Torkel Halvorsen Aschehoug (27 June 1822 – 20 January 1909) was a prominent Norwegian professor, legal scholar, historian and social economist. He also served as a conservative politician and Member of the Norwegian Parliament.
Torkel Halvorsen Aschehoug was born at Idd (now Halden) in Østfold, Norway. He grew up in a professional family in which his father and grandfather were both parish priests. He attended Fredrikshalds lærde skole in Halden. In 1839, he entered Royal Frederick University (now University of Oslo), where he later became a professor. In 1844, Aschehoug graduated with a law degree. He subsequently studied abroad with stops including England and Sweden.
Idd is a parish and former municipality in Halden, Østfold county, Norway.
In 1852, Aschehoug began an over fifty-year career at the University of Oslo. He was Professor of Jurisprudence, National Economics and Statistics at the Faculty of Law (1862–1889), and also served as the Dean of the Faculty of Law and the elected Chairman of the Collegium Academicum (the governing body of the university).
He also served as a Member of Parliament 1868–1892 and played a central role in the controversy surrounding the adoption of a parliamentary system in which the Cabinet was responsible to parliament instead of being merely appointed by the King. In 1883, he founded Statsøkonomisk Forening, an association to advance the study and understanding of socio-economic issues.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislature, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament. In a parliamentary system, the head of state is usually a person distinct from the head of government. This is in contrast to a presidential system, where the head of state often is also the head of government and, most importantly, the executive does not derive its democratic legitimacy from the legislature.
His major works include Norges offentlige ret and Norges nuværende statsforfatning.
He was elected as a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1890 and received the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav in 1895. In 1908, he received Norway's highest civilian award, the Borgerdådsmedal in gold.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien is one of the royal academies of Sweden. It is an independent, non-governmental scientific organisation which takes special responsibility for the natural sciences and mathematics, but endeavours to promote the exchange of ideas between various disciplines.
The Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav is a Norwegian order of chivalry instituted by King Oscar I on August 21, 1847. It is named after King Olav II, known to posterity as St. Olav.
Torkel Halvorsen Aschehoug was married twice; 1) Anna Cathrine Marie Aschehoug (1822-1854) 2) Johanne Bolette Aschehoug (1832–1904). He was the father of Halvard Aschehoug (1851-1880), who together with his cousin Hieronymus Aschehoug (1846–1902), co-founder of H. Aschehoug & Co.
Saint Olav Drama is an outdoor theatre performance played every end of July in Stiklestad in Verdal, Norway.
Gisle Christian Johnson was a leading 19th-century Norwegian theologian and educator.
Dina Aschehoug was a Norwegian painter.
Christian Fredrik Michelet was a Norwegian lawyer and politician for the Conservative Party.
Magnus Bernhard Olsen was a Norwegian linguist and a professor in Norse philology at the University of Oslo from 1908 to 1948. His writings on Norse paganism and interpretations of the names of Norwegian farms and other placenames were influential, and his contribution to runology, particularly Norwegian runology, was considerable.
Peder Krabbe Gaarder was a Norwegian jurist and political theorist.
Ketil Lund is a Norwegian judge.
Andreas Lauritz Thune was a Norwegian engineer and businessman. He was associated with the company Thunes Mekaniske Værksted.
Frederik Holst was a Norwegian medical doctor. He is regarded as an important pioneer in medicine in Norway.
In 1910 Haakon VII serves his sixth year as King of Norway. On 1 February Wollert Konow takes over as Prime Minister after Gunnar Knudsen, who has held this position since 1908.
Johan Christian Schreiner was a Norwegian historian. He was a professor at the University of Oslo, and his speciality was the Middle Ages.
Sverre Steen was a Norwegian historian and professor at the University of Oslo from 1938 to 1965. He served as president of the Norwegian Historical Association from 1936 to 1947
Willy Dahl is a Norwegian literary researcher and literary critic. He was a professor at the University of Trondheim from 1978, and at the University of Bergen from 1981 to 1992. He has written several books on literary history. He has been a literary critic for the newspaper Arbeiderbladet.
Olaf Stang was a Norwegian engineer.
Olav Gurvin was a Norwegian musicologist, a professor at the University of Oslo from 1957. He co-edited the first Norwegian music encyclopedia in 1949, and edited the magazine Norsk Musikkliv from 1942 to 1951.
Thorstein Aschehoug Lambrechts was a Norwegian bookseller.
Birger Malling was a Norwegian ophthalmologist and educator.
Ole Siem was a Norwegian naval officer, businessman and politician.
Torstein Dale was a Norwegian physician and military officer. He served as president of the Norwegian Red Cross.