Toyota, Aichi

Last updated
Toyota

豊田市
Toyota Montage.jpg
Toyota Stadium Toyota Motor Corporation
Kōrankei Asuke Town
Kuragaike ParkSanage-jinja Shrine
ToyotaCity Skyline
Flag of Toyota, Aichi.svg
Flag
Emblem of Toyota, Aichi.svg
Seal
Toyota, Aichi
Location of Toyota in Aichi Prefecture
Toyota in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Toyota
 
Asia laea location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Toyota
Toyota (Asia)
Coordinates: 35°4′56.8″N137°9′22.8″E / 35.082444°N 137.156333°E / 35.082444; 137.156333 Coordinates: 35°4′56.8″N137°9′22.8″E / 35.082444°N 137.156333°E / 35.082444; 137.156333
Country Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi
Government
  MayorToshihiko Ota
Area
  Total918.32 km2 (354.57 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total426,162
  Density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
– Tree Zelkova serrata
– Flower Sunflower
Phone number0565-31-1212
Address3–60 Nishimachi, Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken 471-8501
Website Official website

Toyota (豊田市, Toyota-shi) is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 426,162 and a population density of 464 persons per km². The total area was 918.32 square kilometres (354.57 sq mi). It is located about 35 minutes from Nagoya by way of the Meitetsu Toyota Line.

Contents

Several of Toyota Motor Corporation's manufacturing plants, including the Tsutsumi plant, are located here. The longstanding ties between the Toyota Motor Corporation and the town of Toyota-shi, formerly known as Koromo (挙母市, Koromo-shi), gave the town its current name. The city's flag (and seal), is a unicursal hexagram.

Geography

Toyota is located in north-central Aichi Prefecture, and is the largest city in the prefecture in terms of area. The city area is mountainous to the north, with peaks averaging around 1000 meters in height along its northern border with Nagano and Gifu Prefectures. Much of the mountainous northern portion of the city is within the Aichi Kōgen Quasi-National Park. The central and southern portions of the city have rolling hills and agricultural flatlands.[ citation needed ]

Toyota is within a two-hour drive of Nagoya. [1]

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Toyota is 15.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1812 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.38 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.6 °C. [2]

Climate data for Toyota (1981-2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)17.8
(64.0)
22.2
(72.0)
24.6
(76.3)
30.5
(86.9)
34.4
(93.9)
36.2
(97.2)
38.6
(101.5)
39.1
(102.4)
38.1
(100.6)
32.2
(90.0)
25.6
(78.1)
22.6
(72.7)
39.1
(102.4)
Average high °C (°F)8.9
(48.0)
9.9
(49.8)
13.7
(56.7)
19.8
(67.6)
24.1
(75.4)
27.2
(81.0)
30.9
(87.6)
32.7
(90.9)
28.8
(83.8)
22.9
(73.2)
17.1
(62.8)
11.6
(52.9)
20.6
(69.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)3.3
(37.9)
4.1
(39.4)
7.8
(46.0)
13.4
(56.1)
17.9
(64.2)
21.9
(71.4)
25.6
(78.1)
26.8
(80.2)
23.2
(73.8)
16.9
(62.4)
11.0
(51.8)
5.7
(42.3)
14.8
(58.6)
Average low °C (°F)−1.7
(28.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
1.9
(35.4)
7.2
(45.0)
12.2
(54.0)
17.3
(63.1)
21.5
(70.7)
22.4
(72.3)
19.0
(66.2)
12.1
(53.8)
5.9
(42.6)
0.6
(33.1)
9.8
(49.6)
Record low °C (°F)−8.6
(16.5)
−8.8
(16.2)
−5.6
(21.9)
−2.6
(27.3)
0.8
(33.4)
8.2
(46.8)
14.7
(58.5)
14.1
(57.4)
6.5
(43.7)
1.1
(34.0)
−2.5
(27.5)
−7.6
(18.3)
−8.8
(16.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)44.0
(1.73)
59.2
(2.33)
112.1
(4.41)
116.8
(4.60)
149.1
(5.87)
202.9
(7.99)
187.1
(7.37)
115.7
(4.56)
212.0
(8.35)
120.3
(4.74)
71.9
(2.83)
43.2
(1.70)
1,451.4
(57.14)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 159.4167.4188.8197.5184.9142.8159.8202.3154.5164.6163.0167.82,056.2
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency [3]

Demographics

Toyota MEA Toyota Metropolitan Employment Area.svg
Toyota MEA

Per Japanese census data, [4] the population of Toyota has been increasing rapidly steadily over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 151,632    
1970 234,078+54.4%
1980 315,871+34.9%
1990 370,858+17.4%
2000 395,224+6.6%
2010 421,552+6.7%

Surrounding municipalities

Aichi Prefecture
Gifu Prefecture
Nagano Prefecture

City scape

History

Origins

The area of present-day Toyota City has been inhabited since prehistoric times, and archaeologists have found a continuous record of artifacts from the Japanese paleolithic period onwards. In early proto-historic times, the area was under the control of the Mononobe clan, who built numerous kofun burial mounds. The local place name “Koromo” is mentioned in the Kojiki and other early Japanese documents.

