals at neutral sites.

    Regardless of the playoff format, the top six teams had qualified for the following season's Heineken Cup in the final years of that competition, and since 2013–14 a minimum of six teams qualify for the European Rugby Champions Cup. Before the 2009–10 season, the seventh-place team also qualified if a French club advanced farther in that season's Heineken Cup than any team from England or Italy. While the European qualification system was changed for 2009–10, the normal contingent of six Top 14 teams in the Heineken Cup did not change. The default number of French teams in the Champions Cup has remained at six, but the method for a seventh French team to qualify has changed from performance in the previous European season to a post-season playoff. For the inaugural Champions Cup in 2014–15, this playoff involved the seventh-place teams from both England and the Top 14; in future years, the same two sides will be joined by one Pro12 side.

    Previously in the first phase of the then-Top 16, the teams were divided into two pools of eight. This was followed by a second phase, in which the eight highest-ranked teams played for semi-final spots and the bottom eight teams battled against relegation. In 2004–05, the top division consisted of a single pool of 16 teams, with the top four teams advancing to a knockout playoff at the end of the season to determine the champion. From 2005–06 through 2008–09, the top division was run with a single pool of 14 teams, again with a season-ending four-team playoff. The single pool was retained for 2009–10, but the playoffs were expanded to six teams.

    The LNR uses a slightly different bonus points system from that used in most other major domestic competitions. Instead of a bonus point being awarded for scoring 4 tries in a match, regardless of the match result, a bonus point is awarded to a winning team that scores 3 tries more than its opponent. This system makes two scenarios that can be seen in the standard system impossible:

    For 2014–15, LNR further tweaked its bonus point system. The margin of defeat that allows the losing team to earn a bonus point was reduced from 7 points to 5.

    European competition

    The Top 14 serves as the qualification route for French clubs in European club competition. Starting with the 2014–15 season, Top 14 teams compete in the new European club rugby competitions—the European Rugby Champions Cup and European Rugby Challenge Cup. The Champions Cup and Challenge Cup replaced the previous European competitions, the Heineken Cup and Amlin Challenge Cup. [31]

    Under the new structure, the top six teams on the Top 14 table qualify directly for the following season's Champions Cup. The seventh-placed team advances to a play-off for another Champions Cup place. In 2013–14, the play-off involved said Top 14 club and the seventh-placed club in the English Premiership. Initially, plans were for the play-off in subsequent years to also include two sides from Pro12 in the Celtic nations and Italy. [31] Due to fixture clashes with the Top 14 season, the play-off that followed the 2014–15 season involved only one Pro12 side. [32] Because the start of the 2015–16 European season ran up against the 2015 Rugby World Cup, the play-off was completely scrapped for that season, with the final Champions Cup place for 2016–17 instead awarded to the winner of the 2016 Challenge Cup.

    In the Heineken Cup era, a minimum of six French clubs qualified for the Heineken Cup, with the possibility of a seventh depending on the performance of French clubs in the previous season's Heineken Cup and Challenge Cup.

    All Top 14 clubs that do not qualify for the Champions Cup automatically qualify for the Challenge Cup. [31] This means that all Top 14 clubs will participate in European competition during a given season.

    The French clubs have had success in the European competitions. The inaugural Heineken Cup, held in the 1995–96 season, was won by Toulouse, which would eventually claim three more championships (2003, 2005 and 2010). It was not until the fifth championship game that there was no French team in the final. There have also been five occasions where the final was an all-French affair. The first three were all won by Toulouse (against Perpignan in 2003, Stade Français in 2005, and Biarritz in 2010); the other two were victories by Toulon over Clermont in 2013 and 2015.

    In addition to the French success in the Heineken Cup and Champions Cup, the clubs in the lower European competitions have achieved similar results. The first four finals of the European Challenge Cup (1997–2000) were all-French affairs. Since then, however, only four French clubs (Clermont in 2007, Biarritz in 2012, Montpellier in 2016, and Stade Français in 2017) have won this competition, and French clubs in general have had less success; the revised Top 16/Top 14 format has required them to pay more attention to league games in order to avoid relegation. The now defunct European Shield, a repechage tournament for clubs knocked out in the first round of the Challenge Cup that was played for three seasons in 2003–05, was won by a French team each time.

