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|Industry||Animated films, Animated television shows|
|Defunct||June 15, 1985|
|Successor|| Studio Ghibli |
Pacific Animation Corporation
|Products||Anime, animated feature films, Television animated series|
Topcraft (トップクラフト Toppukurafuto, also written as "Top Craft") was an animation studio established in 1971 by former Toei Animation producer Toru Hara, and located in Tokyo, Japan. It was famous for the production of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind and for doing animation for hand-drawn animation titles by Rankin/Bass Productions (New York City, USA). The studio went bankrupt and dissolved on June 15, 1985, essentially splitting the studio in half. Hayao Miyazaki, Toshio Suzuki and Isao Takahata formed Studio Ghibli. Topcraft's founder, Toru Hara, became Studio Ghibli's first manager.Topcraft's animators later formed another studio, called Pacific Animation Corporation, to continue working with Rankin/Bass on television shows like ThunderCats and Silverhawks, but eventually joined Ghibli once Pacific Animation was bought out by The Walt Disney Company and became Walt Disney Animation Japan. Some animators, like Tsuguyuki Kubo, went to work for other studios, such as Studio Pierrot, working on Naruto and Bleach for them.
Despite suggestions otherwise, the transition from Topcraft's demise into the formation of Studio Ghibli is not clear. Ghibli was founded after the advice of Tokuma Shoten and the success of Topcraft's Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind .
|Title||Year||In partnership with|
|The Wizard of Oz||1982||Toho, Wiz Corporation|
|Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind||1984||Tokuma Shoten Publishing, Hakuhodo|
|Adventures of the Little Koala||1984-1985||Tohokushinsha Film|
|Adventures of Korobokkle||1973-1974|
|Paul's Miraculous Adventure||1976-1977|
|The Dragon That Wasn't (Or Was He?)||1983||Rob Houwer Film|
|’Twas the Night Before Christmas||1974|
|The First Easter Rabbit||1976|
|Frosty's Winter Wonderland|
|The Stingiest Man in Town||1978|
|The Return of the King||1980|
|The Flight of Dragons||1982|
|The Last Unicorn|
|The Jackson 5ive||1971-1972||Rankin/Bass and Halas & Batchelor||Topcraft was one of the animation cooperation studios.|
|The Osmonds||1972-1973||Topcraft was one of the animation cooperation studios.|
|Festival of Family Classics||Rankin/Bass||Topcraft was the main animation studio for episodes 4–5 and 19.|
|The ABC Saturday Superstar Movie||Topcraft was the main animation studio for episodes 6, 14 and 17.|
|Mazinger Z||1972-1974||Toei Animation||Topcraft was the main animation studio for episodes 55, 60, 64, 70, 76, 82, 84, 87 and 89.|
|Gatchaman||Tatsunoko||Topcraft was one of the animation cooperation studios.|
|Maya the Bee||1975-1976||Nippon Animation||Topcraft was one of the animation cooperation studios.|
|Lupin III: Part II||1977-1980||Tokyo Movie Shinsha||Topcraft was the main animation studio for episodes 24, 29, 109, 114, 119, 122, 124 and 128.|
|Doctor Snuggles||1979-1980||PolyScope Production||Topcraft was the main animation studio for episodes 1 to 7.|
|Jarinko Chie||1981-1983||Tokyo Movie Shinsha||Topcraft was the main animation studio for episodes 42, 45, 49 and 51|
|Kojika Mongatari||1983-1985||MK Company||Topcraft was the main animation studio for episodes 11–12, 14, 22–23, 27, 29 and 32|
|Lensman||1984||Madhouse and MK Company||Topcraft was one of the animation cooperation and photography studios.|
|Magical Fairy Persia||1984-1985||Studio Pierrot||Key animation|
|Sherlock Hound||Tokyo Movie Shinsha||Topcraft was the main animation studio for episode 24.|
|Galactic Patrol Lensman||Madhouse and Academy Productions||Topcraft was one of the animation cooperation studios.|
|Star Musketeer Bismarck||Studio Pierrot||Topcraft was the main animation studio for episodes 27 and 29.|
|Sangokushi||1985||Shin-Ei Animation||Topcraft was one of the production cooperation studios.|
Hayao Miyazaki is a Japanese animator, director, producer, screenwriter, author, and manga artist. A co-founder of Studio Ghibli, he has attained international acclaim as a masterful storyteller and creator of Japanese animated feature films, and is widely regarded as one of the most accomplished filmmakers in the history of animation.
