Tour de Ski

Last updated
Tour de Ski
Tour de ski logo.svg
Race details
Datelate December – early January
Venue(s) Central Europe
Italy
Competition FIS Cross-Country World Cup
Organiser International Ski Federation
History
First edition31 December 2006;13 years ago (2006-12-31)
Editions14 (as of 2019–20)
Men
First winnerFlag of Germany.svg  Tobias Angerer  (GER)
Most winsFlag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)
(4 wins)
Most recentFlag of Russia.svg  Alexander Bolshunov  (RUS)
Ladies
First winnerFlag of Finland.svg  Virpi Kuitunen  (FIN)
Most winsFlag of Poland.svg  Justyna Kowalczyk  (POL)
(4 wins)
Most recentFlag of Norway.svg  Therese Johaug  (NOR)

The Tour de Ski (TdS) is a cross-country skiing event held annually since the 2006–07 season in Central Europe, modeled on the Tour de France of cycling. The Tour de Ski is a Stage World Cup event in the FIS Cross-Country World Cup. Each Tour de Ski has consisted of six to nine stages, held during late December and early January in the Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland. As of 2020, the prize money for the event amount to 560,000 Swiss francs (546,000 euros), [1] shared out on both men and women. Men's and women's events are held together on the same days, with the only difference being the distance skied.

Contents

The stage hosts changes every year, but some of the format stays the same with the diversity of competitions; sprints, mass starts, races with individual starts and pursuits. The Tour de Ski has every year concluded with two or three stages in Val di Fiemme, with the final stage where the skiers race up the alpine skiing course on Alpe Cermis in Cavalese.

There are usually between 20 and 30 nations participating, with the numbers of skiers from each nation based on quotas with a maximum of 10 skiers. [2] All of the stages are timed to the finish; the skiers' times are compounded with their previous stage times. The skier with the lowest cumulative finishing times is the overall leader of the race and wears the yellow leader bib. While the overall standings garners the most attention, there are two other contests held within the Tour: the point standings (previously called "sprint standings") for the sprinters and the team standings for the fastest teams.

History

Origins

Tour de Ski 2013 at Lago di Tesero Cross Country Stadium, Val di Fiemme, Italy Tour de Ski 2013 at Lago di Tesero Cross-country Ski Stadium.jpg
Tour de Ski 2013 at Lago di Tesero Cross Country Stadium, Val di Fiemme, Italy

Cross-country skiing had been through a period of renewal from the early 1980s, when the free technique was first introduced to the World Championships which led to a rush of new events, including pursuit skiing, sprint skiing and eventually long mass start races, to complement the traditional time trial or individual start style of skiing. The Tour de Ski is another such new event, and the idea has been reported to come from a meeting between former Olympic gold medallist Vegard Ulvang and Jürg Capol, the International Ski Federation's (FIS) chief executive officer for cross-country competitions, in Ulvang's sauna in Maridalen, Norway. [3] [4] Their idea was to create a stage competition consisting of different events which they expected would lead to several days of continuous excitement before the most complete skiers would become Tour de Ski champions. [3] Ulvang has also brought up the idea of a tour of the Barents Region, Tour de Barents, with stages in Kirkenes (Sandnes) and Vadsø in Finnmark and Murmansk in Russia. [5]

The first Tour de Ski (2006–07)

Jürg Capol stated that FIS originally wished to start the race in the Alps. However, as neither Austria or Switzerland were interested, the opening two stages were to be held in Nové Město na Moravě in the Czech Republic. [6] A week before the Tour was due to start, FIS announced that snow conditions in Nové Město were not good enough, and cancelled the two races there. The first Tour de Ski therefore opened with a sprint race in Munich on 31 December 2006, and was won by Marit Bjørgen (NOR) and Christoph Eigenmann (SUI).

Skiers from France, [7] Germany [8] and Norway, among others, said that the Tour de Ski was among their targets for the 2006–07 season, with Norwegian skier Jens Arne Svartedal claiming that the winner would have "extreme respect" for winning such an extreme race. [9] Tobias Angerer (GER) and Virpi Kuitunen (FIN) were the first overall winners of the Tour.

