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Torchesk (Ukrainian : Торчеськ; Russian : Торческ) was a medieval town, located between today's villages of Olshanytsia and Sharky in Kiev Oblast (province) of central Ukraine near Kaharlyk.
Torchesk was first mentioned in a chronicle under the year of 1093 as the center of the Torks (and later Chorni Klobuky), who settled along the Ros River valley and served Kievan princes. In the second half of the 12th century, Torchesk became the capital of a principality, with its rulers being appointed by the grand princes of Kiev.
Torchesk was last mentioned in a chronicle in 1234. It appears that the town was destroyed by the Mongol invasions.
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Vladimir Sviatoslavich, called the Great, was Prince of Novgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev (Kyiv), and ruler of Kievan Rus' from 980 to 1015.
Oleg of Novgorod was a Varangian prince who ruled all or part of the Rus' people during the late 9th and early 10th centuries.
Vladimir II Monomakh reigned as Grand Prince of Kievan Rus' from 1113 to 1125. He is considered a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church and is celebrated on May 6.
The Christianization of Kievan Rus' took place in several stages. In early 867, Patriarch Photius of Constantinople announced to other Christian patriarchs that the Rus', baptized by his bishop, took to Christianity with particular enthusiasm. Photius's attempts at Christianizing the country seem to have entailed no lasting consequences, since the Primary Chronicle and other Slavonic sources describe the tenth-century Rus' as firmly entrenched in paganism. Following the Primary Chronicle, the definitive Christianization of Kievan Rus' dates from the year 988, when Vladimir the Great was baptized in Chersonesus and proceeded to baptize his family and people in Kiev. The latter events are traditionally referred to as baptism of Rus' in Ukrainian and Russian literature.
Sviatopolk II Iziaslavich was supreme ruler of the Kievan Rus for 20 years, from 1093 to 1113. He was not a popular prince, and his reign was marked by incessant rivalry with his cousin Vladimir Monomakh.
Rostyslav Rurykovych, Prince of Torchesk (1195–1205), Grand Prince of Kiev, Prince of Vyshhorod (1205–1210), Prince of Halych (1207). Son of Rurik Rostislavich.
Saint Michael of Chernigov or Mikhail Vsevolodovich was a Rus' prince. He was grand prince of Kiev ; and he was also prince of Pereyaslavl (1206), of Novgorod-Seversk (1219–1226), of Chernigov, of Novgorod, and of Halych (1235–1236).
Askold was a prince of Kiev (Kyiv) and founder of the first Vikings' state in the Dnieper basin. According to the Nikon Chronicle Askold's name was spelled out as Oskold. According to the Primary Chronicle, he along with another voivode Dir were of Rurik's clan in the 870s. That chronicle implies that they were neither his relatives nor of noble blood.
Mstislav Mstislavich the Daring prince of Tmutarakan and Chernigov, was one of the most popular and active princes of Kievan Rus' in the decades preceding the Mongol invasion of Rus'. He was the maternal grandfather of Prince Alexander Nevsky, Prince of Novgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev and Grand Prince of Vladimir. He also was the maternal grandfather of prince Leo of Galicia, who became Grand Prince of Kiev.
The Principality of Polotsk, also known as the Duchy of Polotsk or the Polotskian Rus', was a medieval principality of the Early East Slavs. The origin and date of state establishment is uncertain. Rus' Chronicles mention Polotsk being conquered by Vladimir the Great, and thereafter it became associated with the Rurik dynasty and Kievan Rus'.
Malusha Malkovna was allegedly a servant (kholopka) for Olga of Kiev and wife of Sviatoslav I of Kiev. According to Slavonic chronicles, she was the mother of Vladimir the Great and sister of Dobrynya. The Norse sagas describe Vladimir's mother as a prophetess who lived to the age of 100 and was brought from her cave to the palace to predict the future. Malusha monuments in Korosten, Ukraine, with her young son Vladimir.
Zolotonosha is a city located in Cherkasy Oblast (region) in central Ukraine. Located at around 27,664 (2020 est.)., the city serves as the administrative center of Zolotonosha Raion (district). The city itself is designated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Population:
Busk is a city located in Busk Raion in Lviv Oblast (region) of western Ukraine. Population: 8,667 (2020 est.) .
Chorni Klobuky, meaning "black hats" was a generic name for a group of semi-nomadic Turkic or Turkic-speaking tribes of Berendei, Torkils, Kovui of Chernihiv, Pechenegs, and others that at the end of 11th century settled on the southern frontier of Kiev and Pereyaslav principalities along the Ros River valley. They are first mentioned in the Kiev Chronicles of 1146.
Bakota is a historic submerged settlement of the Rus Kingdom, modern-day Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. The village lies beneath the Dniester River and is located in the historical Podillia region.
Bilhorod Kyivskyi or Belgorod Kievsky was a legendary city-castle located in Kievan Rus' that was located on the right bank of Irpin River and was mentioned in chronicles.
Kievan or Kyivan Rus' was a loose federation of East Slavic and Finno-Ugric peoples in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of the Varangian Rurik dynasty. The modern nations of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine all claim Kievan Rus' as their cultural ancestors, with Belarus and Russia deriving their names from it. Russia was ruled by the Rurikid dynasty until the 16th century. At its greatest extent, in the mid-11th century, it stretched from the White Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south and from the headwaters of the Vistula in the west to the Taman Peninsula in the east, uniting the majority of East Slavic tribes.
Bolokhovians, Bolokhoveni, also Bolokhovens, were a 13th-century ethnic group that resided in the vicinity of the Rus' principalities of Halych, Volhynia and Kiev, in the territory known as the "Bolokhovian land" centered at the city of Bolokhov or Bolokhovo. Their ethnic identity is uncertain; although Romanian scholars, basing on their ethnonym identify them as Romanians, archeological evidence and the Hypatian Chronicle suggest that they were a Slavic people. Their princes, or knyazes, were in constant conflict with Daniel of Galicia, Prince of Halych and Volhynia, between 1231 and 1257. After the Mongols sacked Kiev in 1240, the Bolokhovians supplied them with troops, but the Bolokhovian princes fled to Poland. The Bolokhovians disappeared after Daniel defeated them in 1257.
Berestove is a historical location of Kyiv. It is located in the Pechersk Raion of the city in the historic Hungarian tract. The location is situated between Lypky, Klov, Zvirynets and the right banks of Dnieper.
Bolokhov was a city mentioned in the Kievan and Galician–Volhynian chronicles, which gave the name to the Bolokhovian Land, but that has not yet been found or identified. The currently known chronicle texts, like other historical sources, do not allow to determine the location of the city of Bolokhov with acceptable, sufficient archaeological accuracy. One source says that this land may have been located in the southwest corner of Kiev and it also shared borders with Volyn (Volhyn) and Galicia.