Torbjørn Bratt

Last updated
Torbjørn Bratt
Bornc.1502
Andenes, Norway
Died1548 (aged 4546)
NationalityNorwegian
Alma mater University of Cologne
OccupationClergyman, Bishop of the Diocese of Trondhjem

Torbjørn Olavssøn Bratt ( c.15021548) was a Norwegian clergyman. He was the first bishop of Trondheim, after the introduction of the Protestant Reformation in Norway. He served as Bishop of the Diocese of Trondhjem from 1546 until 1548. [1]

Bratt was born in the fishing village of Andenes on the island of Andøya in Nordland, Norway. He was born into one of the families that constituted the remains of old Norwegian aristocracy and was elder brother of Jens Olavssøn Bratt. He and his brother were both enrolled at the University of Cologne thanks to the sponsorship of Olav Engelbrektsson, Archbishop of Trondheim. Engelbrektsson was the last Roman Catholic to be the archbishop before he fled to exile in 1537. After the archbishop had to flee, both brothers adapted to the situation and cooperated with the new Lutheran authorities. In 1530, he returned to Copenhagen where he completed his master's degree. For a short time, he held a teaching position at the University of Copenhagen. In 1546, Bratt was appointed superintendent (Decanus capituli). He was assigned Elgeseter cloister as a residence. In his new position, he began with a transformation of the Trondheim Cathedral School to an evangelical seminary for Lutheran priests. He died of the plague at the age of about 45 years in 1548. [2]

Andenes Village in Northern Norway, Norway

Andenes  is the administrative centre of Andøy Municipality which is located in the Vesterålen district of Nordland county, Norway. The village of Andenes is the northernmost settlement of the island of Andøya. To the east is the island of Senja, and to the west the endless horizon of the North Atlantic Ocean. Andenes Lighthouse sits along the harbor and can be seen for long distances. Andøya Airport, Andenes is located just south of the village, off of Norwegian County Road 82.

Andøya island in Andøy, Norway

Andøya is the northernmost island in the Vesterålen archipelago, situated about 300 kilometres (190 mi) inside the Arctic circle. Andøya is located in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The main population centres on the island include the villages of Andenes, Bleik, and Risøyhamn.

Nordland County (fylke) of Norway

Nordland is a county in Norway in the Northern Norway region, bordering Troms in the north, Trøndelag in the south, Norrbotten County in Sweden to the east, Västerbotten County to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The county was formerly known as Nordlandene amt. The county administration is in Bodø. The remote Arctic island of Jan Mayen has been administered from Nordland since 1995.

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References

  1. Godal, Anne Marit (ed.). "Thorbjørn Olavssøn Bratt". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Norsk nettleksikon. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  2. Helle, Knut (ed.). "Torbjørn Olavssøn Bratt". Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
Religious titles
Preceded by
Olav Engelbrektsson
as the Last Catholic Bishop
(Protestant reformation in Norway)
Bishop of Trondhjem
1546 1548
Succeeded by
Hans Gaas