After the first Tour de Ski, reactions among athletes were largely positive. Norwegian athletes said "it was a good concept", [10] German winner Tobias Angerer claimed that the Tour de Ski "has a great future", [11] though many of the athletes expressed concern over the final climb up an alpine skiing hill both before and after the race. [12] The director of FIS' cross-country committee, Vegard Ulvang, said the finish would be in the same place next year, but the way up could be changed. [12] Ulvang also claimed that the Tour had been a success, and a "breakthrough for FIS" [13] Ulvang did, however, admit that there would have to be some changes, as up to a third of participants in the Tour de Ski have struggled with illness or injury after the competition. [14]

Newspaper comments were divided: in Expressen's opinion, the finish was the "most enjoyable competition seen in years," [15] while Roland Wiedemann in Der Spiegel said this "should be the future of cross-country skiing". [16] Critical commentaries appeared in Göteborgs-Posten , criticising the fact that sprinters didn't have a chance in the overall standings, [17] and Wiesbaden Kurier , describing it as a reality show and a skiing circus. [18]

Since 2007

The second Tour de Ski was held between 28 December 2007 and 6 January 2008, in the Czech Republic and Italy. [11] Oberstdorf in Bavaria was originally scheduled to host two stages, but cancelled as the German Ski Association could only arrange a race on 2 January. [19]

At a meeting in Venice, Italy, on 7 May 2009, Tour de Ski officials met with officials from the Giro d'Italia road cycle race to learn from the stage race to further improve Tour de Ski competition for the 2009–2010 event. [20]

In the late 2000s and early 2010s, the women's Tour was dominated by Justyna Kowalczyk, who won the Tour de Ski four consecutive times and the sprint standings three consecutive times and a record 14 stages. Dario Cologna dominated the same period of time and won three Tours and two sprint competitions in four years from 2008–09 to 2011–12. In 2017–18, the year Cologna won his record fourth overall Tour, Jessica Diggins of USA and Alex Harvey of Canada became the first non-Europeans to achieve podium spots in the overall standings.

Race structure

Ranking

Bonus seconds for the top 30 positions by type [21]
Type12345678910111213–1516–2021–2526–30
In finishInterval startnone
Mass start
Pursuit
Sprint60544846444232302826242210864
Intermediate sprintMass Start1512108654321none

The overall results are based on the aggregate time for all events, as well as bonus seconds awarded on sprint and mass start stages.

The sprint races carry bonus seconds for the finish, which are subtracted from the overall time. The current bonus format in sprint competitions, as of 2019–20, hands out bonus seconds to the 30 skiers that qualify for the quarter-finals (60–54–48–46–44–42–32–30–28–26–24–22–10–10–10–8–8–8–8–8–6–6–6–6–6–4–4–4–4–4). [22]

In mass start competitions, intermediate points carry bonus seconds; 15 to the winner, 10 to number two, and 5 to number three. The same number of seconds are usually awarded at the finish. In the later editions of the Tour, intermediate points has been handed out to the 10 first skiers (15–12–10–8–6–5–4–3–2–1) past the intermediate point.

The final stage of the race includes a steep climb up Alpe Cermis, with a height difference of 425 meters. By the 2018–19 Tour de Ski this last stage was held in a pursuit format, with competitors starting with the gaps they had in the overall classification, so the first skier to reach the top was the overall winner. Since 2019–20 Tour de Ski the Final Climb is held in a mass start format, with stage results added to overall classification.

Bibs

Petter Northug in the red overall leader bib during the 2009-10 Tour de Ski. NORTHUG Petter Tour de ski 2010.jpg
Petter Northug in the red overall leader bib during the 2009–10 Tour de Ski.

The overall leaders wear the leader bib on the following stage. The leader bib is from the 2019–20 edition colored yellow. From the start in 2006 to 2017–18 the leader bib was red and in the 2018–19 the leader wore blue bib.

The leaders of the points competitions wear the points bib on the following stage. The bib worn by the leader of the points standings is from the 2019–20 edition colored red. In the previous editions of the Tour, the leader of the sprint standings wore a sprint bib; from the start in 2006 to 2017–18 this bib was black and in the 2018–19 the sprint bib was grey.

