Tottori (city)

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Tottori

鳥取市
Tottori montage.jpg
From top left:Tottori Castle, Shikano(old castle town), Tottori Sand Dunes, Jinpūkaku, View of Tottori from Tottori Castle
Flag of Tottori, Tottori.svg
Flag
Emblem of Tottori, Tottori.svg
Seal
Tottori City in Tottori Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Tottori in Tottori Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Tottori
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°30′N134°14′E / 35.500°N 134.233°E / 35.500; 134.233 Coordinates: 35°30′N134°14′E / 35.500°N 134.233°E / 35.500; 134.233
CountryJapan
Region Chūgoku (Sanin)
Prefecture Tottori Prefecture
Government
  MayorYoshihiko Fukazawa [1]
Area
  Total765.31 km2 (295.49 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2016)
  Total192,912
  Density250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address116 Shutoku-cho, Tottori-shi, Tottori-ken
680-8571
Website city.tottori.lg.jp
Symbols
Bird Blue-and-white flycatcher
Flower Allium chinense
Tree Camellia sasanqua
Skyline of Tottori City from Tottori Castle Tottori castle08 1920.jpg
Skyline of Tottori City from Tottori Castle

Tottori (鳥取市, Tottori-shi) is the capital city of Tottori Prefecture in the Chūgoku region of Japan.

Contents

As of June 1,2016, the city has an estimated population of 192,912 and a population density of 250 persons per km2. The total area is 765.31 km2.

Within Japan the city is best known for its sand dunes which are a popular tourist attraction, drawing visitors from outside the prefecture. The sand dunes are also important as a centre for research into arid agriculture, hosting Tottori University's Arid Land Research Center. Most of Tottori is located in the western part of the San'in Kaigan Geopark.[ citation needed ]

Outline

The city's main street (Wakasa, or "young cherry blossom" street) runs north from the station and terminates at the foot of the Kyushouzan ("eternal pine") mountain. Around this mountain lies the oldest part of the city. Its centre is the now ruined Tottori Castle, once the property of the Ikeda clan daimyō who ruled the Tottori Domain during the Edo period. It is open to the public, and is the site of the Castle Festival in autumn each year. In the vicinity are temples, museums, and public parks. The city also hosts the prefecturally famous Shan-shan festival in the summer, which features teams of people dressing up and dancing with large umbrellas; the name 'Shan-shan' is said to come from the sound made by the small bells and pieces of metal attached to the umbrellas, which are very large. An exceptionally big example of a Shan-shan umbrella graces the main foyer of Tottori Station.

At the beginning of every summer, Tottori is host to one of the biggest beach parties in the country, the San In Beach Party. The event lasts an entire weekend and some top names on the national DJ circuit are invited to perform.

History

Tottori was incorporated as a city on October 1, 1889. Most of the downtown area was destroyed by the Tottori earthquake of September 10, 1943, which killed over 1000 people.

The organization AFS (AFS Intercultural Programs) for exchange students is relatively developed in Tottori. Exchange students who come to Tottori can experience countryside life and enjoy traditional Japanese customs through the many events organized by the Tottori AFS.

Redistricting ("gappei") of the city's borders in November 2004 increased its size to include a number of surrounding areas. On November 1, 2004, the town of Kokufu, the village of Fukube (both from Iwami District), the towns of Aoya, Ketaka and Shikano (all from Ketaka District), the towns of Kawahara and Mochigase and the village of Saji (all from Yazu District) were merged into Tottori. Ketaka District was dissolved as a result of this merger.

Education

Tottori City has two universities. The main campus of Tottori University, a national public university, is located next to Koyama Lake on the west end of the city. The privately funded Tottori University of Environmental Studies is located in the south-eastern part of Tottori city, near the town of Yazu. These two universities are not to be confused with the 2-year junior college in the prefecture, Tottori College, which is located in the central city of Kurayoshi.

Culture

Transportation

In the city's downtown shopping district, Tottori Station offers regularly scheduled local and express train service on the JR West rail line. Travel time from Osaka is approximately 2 hours 30 minutes. Tottori City's local and inter-city Bus Terminal is also conveniently located next to Tottori Station. On the west end of the city, Tottori Airport provides daily scheduled flights to Tokyo's Haneda Airport.

Notable places

Climate

Tottori has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is abundant throughout the year.