    Table

    2019–20 Top 14 Table watch · edit · discuss
    ClubPlayedWonDrawnLostPoints ForPoints AgainstPoints Diff.Tries ForTries AgainstTry BonusLosing BonusPoints
    1 Bordeaux Bègles 17131347531715853286161
    2 Lyon 17120546530416150275053
    3 Racing 1791745132612551305346
    4 Toulon 179263963346237323245
    5 La Rochelle 17908370377-738383342
    6 Clermont 171007423415839451041
    7 Toulouse 178183683313737304240
    8 Montpellier 176384043901442372537
    9 Castres 177010392460-6838433233
    10 Brive 17719364441-7732481233
    11 Bayonne 17719327409-8227450333
    12 Pau 176011334414-8031420428
    13 Agen 175111323414-9136460426
    14 Stade Français 175111328488-16030500325

    If teams are level at any stage, tiebreakers are applied in the following order:

    1. Competition points earned in head-to-head matches
    2. Points difference in head-to-head matches
    3. Try differential in head-to-head matches
    4. Points difference in all matches
    5. Try differential in all matches
    6. Points scored in all matches
    7. Tries scored in all matches
    8. Fewer matches forfeited
    9. Classification in the previous Top 14 season
    Green background (rows 1 and 2) receive semi-final play-off places and receive berths in the 2020–21 European Rugby Champions Cup.
    Blue background (rows 3 to 6) receive quarter-final play-off places, and receive berths in the Champions Cup.
    Plain background indicates teams that earn a place in the 2020–21 European Rugby Challenge Cup.
    Pink background (row 13) will qualify to the Relegation play-offs.
    Red background (row 14) will automatically be relegated to Rugby Pro D2.

    Final table — source:

    French broadcasting rights

    Since the 2008-09 season, the Top 14 regular season and playoff quarter-finals and playoff semi-finals have been televised by Canal+. Between the 2008-09 season and the 2010-11 season, France Télévisions televised the playoff final, but since the 2011-12 season they and Canal+ jointly televised the playoff final.

    Total wins

    The following clubs have won the title: [1]

    Bold indicates clubs playing in 2019–20 Top 14 season.

    ClubWinsRunners-upWinning Seasons
    Stade Toulousain 207 1912, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1927, 1947, 1985, 1986, 1989, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2019
    Stade Français 149 1893, 1894, 1895, 1897, 1898, 1901, 1903, 1908, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2015
    AS Béziers 114 1961, 1971, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984
    SU Agen 86 1930, 1945, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1976, 1982, 1988
    FC Lourdes 83 1948, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1960, 1968
    USA Perpignan 79 1914, 1921, 1925, 1938, 1944, 1955, 2009
    Stade Bordelais 75 1899, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1909, 1911
    Racing 92 67 1892, 1900, 1902, 1959, 1990, 2016
    Biarritz Olympique 53 1935, 1939, 2002, 2005, 2006
    Castres Olympique 52 1949, 1950, 1993, 2013, 2018
    RC Toulonnais 49 1931, 1987, 1992, 2014
    Aviron Bayonnais 34 1913, 1934, 1943
    Section Paloise 30 1928, 1946, 1964
    ASM Clermont Auvergne 212 2010, 2017
    Stadoceste Tarbais 23 1920, 1973
    RC Narbonne 23 1936, 1979
    Lyon 21 1932, 1933
    CA Bordeaux-Bègles 21 1969, 1991
    Stade Montois 13 1963
    Olympique 12 1896
    US Quillan 12 1929
    FC Grenoble 11 1954
    FC Lyon 10 1910
    CS Vienne 10 1937
    US Carmaux 10 1951
    US Montauban 10 1967
    ROC La Voulte-Valence 10 1970 (as La Voulte Sportif)
    US Dax 05
    CA Brive 04
    SCUF 02
    Stade Bagnérais 02
    Montpellier Hérault Rugby 02
    US Carcassonne 01
    FC Lézignan 01
    US Cognac 01
    SC Mazamet 01
    Nice UR 01
    CS Bourgoin-Jallieu 01
    US Colomiers 01

    Finals 1892–1995

    The scores in green are links to the account of each final on the site of the professional league (LNR). In French.

