Torcida organizada

Last updated
Imperio Alviverde, fans of Coritiba in Curitiba Imperio alviverde.JPG
Império Alviverde, fans of Coritiba in Curitiba

Torcidas organizadas (Portuguese pronunciation:  [toɾ'sidɐs oɾgɐ̃ni'zadɐs]) are formal (or informal) associations of football fans in Brazil in the same vein as barras bravas in Brazil itself (but less than torcidas organizadas) and the rest of Latin America, hooligan firms in United Kingdom and ultras in the rest of Europe, Asia, Australia and North Africa.


The name is based on the Portuguese verb torcer, which means "to wring" or "to twist"; the definition shifted to "to root for" after wringing scarfs became an emotional outlet for female Brazilian spectators attending football matches in the 1930s.

The rationale for the fans' behavior is that it can help the team gather strength to beat the opponent.

Beginnings in Brazil

In the beginning of the 1930s, and until the 1960s, torcidas organizadas were informal associations of fans who gathered to buy fireworks, cloth for large flags, and other stuff to be used during celebrations The first one was the TUSP (Torcida Uniformizada São Paulo) (São Paulo FC). Later, such associations became permanent, and were legally formalized as nonprofit recreational associations with the primary goal of providing a better spectacle at the stadium and surroundings. Some of the noteworthy torcidas organizadas from this time were: Torcida Jovem Fla and Raça Rubro-Negra (Flamengo), Gaviões da Fiel (Corinthians), Torcida Independente and Dragões da Real (São Paulo FC), Mancha Verde (Palmeiras), Força Jovem Vasco (Vasco da Gama), Máfia Azul (Cruzeiro), Galoucura (Atlético Mineiro), Torcida Jovem do Santos (Santos FC), Young Flu (Fluminense), Fúria Jovem do Botafogo (Botafogo), Bamor (Esporte Clube Bahia), Torcida Jovem do Sport (Sport Club do Recife), Os Imbatíveis (Esporte Clube Vitória), Inferno Coral (Santa Cruz Futebol Clube), Os Fanáticos (Clube Atlético Paranaense) Império Alviverde (Coritiba Foot Ball Club), Garra Alvinegra (ABC Futebol Clube), Máfia Vermelha (América de Natal). In the beginning the torcida organizada movement was fragmentary, but would later consolidate into larger bodies or leagues. Some torcidas would open branches throughout the country to support their teams playing away, given the national range of their supporters.


"Torcidas organizadas" later became infamous for their association with stadium violence, which would cause Justice to disband some of them (notably Gaviões da Fiel, Mancha Verde and Torcida Independente, both the top and most hard-core firms and active in one of the largest cities in the world: São Paulo). Some clubs (notably Flamengo) would also be plagued by rival torcidas which would battle each other as well as the opponents.

Rivalry is embedded in Brazilian football culture, but when it comes to their organized (or uniformed) supporters, things can take a turn for the worse. Some groups can relate only with their equals, a common occurrence for "torcidas organizadas", "barras bravas" and "firms" all over the world.


Teams active over a wider range on national and international field have come to experience historical clashes that created fierce rivals, as well as close and loyal allies. An example for this is the union between three of the main organized firms then and today: Mancha Verde (Palmeiras), Força Jovem Vasco (Vasco) and Galoucura (Atlético Mineiro) who have a friendship that dates back to the early 1980s, while rivals Torcida Jovem Fla (supporters of Flamengo), Torcida Independente (supporters of São Paulo FC) and Máfia Azul (Cruzeiro) are also linked to each other.

These old unions, dated, some say, since the beginning of the 1980s and 1990s (in the Jovem Fla-Independente case), has been theme for songs and ovations whenever these two teams meet or whenever they meet each other's rivals. They proudly sing that each one of them is unified with another hard-core group of supporters. With this, two opposite mobs of national unified groups were created. Within these unions it is normal that the supporters exchange shirts, caps, and other articles; therefore for example it is normal to see gear of allied teams (Palmeiras), Atlético Mineiro, Grêmio Bahia and ABC Futebol Clube at Vasco da Gama games.