Prizes

Prizes and bonuses are awarded for daily placings and final placings at the end of the race. In 2020, the winners received CHF 55,000, [23] while each of the stage winners won CHF 3,000. [24] The winners of the points standings won CHF 6,000. [24]

Winners by year

Men

YearOverallSprint/Points
1st2nd3rd
2006–07 Flag of Germany.svg  Tobias Angerer  (GER)Flag of Russia.svg  Alexander Legkov  (RUS)Flag of Norway.svg  Simen Østensen  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Tor Arne Hetland  (NOR)
2007–08 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Lukáš Bauer  (CZE)Flag of Germany.svg  René Sommerfeldt  (GER)Flag of Italy.svg  Giorgio Di Centa  (ITA)Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)
2008–09 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)Flag of Germany.svg  Axel Teichmann  (GER)Flag of Norway.svg  Tor Arne Hetland  (NOR)
2009–10 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Lukáš Bauer  (CZE)Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)
2010–11 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Lukáš Bauer  (CZE)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)
2011–12 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)Flag of Sweden.svg  Marcus Hellner  (SWE)Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)
2012–13 Flag of Russia.svg  Alexander Legkov  (RUS)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)Flag of Russia.svg  Maxim Vylegzhanin  (RUS)Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)
2013–14 Flag of Norway.svg  Martin Johnsrud Sundby  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Chris Jespersen  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Martin Johnsrud Sundby  (NOR)
2015 Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)Flag of Russia.svg  Evgeniy Belov  (RUS)Flag of Sweden.svg  Calle Halfvarsson  (SWE)Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)
2016 Flag of Norway.svg  Martin Johnsrud Sundby  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Finn Hågen Krogh  (NOR)Flag of Russia.svg  Sergey Ustiugov  (RUS)Flag of Norway.svg  Martin Johnsrud Sundby  (NOR)
2016–17 Flag of Russia.svg  Sergey Ustiugov  (RUS)Flag of Norway.svg  Martin Johnsrud Sundby  (NOR)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)Flag of Russia.svg  Sergey Ustiugov  (RUS)
2017–18 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)Flag of Norway.svg  Martin Johnsrud Sundby  (NOR)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Alex Harvey  (CAN)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)
2018–19 Flag of Norway.svg  Johannes Høsflot Klæbo  (NOR)Flag of Russia.svg  Sergey Ustiugov  (RUS)Flag of Norway.svg  Simen Hegstad Krüger  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Johannes Høsflot Klæbo  (NOR)
2019–20 Flag of Russia.svg  Alexander Bolshunov  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Sergey Ustiugov  (RUS)Flag of Norway.svg  Johannes Høsflot Klæbo  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Johannes Høsflot Klæbo  (NOR)

