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Toporzel Toporzel.svg

The Toporzeł is a Polish emblem, created by Stanisław Szukalski in 1935 as coat of arms of reborn "Second Poland". [1] [2] It was created by combination of axe and eagle. The head has the form of a hook, which symbolizes breaking a tradition.

Poland republic in Central Europe

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Emblem pictorial image that epitomizes a concept or that represents a person

An emblem is an abstract or representational pictorial image that represents a concept, like a moral truth, or an allegory, or a person, like a king or saint.

Stanisław Szukalski Polish artist

Stanisław Szukalski was a Polish-born American sculptor and painter who became a part of the Chicago Renaissance. In 1930s Poland he enjoyed fame as a nationalist sculptor. He also developed the pseudoscientific-historical theory of Zermatism, positing that all human culture was derived from post-deluge Easter Island and that humankind was locked in an eternal struggle with the Sons of Yeti ("Yetinsyny"), the offspring of Yeti and humans.

The emblem with an added cross, called "Topokrzyż", was seen in "Krak" magazine, published by Szukalski. It contains the inscription "GOJ - Gospodarczą Organizujmy Jedność" (sounding like "Goy" and means "Organize Economic Unity"), and was intended to mark non-Jewish shops. [3]

Goy non-Jew

Goy is the standard Hebrew biblical term for a nation. The word nation has been the common translation of the Hebrew goy or ethnos in the Septuagint, from the earliest English language bibles such as the 1611 King James Version and the 1530 Tyndale Bible, following the Latin Vulgate which used both gentile and nationes. The term nation did not have the same political connotations it entails today. The word "gentile" is a synonym for the Hebrew word Nokri which signifies "stranger" or "non-Jew".

Now it is used by neopaganic, nationalistic organizations like Association for Tradition and Culture "Niklot".

Nationalism is a political, social, and economic ideology and movement characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining the nation's sovereignty (self-governance) over its homeland. Nationalism holds that each nation should govern itself, free from outside interference (self-determination), that a nation is a natural and ideal basis for a polity, and that the nation is the only rightful source of political power. It further aims to build and maintain a single national identity—based on shared social characteristics such as culture, language, religion, politics, and belief in a shared singular history—and to promote national unity or solidarity. Nationalism, therefore, seeks to preserve and foster a nation's traditional culture, and cultural revivals have been associated with nationalist movements. It also encourages pride in national achievements, and is closely linked to patriotism. Nationalism is often combined with other ideologies, such as conservatism or socialism for example.

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  1. Lameński, Lechosław (2007). Stach z Warty. Szukalski i Szczep Rogate Serce. Wydawnictwo KUL. p. 187. ISBN   978-83-7363-554-8.
  2. Lameński, Lechosław (2007). Stach z Warty. Szukalski i Szczep Rogate Serce. Wydawnictwo KUL. p. 193. ISBN   978-83-7363-554-8.
  3. Lameński, Lechosław (2007). Stach z Warty. Szukalski i Szczep Rogate Serce. Wydawnictwo KUL. p. 223. ISBN   978-83-7363-554-8.