Torcida Independente, Torcida Jovem Fla and Máfia Azul's alliance was known for their own "symbol". To symbolize their own group and alliance, they raised their fists and crossed them, calling themselves "punhos cruzados" (crossed fists). In reference and prejudice to this, Mancha Verde, Galoucura and Força Jovem do Vasco put heir middle fingers up and called themselves "dedos pro alto" (raised fingers); the alliance between Young Flu (Fluminense) Fúria Independente Guarani and Fúria Independente Paraná also have their touching fists symbol. Players for both teams, especially from Flamengo and São Paulo, are known to represent these 'expressions' after scoring a goal on the pitch, driving the hard-core fans crazy with pride.[ citation needed ] Depending on the club the Torcidas Organizadas can have a certain level of influence in the confines and politically within the clubs; notably Gaviões da Fiel have a considerable amount of power in Corinthians as do their rivals Mancha Verde in Palmeiras; who were single-handedly responsible for the demise of players like Vagner Love and Diego Souza to move on to other clubs. Yet Torcida Independente have little to no influence over São Paulo FC.[ citation needed ]

European Torcidas

The Brazilian influence stretched into Europe through Torcida Split, a formal association of Hajduk Split fans in the Croatian Dalmatia region. Torcida Split is now the oldest (1950) organized supporters' group in Europe. Thanks to Torcida Split , many other Torcida organized supporters' groups were created, among them rapidly growing and acting Górnik Zabrze fans, called Torcida Górnik, and FK Novi Pazar fans, called Torcida Sandžak .

Differences between Torcidas and the Barras Bravas and Ultras

Generally speaking, the torcidas organizadas have a different supporting style to the barra bravas and ultras: they sing all the time, usually the anthem of the club or songs that are known even to those that are not part of a torcida. These songs are usually played along with drum beats and other musical instruments, although most are not allowed inside the stadiums. Other significant differences are the enormous flags that are made and expected by everyone in the stadiums. The torcidas usually display a team logo, or even a gigantic team shirt, but a constant in these flags is a reference to the torcida that made them.

The reason why torcidas constantly sing is because they believe it is important to support the team, no matter what is occurring on the field. That is why it is so common to see the crowd singing, even if the opposing team has just scored a goal. However, during the half-time, the torcidas tend to organize small protests that are directed to the team manager or the team president, in order to express their dissatisfaction with recent decisions or even long-standing unfulfilled promises.

As for what concerns the players, the torcidas usually try not to point out a player who is not putting all of his best efforts to work. As matter of fact, many supporters who belong to torcidas cannot stand anyone around them criticizing the players, which often results in brawls in the middle of the crowd. However, it is quite common for torcidas to ask for a substitution, generally just by chanting the name of the player they wish to see playing. Although some believe such practice seems to diminish the other players' efforts, this situation is quite common in stadiums.

Related Research Articles

Clube de Regatas do Flamengo Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro

Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, commonly referred to as Flamengo, is a Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro, in the neighbourhood of Gávea, best known for their professional football team.

Sport Club Corinthians Paulista Multisport club based in São Paulo, Brazil

Sport Club Corinthians Paulista is a Brazilian sports club based in the city of São Paulo, in the southeastern district of Tatuapé. Although they compete in a number of different sports, Corinthians is mostly known for its professional association football team. Founded in 1910 by five railway workers, Corinthians was inspired by the London-based club Corinthian Football Club. The football team plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the top tier of the Brazilian football, as well as in the Campeonato Paulista Série A1, the first division of the traditional in-state competition.

Clube Atlético Mineiro association football club in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Clube Atlético Mineiro, commonly known as Atlético Mineiro or Atlético, and colloquially as Galo, is a professional football club based in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The team competes in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the first level of Brazilian football, as well as in the Campeonato Mineiro, the top tier state league of Minas Gerais.

CR Vasco da Gama Sports club in Brazil

Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama is a Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro, in the neighborhood of Vasco da Gama, that was founded on August 21, 1898, by Portuguese immigrants, and still has a strong fanbase among the Portuguese community of Rio de Janeiro. It is one of the most popular clubs in Brazil, with more than 23 million supporters. Although they compete in a number of different sports, Vasco is mostly known for its football team. It plays in the Campeonato Carioca, the state of Rio de Janeiro's premier state league and in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the first tier of Brazilian football league system.

Nacional Futebol Clube association football club

Nacional Futebol Clube, commonly referred to as Nacional, is a Brazilian football club based in Manaus, Amazonas. The club plays in Série D, the fourth tier of Brazilian football, as well as in the Campeonato Amazonense, the top level of the Amazonas state football league.

