Torcuato di Tella (1892 –1948) was an Argentine industrialist and philanthropist.
Torcuato di Tella was born in Capracotta, Italy, in 1892. He arrived in Argentina at age 13 and settled in Buenos Aires.A widespread, 1911 bakery workers' strike prompted di Tella to develop a bread making machine, which he sold to a number of the city's panaderías as both a labor-saving device and a hedge against future strikes. The venture gave birth to Sección Industrial Amasadoras Mecánicas ("Bread Making Machine Industries"), or, simply, SIAM.
Capracotta is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) northwest of Campobasso and about 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of Isernia.
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.
Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina. The city is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the South American continent's southeastern coast. "Buenos Aires" can be translated as "fair winds" or "good airs", but the former was the meaning intended by the founders in the 16th century, by the use of the original name "Real de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre". The Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which also includes several Buenos Aires Province districts, constitutes the fourth-most populous metropolitan area in the Americas, with a population of around 15.6 million.
Di Tella enlisted in the Italian Army during World War I; upon his return, he enrolled in the University of Buenos Aires, earning a degree in Exact Sciences in 1921. The country's leading bread and pasta machine maker by the 1920s, di Tella's friendship with Enrique Mosconi, the Director of the newly established State oil concern YPF, helped result in a contract for their petroleum extraction pumps, pipes, and fuel dispensers, making SIAM a leading Argentine manufacturer. A military coup in 1930 resulted in the contract's rescission, however, prompting di Tella to convert his new factory in the southern Buenos Aires suburb of Avellaneda into the manufacture of industrial machinery and home appliances (particularly refrigerators), becoming an employer to 10,000 workers and the largest, domestically-based industrial conglomerate in Latin America.
The Italian Army is the land-based component of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic. The army's history dates back to the unification of Italy in the 1850s and 1860s. The army fought in colonial engagements in China, Libya, Northern Italy against the Austro-Hungarian Empire during World War I, Abyssinia before World War II and in World War II in Albania, Greece, North Africa, Russia and Italy itself. During the Cold War, the army prepared itself to defend against a Warsaw Pact invasion from the east. Since the end of the Cold War, the army has seen extensive peacekeeping service and combat in Afghanistan and Iraq. Its best-known combat vehicles are the Dardo infantry fighting vehicle, the Centauro tank destroyer and the Ariete tank and among its aircraft the Mangusta attack helicopter, recently deployed in UN missions. The headquarters of the Army General Staff are located in Rome, at the back of the Presidential Palace. The army is an all-volunteer force of active-duty personnel.
World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.
The University of Buenos Aires is a public research university in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Established in 1821, it is the premier institution of higher learning in the country and one of the most prestigious universities in the region. It has educated 15 Argentine presidents, produced four of the country's five Nobel Prize laureates, and is responsible for approximately 40% of the country's research output. According to the QS World University Rankings (2019), the UBA places number 73 globally, making it the highest ranked university in Latin America and the top Spanish language university in the world.
Torcuato di Tella married a fellow Italian Argentine, María Robiola, and had two sons: Torcuato and Guido. He was politically active as a dedicated anti-fascist, assisting its victims in Italy, helping marshall opposition to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and representing Argentina in numerous ILO conferences. He taught Economics and Management at his alma mater from 1944 and, never holding public office, di Tella drafted a number of work safety and other labor legislation proposals.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy from his golpe in 1922 to 1943, and Duce of Fascism from 1919 to his execution in 1945 during the Italian civil war. As dictator of Italy and founder of fascism, Mussolini inspired several totalitarian rulers such as Adolf Hitler.
Torcuato di Tella died in 1948 at age 56, and per his wishes, his two sons (both engineers) took control of SIAM, renaming it Siam di Tella . The company continued to grow, albeit erratically, and in the 1960s became known for both its automobiles (producing 28,000 between 1962 and 1966) and its refrigerators (of which over 500,000 were made).The family established the Torcuato di Tella Institute, an educational and philanthropic society for the promotion of local artists, in his honor in 1958; the institute became a leading local promoter of avant-garde art in the 1960s. Competition from foreign subsidiaries, changing government policy towards free trade, and the vicissitudes of the Argentine economy itself helped bankrupt the company by 1981, however, and its last remnants were sold off in 1994.