    YearChampionScoreRunner-upPlaceSpectators
    20 March 1892 Racing Club de France 4–3 Stade Français Bagatelle, Paris [33] 2,000
    19 May 1893 Stade Français 7–3 Racing Club de France Bécon-les-Bruyères1,200
    18 March 1894 Stade Français 18–0 Inter NOSBécon-les-Bruyères1,500
    17 March 1895 Stade Français 16–0 Olympique Stade Vélodrome, Courbevoie ...
    5 April 1896 Olympique 12–0 Stade Français Vélodrome, Courbevoie ...
    1897 Stade Français [34] Olympique ...
    1898 Stade Français [35] Racing Club de France ...
    30 April 1899 Stade Bordelais 5–3 Stade Français Route du Médoc, Le Bouscat [36] 3,000
    22 April 1900 Racing Club de France 37–3 Stade Bordelais Levallois-Perret 1,500
    31 March 1901 Stade Français 0–3 [37] Stade Bordelais Route du Médoc, Le Bouscat ...
    23 March 1902 Racing Club de France 6–0 Stade Bordelais Parc des Princes, Paris1,000
    26 April 1903 Stade Français 16–8 SOE Toulouse Prairie des Filtres, Toulouse 5,000
    27 March 1904 Stade Bordelais 3–0 Stade Français La Faisanderie, Saint-Cloud 2,000
    16 April 1905 Stade Bordelais 12–3 Stade Français Route du Médoc, Le Bouscat 6,000
    8 April 1906 Stade Bordelais 9–0 Stade Français Parc des Princes, Paris4,000
    24 March 1907 Stade Bordelais 14–3 Stade Français Route du Médoc, Le Bouscat 12,000
    5 April 1908 Stade Français 16–3 Stade Bordelais Stade Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes 10,000
    4 April 1909 Stade Bordelais 17–0 Stade Toulousain Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 15,000
    17 April 1910 FC Lyon 13–8 Stade Bordelais Parc des Princes, Paris8,000
    8 April 1911 Stade Bordelais 14–0 SCUF Route du Médoc, Le Bouscat 12,000
    31 March 1912 Stade Toulousain 8–6 Racing Club de France Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 15,000
    20 April 1913 Aviron Bayonnais 31–8 SCUF Stade Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes 20,000
    3 May 1914 USA Perpignan 8–7 Stadoceste Tarbais Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 15.000
    1915–1919Due to the war, the championship was replaced by the Coupe de l'Espérance
    25 April 1920 Stadoceste Tarbais 8–3 Racing Club de France Route du Médoc, Le Bouscat 20,000
    17 April 1921 USA Perpignan 5–0 Stade Toulousain Parc des Sports de Sauclières, Béziers 20,000
    23 April 1922 Stade Toulousain 6–0 Aviron Bayonnais Route du Médoc, Le Bouscat 20,000
    13 May 1923 Stade Toulousain 3–0 Aviron Bayonnais Stade Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes 15,000
    27 April 1924 Stade Toulousain 3–0 USA Perpignan Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 20,000
    3 May 1925 USA Perpignan 5–0 [38] US Carcassonne Maraussan, Narbonne 20,000
    2 May 1926 Stade Toulousain 11–0 USA Perpignan Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 25,000
    29 May 1927 Stade Toulousain 19–9 Stade Français Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 20,000
    6 May 1928 Section Paloise 6–4 US Quillan Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 20,000
    19 May 1929 US Quillan 11–8 FC Lézignan Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 20,000
    18 May 1930 SU Agen 4–0 a.e.t. US Quillan Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 28,000
    10 May 1931 RC Toulon 6–3 Lyon OU Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 10,000
    5 May 1932 Lyon OU 9–3 RC Narbonne Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 13,000
    7 May 1933 Lyon OU 10–3 RC Narbonne Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 15,000
    13 May 1934 Aviron Bayonnais 13–8 Biarritz Olympique Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 18,000
    12 May 1935 Biarritz Olympique 3–0 USA Perpignan Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 23,000
    10 May 1936 RC Narbonne 6–3 AS Montferrand Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 25,000
    2 May 1937 CS Vienne 13–7 AS Montferrand Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 17,000
    8 May 1938 USA Perpignan 11–6 Biarritz Olympique Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 24,600
    30 April 1939 Biarritz Olympique 6–0 a.e.t. USA Perpignan Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 23,000
    1940–1942Due to World War II, no championship was played
    21 March 1943 Aviron Bayonnais 3–0 SU Agen Parc des Princes, Paris28,000
    26 March 1944 USA Perpignan 20–5 Aviron Bayonnais Parc des Princes, Paris35,000
    7 April 1945 SU Agen 7–3 FC Lourdes Parc des Princes, Paris30,000
