|Died||23 January 2006 89) (aged|
Tore Gjelsvik (7 September 1916 – 23 January 2006) was a Norwegian geologist and polar explorer. He headed the Norwegian Polar Institute from 1960 to 1983, and played an important role in the Norwegian resistance during World War II.
Gjelsvik was born in Bodin as the son of Eystein Gjelsvik and Lina Relling. He finished his examen artium at Oslo Cathedral School in 1936, and started thereafter studying at the University of Oslo. He graduated in 1942. He married Anne Marie Skaven in 1945.
Being a student in Oslo at the outbreak of World War II, Gjelsvik participated in the resistance movement from 1940. : Koordinasjonskomiteen (KK)) in 1943, a central coordinating organ for the civil branch of the resistance.By that time he had already participated in the Norwegian Campaign. He was among the editors and producers of the magazine Bulletinen , one of the first underground newspapers, and this consumed much of his time. He was among the initiators of the first intelligence groups, and had contacts with the leaders of XU. Gjelsvik became a member of the Coordination Committee (Norwegian
According to one historian, students of natural sciences were well-suited for intelligence work, as they were practically oriented and used to working in the field. Leading members of XU, such as Astrid Løken, were natural scientists at the University of Oslo.
He has documented the Norwegian resistance in his book from 1977, Hjemmefronten. Den sivile motstand under okkupasjonen 1940–45, based on personal knowledge and experience.
Gjelsvik took the dr. philos. degree in 1953 on the thesis Metamorphosed Dolerites in the Gneiss Area of Sunnmøre on the West Coast of Southern Norway. He worked as a geologist from 1952 to 1959, and also worked for the United Nations. In 1960 he was appointed manager for the Norwegian Polar Institute, a position he held until his retirement in 1983. He participated in Polar research, as a member of several committees, such as Det interdepartementale Polarutvalg and Polarrådet. He chaired the geographical society Det norske geografiske selskap from 1963 to 1965, and the geological society Norsk Geologisk Forening from 1963 to 1964. He took part in the developing Norway's Resistance Museum, chairing its advisory board from 1964 to 1973, and was a member of the Fram committee from 1960 to 1997.
Gjelsvik was decorated Knight, First Class of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav in 1975, and Commander in 1984.He was also a Commander of the Order of the Polar Star, was an honorary member of the Norwegian Geographical Society, Norsk Polarklubb and the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, and was a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters from 1974. He lived at Gjettum in his later life, and died in Bærum in 2006.
The Norwegian campaign was an attempted Allied occupation of northern Norway, during the early stages of World War II.
Atle Thowsen is a historian and the Director of the Bergen Maritime Museum and served as president of the International Commission for Maritime History from 2000 to 2005.
Kasper Idland MM, was a Norwegian resistance member during World War II. Idland took part in the Norwegian heavy water sabotage in 1943.
The Norwegian Legation in Stockholm played a significant role during the Second World War. Until 9 April 1940 the legation consisted of four persons, and at the end of the war about 1,100 persons were connected to the legation. Refugee cases were among the legation's most central tasks. In 1941 a Military office was established, and this was later split into separate offices for intelligence, and for Milorg related cases.
Bulletinen was an underground newspaper in Norway during World War II. Its first issue came in November 1940, and the publication continued until the end of the war. The name Bulletinen was adapted in November 1944. It was edited by central persons of the civil resistance in Norway, such as members of "Koordinasjonskomiteen" and "Kretsen" Jan Birger Jansen and Tore Gjelsvik.
Jan Birger Jansen was a Norwegian physician, anatomist and scientist, specializing in brain research. He played an important role in the Norwegian civil resistance during the Second World War.
Oslogjengen was a sabotage group operating in Oslo from May 1944 to May 1945, during the last year of the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany. The group had its basis in both the British Special Operations Executive and the Norwegian Milorg, was coordinated by Gunnar Sønsteby, and had around ten members. It was the dominant sabotage group in Oslo between May and September 1944, when they performed a series of successful sabotage operations.
Petter Moen was a Norwegian resistance member later known for his diaries.
Alexander Lange Johnson was a Norwegian priest, resistance member during World War II, bishop to Hamar, and biographer. He was born in Antsirabé, Madagascar. He played a leading role in the Norwegian civil resistance during the German occupation of Norway, being a member of the Coordination Committee, and later also Hjemmefrontens Ledelse. He was a bishop to the diocese of Hamar from 1964 to 1974. He wrote a biography on Eivind Berggrav in 1959.
Operation Cheese was an intelligence operation carried out by Special Operations Executive (SOE) in Norway during World War II. Key persons were Odd Starheim and Gunvald Tomstad, who established radio communications with UK and developed an intelligence network in Southern Norway. The radio station was located at Tomstad's farm Helle, three kilometers outside the town Flekkefjord.
Norsk krigsleksikon 1940–1945 is a Norwegian encyclopaedia covering the Second World War.
Danish humanitarian aid to Norway during World War II, in Norway called Norwegian: Danskehjelpen and in Denmark called Danish: Norgeshjælpen, resulted in 32,000 tons of food supplies from occupied Denmark to occupied Norway. The aid was initiated in 1941, after the formation of Den norske damekomité in Copenhagen. Among the central organizers in Denmark were Carl and Borghild Hammerich.
Ragnvald Alfred Roscher Lund was a Norwegian military officer, with the rank of colonel. He was a military attaché at the Norwegian legation in Stockholm in 1940. He served as head of the Office FO II at the Norwegian High Command in exile in London during World War II, responsible for Military Intelligence.
The milk strike was a strike in Nazi-occupied Oslo on 8 and 9 September 1941. It led to strong reprisals from the German occupiers, in the form of martial law, court-martial, mass arrests, two executions and several long-term jail sentences.
Odd Fossum was a Norwegian shop assistant, and leader of the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions from 1941 to 1945, under the Nazi regime during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany. He was also the leader of NS Faggruppeorganisasjon from 12 October 1940 to September 1944, when he was succeeded by Olav M. Hoff.
Ørnulf Egge was a Norwegian politician for the Workers' Youth League and Communist Party and resistance member during World War II.
Ole Arntzen was a Norwegian businessman and resistance member during World War II. He was a brother of Sven Arntzen. He was a member of the Central Committee of Milorg, where he served as General Inspector from April 1944 to May 1945. His cover name was "Ørnulf". In his World War II memoirs, Gunnar Sønsteby devotes one chapter to the arrest of Milorg leaders Jens Christian Hauge and Arntzen by the State police on 10 April 1945, but their central role was not discovered.
Alf Sanengen was a Norwegian resistance member during World War II, chemist and research administrator. He was born in Glemmen. During the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, Sanengen was among the central leaders of the civil resistance. He was manager of Sentralinstitutt for industriell forskning (SI) from 1950 to 1975. He was chairman of the board of Borregaard from 1965. He was a member of the gentlemen's skiing club SK Fram since 1970.
John Ingebrigt Rognes was a Norwegian military officer and Milorg pioneer.
Thor Olaf Hannevig was a Norwegian shipmaster. During the Norwegian Campaign in 1940 he was in command of an army unit called the Telemark Infantry Regiment, and this regiment was able to withstand the German forces until 5 May. Hannevig later acquired a legendary heroic status, and his story was the basis of the 1993 Norwegian film The Last Lieutenant.