The Torcuato di Tella Institute is a non-profit foundation organized for the promotion of Argentine culture.
Torcuato and Guido di Tella founded the Torcuato di Tella University in 1991, the year Guido became Argentina's Minister of Foreign Relations.
Guido di Tella was an Argentine businessman, academic and diplomat who served as Minister of Foreign Relations between 1991 and 1999.
The Torcuato Di Tella University is a non-profit private university founded in 1991. Located in the Belgrano neighborhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina, it has an undergraduate enrollment of 1,200 students and a graduate enrollment of 1,300. The university is focused primarily on social sciences. The undergraduates majors available are economics, business economics, business administration, law, political science, international relations, social sciences, history and architecture. The university also offers over 34 graduate programs.
National Statistics and Censuses Institute is the Argentine government agency responsible for the collection and processing of statistical data. The institute also analyses economic and social indicators such as inflation rate, consumer price index and unemployment, among others.
Siam Di Tella was an Argentine manufacturing company; the name Siam is an acronym from Sección Industrial Amasadoras Mecánicas.
San Justo is a city and the seat of government of La Matanza Partido, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.
Jorge Altamira, is an Argentine activist and politician leading the Workers' Party in Argentina.
The Central American Technological University(UNITEC) is a private coeducational institution with campuses in the three main cities of Honduras: Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula and La Ceiba.
Carlos Andrés Escudé Carvajal is an Argentine political scientist and author, who during the 1990s served as special advisor to one of Argentina's most distinguished Foreign Ministers - Guido di Tella. As such, he advised on Argentine foreign policy strategy vis-à-vis the Western powers particularly in the wake of the Falklands War.
Clorindo Manuel José Testa was an Italian-Argentine architect and artist.
The Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes is an Argentine art museum in Buenos Aires, located in the Recoleta section of the city. The Museum inaugurated a branch in Neuquén in 2004.
Fernando Tesón is an Argentine-American legal scholar who is known for his contributions to the philosophy of law and to neoclassical liberal theory. He is the Tobias Simon Eminent Scholar at Florida State University College of Law. His publications include Humanitarian Intervention: An Inquiry into Law and Morality ; Rational Choice and Democratic Deliberation [with Guido Pincione]; A Philosophy of International Law ; and many articles in law, philosophy, and international relations journals and collections of essays. Before entering academia, Professor Tesón was a career diplomat for the Argentina Foreign Ministry in Buenos Aires for four years. He resigned from the Argentine foreign service in 1981 to protest against the human rights abuses of the Argentine government and serves as Permanent Visiting Professor, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Professor Tesón is also the founder, director, arranger, and bandoneón player, Tango Sur, an Argentine tango band.
Gato Dumas was an Argentine chef and restaurateur. He is considered by many the greatest chef in Argentina. He is also the founder of the largest culinary school in Latin America, the Gato Dumas Institute, with branches in Argentina, Uruguay (Montevideo) and Colombia.
Florencio Ruck Pozadas Cordero (1939-1968) was a percussionist and composer pioneer of the electroacoustic music, and post serial composition techniques in Bolivia.
Marta Minujín is an Argentine conceptual and performance artist.
Alfredo Vicente Chiaradía is an Argentine academic and policy maker. He served as his country's Ambassador to the United States in 2010 and 2011.
Jorge Aníbal Romero Brest was an influential art critic in Argentina, who helped popularize avant-garde art in his country.
Manuel Mora y Araujo was an Argentine sociologist and political analyst; an expert in market research and analysis; founder of the consulting firms Mora y Araujo and Comunicación Institucional; author of a number of books and other published work in the fields of politics and sociology; dean, Torcuato di Tella University in Buenos Aires.
Marcos Peña Is an Argentine politician, author and political scientist, current Chief of Cabinet of Ministers of the Argentine Nation, after being appointed by President Mauricio Macri, on December 10, 2015.
Dalila Puzzovio is a Latin American visual artist and fashion designer active during the 1960's. Puzzovio works in the art forms of pop, happening, and conceptual art. Her artistic creativity is credited by Graciela Melgarejo as having paved the way for subsequent Argentine artists and greatly influenced the work they produced.