    24 March 1946 Section Paloise 11–0 FC Lourdes Parc des Princes, Paris30,000
    13 April 1947 Stade Toulousain 10–3 SU Agen Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 25,000
    18 April 1948 FC Lourdes 11–3 RC Toulon Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 29,753
    22 May 1949 Castres Olympique 14–3 [39] Stade Montois Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 23,000
    16 April 1950 Castres Olympique 11–8 Racing Club de France Stade des Ponts Jumeaux, Toulouse 25,000
    20 May 1951 US Carmaux 14–12 a.e.t. Stadoceste Tarbais Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 39,450
    4 May 1952 FC Lourdes 20–11 USA Perpignan Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 32,500
    17 May 1953 FC Lourdes 21–16 Stade Montois Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 32,500
    23 May 1954 FC Grenoble 5–3 US Cognac Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 34,230
    22 May 1955 USA Perpignan 11–6 FC Lourdes Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 39,764
    3 June 1956 FC Lourdes 20–0 US Dax Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 38,426
    26 May 1957 FC Lourdes 16–13 Racing Club de France Stade Gerland, Lyon 30,000
    18 May 1958 FC Lourdes 25–8 SC Mazamet Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 37,164
    24 May 1959 Racing Club de France 8–3 Stade Montois Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 31,098
    22 May 1960 FC Lourdes 14–11 AS Béziers Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 37,200
    28 May 1961 AS Béziers 6–3 US Dax Stade de Gerland, Lyon 35,000
    27 May 1962 SU Agen 14–11 AS Béziers Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 37,705
    2 June 1963 Stade Montois 9–6 US Dax Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 39,000
    24 May 1964 Section Paloise 14–0 AS Béziers Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 27.797
    23 May 1965 SU Agen 15–8 CA Brive Stade Gerland, Lyon 28,758
    22 May 1966 SU Agen 9–8 US Dax Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 28,803
    28 May 1967 US Montauban 11–3 CA Béglais Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 32,115
    16 June 1968 FC Lourdes 9–9 a.e.t. [40] RC Toulon Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 28,526
    18 May 1969 CA Béglais 11–9 Stade Toulousain Stade Gerland, Lyon 22,191
    17 May 1970 La Voulte Sportif 3–0 AS Montferrand Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 35,000
    16 May 1971 AS Béziers 15–9 a.e.t. RC Toulon Parc Lescure, Bordeaux 27,737
    21 May 1972 AS Béziers 9–0 CA Brive Stade Gerland, Lyon 31,161
    20 May 1973 Stadoceste Tarbais 18–12 US Dax Stadium Municipal, Toulouse 26,952
    12 May 1974 AS Béziers 16–14 RC Narbonne Parc des Princes, Paris40,609
    18 May 1975 AS Béziers 13–12 CA Brive Parc des Princes, Paris39,991
    23 May 1976 SU Agen 13–10 a.e.t. AS Béziers Parc des Princes, Paris40,300
    29 May 1977 AS Béziers 12–4 USA Perpignan Parc des Princes, Paris41,821
    28 May 1978 AS Béziers 31–9 AS Montferrand Parc des Princes, Paris42,004
    27 May 1979 RC Narbonne 10–0 Stade Bagnérais Parc des Princes, Paris41,981
    25 May 1980 AS Béziers 10–6 Stade Toulousain Parc des Princes, Paris43,350
    23 May 1981 AS Béziers 22–13 Stade Bagnérais Parc des Princes, Paris44,106
    29 May 1982 SU Agen 18–9 Aviron Bayonnais Parc des Princes, Paris41,165
    28 May 1983 AS Béziers 14–6 RRC Nice Parc des Princes, Paris43,100
    26 May 1984 AS Béziers 21–21 a.e.t. [41] SU Agen Parc des Princes, Paris44,076
    25 May 1985 Stade Toulousain 36–22 a.e.t. RC Toulon Parc des Princes, Paris37,000
    24 May 1986 Stade Toulousain 16–6 SU Agen Parc des Princes, Paris45,145
    22 May 1987 RC Toulon 15–12 Racing Club de France Parc des Princes, Paris48,000
    28 May 1988 SU Agen 9–3 Stadoceste Tarbais Parc des Princes, Paris48,000
    27 May 1989 Stade Toulousain 18–12 RC Toulon Parc des Princes, Paris48,000
    26 May 1990 Racing Club de France 22–12 a.e.t. SU Agen Parc des Princes, Paris45,069
    1 June 1991 CA Bordeaux-Bègles Gironde 19–10 Stade Toulousain Parc des Princes, Paris48,000
    6 June 1992 RC Toulon 19–14 Biarritz Olympique Parc des Princes, Paris48,000
    5 June 1993 Castres Olympique 14–11 FC Grenoble Parc des Princes, Paris48,000
    28 May 1994 Stade Toulousain 22–16 AS Montferrand Parc des Princes, Paris48,000
    6 May 1995 Stade Toulousain 31–16 Castres Olympique Parc des Princes, Paris48,615

