Tor Andræ

Last updated
The Right Reverend

Tor Andrae
Bishop of Linköping
Tor Andrae, Sv Upp.JPG
Church Church of Sweden
Diocese Diocese of Linköping
In office1936-1947
PredecessorErik Aurelius
SuccessorTorsten Ysander
Personal details
Born(1885-07-09)July 9, 1885
Vena, Sweden
DiedFebruary 24, 1947(1947-02-24) (aged 61)
Linköping, Sweden
SpouseEllen Gustafsson (1913-1947)
ChildrenHåkan Andrae
Staffan Andrae
Anders Johan Andrae
Carl Göran Andræ

Tor Julius Efraim Andræ (Swedish:  [ˈtuːr anˈdreː] ; 9 July 1885 – 24 February 1947) was a Swedish clergyman, professor and scholar of comparative religion who served as Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping. [1]


Andræ was born at Vena parish in Hultsfred Municipality in Kalmar County, Sweden. He came from a clerical family. He was the son of pastor Anders Johan Andræ and Ida Nilsson. He studied theology at Uppsala University, where he completed his Ph.D. in 1917. As a historian of religion, his particular interest lay in the early history of Islam, particularly its Jewish and Christian origins, and in the psychology of religion, but he also combined these interests in the study of early Islamic mysticism. [2]

He became church pastor at Gamla Uppsala in 1924. Between 1927 and 1929, he served as professor of religious history at Stockholm University and then became professor of theological encyclopedia at Uppsala University. Andræ was a student of Nathan Söderblom, whom he succeeded as member of the Swedish Academy in 1932. He was appointed Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping in 1936 and was the same year briefly Minister for Ecclesiastical Affairs (Minister of Education) in the short-lived cabinet of Prime Minister Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp. He died during 1947 in Linköping and was buried at Uppsala gamla kyrkogård. [3]

In 1985, Annemarie Schimmel remarked that until then only one study had "tried specifically to depict Muhammad's role in Islamic piety. Even today Tor Andrae's Die person Muhammeds in lehre und glaube seiner Gemeinde (1918) remains the standard work in this area, unsuperseded by any other major study, though complemented by random remarks in numerous modern work on Sufism. It is, however, unfortunately too little known even among Islamicists." [4]

Related Research Articles

Church of Sweden

The Church of Sweden is an Evangelical Lutheran national church in Sweden. A former state church, headquartered in Uppsala, with 5.8 million members at year end 2019, it is the largest Christian denomination in Sweden, the largest Lutheran denomination in Europe and the third-largest in the world, after the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania.

Nathan Söderblom

Lars Olof Jonathan Söderblom was a Swedish clergyman. He was the Church of Sweden Archbishop of Uppsala between 1914 and 1931, and recipient of the 1930 Nobel Peace Prize. He is commemorated in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church and in the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA) on July 12.

Annemarie Schimmel German scholar of Islam

Annemarie Schimmel was an influential German Orientalist and scholar who wrote extensively on Islam and Sufism. Internationally renowned, she was a professor at Harvard University from 1967 to 1992.

Torgny Segerstedt

Torgny Karl Segerstedt was a Swedish professor and scholar of comparative religion, who later became editor-in-chief of the newspaper Göteborgs Handels- och Sjöfartstidning. He is most remembered for his uncompromising anti-Nazi stance and his efforts to alert the Swedish public to the threat of Fascism during the 1930s.

Johan August Ekman

Johan August Ekman was Archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden, 1900–1913.

Olov Svebilius

Olaus (Olov) Svebilius was a Swedish priest and professor. He was Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping and Archbishop of Uppsala. His most notable work was Martin Luthers Lilla katekes med Katekesförklaring, a Swedish language translation and explanation of Luther's Small Catechism.

Johannes Steuchius

Johannes Steuchius was Archbishop of Uppsala in the Church of Sweden from 1730 to his death.

Edvard Magnus Rodhe

Edvard Magnus Rodhe was a Swedish theologian and Bishop of Lund 1925-1948.

Bo Giertz

Bo Harald Giertz was a thrice-widowed Lutheran theologian, novelist and bishop of the Gothenburg Lutheran Diocese from 1949 to 1970. By the time he became bishop, he was already quite well known in Sweden and elsewhere both as an author and as a priest. He worked hard to promote western Swedish Pietism, an outlook that strongly resembled Neo-Lutheranism. Mostly it was a piety that took Scripture seriously, though not in a fundamentalist, literalist sense, and that centered Christian life on sacraments and prayer. Giertz's combination of pietist pastoral care with High Church Lutheran theology, which can also be noticed in his novels, gained for him a wide readership and made his novels as well as non-fiction books about Christian faith popular in Scandinavia. Giertz wrote more than 600 works but is known in the English-speaking world mostly for his book The Hammer of God.

Antje Jackelén

Antje Jackelén is the Archbishop of Uppsala and primate of the Church of Sweden, the national church. On 15 October 2013, she was elected the 70th Archbishop of Uppsala and formally received through a service in Uppsala Cathedral on 15 June 2014, making her Sweden's first foreign-born archbishop since the 12th century, and the first female archbishop.

Carl von Rosenstein

Carl von Rosenstein was the Church of Sweden Bishop of Linköping from 1809 to 1819 and Archbishop of Uppsala from 1819 to 1836.

Martin Lönnebo Swedish clergyman (born 1930)

Karl Martin Lönnebo is a Swedish clergyman who served as Bishop of the diocese of Linköping from 1980 to 1994.

Gunnel Margareta André is a Swedish theologian, an ordained Lutheran minister in the Church of Sweden and an author.

1885 in Sweden

Events from the year 1885 in Sweden

Gunnar Hultgren

Gunnar Axel Engelbrekt Hultgren was a Swedish bishop within the Church of Sweden. He was the Archbishop of Uppsala between 1958 and 1967.

Martin Lind

Martin Claes Lind is Bishop Emeritus of the Diocese of Linköping in the Church of Sweden and former Bishop of the Lutheran Church in Great Britain. He was Bishop of Linköping from 1 February 1995 to 2 March 2011. He was appointed Bishop of the Lutheran Church in Great Britain in January 2014 and retired in 2019.

Tuulikki Koivunen Bylund Finnish-born Swedish theologian (born 1947)

Tuulikki Koivunen Bylund is a Finnish-born Swedish theologian. She was appointed Bishop of Härnösand in central Sweden on 8 November 2009; she was the fourth woman to be ordained as a bishop in the Church of Sweden. She retired on 13 December 2014.

Geo Widengren

Geo Widengren was a Swedish historian of religions, professor of history of religions at Uppsala University, orientalist and Iranist.

Helge Ljungberg

Helge Ljungberg was a Swedish religious historian and Bishop of Stockholm from 1954 till 1971.

Andrae, Andræ (Danish) or Andrä is a surname and given name, which is a variant of Andreae, itself a patronymic from the personal name Andreas. Notable persons with this name include:


  1. "Andræ, Tor Julius Efraim". Biografisk matrikel över Svenska kyrkans prästerskap. 1934. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  2. "Andræ, Tor Julius Efraim, biskop, religionsvetenskapsman (1885–1947)". Svenska Akademien. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  3. William A Graham. "Tor Julius Efraim Andræ". Religion Past and Present. doi:10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_00687 . Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  4. Annemarie Schimmel (1985). And Muhammad is his messenger: the veneration of the Prophet in Islamic piety . University of North Carolina Press. p.  7. ISBN   978-0-8078-1639-4.
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Nathan Söderblom
Swedish Academy,
Seat No 16

Succeeded by
Elias Wessén