Edo period

During the Edo period, parts of the area of the current city were under the control of Koromo Domain, a feudal han under the Tokugawa shogunate; however, most of the area of the current city was tenryō territory controlled directly by the government in Edo and administered through hatamoto class appointed administrators. The village of ”Matsudaira”, from which Tokugawa Ieyasu took his clan name, was located within what is now the city of Toyota.

Meiji period

After the Meiji restoration, the area was organized into the towns of Asuke and Koromo and numerous villages under Higashikamo District and Nishikamo District with the establishment of the modern municipalities system.

The area was a major producer of silk and prospered from the Meiji period through the Taishō periods. As the demand for raw silk declined in Japan and abroad, Koromo entered a period of gradual decline after 1930. [5] The decline encouraged Kiichiro Toyoda, cousin of Eiji Toyoda, to look for alternatives to the family's automatic loom manufacturing business. The search led to the founding of what became the Toyota Motor Corporation. Toyota built the first manufacturing facility, known as Toyota Honsha plant in November 1938, breaking ground in December 1935. [6]

Modern Toyota

On March 1, 1951, Koromo gained city status, and absorbed the village of Takahashi from Nishikamo District on September 30, 1956. Due to the fame and economic importance of its major employer, the city of Koromo (挙母市) changed its name to Toyota on January 1, 1959.

Toyota became a sister city with Detroit, Michigan, United States in 1960. It continued to expand by annexing the towns of Kamigo (Hekikai District) on March 1, 1964, and Takaoka (Hekikai District) on September 1, 1965, and Sanage (Nishikamo District) on April 1, 1967, as well as the village of Matsudaira (Higashikamo District) on April 1, 1970.

In 1979 the Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) opened the Toyota New Line (now Toyota Line), and in 1988: The Aichi Loop Line was opened, thus considerably improving access to the city via rail transport.

Toyota became a Core City in 1998, with increased local autonomy.

On March 25, 2005, Expo 2005 opened with its main site in Nagakute and additional activity in Seto and Toyota. The Expo continued until September 25, 2005.

On April 1, 2005, Toyota absorbed the town of Fujioka, and the village of Obara (both from Nishikamo District), the towns of Asuke, Asahi and Inabu, and the village of Shimoyama (all from Higashikamo District) to create the new and expanded city of Toyota.

Mitsuru Obe and Eric Pfanner of The Wall Street Journal stated that by 2015 Toyota was recovering from an economic depression "so deep that some were comparing it to Detroit." [7]

Government

Toyota City Hall Toyota City Hall West-East Office02, Toyota 2018.jpg
Toyota City Hall

Mayor-council

Toyota has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 45 members.

Prefectural Assembly

The city contributes five members to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly.

House of Representatives

In terms of national politics, the city is divided between Aichi District 11 and Aichi District 14 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Public

Police

Firefighting

Health care

Post office

Library

International relations

Sister city relations

Economy

Principal headquarters building of Toyota Motor Corporation Toyota Headquarter Toyota City.jpg
Principal headquarters building of Toyota Motor Corporation

Primary sector of the economy

Agriculture
Forestry

Secondary sector of the economy

The main headquarters of Toyota is located in a 14-story building in Toyota. As of 2006 the head office has the "Toyopet" Toyota logo and the words "Toyota Motor". The Toyota Technical Center, a 14-story building, and the original Honsha plant, Toyota's first plant engaging in mass production and formerly named the Koromo plant, are adjacent to one another in a location near the headquarters. Vinod Jacob from The Hindu described the main headquarters building as "modest". [1] In 2013 company head Akio Toyoda reported that it had difficulties retaining foreign employees at the headquarters due to the lack of amenities in Toyota. [9]

Tertiary sector of the economy

Shopping center

Education

Aichi Institute of Technology Aichi Institute of Technology - panoramio (7).jpg
Aichi Institute of Technology

Colleges and universities

Primary and secondary education

Toyota has 78 public elementary schools and 27 public middle schools operated by the city government and 12 public high schools operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education. There are also two private middle schools and eight private high schools. The prefecture also operates two special education schools for the handicapped.

International schools

Transportation

Toyota, as the home city of Toyota Motor Corporation is well-served by expressways and national highways. However, it was the largest city in Japan which was not served by the Japanese National Railways (JNR) during its existence. The closest Shinkansen station is Mikawa-Anjō Station in the city of Anjō, although the limited-stop Nozomi and Hikari services do not stop there.