    Finals since 1996 (Professionalism)

    The scores in green are links to the account of each final on the site of the professional league (LNR). In French.

    YearChampionScoreRunner-upPlaceSpectators
    1 June 1996 Stade Toulousain 20–13 CA Brive Parc des Princes, Paris48,162
    31 May 1997 Stade Toulousain 12–6 CS Bourgoin-Jallieu Parc des Princes, Paris44,000
    16 May 1998 Stade Français 34–7 USA Perpignan Stade de France, Saint-Denis 78,000
    29 May 1999 Stade Toulousain 15–11 AS Montferrand Stade de France, Saint-Denis 78,000
    15 July 2000 Stade Français 28–23 US Colomiers Stade de France, Saint-Denis 45,000
    9 June 2001 Stade Toulousain 34–22 AS Montferrand Stade de France, Saint-Denis 78,000
    8 June 2002 Biarritz Olympique 25–22 a.e.t. SU Agen Stade de France, Saint-Denis 78,457
    7 June 2003 Stade Français 32–18 Stade Toulousain Stade de France, Saint-Denis 78,000
    26 June 2004 Stade Français 38–20 USA Perpignan Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,722
    11 June 2005 Biarritz Olympique 37–34 a.e.t. [42] Stade Français Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,475
    10 June 2006 Biarritz Olympique 40–13 Stade Toulousain Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,474
    9 June 2007 Stade Français 23–18 ASM Clermont Auvergne Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,654
    28 June 2008 Stade Toulousain 26–20 ASM Clermont Auvergne Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,275 [43]
    6 June 2009 USA Perpignan 22–13 ASM Clermont Auvergne Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,205 [44]
    29 May 2010 ASM Clermont Auvergne 19–6 USA Perpignan Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,262 [45]
    4 June 2011 Stade Toulousain 15–10 Montpellier Hérault Rugby Stade de France, Saint-Denis 77,000 [46]
    9 June 2012 Stade Toulousain 18–12 RC Toulon Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,612
    1 June 2013 Castres Olympique 19–14 RC Toulon Stade de France, Saint-Denis 80,033 [47]
    31 May 2014 RC Toulon 18–10 Castres Olympique Stade de France, Saint-Denis 80,174 [48]
    13 June 2015 Stade Français 12–6 ASM Clermont Auvergne Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,000 [49]
    24 June 2016 Racing 92 29–21 RC Toulon Camp Nou, Barcelona [r 1] 99,124 [51]
    4 June 2017 ASM Clermont Auvergne 22–16 RC Toulon Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,771 [52]
    2 June 2018 Castres Olympique 29–13 Montpellier Hérault Rugby Stade de France, Saint-Denis 78,441 [53]
    15 June 2019 Stade Toulousain 24–18 ASM Clermont Auvergne Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,786 [54]
    2020Season cancelled without champion due to COVID-19 pandemic in France [55]

