Toretsk

Last updated
Toretsk

Торецьк
Church St Macarius Dzerzhynsk.JPG
Church of St. Macarius in Toretsk
Flag Dzerzhinska 2.png
Flag
Toretsk COA.png
Coat of arms
Ukraine adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 48°23′30″N37°52′24″E / 48.39167°N 37.87333°E / 48.39167; 37.87333 Coordinates: 48°23′30″N37°52′24″E / 48.39167°N 37.87333°E / 48.39167; 37.87333
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Donetsk Oblast
Toretsk Municipality
Founded1806 [1]
City rights1938 [1] [2]
Government
  MayorVolodymyr Sliptsov [3]
Area
  Total62 km2 (24 sq mi)
Elevation
179 m (587 ft)
Population
 (2020)
  Total32,027
  Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Postal code
85200—85279
Area code(s) +380-6247
Climate Dfb
Website http://toretsk-rada.gov.ua/

Toretsk (Ukrainian : Торецьк, romanized: Toretsk; Russian : Торецк, romanized: Toretsk), formerly Dzerzhynsk (Ukrainian: Дзержинськ, romanized: Dzerzhynsk; Russian: Дзержинск, romanized: Dzerzhinsk), is a city of oblast significance in Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Population: 32,027(2020 est.) [4]

Contents

History

"Toretsk is a town of miners" inscription - one of the symbols of Toretsk "Torets'k - misto shakhtariv" - napis na pagorbi pered shakhtoiu imeni Dzerzhins'kogo.jpg
"Toretsk is a town of miners" inscription - one of the symbols of Toretsk

The settlement Shcherbynovka was founded in 1806 [1] in Russian Empire.

A local newspaper is published here since September 1936. [5]

In October 1938 the urban-type settlement Shcherbynovka became a city Dzerzhynsk, in honor of communist Felix Dzerzhynsky. [1] [2]

In 1989, the population was 50,538 people. [2]

In 2013, the population was 35 296 people. [6]

Starting mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast; [7] [8] including former Dzerzhynsk. [9] On 11 July 2014 Ukrainian forces launched strikes against the separatists. [10] On 21 July 2014, Ukrainian forces secured the city from the pro-Russian separatists. [11] [12] [13] Toretsk is only a few kilometers away from the separatists-controlled Horlivka. [11]

Following the 2015 law on decommunization, the city council has decided on 16 October 2015 to rename the city to Toretsk. [14] The name was approved by the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian parliament) on 4 February 2016. [15]

Because of the War in Donbass the city has had its water supply cut multiple times. [16]

Nikolai Ryzhkov, a former Premier of the Soviet Union, was born in the city in 1929.

Demographics

As of the Ukrainian Census of 2001, the majority of residents identified as ethnic Ukrainians and spoke Russian as their first language: [17]

Ethnicity

First language

Related Research Articles

Bohodukhiv Town in Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine

Bohodukhiv is a city in Kharkiv Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. It is the administrative centre of Bohodukhiv Raion (district). Current population: 15,020 (2017 est.) .

Izium City in Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine

Izyum is a city situated on the Donets River in Kharkiv Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of Izyum Raion (district), Izyum is administratively incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. It is located approximately 75 miles (120 km) southeast of the oblast capital, Kharkiv. Population: 46,653 (2020 est.)

Stakhanov, Ukraine City of regional significance in Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine

Kadiivka or Kadiyivka, also known as Kadiyevka and Stakhanov, is a city in the Luhansk Oblast (region) of eastern Ukraine. The city is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Its population is approximately 74,053 (2020 est.) . The city is called Stakhanov by the Luhansk People's Republic administration.

Lozova City in Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine

Lozova or Lozovaya is a city in Kharkiv Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of the Lozova Raion (district), the city itself is designated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Population: 54,618 (2020 est.)

Merefa Town in Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine

Merefa is a city in eastern Ukraine. It is located in Kharkiv Raion (district) of Kharkiv Oblast (province). Population: 21,598 (2020 est.)

Shakhtarsk City in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine

Shakhtarsk or Shakhtyorsk is a city in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine. Regionally, the city is an administrative urban enclave also consisting of cities Torez and Snizhne and surrounded by Shakhtarsk Raion. It serves as the administrative center of Shakhtarsk Raion which it does not belong to. Its population has been estimated as 48,547 (2020 est.) .