Women

YearOverallSprint/Points
1st2nd3rd
2006–07 Flag of Finland.svg  Virpi Kuitunen  (FIN)Flag of Norway.svg  Marit Bjørgen  (NOR)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Valentina Shevchenko  (UKR)Flag of Finland.svg  Virpi Kuitunen  (FIN)
2007–08 Flag of Sweden.svg  Charlotte Kalla  (SWE)Flag of Finland.svg  Virpi Kuitunen  (FIN)Flag of Italy.svg  Arianna Follis  (ITA)Flag of Finland.svg  Virpi Kuitunen  (FIN)
2008–09 Flag of Finland.svg  Virpi Kuitunen  (FIN)Flag of Finland.svg  Aino-Kaisa Saarinen  (FIN)Flag of Slovenia.svg  Petra Majdič  (SLO)Flag of Slovenia.svg  Petra Majdič  (SLO)
2009–10 Flag of Poland.svg  Justyna Kowalczyk  (POL)Flag of Slovenia.svg  Petra Majdič  (SLO)Flag of Italy.svg  Arianna Follis  (ITA)Flag of Slovenia.svg  Petra Majdič  (SLO)
2010–11 Flag of Poland.svg  Justyna Kowalczyk  (POL)Flag of Norway.svg  Therese Johaug  (NOR)Flag of Italy.svg  Marianna Longa  (ITA)Flag of Poland.svg  Justyna Kowalczyk  (POL)
2011–12 Flag of Poland.svg  Justyna Kowalczyk  (POL)Flag of Norway.svg  Marit Bjørgen  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Therese Johaug  (NOR)Flag of Poland.svg  Justyna Kowalczyk  (POL)
2012–13 Flag of Poland.svg  Justyna Kowalczyk  (POL)Flag of Norway.svg  Therese Johaug  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Kristin Størmer Steira  (NOR)Flag of Poland.svg  Justyna Kowalczyk  (POL)
2013–14 Flag of Norway.svg  Therese Johaug  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Astrid Uhrenholdt Jacobsen  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Heidi Weng  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Astrid Uhrenholdt Jacobsen  (NOR)
2015 Flag of Norway.svg  Marit Bjørgen  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Therese Johaug  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Heidi Weng  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Marit Bjørgen  (NOR)
2016 Flag of Norway.svg  Therese Johaug  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Ingvild Flugstad Østberg  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Heidi Weng  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Ingvild Flugstad Østberg  (NOR)
2016–17 Flag of Norway.svg  Heidi Weng  (NOR)Flag of Finland.svg  Krista Pärmäkoski  (FIN)Flag of Sweden.svg  Stina Nilsson  (SWE)Flag of Sweden.svg  Stina Nilsson  (SWE)
2017–18 Flag of Norway.svg  Heidi Weng  (NOR)Flag of Norway.svg  Ingvild Flugstad Østberg  (NOR)Flag of the United States.svg  Jessica Diggins  (USA)Flag of Norway.svg  Ingvild Flugstad Østberg  (NOR)
2018–19 Flag of Norway.svg  Ingvild Flugstad Østberg  (NOR)Flag of Russia.svg  Natalia Nepryaeva  (RUS)Flag of Finland.svg  Krista Pärmäkoski  (FIN)Flag of Norway.svg  Ingvild Flugstad Østberg  (NOR)
2019–20 Flag of Norway.svg  Therese Johaug  (NOR)Flag of Russia.svg  Natalia Nepryaeva  (RUS)Flag of Norway.svg  Ingvild Flugstad Østberg  (NOR)Flag of Slovenia.svg  Anamarija Lampič  (SLO)

Stages

Mass start stages

In the mass start stages in the Tour de Ski, time bonuses are awarded to the top ten skiers of intermediate sprints. In 2019–20, no bonus seconds were awarded based on the skiers finishing positions in the mass start stages. Until the 2018–19 edition, time bonuses of 15, 10 and 5 bonus seconds were usually awarded to the first three finishers. Mass-start stages are typically 5 km or 10 km for women and 10 km or 15 km for men, often raced by skiing several laps. Skiers who are overlapped by others will be excluded from the rest of the Tour. [25] There are usually two or three mass start stages.

Interval start stages

In the interval start, or time trial stages in the Tour de Ski, skiers are sent out from the start in 30 second intervals. Interval start stages are typically 5 km or 10 km for women and 10 km or 15 km for men. In 2019–20, no bonus seconds were awarded on the interval start stage. Time bonuses of 15, 10 and 5 bonus seconds were awarded to the three fastest skiers by the edition 2018–19. [26] [27] There are usually one or two interval start stages. Between 2007–08 and 2015, the first stage of the Tour was a short trial, a prologue. The first prologue was in Oberhof, Germany in 2007 and the last in Oberstdorf, Germany, on 3 January 2015.

Sprint stages

The first ever Tour de Ski stage was a sprint stage in Munich, Germany, on 31 December 2006. Sprint stages consists of two rounds; a qualification round and a final round with a knock-out competition format. The 30 fastest skiers in the qualification round qualifies for the final round quarter-finals. In the quarter-, and semi-finals, the skiers compete in heats of six and the two best skiers in each heat are guaranteed progression. [28] 12 skiers advance from the quarter-finals to the semi-finals of which six advance to the final. The winners are rewarded, as of 2019–20, 60 bonus seconds. [26] The amount of bonus seconds are higher in sprint races then other types to encourage sprinter specialists to go for results in the overall standings. There are usually one or two sprint stages.