    Player records

    As of 3 May 2019

    Appearances

    RankPlayerClub(s)YearsApps
    1 Flag of France.svg Thibaut Privat Nîmes, Béziers, Clermont, Montpellier, Lyon 1998–2017387
    2 Flag of Uruguay.svg Rodrigo Capó Ortega Castres 2002–345
    3 Flag of France.svg Florian Fritz Bourgoin-Jallieu, Toulouse 2002–2018322
    4 Flag of France.svg Aurélien Rougerie Clermont 1999–2018321
    5 Flag of France.svg Yannick Nyanga Béziers, Toulouse, Racing 92 2002–2018315
    6 Flag of France.svg Grégory Lamboley Toulouse, La Rochelle 2001–2018309
    7 Flag of France.svg Jean-Baptiste Poux Narbonne, Toulouse, Bordeaux Bègles 2001–2018303
    8 Flag of France.svg Julien Pierre Bourgoin-Jallieu, Clermont, Pau 2003–2018294
    9 Flag of France.svg Julien Arias Colomiers, Stade Français 2001–288
    10 Flag of France.svg Julien Peyrelongue Biarritz 2001–2014277

    Points

    RankPlayerClub(s)YearsPoints
    1 Flag of France.svg Richard Dourthe Dax, Stade Français, Béziers, Bordeaux Bègles, Castres, Bayonne 1996–20083,040
    2 Flag of France.svg Romain Teulet Castres 2001–20142,612
    3 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Brock James Clermont, La Rochelle, Bordeaux Bègles 2004–20202,494
    4 Flag of France.svg Dimitri Yachvili Biarritz 2002–20142,304
    5 Flag of France.svg Lionel Beauxis Pau, Stade Français, Toulouse, Bordeaux Bègles, Lyon 2003–1,931
    6 Flag of France.svg David Skrela Colomiers, Stade Français, Toulouse, Clermont 1997–20131,967
    7 Flag of France.svg Jonathan Wisniewski Castres, Racing 92, Grenoble, Toulon, Lyon 2006–1,944
    8 Flag of France.svg Benjamin Boyet Bourgoin-Jallieu, Bayonne 1997–20131,789
    9 Flag of France.svg Gaëtan Germain Bourgoin-Jallieu, Racing 92, Brive, Grenoble 2010–1,756
    10 Flag of France.svg Alexandre Péclier Bourgoin-Jallieu, Clermont 1995–20071,462

    Tries

    RankPlayerClub(s)YearsTries
    1 Flag of France.svg Vincent Clerc Grenoble, Toulouse, Toulon 2002–2018101
    2 Flag of France.svg Laurent Arbo Pau, Castres, Montpellier, Perpignan 1991–2007100
    3 Flag of France.svg Aurélien Rougerie Clermont 1999–201896
    4 Flag of Fiji.svg Napolioni Nalaga Clermont, Lyon 2006–201787
    5 Flag of France.svg Maxime Medard Toulouse 2004–81
    6 Flag of Fiji.svg Timoci Nagusa Montpellier 2010–78
    7 Flag of France.svg Julien Arias Colomiers, Stade Français 2001–201977
    8 Flag of France.svg Cédric Heymans Toulouse 2001–201365
    9 Flag of France.svg Marc Andreu Castres, Racing 92, La Rochelle 2005–60
    10 Flag of France.svg Julien Candelon Narbonne, Perpignan 2003–201258

