Toshima

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Toshima
豊島区
Toshima City
Ikebukuro 28006.jpg
Ikebukuro at night in Toshima
Flag of Toshima, Tokyo.svg
Symbol of Toshima, Tokyo.svg
Toshima-ku in Tokyo Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Toshima in Tokyo
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Toshima
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°44′00″N139°43′00″E / 35.73333°N 139.71667°E / 35.73333; 139.71667
CountryJapan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo
Government
  MayorMiyuki Takagiwa (from April 24, 2023)
Area
  Total13.01 km2 (5.02 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2020 [1] )
  Total301,599
  Density23,182/km2 (60,040/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address1-18-1 Higashi Ikebukuro
170-8422
Website www.city.toshima.lg.jp
Symbols
Flower Azalea
Tree Prunus × yedoensis

Toshima (豊島区, Toshima-ku) is a special ward in the Tokyo Metropolis in Japan. It is one of the eight central wards of the Tokyo Metropolitan area. Located in the northern area of Tokyo, Toshima is bordered by the wards of Nerima, Itabashi, and Kita in the north and Nakano, Shinjuku, and Bunkyo in the south.

Contents

The ward was founded on March 15, 1947, and reached a peak resident population of 370,000 in 1965. The population has continued to decline and as of May 1, 2015, the ward had an estimated population of 298,250, with a population density of 22,920 persons per km2. During the day the population swells with commuters, resulting in a daytime population of around 378,475.

The total land area of Toshima is 13.01 km2, sitting on a moderate plateau with a difference of 28 m between the ward's highest and lowest points. Approximately 47% of Toshima's land is residential, and 20% is commercial and public areas. [2]

Although Toshima is a ward, it is referred to as a city. The ward offices are located in Ikebukuro, which is also the commercial and entertainment center of Toshima. [2]

With a non-Japanese population of 19,868, or 7.42% of the total, Toshima is one of the most international wards in Tokyo. Of the foreign population, 56% is of Chinese descent, 20% is of Korean descent, with the rest being of primarily Filipino and European descent. [2]

History

Toshima was formed in 1932 by the merger of four towns, Sugamochō, Nishi-sugamochō, Takadachō, and Nagasakichō, bordered by the quickly expanding former city of Tokyo.

The area evolved from a suburban agricultural district in the Edo period to the urban commercial center that it is today. The growth was fueled by the construction of various rail lines built in the Meiji and Taishō periods.

The former Somei village, now part of Toshima, was a center of plant nurseries, and is the birthplace of the Somei Yoshino , Japan's most popular variety of sakura (cherry blossom tree). The variety was developed at the end of the Edo period.

Politics and government

Toshima ward office Toshima Ecomusee Town 01.jpg
Toshima ward office

Toshima is run by a city assembly of 36 elected members. The current mayor is Yukio Takano, an independent backed by all major parties except the Japanese Communist Party.

In April 2011, Taiga Ishikawa was elected to the Toshima assembly, becoming the first openly gay man to win an election in Japanese history. [3]

Districts and neighborhoods

Notes:

Sights

Ikebukuro Station Tobu-dept ikebukuro.JPG
Ikebukuro Station
Myonichikan of Jiyu Gakuen Jiyu gakuen myonichikan.JPG
Myonichikan of Jiyu Gakuen
Sunshine 60 building Sunshine 60 Ikebukuro Tokyo 20070304-03 cropped.jpg
Sunshine 60 building
Togenuki Jizo Street in Sugamo Sugamo jizodori.jpg
Togenuki Jizo Street in Sugamo
Tokyo Metropolitan Art Space Tokyo Metropolitan Art Space 01.jpg
Tokyo Metropolitan Art Space

Festivals

Economy

FamilyMart has its headquarters in Ikebukuro, Toshima. [4] Seiyu Group has its registered head office in Toshima. [5] Libro, a bookstore chain, is headquartered in Toshima. Itochu corporation and Seven & I Holdings Co., Ltd. has a presence in Toshima. [6] Taisho Pharmaceutical, a pharmaceutical company, also has its headquarters in the ward. [7]

In 1956, Asatsu Inc. established its headquarters in Mejiro, Toshima. In May 1967, the company's headquarters moved to Shinbashi, Minato. [8]

Education

There are six Universities in Toshima.

Two prestigious universities are located bordering Toshima. They are the University of Tokyo in Bunkyo and Waseda University bordering Shinjuku. Located Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates area public high schools.

Toshima is also home to a number of accredited private schools:

Toshima City Board of Education (豊島区教育委員会) operates public elementary and junior high schools.

Municipal junior high schools: [9]

Municipal elementary schools: [10]

Municipal kindergartens: [11]

Transportation

Rail

The main hub for rail transportation in Toshima ward is Ikebukuro Station, the second busiest train station in Japan.

The rail lines which run through or terminate in Toshima are:

Famous people

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References

  1. "Population by District". Tokyo Statistical Yearbook. Retrieved 2022-07-15.
  2. 1 2 3 Ohnishi Hiroshi (February 13, 2017). "Briefing note for fiona hyslop, cabinet secretary for culture,tourism and external affairs" (PDF). Nagasaki University : 55.
  3. Natsuko Fukue (April 26, 2011). "First openly gay candidate wins in Tokyo ward". The Japan Times.
  4. "Company Information Archived 2010-01-29 at the Wayback Machine ." FamilyMart. Retrieved on April 7, 2010.
  5. "Corporate Data Archived 2008-04-18 at the Wayback Machine ." Seiyu Group. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  6. "会社案内 Archived 2009-02-23 at the Wayback Machine ." Libro. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  7. "Corporate Data Archived 2019-03-06 at the Wayback Machine ." Taisho Pharmaceutical. Retrieved on March 6, 2019.
  8. "Corporate Overview Archived 2009-12-07 at the Wayback Machine ." Asatsu-DK. Retrieved on November 9, 2009.
  9. "区立中学校". Toshima. Retrieved 2022-11-07.
  10. "区立小学校". Toshima. Retrieved 2022-11-07.
  11. "区立幼稚園一覧". Toshima. Retrieved 2022-11-07.