Novomyrhorod City in Kirovohrad Oblast, Ukraine

Novomyrhorod is a city in Kirovohrad Oblast (region) of central Ukraine, in the southern part of the Middle Dnieper area. It is the administrative center of Novomyrhorod Raion. Its population is approximately 11,024 (2020 est.) .

Berestechko City in Volyn Oblast, Ukraine

Berestechko is a town in Horokhiv Raion, Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. It is located on the Styr River. Population: 1,694 (2020 est.)

Horokhiv City in Volyn Oblast, Ukraine

Horokhiv is a town in Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Horokhiv Raion. Population: 9,053 (2020 est.)

Khorostkiv City in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine

Khorostkiv is a city in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine. Population: 6,738 (2020 est.)

Huliaipole City in Zaporizhzhia Oblast, Ukraine

Huliaipole is a city in Zaporizhzhia Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative centre of Huliaipole Raion. It is known as the birthplace of Ukrainian anarchist revolutionary Nestor Makhno. It has a population of 13,262 (2020 est.)

Kamianka-Dniprovska City in Zaporizhzhia Oblast, Ukraine

Kamianka-Dniprovska is a city in Zaporizhzhia Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Kamianka-Dniprovska Raion. Population: 12,472 (2020 est.)

Druzhba (city) city in Sumy Oblast, Ukraine

Druzhba is a town in Yampil Raion of Sumy Oblast, Ukraine. Population: 4,654 (2020 est.)

Bilopillia city in Sumy Oblast, Ukraine

Bilopillia is a city and the administrative center of Bilopillia Raion in Sumy Oblast of northeastern Ukraine. It is located at around 51°8′54″N34°18′3″E, close to Kursk Oblast of Russia. Population: 15,981 (2020 est.)

Hlobyne City in Poltava Oblast, Ukraine

Hlobyne is a city in Poltava Oblast, Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Hlobyne Raion. Population: 9,235 (2020 est.)

Vashkivtsi City in Chernivtsi Oblast, Ukraine

Vashkivtsi is a city in Vyzhnytsia Raion of Chernivtsi Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It is located in the historical region of Bukovina. It hosts the administration of Vashkivtsi urban hromada, one of the amalgamated hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 5,353 (2020 est.)

Zastavna City in Chernivtsi Oblast, Ukraine

Zastavna is a town in Chernivtsi Raion, Chernivtsi Oblast of Ukraine. Zastavna is located 26 kilometres (16 mi) to the north of the city of Chernivtsi, in the historical region of Bukovina. It hosts the administration of Zastavna urban hromada, one of the amalgamated hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 7,860 (2020 est.).

Vatutine Town in Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine

Vatutine is a city in Zvenyhorodka Raion, Cherkasy Oblast (region) of Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Vatutine urban hromada, one of the amalgamated hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 16,200 (2020 est.)

Haivoron is a town in Kirovohrad Oblast (region) of Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Haivoron Raion. Population: 14,344 (2020 est.)

Kaharlyk city in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Kaharlyk is a town in Kyiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Kaharlyk Raion. Population: 13,461 (2020 est.)

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Дзержинск // Советский энциклопедический словарь. редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. 4-е изд. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1986. стр.387
  2. 1 2 3 Дзержинск // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.386
  3. Toretsk mayor suspected of infringing on territorial integrity of Ukraine, UNIAN (17 August 2016)
  4. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  5. № 2683. Дзержинский шахтёр // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986 - 1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.352
  6. Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2013 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2013. стор.51
  7. https://newrepublic.com/article/117387/putin-accidentally-helping-unite-eastern-and-western-ukraine
  8. http://en.itar-tass.com/world/735082
  9. http://www.ukrinform.ua/eng/news/ukrainian_aircraft_eliminated_nearly_1000_terrorists_on_july_11___selezniov_323670
  10. http://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/dzerzhynsk-under-heavy-artillery-fire-355718.html
  11. 1 2
  12. https://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/separatists-retreat-from-dzerzhynsk-357159.html
  13. We Can Win After All, The Ukrainian Week (6 August 2015)
  14. http://nikvesti.com/news/politics/76931
  15. Decommunisation continues: Rada renames several towns and villages, UNIAN (4 February 2016)
    "Rada de-communized Artemivsk as well as over hundred cities and villages" (in Ukrainian). Pravda.com.ua. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  16. https://www.kyivpost.com/multimedia/photo/people-toretsk-cut-off-water-supply