    Notes

    1. The 2016 final was moved to Barcelona as the final clashed with UEFA Euro 2016, and therefore no stadium with sufficient capacity was available to host the final in France. Accordingly, LNR chose Camp Nou as the venue. [50]

    See also

    Notes

    1. 1 2 "Brennus, les 26 clubs sacrés !" (in French). LNR. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
    2. AFP (28 January 2007). "Le Stade Français sort vainqueur du choc contre Toulouse". Le Monde (in French).
    3. LNR. "Statistiques generales 2010–2011" (in French). Archived from the original on 31 May 2012.
    4. Belsoeur, Camille (11 05, 2011). "Droits TV: comment Canal+ a recadré le rugby français". L'Expansion (in French).Check date values in: |date= (help)
    5. Mortimer, Gavin (18 August 2016). "French rugby enjoys a popularity boom as it looks to the future". Rugby World. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
    6. "Racing 92 and Stade Francais to merge to form Paris super club". ESPN (UK). 13 March 2017. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
    7. "Stade Francais players vote to strike over Racing 92 merger plan". ESPN (UK). 14 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
    8. "Emergency meeting called over Stade Francais-Racing 92 merger". ESPN (UK). PA Sport. 15 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
    9. "Racing 92-Stade Francais merger collapses amid resistance". ESPN (UK). 19 March 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
    10. "Gerry Thornley: Grenoble's Jackman fast becoming one of top Irish coaches". irishtimes. 12 April 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
    11. "Combien de fois Bayonne s'est imposé dans la capitale ?". www.rugbyrama.fr. Midi olympique. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
    12. "Daniel Salles à propos de Castres-Grenoble en 1993 : " Je me suis trompé "". sudouest. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
    13. "Top 14: Toulon-Castres, souviens-toi, il y a vingt ans..." www.lepoint.fr. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
    14. Raveney, Chris (11 May 2011). "Canal Plus retains Top 14 with multi-million dollar deal". sportspromedia.com.
    15. Cleary, Mick (10 February 2009). "Top English rugby talent lured by Euro". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
    16. Renaud (16 August 2011). "Toulouse toujours le plus gros budget du Top 14" (in French). rencontresaxv.fr.
    17. Crumley, Bruce (16 May 2010). "Gloom over French Soccer Contrasts With Rugby's Rise". Time.
    18. Dearlove, Paul (22 November 2010). "Paul Dearlove column: Up to 50 foreign stars could be heading to Top 14 for next season". frenchrugbyclub.com.
    19. Clegg, Jonathan (14 January 2011). "French Rugby Rules Europe". The Wall Street Journal.
    20. 1 2 Moriarty, Ian (11 November 2009). "French rugby heading for crisis". Scrum.com. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
    21. 1 2 "Top 14 set for salary cap". Scrum.com. 17 December 2009. Retrieved 19 December 2009.
    22. Moriarty, Ian (18 December 2009). "Salary cap just sleight of hand". Scrum.com. Retrieved 19 December 2009.
    23. "Salary cap up to €8.7m". frenchrugbyclub.com. 22 March 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
    24. "French rugby chiefs agree salary cap rise". ESPN Scrum. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
    25. 1 2 3 Mortimer, Gavin (12 April 2016). "French rugby looking to close foreign player loopholes". Rugby World . Retrieved 8 July 2016.
    26. Eddison, Paul (4 December 2013). "Rugby's uncordiale entente". ESPN Scrum. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
    27. "Bourgoin maintenu en Top 14" (in French). 9 July 2010. Archived from the original on 11 July 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
    28. Moriarty, Ian (6 July 2010). "Time to hit the panic button?". Scrum.com. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
    29. Moriarty, Ian (15 May 2013). "The multi-national tricolour". ESPN Scrum. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
    30. Mortimer, Gavin (17 February 2015). "Six Nations: The root of France's problems". Rugby World . Retrieved 8 July 2016.
    31. 1 2 3 "Future of European Rugby resolved" (Press release). Rugby Football Union. 10 April 2014. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