The Real Football Factories International is a documentary style program about football hooliganism across the world. The Real Football Factories was the first series, where presenter and actor Danny Dyer travelled the UK, meeting some of the more notorious football firms. In this spin-off series, Dyer goes international, meeting firms from across the globe. Dyer played the main character of Tommy Johnson, a main member of a fictional Chelsea firm in the 2004 film The Football Factory.

The Liga Independente das Escolas de Samba de São Paulo - Independent League of the Samba Schools of São Paulo - or LigaSP is an entity that administrates the Special and Access Groups of the Carnival of São Paulo.

The 2000 season was São Paulo's 71st season since club's existence. That year the club won state league of São Paulo, the Campeonato Paulista for the twentieth time after two legs of final against rival Santos thanks to a win in the first match by 1-0 and a 2-2 draw in the second leg, both played in Morumbi Stadium. In Copa do Brasil The Dearest reaches the finals for the first time but couldn´t raise the trophy due to a defeat in second match when Geovanni, midfielder of Cruzeiro, scored a free kick goal on the last minute and gave to opponent the title. Another highlighting performances were in Torneio Rio-São Paulo and Copa dos Campeões when São Paulo fell in semi-finals. Playing the continental cup Copa Mercosur they not took a place in second stage ending in second position on group stage. In national league Campeonato Brasileiro, the team was defeated by rival Palmeiras in round of 16 by two results.

The 1997 São Paulo F.C. season details the competitions entered, matches played and teams faced by the São Paulo Futebol Clube in the 1997 season, showing the result in each event. Both friendly and official events are included. São Paulo Futebol Clube is a professional football club based in São Paulo, Brazil. They play in the Campeonato Paulista, São Paulo's state league, and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A or Brasileirão, Brazil's national league.

Santos FC is a football club based in Santos, that competes in the Campeonato Paulista, São Paulo's state league, and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A or Brasileirão, Brazil's national league. The club was founded in 1912 by the initiative of three sports enthusiasts from Santos by the names of Raimundo Marques, Mário Ferraz de Campos, and Argemiro de Souza Júnior, and played its first friendly match on June 23, 1914. Initially Santos played against other local clubs in the city and state championships, but in 1959 the club became one of the founding members of the Taça Brasil, Brazil's first truly national league. As of 2010, Santos is one of only five clubs never to have been relegated from the top level of Brazilian football, the others being São Paulo, Flamengo, Internacional and Cruzeiro.

Torcida Jovem

The Torcida Jovem are a torcida organizada, or supporters' group, for Santos Futebol Clube, a Brazilian professional football club based in Santos, Brazil. Founded in 1969 by a group of fans from São Paulo, the group set out to make it a goal to attend every match that the club played in the capital of São Paulo. With over 70,000 members, it is one of the largest supporting groups in Brazil. The current president is Fernando Raposa.

The 2013 Copa do Brasil was the 25th edition of the Copa do Brasil. It began on February 27 and ended on November 27. The competition was contested by 87 teams, either qualified through participating in their respective state championships (71), by the CBF Rankings (10) or those qualified for 2013 Copa Libertadores (6). Clubs that qualify for the 2013 Copa Libertadores entered the competition in the Round of 16. The best 8 teams of 2012 Campeonato Brasileiro eliminated up to the third round qualifies for 2013 Copa Sudamericana which was contested in the second half of 2013.

Guerreiros do Almirante is the barra brava of Vasco da Gama. They are commonly known as Loucos da Saída 3, because of their localization in São Januário bleachers, and A Barra Mais Louca, because of their passion, cheering unconditionally.

The 1943 football season was São Paulo's 14th season since club's existence.

The 2015 season is Cruzeiro's ninety-fourth season in existence and the club's forty-fifth consecutive season in the top flight of Brazilian football.

The following article presents a summary of the 2019 football (soccer) season in Brazil, which was the 118th season of competitive football in the country.

The 2015 season is the 120th year in the club's history, the 104th season in Clube de Regatas do Flamengo's football existence, and their 45th in the Brazilian Série A, having never been relegated from the top division.

The following article presents a summary of the 2020 football (soccer) season in Brazil, which is the 119th season of competitive football in the country.

The 2017 season was the 96th in the Cruzeiro Esporte Clube's existence. Along with the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the club also competed in the Campeonato Mineiro, the Primeira Liga, the Copa do Brasil and the Copa Sudamericana.