Climate data for Tottori (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1943−present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.4
(68.7)
23.2
(73.8)
25.4
(77.7)
31.7
(89.1)
34.2
(93.6)
35.7
(96.3)
39.1
(102.4)
38.7
(101.7)
37.7
(99.9)
32.6
(90.7)
26.3
(79.3)
22.9
(73.2)
39.1
(102.4)
Average high °C (°F)8.1
(46.6)
9.1
(48.4)
13.1
(55.6)
18.9
(66.0)
23.8
(74.8)
26.9
(80.4)
30.9
(87.6)
32.6
(90.7)
27.8
(82.0)
22.4
(72.3)
16.8
(62.2)
10.9
(51.6)
20.1
(68.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)4.2
(39.6)
4.7
(40.5)
7.9
(46.2)
13.2
(55.8)
18.1
(64.6)
22.0
(71.6)
26.2
(79.2)
27.3
(81.1)
22.9
(73.2)
17.2
(63.0)
11.9
(53.4)
6.8
(44.2)
15.2
(59.4)
Average low °C (°F)1.1
(34.0)
1.0
(33.8)
3.1
(37.6)
7.6
(45.7)
12.9
(55.2)
17.9
(64.2)
22.5
(72.5)
23.3
(73.9)
19.0
(66.2)
12.9
(55.2)
7.7
(45.9)
3.2
(37.8)
11.0
(51.8)
Record low °C (°F)−6.5
(20.3)
−7.4
(18.7)
−4.7
(23.5)
−2.2
(28.0)
2.2
(36.0)
7.5
(45.5)
12.6
(54.7)
12.9
(55.2)
8.4
(47.1)
2.9
(37.2)
−2.4
(27.7)
−5.6
(21.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)201.2
(7.92)
154.0
(6.06)
144.3
(5.68)
102.2
(4.02)
123.0
(4.84)
146.0
(5.75)
188.6
(7.43)
128.6
(5.06)
225.4
(8.87)
153.6
(6.05)
145.9
(5.74)
218.4
(8.60)
1,931.3
(76.04)
Average snowfall cm (inches)55
(22)
49
(19)
11
(4.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
27
(11)
140
(55)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)22.417.816.312.511.012.513.210.413.712.815.520.3178.4
Average relative humidity (%)76747067687476747776757674
Mean monthly sunshine hours 69.083.7131.3177.4201.4153.9166.5203.8143.4146.1110.782.61,669.9
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency [4]

Twin towns

Related Research Articles

Tottori Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Tottori Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Tottori Prefecture is the least populous prefecture of Japan at 570,569 (2016) and has a geographic area of 3,507 km2. Tottori Prefecture borders Shimane Prefecture to the west, Hiroshima Prefecture to the southwest, Okayama Prefecture to the south, and Hyōgo Prefecture to the east.

Mihara, Hiroshima City in Chūgoku, Japan

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Inaba Province Former province of Japan

Inaba Province was an old province of Japan in the area that is today the eastern part of Tottori Prefecture. It was sometimes called Inshū (因州). Inaba bordered on Harima, Hōki, Mimasaka, and Tajima Provinces.

Kokufu was a town located in Iwami District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Fukube was a village located in Iwami District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Kawahara was a town located in Yazu District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Mochigase was a town located in Yazu District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Saji was a village located in Yazu District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Ketaka was a town located in Ketaka District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Shikano was a town located in Ketaka District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Aoya was a town located in Ketaka District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Ketaka was a district located in Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Okayama Designated city in Chūgoku, Japan

Okayama is the capital city of Okayama Prefecture in the Chūgoku region of Japan. The city was founded on June 1, 1889. As of February 2017, the city has an estimated population of 720,841 and a population density of 910 persons per km2. The total area is 789.88 square kilometres.

Yurihama, Tottori Town in Japan

Yurihama is a town located in Tōhaku District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Yazu, Tottori Town in Chūgoku, Japan

Yazu is a town located in Yazu District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Jinpūkaku

Jinpūkaku is a Western-style French Renaissance style residence of the Ikeda clan located in Tottori, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Kannon-in

Kannon-in, formally known as Fudarakusan Jigen-ji Kannon-in (補陀落山慈眼寺観音院), is a Buddhist temple in Uemachi district of the city of Tottori, Tottori Prefecture, Japan. Kannon-in was built early in the Edo period and is noted for its Edo-style Japanese garden.

Sendai River

The Sendai River is a river in eastern Tottori Prefecture, Japan. The Sendai is 52 kilometers (32 mi) in length and has a drainage area of 1,190 square kilometers (460 sq mi). The source of the river is in the Chūgoku Mountains. The Sendai flows north through Tottori Prefecture into the Sea of Japan. Under the Rivers Act of 1964 it is designated a Class 1 River, and is managed by the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. About 200,000 people live along the course of the river. The Sendai River provides sediment to form the Tottori Sand Dunes, the largest dune system in Japan.

Shikano Castle

Shikano Castle was a medieval period castle, situated in Tottori Prefecture. The date the castle was constructed is not known, though the earliest mention of it occurs in 1544. The castle is located south west of Tottori city, in Shikano, Tottori town. It was a small castle, situated not far from the centre of Tottori city. In the period of the construction of the castle, the area was governed by a local clan, the Shikano. The Amago clan moved in on the area, and defeated the Shikano, claiming the castle as theirs. Following this, the castle was put in the lordship of Kamei Korenori (1557–1612). Korenori engaged with foreign trade, which was rare for a lower level lord, and even named some parts of the castle after countries.

References

  1. City Mayor - Tottori City Hall
  2. Tottori City Sightseeing: Kannon-in Garden
  3. City-Tottori Sightseeing Association Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  4. 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency . Retrieved May 19, 2021.