Final Climb

The Tour de Ski has every year concluded with the final stage in Val di Fiemme where the skiers race up the alpine skiing course on Alpe Cermis in Cavalese. The stage's length is 9.0 km in total, the climb itself 3.6 km with an average gradient of 11.6% and a maximum gradient of 28.0%. [29]

By the edition 2018–19, this stage was raced as a free technique pursuit with starting intervals equal to the skiers accumulative times in the overall standings; which meant that the first skier to cross the finish line on Alpe Cermis was the winner of the Tour de Ski. If the time differences were big, the race jury could decide that the lowest ranked skiers started in a «wave start». [30] . Since 2019–20, the final stage is a mass start on same course. The stage results are added to overall standings. [27]

Records

Eight men and six women have won both overall and sprint standings in the same Tour, the first being Virpi Kuitunen in the inaugural women's Tour. Sergey Ustiugov and Marit Bjørgen are the only skiers who have led the overall standings from the first stage and held the lead all the way to the top of Alpe Cermis. The most appearances have been by Jean-Marc Gaillard, who skied his 14th Tour in 2019–20, having finished 11 of them. In 2016, Petter Northug became the first skier to complete ten Tours. The smallest margins between the winner and the second placed skiers at the end of the Tour is 7.2 seconds between winner Virpi Kuitunen and Aino-Kaisa Saarinen in 2008–09. The largest margin, by comparison, remains that of the 2016 Tour: 3 min 15.7 s between Martin Johnsrud Sundby and Finn Hågen Krogh. The biggest winning margin in the women's Tour is 2 min 42.0 s between Ingvild Flugstad Østberg and Natalia Nepryaeva in 2018–19.

Skiers who won the Tour de Ski and an individual Olympic gold medal in the same year include: Justyna Kowalczyk (2010) and Dario Cologna (2018). Five skiers have won the Tour de Ski and an individual World Championship gold medal in the same year. These are: Virpi Kuitunen (2007), Marit Bjørgen (2015), Petter Northug (2015), Sergey Ustiugov (2017) and Johannes Høsflot Klæbo (2019).

Overall winners

Two skiers have won four times: Justyna Kowalczyk (POL) and Dario Cologna (SUI); Therese Johaug has won three times and an additional two men and two women have won two times. Kowalczyk achieved the mark with a record four consecutive wins.

Men
WinsSkierEditions
4Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI) 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2017–18
2Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Lukáš Bauer  (CZE) 2007–08, 2009–10
Flag of Norway.svg  Martin Johnsrud Sundby  (NOR) 2013–14, 2016
1Flag of Germany.svg  Tobias Angerer  (GER) 2006–07
Flag of Russia.svg  Alexander Legkov  (RUS) 2012–13
Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR) 2015 [31]
Flag of Russia.svg  Sergey Ustiugov  (RUS) 2016–17
Flag of Norway.svg  Johannes Høsflot Klæbo  (NOR) 2018–19
Flag of Russia.svg  Alexander Bolshunov  (RUS) 2019–20
Women
WinsSkierEditions
4Flag of Poland.svg  Justyna Kowalczyk  (POL) 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13
3Flag of Norway.svg  Therese Johaug  (NOR) 2013–14, 2016, 2019–20
2Flag of Finland.svg  Virpi Kuitunen  (FIN) 2006–07, 2008–09
Flag of Norway.svg  Heidi Weng  (NOR) 2016–17, 2017–18
1Flag of Sweden.svg  Charlotte Kalla  (SWE) 2007–08
Flag of Norway.svg  Marit Bjørgen  (NOR) 2015
Flag of Norway.svg  Ingvild Flugstad Østberg  (NOR) 2018–19

Stage wins

Justyna Kowalczyk won 14 stages in the Tour de Ski, more than any other skier. Justyna Kowalczyk pa Royal Palace Sprint 2013..jpg
Justyna Kowalczyk won 14 stages in the Tour de Ski, more than any other skier.

17 men and 15 women have won two or more stages in the Tour de Ski. Justyna Kowalczyk and Therese Johaug have won the most stages with 14, followed by Petter Northug's 13 stage wins. Bjørgen (2015) and Ustiugov (2016–17) have both won five consecutive stages; five stage wins in one Tour is also a record.