    32. Jones, Chris (24 September 2014). "Rugby Union: Change to Champions Cup play-offs". BBC Radio 5 Live. BBC Sport. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
    33. Only 2 clubs took part. Match account in French Archived 26 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine
    34. The title was awarded after a round-robin with 5 clubs. Stade Français won with 10 points, Olympique de Paris was second with 8.
    35. The title was awarded after a round-robin with 6 clubs. Stade Français won with 10 points, Racing was second with 6.
    36. The first time provincial teams were invited.
    37. Stade Bordelais won the final 3–0, but the U.S.F.S.A. which organized the competition declared the final null and void and ordered a replay in Paris as Stade Bordelais had fielded three ineligible players; however, the replay was scratched and Stade Français were awarded the championship after the Bordeaux side refused to participate in the replay.
    38. A first final, played on 26 April 1925 in Toulouse, had ended on a 0–0 a.e.t. Archived 6 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine .
    39. A first final played on 15 May 1949 at Stade des Ponts Jumeaux in Toulouse had ended on a 3–3 draw (a.e.t.) Archived 25 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine .
    40. Because of the May 1968 events, the finale was played three weeks later than scheduled. The score was 6–6 after regulation time expired, and 9–9 after extra-time expired, but it was impossible to schedule a replay due to France leaving to tour to New Zealand and South Africa, so FC Lourdes were declared champions because they had scored 2 tries to Toulon’s zero in the final.
    41. Béziers won 3 goal-kicks to 1.
    42. The highest scoring final ever.
    43. "Top 14 Finale : Clermont-Auvergne – Toulouse". L'Équipe (in French). 24 June 2008. Retrieved 1 April 2009.
    44. "Top 14 Finale : Perpignan – Clermont". L'Équipe (in French). 6 June 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
    45. "Top 14 Finale : Perpignan – Clermont". L'Équipe (in French). 29 May 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010.
    46. "Top 14 Finale : Toulouse – Montpellier". 'L'Équipe (in French). 4 June 2011. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
    47. "Castres, vingt ans après". 'L'Équipe (in French). 1 June 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
    48. "Toulon 18 – 10 Castres". L'Équipe . 31 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
    49. "Stade Français - Clermont (12-6)". L'Équipe. 13 June 2015. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
    50. "La Finale 2016 du TOP 14 au Camp Nou, à Barcelone !" (Press release) (in French). Ligue nationale de rugby. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
    51. Bergogne, Romain (24 June 2016). "En battant Toulon, le Racing 92 est sacré champion de France". L'Équipe (in French). Retrieved 25 June 2016.
    52. Escot, Richard (4 June 2017). "Clermont champion de France après sa victoire contre Toulon" [Clermont champion of France after victory against Toulon]. L'Équipe (in French). Retrieved 6 June 2017.
    53. "Montpellier 13 – 29 Castres". Midi Libre (in French). 2 June 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
    54. "Résultat En direct : Toulouse - Clermont, Top 14 2018-2019, Finale, Samedi 15 Juin 2019". L'Equipe. 15 June 2019.
    55. "Top 14 - Pro D2 : les présidents d'accord pour ne pas attribuer de titre". L'Equipe. 6 May 2020.

    Notes

    1. In recent years, Bordeaux Bègles has taken occasional home matches to Matmut Atlantique.
    2. In recent years, Toulon has taken occasional home matches to Stade Vélodrome in Marseille and Allianz Riviera in Nice.
    3. Toulouse often takes high-demand home matches to the city's largest sporting venue, Stadium Municipal.

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    The 2019–20 Top 14 competition was the 121st French domestic rugby union club competition operated by the Ligue Nationale de Rugby (LNR). Two new teams from the 2018–19 Pro D2 season were promoted to Top 14 in place of the two relegated teams, Perpignan and Grenoble.
    Playing was suspended after the 17th Matchday due to the COVID-19 pandemic in France. The season was officially cancelled without any winner on 6 May.