My Neighbor Totoro is a 1988 Japanese animated fantasy film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki and animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten. The film—which stars the voice actors Noriko Hidaka, Chika Sakamoto, and Hitoshi Takagi—tells the story of a professor's two young daughters and their interactions with friendly wood spirits in postwar rural Japan.
Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is a 1984 Japanese post-apocalyptic anime film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki, based on his 1982 manga. It was animated by Topcraft for Tokuma Shoten and Hakuhodo, and distributed by the Toei Company. Joe Hisaishi, in his first collaboration with Miyazaki, composed the score. The film stars the voices of Sumi Shimamoto, Goro Naya, Yoji Matsuda, Yoshiko Sakakibara and Iemasa Kayumi. Taking place in a post-nuclear futuristic world, the film tells the story of Nausicaä (Shimamoto), the young teenage princess of the Valley of the Wind. She becomes embroiled in a struggle with Tolmekia, a kingdom that tries to use an ancient weapon to eradicate a jungle full of giant mutant insects.
Castle in the Sky, titled Laputa: Castle in the Sky for release in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand, is a 1986 Japanese animated fantasy adventure film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki. The first film produced by Studio Ghibli, it was produced for Tokuma Shoten. Set in a fictional late 19th century, it follows the adventures of a boy and girl who are trying to keep a powerful crystal from the army, a group of secret agents, and a family of pirates, while searching for a legendary floating castle. The film was distributed by Toei Company.
Studio Ghibli Inc. is a Japanese animation film studio headquartered in Koganei, Tokyo. It is best known for its animated feature films, and has also produced several short subjects, television commercials, and two television films. Its mascot and most recognizable symbol is a character named Totoro, a giant spirit inspired by raccoon dogs (tanuki) and cats from the 1988 anime film My Neighbor Totoro. Among the studio's highest-grossing films are Spirited Away (2001), Howl's Moving Castle (2004) and Ponyo (2008). The studio was founded on June 15, 1985, by directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and producer Toshio Suzuki, after the successful performance of Topcraft's Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984). It has also collaborated with video game studios on the visual development of several games.
Isao Takahata was a Japanese director, screenwriter and producer. A co-founder of Studio Ghibli, he earned international critical acclaim for his work as a director of Japanese animated feature films. Born in Ujiyamada, Mie Prefecture, Takahata joined Toei Animation after graduating from the University of Tokyo in 1959. He worked as an assistant director, holding various positions over the years and collaborating with colleague Hayao Miyazaki, eventually directing his own film, The Great Adventure of Horus, Prince of the Sun (1968). He continued his partnership with Miyazaki, and under Nippon Animation directed the television series Heidi, Girl of the Alps (1974), 3000 Leagues in Search of Mother (1976), and Anne of Green Gables (1979). Takahata, Miyazaki and others formed Studio Ghibli in 1985, where he would direct Grave of the Fireflies (1988), Only Yesterday (1991), Pom Poko (1994), and My Neighbors the Yamadas (1999). His last film as director was The Tale of the Princess Kaguya (2013), which was nominated for an Oscar in the category of Best Animated Feature Film at the 87th Academy Awards.
Kiki's Delivery Service is a 1989 Japanese animated fantasy film written, produced, and directed by Hayao Miyazaki, adapted from the 1985 novel by Eiko Kadono. It was animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten, Yamato Transport and the Nippon Television Network. It tells the story of Kiki, a young witch who moves to a new town and uses her flying ability to earn a living. According to Miyazaki, the movie portrays the gulf between independence and reliance in teenage Japanese girls.
The Hobbit is a 1977 American animated musical television special created by Rankin/Bass, a studio known for their holiday specials, and animated by Topcraft, a precursor to Studio Ghibli. The film is an adaptation of the 1937 book of the same name by J. R. R. Tolkien, and was first broadcast on NBC in the United States on Sunday, November 27, 1977.
Rankin/Bass Animated Entertainment was an American production company located in New York, New York, and known for its seasonal television specials, usually done in stop motion animation. Rankin/Bass' stop-motion productions are recognizable by their visual style of doll-like characters with spheroid body parts and ubiquitous powdery snow using an animation technique called "Animagic". Often, traditional cel animation scenes of falling snow would be projected over the action to create the effect of a snowfall.