Men
PosNameVictories
1Flag of Norway.svg  Petter Northug  (NOR)13
2Flag of Russia.svg  Sergey Ustiugov  (RUS)9
3Flag of Switzerland.svg  Dario Cologna  (SUI)7
3Flag of Norway.svg  Martin Johnsrud Sundby  (NOR)7
3Flag of Norway.svg  Johannes Høsflot Klæbo  (NOR)7
6Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Alexey Poltoranin  (KAZ)6
7Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Lukáš Bauer  (CZE)5
8Flag of Germany.svg  Axel Teichmann  (GER)4
9Flag of Norway.svg  Eldar Rønning  (NOR)3
9Flag of Norway.svg  Emil Iversen  (NOR)3
11Flag of Sweden.svg  Emil Jönsson  (SWE)2
11Flag of Norway.svg  Tor Arne Hetland  (NOR)2
11Flag of Russia.svg  Nikolay Morilov  (RUS)2
11Flag of Russia.svg  Alexander Legkov  (RUS)2
11Flag of Sweden.svg  Marcus Hellner  (SWE)2
11Flag of Italy.svg  Federico Pellegrino  (ITA)2
11Flag of Norway.svg  Finn Hågen Krogh  (NOR)2
Women
PosNameVictories
1Flag of Poland.svg  Justyna Kowalczyk  (POL)14
1Flag of Norway.svg  Therese Johaug  (NOR)14
3Flag of Norway.svg  Marit Bjørgen  (NOR)11
3Flag of Norway.svg  Ingvild Flugstad Østberg  (NOR)11
5Flag of Finland.svg  Virpi Kuitunen  (FIN)7
6Flag of Slovenia.svg  Petra Majdič  (SLO)6
6Flag of Sweden.svg  Stina Nilsson  (SWE)6
8Flag of Italy.svg  Arianna Follis  (ITA)4
8Flag of Norway.svg  Heidi Weng  (NOR)4
10Flag of Sweden.svg  Charlotte Kalla  (SWE)3
11Flag of the United States.svg  Jessica Diggins  (USA)2
11Flag of the United States.svg  Kikkan Randall  (USA)2
11Flag of Norway.svg  Kristin Størmer Steira  (NOR)2
11Flag of Norway.svg  Astrid Uhrenholdt Jacobsen  (NOR)2
11Flag of Slovenia.svg  Anamarija Lampič  (SLO)2

Most successful countries

#Country1st2nd3rd4th5th6th7th8th9th10th
1Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 11151110875757
2Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 412212
3Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 411
4Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 3621623447
5Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 2316343352
6Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 2113212
7Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1122213331
8Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 11152433
9Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 112
10Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 4232231
11Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 11311
12Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 11
13Flag of the United States.svg  USA 121222
14Flag of France.svg  France 1122
15Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 111
16Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 1111
17Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 11

Standings after the 2019–20 Tour de Ski and the disqualifications of Yevgeny Dementyev (Russia) in 2008–09, Alena Sidko (Russia) in 2009–10, Johannes Dürr (Austria) in 2013–14 and Martin Johnsrud Sundby (Norway) in 2015.

Venues

Ten venues have hosted stages of the Tour de Ski. Val di Fiemme is the only venue to host a stage in all 14 Tours.

Host \ Season 06–07 07–08 08–09 09–10 10–11 11–12 12–13 13–14 14–15 15–16 16–17 17–18 18–19 19–20
Flag of Italy.svg Asiago XX
Flag of Switzerland.svg Lenzerheide XXXX
Flag of Germany.svg Munich X
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Nové Město na Moravě CNX1X2X
Flag of Germany.svg Oberhof XXXXXX
Flag of Germany.svg Oberstdorf XCNX2XXXXXXX
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Prague XXX
Flag of Italy.svg Toblach XXXXXXXXXX
Flag of Italy.svg Val di Fiemme XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Flag of Switzerland.svg Val Müstair XXXX

Source: [32]

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Alexander Aleksandrovich Bolshunov is a Russian cross-country skier and winner of the 14th Tour de Ski.

The 2017–18 Tour de Ski was the 12th edition of the Tour de Ski, part of the 2017–18 FIS Cross-Country World Cup. The World Cup stage event began in Lenzerheide, Switzerland, on December 30, 2017, and ended in Val di Fiemme, Italy, on January 7, 2018. The cups were defended by Heidi Weng (Norway) and Sergey Ustiugov (Russia).

