|Died||1548 (aged 45–46)|
|Alma mater||University of Cologne|
|Occupation||Clergyman, Bishop of the Diocese of Trondhjem|
Torbjørn Olavssøn Bratt ( c.1502–1548) was a Norwegian clergyman. He was the first bishop of Trondheim, after the introduction of the Protestant Reformation in Norway. He served as Bishop of the Diocese of Trondhjem from 1546 until 1548.
Bratt was born in the fishing village of Andenes on the island of Andøya in Nordland, Norway. He was born into one of the families that constituted the remains of old Norwegian aristocracy and was elder brother of Jens Olavssøn Bratt. He and his brother were both enrolled at the University of Cologne thanks to the sponsorship of Olav Engelbrektsson, Archbishop of Trondheim. Engelbrektsson was the last Roman Catholic to be the archbishop before he fled to exile in 1537. After the archbishop had to flee, both brothers adapted to the situation and cooperated with the new Lutheran authorities. In 1530, he returned to Copenhagen where he completed his master's degree. For a short time, he held a teaching position at the University of Copenhagen. In 1546, Bratt was appointed superintendent (Decanus capituli). He was assigned Elgeseter cloister as a residence. In his new position, he began with a transformation of the Trondheim Cathedral School to an evangelical seminary for Lutheran priests. He died of the plague at the age of about 45 years in 1548.
Andøya is the northernmost island in the Vesterålen archipelago, situated about 300 kilometres (190 mi) inside the Arctic circle. Andøya is located in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The main population centres on the island include the villages of Andenes, Bleik, and Risøyhamn.
Nordland is a county in Norway in the Northern Norway region, bordering Troms in the north, Trøndelag in the south, Norrbotten County in Sweden to the east, Västerbotten County to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The county was formerly known as Nordlandene amt. The county administration is in Bodø. The remote Arctic island of Jan Mayen has been administered from Nordland since 1995.
Nidaros, Niðarós or Niðaróss was the medieval name of Trondheim when it was the capital of Norway's first Christian kings. It was named for its position at the mouth of the River Nid.
Vincens Lunge was a Danish noble, member of the Norwegian realm council (Riksråd) and the foremost representative of King Christian III of Denmark in Norway.
Olav Engelbrektsson was the 28th Archbishop of Norway from 1523 to 1537, the Regent of Norway from 1533 to 1537, a member and later president of the Riksråd, and a member of the Norwegian nobility. He was the last Roman Catholic to be the Archbishop of Norway before he fled to exile in 1537.
Sigmund Skard was a Norwegian poet, essayist and professor of literature.
Jens Tillufssøn Bjelke, a Danish-Norwegian nobleman and a feudal lord of Jemtland, Norway, was originally from Danish Skåne. Jens Tillufssøn Bjelke was one of several notable Danes who acquired land, resided permanently in Norway, became thoroughly Norwegian and founded new Norwegian noble families, which replaced the old nobility of the first rank. He was the grandfather of Chancellor Jens Ågessøn Bjelke and great-grandfather of Governor Jorgen Bjelke.
St. Olav’s Shrine was the resting place of the earthly remains of St. Olav, Norway’s patron saint, behind the high altar of Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, Norway, from the mid 11th century. For nearly five centuries the shrine was of major religious value to Norway and the other Nordic countries, and also to other parts of Northern Europe. St. Olav’s Shrine opens and closes the Middle Ages as an historic period in Norway. The shrine consisted of three shrines, the one covering the other, and was the most important and by far the most valuable object in Norway in the Middle Ages. After the Lutheran reformation in 1536–1537, the valuable parts of St. Olav’s Shrine was destroyed by Danish authorities. Since 1568 St. Olav’s earthly remains have been resting in an unknown grave, in Nidaros Cathedral or in the cathedral cemetery.
Frants Berg was a Danish clergyman who served as the Bishop of Oslo.
Benjamin Dass was a Norwegian educator and scholar who served as Rector of Trondheim Cathedral School.
Events in the year 1502 in Norway.
Events in the year 1538 in Norway.
Thomas von Westen was a Norwegian Lutheran priest and missionary. He was a driving force in the Sami mission, and founded the education institution Seminarium Scholasticum, the later Seminarium Lapponicum, in Trondheim.
Peder Krog was a Danish-born Norwegian Lutheran bishop.
Hans Gaas was a Norwegian clergyman. He was Bishop of the Diocese of Nidaros in the aftermath of the introduction of Lutheranism into Norway.
Jens Olavssøn Bratt was a Norwegian clergyman.
Events in the year 1548 in Norway.
Hans Rev or Hans Reff was a Norwegian clergyman. He was the last Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oslo before the Protestant Reformation, and later became the first Lutheran Superintendent of the Diocese of Oslo within the Church of Norway.
Olav Torkelsson, also known as Olaf Thorkelsön, was the 31st and last Roman Catholic Bishop of Bergen, from 1523 to 1535, and a member of the Riksråd.
Aspa is the collective name of both the farm and the group of interrelated Norwegian families of noble origins in Møre og Romsdal, a fylke (county) in southwestern Norway. Several members of this group played significant roles in the political and ecclesiastical history of Norway in the Middle Ages. The group's name comes from its origin, the two farms on the island of Aspøya in the present municipality of Tingvoll, also in Møre og Romsdal – Aspa and Boksaspa.
Events in the year 1537 in Norway.
Nils Lykke was a Danish-Norwegian nobleman, feudal lord (lensherre) and member of the Riksråd in Norway. He was the son of Danish Riksråd member and landowner Joachim Lykke and Maren Bille. In 1528 he married Eline Nilsdatter, daughter of Nils Henriksson and Inger Ottesdotter Rømer. This was a period with strong conflicts between Lutheranism, which was supported by the Danish king, and Catholisism, which highest representative in Norway was archbishop Olav Engelbrektsson. When Lykke had a child with his sister-in-law Lucie Nilsdatter, which was regarded as incest according to the law, he was imprisoned and held at the Steinvikholm Castle, and eventually executed following Engelbrektsson's order.
as the Last Catholic Bishop
(Protestant reformation in Norway)
| Bishop of Trondhjem |
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