Ghibli Experimental Theater On Your Mark is an animated music video created by Studio Ghibli for the song "On Your Mark" by the Japanese rock duo Chage & Aska. The song was released in 1994 as part of the single "Heart". In 1995, Hayao Miyazaki wrote and directed the short film for the song as a side-project after having writer's block with Princess Mononoke. The anime music video is non-linear, providing multiple reiterations and alternate scenes to depict the events. The music video added sound effects to the audio track, but contains no dialogue. Miyazaki purposely misinterpreted the lyrics to present his vision of a world where the surface becomes inhospitable and humans live in an underground city. He made the video cryptic to evoke creative interpretations among viewers.
Adventures of the Little Koala is an anime television series produced by Tohokushinsha Film Corporation. It aired originally in Japan on TV Tokyo from October 4, 1984, through March 28, 1985, and then aired in the United States on Nickelodeon dubbed in English from June 1, 1987, until April 2, 1993. The storyline revolved around Roobear Koala and his friends and their utopian village in a fictional version of New South Wales, Australia, known in the Japanese version as Yukari Village, within the shadow of a real rock formation known as The Breadknife.
Toshio Suzuki is a Japanese film producer of anime and a long-time colleague of Hayao Miyazaki, as well as a co-founder and the former president of Studio Ghibli. Suzuki is renowned as one of Japan's most successful producers after the enormous box office success of many Ghibli films.
Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Hayao Miyazaki. It tells the story of Nausicaä, a princess of a small kingdom on a post-apocalyptic Earth with a toxic ecosystem, who becomes involved in a war between kingdoms while an environmental disaster threatens humankind.
Kiyoshi Sakai is an anime producer and animator. He worked for the animation studio Topcraft, where Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata worked immediately before forming Studio Ghibli in 1985.
Hideo Ogata was a producer and planner in Japan. He was also the founding editor of Animage magazine, the second largest anime and manga magazine in Japan, and the editor of the Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind manga series. Ogata assisted in the founding of Studio Ghibli. Ogata died of stomach cancer on 25 January 2007 at the age of 73. Hayao Miyazaki read the eulogy at his funeral.
Ponyo is a 2008 Japanese animated fantasy film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki, animated by Studio Ghibli for the Nippon Television Network, Dentsu, Hakuhodo DY Media Partners, Buena Vista Home Entertainment, Mitsubishi, and distributed by Toho. The film stars Yuria Nara, Hiroki Doi, Tomoko Yamaguchi, Kazushige Nagashima, Yūki Amami, George Tokoro, Rumi Hiiragi, Akiko Yano, Kazuko Yoshiyuki and Tomoko Naraoka. It is the eighth film Miyazaki directed for Studio Ghibli, and his tenth overall. The film tells the story of Ponyo (Nara), a goldfish who escapes from the ocean and is rescued by a five-year-old human boy, Sōsuke (Doi) after she is washed ashore while trapped in a glass jar. As they bond with each other, the story deals with resolving Ponyo's desire to become a human girl, against the devastating circumstances brought about by her acquisition and use of magic.
The Wind Rises is a 2013 Japanese animated historical drama film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki, animated by Studio Ghibli for the Nippon Television Network, Dentsu, Hakuhodo DY Media Partners, Walt Disney Japan, Mitsubishi, Toho and KDDI and distributed by Toho. It was released in Japan on 20 July 2013, and in North America by Touchstone Pictures on 21 February 2014.
Michiyo Yasuda was an animator and colour designer who worked for Toei Animation, A Production, Nippon Animation, Topcraft, and Studio Ghibli. Her designs were used by directors such as Isao Takahata, Hayao Miyazaki and Mamoru Oshii. During a career spanning five decades in the animation industry, she worked on animated feature films and short films for theatrical release, original video animation (OVA), promotional music videos, animated television series, documentaries and commercials. Yasuda provided the colour designs for Miyazaki's Academy Award winning animated film Spirited Away. She officially retired after working on Ponyo in 2008, but worked on the Academy Award nominated animated feature The Wind Rises, released in July 2013.
The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness is a 2013 Japanese documentary film directed by Mami Sunada. The film follows the routines of those employed at Studio Ghibli, including filmmakers Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, and Toshio Suzuki as they work to release two films simultaneously, The Wind Rises and The Tale of the Princess Kaguya.
The Story of Yanagawa's Canals is a 1987 live-action animated documentary directed by Isao Takahata and originally broadcast on NHK. The film details the history of the city of Yanagawa, Fukuoka and its inhabitant's struggle to preserve its signature canals from the devastating effects of water pollution.