The 2018–19 Tour de Ski was the 13th edition of the Tour de Ski and part of the 2018–19 FIS Cross-Country World Cup. The World Cup stage event began in Toblach, Italy on 29 December 2018 and concluded with the Final Climb stage in Val di Fiemme, Italy, on 6 January 2019. The tour was the first tour starting in Toblach. The overall tours were won for the first time by Ingvild Flugstad Østberg (Norway) and Johannes Høsflot Klæbo (Norway).

The Nordic Opening is a cross-country skiing event held annually since the 2010–11 season in Ruka, Finland or Lillehammer, Norway. The Nordic Opening is a Stage World Cup event in the FIS Cross-Country World Cup, and are held as the first or second World Cup race weekend of the season. The inaugural Nordic Opening was held in 2010 and was originally named Ruka Triple. The editions of the mini-tour hosted in Lillehammer is also known as Lillehammer Triple. Each Nordic Opening consists of three stages; a sprint, an individual race and a pursuit. As of 2019, the prize money for the event amount to 240,000 Swiss francs, shared out on both men and women. Men's and women's events are held together on the same days, with the only difference being the distance skied.

The 2018 Nordic Opening or the third Lillehammer Triple was the 9th edition of the Nordic Opening, an annual cross-country skiing mini-tour event. The three-day event was the second competition round of the 2018–19 FIS Cross-Country World Cup.

The 2018–19 FIS Cross-Country World Cup Finals were the 11th edition of the FIS Cross-Country World Cup Finals, an annual cross-country skiing mini-tour event. The three-day event was held in Quebec City, Canada. It began on 22 March 2019 and concluded on 24 March 2019. It was the final competition round of the 2018–19 FIS Cross-Country World Cup.

The 2017–18 FIS Cross-Country World Cup Finals were the 10th edition of the FIS Cross-Country World Cup Finals, an annual cross-country skiing mini-tour event. The three-day event was held in Falun, Sweden. It began on 16 March 2018 and concluded on 18 March 2018. It was the final competition round of the 2017–18 FIS Cross-Country World Cup.

The 2019 Nordic Opening or the seventh Ruka Triple is the 10th edition of the Nordic Opening, an annual cross-country skiing mini-tour event. The three-day event will be the first competition round of the 2019–20 FIS Cross-Country World Cup.

The 2019–20 Tour de Ski was the 14th edition of the Tour de Ski and part of the 2019–20 FIS Cross-Country World Cup. The World Cup stage event began in Lenzerheide, Switzerland on 28 December 2019 and concluded with the Final Climb stage in Val di Fiemme, Italy, on 5 January 2020. The tour was the third tour starting in Lenzerheide. The last stage known as the Final Climb was held as a mass start for the first time. A points standing replaced the sprint standing from previous editions.

The FIS Ski Tour 2020 was a cross-country skiing competition held as a part of the 2019–20 FIS Cross-Country World Cup. This stage event took place in Sweden and Norway, on ski resorts well-known from other skiing disciplines like alpine skiing or biathlon. The tour began in Östersund, Sweden on 15 February 2020 and concluded with the pursuit stage in Trondheim, Norway, on 23 February 2020. It consisted six stages, which were awarded with reduced number of World Cup points. For the overall standings they received three times the World Cup points compared to a regular individual World Cup event.

The 2016–17 FIS Cross-Country World Cup Finals were the 9th edition of the FIS Cross-Country World Cup Finals, an annual cross-country skiing mini-tour event. The three-day event was held in Québec City, Canada. It began on 17 March 2017 and concluded on 19 March 2017. It was the final competition round of the 2016–17 FIS Cross-Country World Cup.

References

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  2. Rules for the FIS Cross-Country World Cup 2020, pp. 4–6.
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  28. Rules for the FIS Cross-Country World Cup 2018, pp. 24.
  29. "Final Climb - Alpe Cermis". www.whowins.worldofxc.com. Whowins. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
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  31. Palmer, Dan (20 July 2016). "Sundby stripped of World Cup and Tour de Ski titles after asthma medication mix-up". www.insidethegames.biz. inside the games. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
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Sources

Coordinates: 59°57′50″N10°40′04″E / 59.96389°N 10.66778°E / 59.96389; 10.66778