Topeiros

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Topeiros
Τόπειρος
2010 Dimos Topirou.svg
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Topeiros
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Topirou.svg
Coordinates: 40°59′N24°48′E / 40.983°N 24.800°E / 40.983; 24.800 Coordinates: 40°59′N24°48′E / 40.983°N 24.800°E / 40.983; 24.800
Country Greece
Administrative region East Macedonia and Thrace
Regional unit Xanthi
Area
  Municipality 312.5 km2 (120.7 sq mi)
Population (2011) [1]
  Municipality 11,544
  Municipality density 37/km2 (96/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Vehicle registration AH

Topeiros (Greek : Τόπειρος, Turkish : İnhanlı) is a municipality in the Xanthi regional unit, Greece. The municipality has an area of 312.493 km2. [2] Population 11,544 (2011). The seat of the municipality is in Evlalo. [3]

Greek language language spoken in Greece, Cyprus and Southern Albania

Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning more than 3000 years of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic, and many other writing systems.

Turkish language Turkic language (possibly Altaic)

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.

Xanthi (regional unit) Regional unit in East Macedonia and Thrace, Greece

Xanthi is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Region of East Macedonia and Thrace. The capital is Xanthi. Together with the regional units Rhodope and Evros, it forms the geographical region of Western Thrace.

History

Topeiros was an ancient Thracian settlement, which in the imperial times evolved into a great urban center survived until the Byzantine period. The city is identified with the late Roman and Byzantine ruins saved a little south of the modern village of Paradeisos, where there is a passage of the river Nestos. The city functioned as tribal, administrative and religious center of the Thracian tribe of Sapaioi.

Thanks to its strategic position, in early 2nd AD century it was rebuilt – according to the Greek type of city-states – by emperor Trajan under his provincial policy intended to urbanization of Thrace. It was then known as Ulpia Topirus in Latin. Within the limits of its territory that stretched on both banks of the river Nestos were a dense network of rural settlements and castles, as well several Roman stations of via Egnatia. [4]

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References

  1. "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  3. Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  4. D. C. Samsaris, Historical Geography of Western Thrace during the Roman Antiquity (in Greek), Thessaloniki 2005, p. 79-91