The emblem (mon) of the Torii clan
|Home province|| Shimōsa |
|Founder||Taira no Yukinori|
|Founding year||14th century|
Torii clan (鳥居氏, Torii-shi) was a Daimyo family of the late Sengoku and Edo periods of Japanese history.
Yukinori, the founder of the Watari clan and the Torii clan, was from a family of Kumano Gongen Shinto priests in Kii Province. He was given the family name of Taira from Taira no Kiyomori, and was named Taira no Yukinori. His son Yukitada, moved to Yahagasho in Mikawa Province after the Jokyu War (1221), and changed his name to 'Watari'. During the disturbance of the Northern and Southern Courts, Watari Tadakage fought for Nitta Yoshisada of the Southern Court, and changed his name to 'Torii'.
Loyal retainers of the Tokugawa clan since the late 16th century, the Torii are perhaps most famous for the bravery and valor of Torii Sune'emon, who was crucified by Takeda Katsuyori at the 1575 siege of Nagashino castle, and for Torii Mototada whose Seppuku is one of the most celebrated in the whole thousand years of Samurai's history.
The family was originally granted the fief of Yahagi in Shimōsa Province in 1590. It was worth 40,000 koku . Following the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, in 1606 the Torii were given Iwakidaira Domain in Mutsu Province, worth 100,000 koku. Then, in 1622 they moved once more to Yamagata Domain in Dewa Province, with an annual income of 260,000 koku. Torii Tadatsune died without an heir in 1636, and his fief thus reverted to the shogunate; his brother Torii Tadaharu was given Takatō Domain in Shinano province (30,000 koku).
The Tokugawa shogunate, also known, especially in Japanese, as the Edo shogunate, was the feudal military government of Japan during the Edo period from 1600 to 1868.
Torii Naritsugu was the son of Torii Mototada. He was lord of Yamura fief in Kai province, but was dispossessed in 1632 and banished to his nephew Torii Tadatsune's domain in Yamagata.
Torii Tadaharu was a Japanese daimyō of the early Edo period who ruled the Takatō Domain in Shinano Province. Tadaharu was the 3rd son of Torii Tadamasa, the lord of the Yamagata Domain. As his father died before a successor was named from among his sons, the Torii family's holdings were confiscated. However, because of his grandfather Torii Mototada's distinguished service, the family name was restored, and Tadaharu was made lord of the Takatō fief, with an income of 32,000 koku.
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Torii Mototada was a Japanese Samurai and Daimyo of the Sengoku period through late Azuchi–Momoyama period, who served Tokugawa Ieyasu. Torii died at the siege of Fushimi where his garrison was greatly outnumbered and destroyed by the army of Ishida Mitsunari. Torii's refusal to surrender had a great impact on Japanese history; the fall of Fushimi bought Ieyasu some time to regroup and eventually win the Battle at Sekigahara.
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Torii is a Japanese surname. Notable people with the surname include:
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