Torgay River

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Location within Kazakhstan Turgai.png
Location within Kazakhstan

The Turgai River (also Torgai or Turgay; Kazakh : Торғай, Torǵaı; Russian : Тургай) is a river that flows in the Turgai Valley in Kazakhstan. [1]

Kazakh language Turkic language

Kazakh or Kazak, belongs to the Kipchak branch of the Turkic languages. It is closely related to Nogai, Kyrgyz and Karakalpak. Kazakh is the official language of the Republic of Kazakhstan and a significant minority language in the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture in Xinjiang, China and in the Bayan-Ölgii Province of Mongolia. Kazakh is also spoken by many ethnic Kazakhs through the former Soviet Union, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey and Germany.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Kazakhstan transcontinental republic in Asia and Europe

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi). It is a transcontinental country largely located in Asia; the most western parts are in Europe. Kazakhstan is the dominant nation of Central Asia economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil and gas industry. It also has vast mineral resources.

The river is 825 km (513 mi) long, the surface of the drainage basin is 157,000 km2 (61,000 sq mi). Average water consumption is around 9 cubic meters/second. The Turgai disappears in the endorheic basin of Shalkarteniz. [1]

Endorheic basin Closed drainage basin that allows no outflow

An endorheic basin is a limited drainage basin that normally retains water and allows no outflow to other external bodies of water, such as rivers or oceans, but converges instead into lakes or swamps, permanent or seasonal, that equilibrate through evaporation. Such a basin may also be referred to as a closed or terminal basin or as an internal drainage system or interior drainage basin.

The valley occupies an erosion-tectonic basin in north-western Kazakhstan, between the Urals and Mugodzhar Hills in the west and the Kazakh Steppe in the east. In the north are dry steppes with semi-steppes in the south. Deposits of iron ore and other minerals occur in the basin. [2]

Mugodzhar Hills mountain range

Mugodzhar Hills or Mugodzhar Range is a series of mountain ranges 275 miles (440 km) long in the Aktobe Region of northwestern Kazakhstan. They are considered to be a continuation of Ural Mountains and connected with Southern Ural by Guberlinskiy hillocks. They form the divide between the Caspian Sea and Aral Sea basins.

Kazakh Steppe Vast region of open grassland in northern Kazakhstan and adjacent portions of Russia

The Kazakh Steppe, also called the Great Dala, ecoregion, of the Palearctic temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome, is a vast region of open grassland in northern Kazakhstan and adjacent portions of Russia, extending to the east of the Pontic steppe and to the west of the Emin Valley steppe, with which it forms part of the Eurasian steppe. Before the mid-nineteenth century it was called the Kirghiz steppe, 'Kirghiz' being an old name for the Kazakhs.

The Turgai Plateau crosses from south to north. The Thurgau Ubahan (tributary of the Tobol) along with all the rivers of in the Turgai valley have many lakes. This is where the Naurzumskyy reserve is located which connects the West Siberian Plain in the northern part of Kazakhstan Turan lowland. [2]

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Zhetysu landscape

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The Turgay Plateau is a plateau in north-west Kazakhstan, central Asia. It lies 200–300 m above sea level.

Eurasian Steppe steppe

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References

Coordinates: 48°01′14″N63°01′55″E / 48.02056°N 63.03194°E / 48.02056; 63.03194

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.