Touraine

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Touraine
Flag of Touraine.svg
Arms of Charles le Bel.svg
Touraine in France (1789).svg
CountryFrance
SeatTours
Time zone CET

Touraine ( US: /tuˈrn,tuˈrɛn/ ; [1] [2] [3] French: [tuʁɛn] ) is one of the traditional provinces of France. Its capital was Tours. During the political reorganization of French territory in 1790, Touraine was divided between the departments of Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, Indre and Vienne.

Contents

Geography

Traversed by the river Loire and its tributaries the Cher, the Indre and the Vienne, Touraine makes up a part of the western Paris Basin. It is well known for its viticulture. The TGV high-speed train system, which connects Tours with Paris (200 kilometers away) in just over an hour, has made Touraine a place of residence for people who work in the French capital but seek a different quality of life.

History

Touraine takes its name from a Celtic tribe called the Turones, who inhabited the region about two thousand years ago. In 1044, the control of Touraine was given to the Angevins, who (as the House of Plantagenet) became kings of England in 1154, the castle of Chinon being their greatest stronghold. In 1205, Philip II Augustus of France regained Touraine. At this time, Touraine was made into a royal duchy. In 1429, Saint Joan of Arc had a historic meeting with the future King of France Charles VII at Chinon. Throughout the late 15th and 16th centuries, Touraine was a favorite residence of French kings, and the dark and gloomy castles were converted to Renaissance châteaux; for this reason the region was titled "The Garden of France". These same châteaux became popular tourist attractions in modern times. The royal duchy became a province in 1584, and was divided into departments in 1790.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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The Duchy of Anjou was a French province straddling the lower Loire. Its capital was Angers, and its area was roughly co-extensive with the diocese of Angers. Anjou was bordered by Brittany to the west, Maine to the north, Touraine to the east and Poitou to the south. The adjectival form is Angevin, and inhabitants of Anjou are known as Angevins. In 1482, the duchy became part of the Kingdom of France and then remained a province of the Kingdom under the name of the Duchy of Anjou. After the decree dividing France into departments in 1791, the province was disestablished and split into six new départements: Deux-Sèvres, Indre-et-Loire, Loire-Atlantique, Maine-et-Loire, Sarthe and Vienne.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Château</span> French term for a manor house

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indre-et-Loire</span> Department of France in Centre-Val de Loire

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chinon</span> Subprefecture and commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chenonceaux</span> Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indre</span> Department of France

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Communes of the Indre-et-Loire department</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Azay-le-Rideau</span> Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arrondissement of Chinon</span> Arrondissement in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The arrondissement of Chinon is an arrondissement of France in the Indre-et-Loire department in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has 106 communes. Its population is 103,824 (2016), and its area is 2,296.5 km2 (886.7 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arrondissement of Tours</span> Arrondissement in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The arrondissement of Tours is an arrondissement of France in the Indre-et-Loire department in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has 54 communes. Its population is 384,117 (2016), and its area is 1,087.6 km2 (419.9 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chinon AOC</span>

Chinon wine comes from the vineyards around the town of Chinon in Touraine. Unusual for the Loire Valley, it is mostly red wine, with 2-5% rosé and a little white wine.

The Duke of Luynes is a territorial name belonging to the noble French house d'Albert. Luynes is, today, a commune of the Indre-et-Loire département in France. The family of Albert, which sprang from Thomas Alberti, seigneur de Boussargues, bailli of Viviers and Valence, and viguier of Bagnols and Pont-Saint-Esprit in Languedoc, acquired the estate of Luynes in the 16th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Château de Chinon</span> Castle in France

Château de Chinon is a château located on the bank of the river Vienne in Chinon, France. It was founded by Theobald I, Count of Blois. In the 11th century the castle became the property of the counts of Anjou. In 1156 Henry II of England, a member of the House of Anjou, took the castle from his brother Geoffrey, Count of Nantes, after Geoffrey rebelled for a second time. Henry favoured the Château de Chinon as a residence. Most of the standing structure can be attributed to his reign; he died there in 1189.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Touraine AOC</span> Appellation dOrigine Contrôlée (AOC)

Touraine is an Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) in the Loire Valley wine region in France that produce dry white wines and red wines rich in tannins. The AOC status was awarded by a decree of December 24, 1939. The wine-growing area extends over 5,300 hectares departments of Indre-et-Loire, Indre and Loir-et-Cher and comprises a total of 70 communes and it is thus a "subregional" appellation covering the same area as a number of local AOCs.

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The Loire is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world. With a length of 1,006 kilometres (625 mi), it drains 117,054 km2 (45,195 sq mi), more than a fifth of France's land, while its average discharge is only half that of the Rhône.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Tours, France.

References

  1. "Touraine". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). HarperCollins. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  2. "Touraine". Collins English Dictionary . HarperCollins . Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  3. "Touraine". Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary . Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  4. Davis, Henry William Carless (1911). "Peter des Roches"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 21 (11th ed.). pp. 292–293.
  5. Saintsbury, George (1911). "Rabelais, François"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 22 (11th ed.). pp. 769–773.
  6. Wallace, William (1911). "Descartes, René"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 8 (11th ed.). pp. 79–90.
  7. Saintsbury, George (1911). "Vigny, Alfred de"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 28 (11th ed.). pp. 61–62.
  8. Saintsbury, George (1911). "Balzac, Honoré de"  . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 298–301.

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