Tord Bonde

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Lord Tord Röriksson, nicknamed Bonde, Lord of Penningby (born in the 1350s, died 21 March 1417, Toordh Bonde in his era's Old Swedish language; Tord Bonde in today Swedish) was a medieval Swedish magnate.

Old Swedish is the name for two distinct stages of the Swedish language that were spoken in the Middle Ages: Early Old Swedish, spoken from around 1225 until 1375, and Late Old Swedish, spoken from 1375 until 1526.

Tord Bonde was born into the highest nobility of his era's Sweden. His parents were lord Rörik Tordsson (of the Bonde) and lady Märta Gisladotter (of the so-called Sparre of Aspnäs). Tord Bonde was married to lady Ramborg Nilsdotter (of the Vasa family).

Quite young, he was entrusted with the position of castellan of Raseborg, Finland. He was knighted and appointed a Royal Councillor. Later, he allied himself with Queen Margaret I of Denmark and benefited from being her trusted agent. In 1403 lord Tord received an appointment as chatelain of Viipuri castle and county, at which office he would serve until his death.

Raseborg Castle medieval castle in Raseborg, Finland

The Raseborg Castle, is a medieval castle in Raseborg, Finland.

Margaret I of Denmark Queen of Denmark

Margaret I was queen consort of Norway (1363–1380) and Sweden (1363–1364) and later ruler in her own right of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, from which later period there are ambiguities regarding her specific titles. She was the founder of the Kalmar Union, which spanned Scandinavia for over a century. Margaret was known as a wise, energetic and capable leader, who governed with "farsighted tact and caution," earning the nickname "Semiramis of the North". She was derisively called "King Breechless", one of several mean nicknames invented by her rival Albert of Mecklenburg, but was also known by her subjects as "the Lady King", which became widely used in recognition of her capabilities.

In 1404, he started to launch offensives against Russians that led to a new treaty. In September 1408, hostilities opened again. Tord Bonde fought the Russians by, for example, using sea piracy against their commerce. In 1409 again a new treaty brought further advantages to the Swedish. Around 1411 Russians, having felt Viipuri a haven of hostile actions and aggression, launched an attack. Most of the town was destroyed. However, the castle did not surrender, the besiegers ultimately retreated, and peace was restored.

His son Knut Bonde died in 1413, a couple of years after having had a son of his own, Charles Knutsson (1408–70), who would become King of Sweden in 1448. Tord's second son was Karl Bonde, and Tord's daughter Margareta Tordsdotter married lord Ivar Nilson. His other grandchildren included Tord Carlsson Bonde the marshal, and lady Ingeborg Ivarsdotter, who would become mother of five of the Tott Axelssons.

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