Railway

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg Meitetsu
Aikan logomark.svg Aichi Loop Railway
Aichi Rapid Transit logo.png Linimo

Roads

Highway

Japan National Route

Local attractions

Culture

Sports

Sports facilities

Notable people from Toyota

Related Research Articles

Okazaki, Aichi Core city in Chūbu, Japan

Okazaki is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 386,999 in 164,087 households, and a population density of 999 persons per km². The total area of the city was 387.20 km2 (149.50 sq mi).

Kariya, Aichi City in Chūbu, Japan

Kariya is a city in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 153,162 in 66,751 households, and a population density of 3,040 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 50.39 square kilometres (19.46 sq mi).

Anjō City in Chūbu, Japan

Anjō is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 188,693 in 76,087 households, and a population density of 2,193 persons per km². The total area of the city was 86.05 square kilometres (33.22 sq mi).

Nishio City in Chūbu, Japan

Nishio is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, in the Chūbu region of Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 169,984 in 65,553 households, with a population density of 1,054 persons per km². The total area of the city was 160.22 square kilometres (61.86 sq mi). It is a regional commercial and manufacturing center and the country's leading producer of powdered green tea.

Shinshiro City in Chūbu, Japan

Shinshiro is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 44,581 in 17,691 households, and a population density of 89.3 persons per km². The total area of the city is 499.23 square kilometres (192.75 sq mi).

Chiryū City in Chūbu, Japan

Chiryū is a city located in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 71,992 in 32,579 households, and a population density of 4,414 persons per km². The total area of the city was 16.31 square kilometres (6.30 sq mi).

Aichi Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Aichi Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. Aichi Prefecture has a population of 7,552,873 and a geographic area of 5,172.92 square kilometres (1,997.28 sq mi) with a population density of 1,460 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,800/sq mi). Aichi Prefecture borders Mie Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east.

Fujioka, Aichi Former municipality in Chūbu, Japan

Fujioka was a town located in Nishikamo District, north-central Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

Nishikamo was a rural district located in Nishimikawa Region in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

Asuke Former municipality in Chūbu, Japan

Asuke was a town located in Higashikamo District, central Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

Shimoyama, Aichi Former municipality in Chūbu, Japan

Shimoyama was a village located in Higashikamo District, east-central Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

Asahi, Aichi Former municipality in Chūbu, Japan

Asahi was a town located in Higashikamo District, north-central Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

Inabu Former municipality in Chūbu, Japan

Inabu was a town located in Higashikamo District, in the mountainous section of north-central Aichi Prefecture, Japan, bordering Gifu Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture.

Higashikamo was a rural district located in Nishimikawa Region in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The entire district is now part of the city of Toyota.

Toyohashi Core city in Chūbu, Japan

Toyohashi is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 377,453 in 160,516 households and a population density of 1,400 persons per km². The total area of the city was 261.86 square kilometres (101.10 sq mi). By area, Toyohashi was Aichi Prefecture's second-largest city until March 31, 2005 when it was surpassed by the city of Toyota, which had merged with six peripheral municipalities.

Meitetsu Mikawa Line

The Meitetsu Mikawa Line is a 39.8 km (24.7 mi) railway line in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) connecting Sanage Station in Toyota and Hekinan Station in Hekinan. It originally extended beyond Hekinan to Kira Yoshida, and beyond Sanage to Nishi Nakagane, with a proposed extension to Asuke substantially constructed but subsequently abandoned.

Umetsubo Station Railway station in Toyota, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Umetsubo Station is a junction railway station in the city of Toyota, Aichi, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.

Toyotashi Station Railway station in Toyota, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Toyotashi Station is a junction railway station in the city of Toyota, Aichi, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.

Mikawa-Toyota Station Railway station in Toyota, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Mikawa-Toyota Station is a railway station in the city of Toyota, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by the third sector Aichi Loop Railway Company.

References

  1. 1 2 Jacob, Vinod. "In Toyota land Archived 2010-07-21 at the Wayback Machine ." The Hindu Business Line . August 18, 2006. Retrieved on May 9, 2013.
  2. Toyota climate data
  3. "豊田 1981-2010年". JMA. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  4. Toyota population statistics
  5. "Municipalities of Aichi (Japan)". Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  6. "Toyota Honsha Plant history". Archived from the original on 2015-03-06. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  7. Obe, Mitsuru and Eric Pfanner. "Abe’s Backing Is Lukewarm, Even in Toyota’s Town Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine " (Archive Archived 2019-02-06 at the Wayback Machine ). The Wall Street Journal . December 11, 2014. Retrieved on August 12, 2015.
  8. 1 2 "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  9. Greimel, Hans. "Dreary HQ city is a handicap in global glitz plan." (Archive) Automotive News . May 6, 2013. Retrieved on May 9, 2013.
  10. 1 2 3 "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.